The Legend of Zelda is an action-adventure video game franchise created by Japanese game designers Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka. It is developed and published by Nintendo, although some portable installments and re-releases have been outsourced to Capcom and Grezzo; the gameplay incorporates action-adventure and elements of action RPG games. The series centers on the elf-like player character and chief protagonist. Link is given the task of rescuing Princess Zelda and the kingdom of Hyrule from Ganon, an evil warlord turned demon, the principal antagonist of the series; the plots involve the Triforce, a relic representing the virtues of Courage and Power that together are omnipotent. The protagonist in each game is not the same incarnation of Link, but a few exceptions exist. Since the original Legend of Zelda was released in 1986, the series has expanded to include 19 entries on all of Nintendo's major game consoles, as well as a number of spin-offs. An American animated TV series based on the games aired in 1989 and individual manga adaptations commissioned by Nintendo have been produced in Japan since 1997.
The Legend of Zelda is one of Nintendo's most successful franchises. The Legend of Zelda games feature a mixture of puzzles, adventure/battle gameplay, exploration; these elements have remained constant throughout the series, but with refinements and additions featured in each new game. Games in the series include stealth gameplay, where the player must avoid enemies while proceeding through a level, as well as racing elements. Although the games can be beaten with a minimal amount of exploration and side quests, the player is rewarded with helpful items or increased abilities for solving puzzles or exploring hidden areas; some items are consistent and appear many times throughout the series, while others are unique to a single game. Though the games contain many role-playing elements, they emphasize straightforward hack and slash-style combat over the strategic, turn-based or active time combat of series like Final Fantasy; the game's role-playing elements, have led to much debate over whether or not the Zelda games should be classified as action role-playing games, a genre on which the series has had a strong influence.
Every game in the main Zelda series has consisted of three principal areas: an overworld in which movement is multidirectional, allowing the player some degree of freedom of action. Each dungeon has one major item inside, essential for solving many of the puzzles within that dungeon and plays a crucial role in defeating that dungeon's boss, as well as progressing through the game. In nearly every Zelda game, navigating a dungeon is aided by locating a map, which reveals its layout, a magic compass, which reveals the location of significant and smaller items such as keys and equipment. In games, the dungeon includes a special "big key" that will unlock the door to battle the dungeon's boss enemy and open the item chest. In most Zelda games, the player's life meter is represented as a line of hearts; the life meter is replenished a number of different ways, including picking up hearts left by defeated enemies or destroyed objects, fairies or springs located in specific locations, or consuming items such as potions or food.
Fairies can be kept in bottles and act as extra lives, reviving the player if they run out of hearts. Players are able to extend their life meter by finding heart-shaped crystals called "Heart Containers". Full heart containers are received at the end of dungeons and dropped by the dungeon boss. Smaller "Pieces of Heart" are awarded for completing certain side quests or found hidden around the game world in various places, require a certain number to form a full heart container; the games pioneered a number of features. The original Legend of Zelda was the first console game with a save function that enabled players to stop playing and resume later; the Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time introduced a targeting system that simplified 3D combat. Games in The Legend of Zelda series feature in-game musical instruments in musical puzzles, which are widespread. Instruments trigger game events: for example, the recorder in The Legend of Zelda can reveal secret areas, as well as warp Link to the Dungeon entrances.
This warping with music feature has been used in A Link to the Past and Link's Awakening. In Ocarina of Time, playing instruments is a core part of the game, with the player needing to play the instrument through the use of the game controller to succeed. Ocarina of Time is " first contemporary non-dance title to feature music-making as part of its gameplay", using music as a heuristic device and requiring the player to utilise songs to progress in the game – a game mechanic, present in Majora's Mask."The Legend of Zelda Theme" is a recurring piece of music that was
Abraham J. Isserman was an American lawyer and activist who defended Gerhart Eisler in 1947 and CPUSA leaders in the Foley Square trial: he was found in contempt of court by Judge Harold Medina, sentenced to four months in jail, disbarred. Isserman was born on May 1900, in Belgium. Abraham J. Isserman and Morris Isserman were private attorneys at Isserman & Isserman, 24 Commerce Street, New Jersey, his clients included Edith Berkman, the New Jersey chapter of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, the union called the American Newspaper Guild. In the 1930s through 1941, he served as counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union. Isserman was a member of the Communist Party and identified by the Federal government as one of several "communist lawyers."In 1939, the House Un-American Activities Committee reported that Isserman was a member of the national committee of the International Juridical Association, a communist-leaning group co-founded by Carol Weiss King and Shad Polier among others.
In 1939, ACLU chief Roger Nash Baldwin asked Isserman to prepare a legal brief on whether witnesses could invoke the Fifth Amendment to help witnesses called before the Dies Committee. In April 1943, Walter Gellhorn New York Regional Attorney and Assistant General Counsel testified before HUAC as follows: Mr. MATTHEWS: Do you know Abraham J. Isserman? Mr. GELLHORN: Yes. Mr. MATTHEWS: Do you have any personal views on whether Mr. Isserman is a Communist or a communist sympathizer? Mr. GELLHORN: I imagine the latter. I have no information on the former. I know him to be a competent attorney. I have consulted with him on two labor matters. In 1947, with Carol Weiss King, Isserman defended Gerhart Eisler in a trial for fraudulent passport. In the press, Eisler had been accused of being a mastermind for Soviet spies in the United States. On February 17, 1947, Life magazine ran "The Career of Gerhart Eisler as a Comintern Agent" whose subtext read "Prototyp of a professional, Moscow-schooled revolutionary, he is now charged with conspiracy against the government of the U.
S."During proceedings, Isserman stated, "I charge that this whole procedure is in bad faither and savors to me of something more."Eisler skipped bail and left the country by means of a Polish freighter. In 1949, the court removed Eisler v. United States, 338 U. S. 189, pending return of the fugitive Eisler. In 1949, Isserman served as one of five attorneys led by Harry Sacher as lead counsel to represent 11 members of the CPUSA's national board, accused of conspiring to teach and advocate the violent overthrow of the Government; the other three attorneys were Richard Gladstein, Louis F. McCabe, George W. Crockett, Jr. Isserman was representing Gil Green and John Williamson. During appeal of the conviction and colleagues accused trial judge Harold R. Medina of improperly favoring the prosecution; the defendants went to prison. Further and Crockett among other defense attorneys was found in contempt of court. In 1952, Isserman went to jail for four months, despite support from groups like the National Lawyers Guild.
In 1954, he was disbarred from law practice in the State of New Jersey. Following a 1953 order, he was disbarred from the U. S. Supreme Court. In 1961, New Jersey's Supreme Court had his license restored. On April 22, 1988, Isserman died in a nursing home in New York City after several strokes. Maurice Isserman is his nephew. International Juridical Association American Civil Liberties Union Gerhart Eisler Foley Square trial "Richard Cleveland Dead at 76. New York Times. 11 January 1974. Retrieved 27 November 2016. Getty Images: Abraham J. Isserman
The 1997 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza on 7 September 1997. It was the thirteenth round of the 1997 Formula One season; the 53-lap race was won by David Coulthard driving for McLaren after starting from sixth position on the grid. Jean Alesi finished second for Benetton after starting from pole position, while Heinz-Harald Frentzen finished third for Williams. Fisichella set the early pace in qualifying. Alesi got pole position on his second set of tyres. Frentzen moved into second late in the session; the rest of the top six was Coulthard sixth. The Ferraris of Michael Schumacher and Eddie Irvine qualified tenth respectively. At the start Alesi led with Frentzen in second and Coulthard moving from sixth on the grid into third place; the top three stayed this way until lap 28. On lap 32 Alesi and Coulthard pitted together, when Coulthard moved ahead of Alesi courtesy of a faster pit-stop; this left Mika Häkkinen in the lead. Coulthard took the lead on lap 34.
The top three after Michael Schumacher pitted was Coulthard first, Alesi second and Frentzen third. Häkkinen was fourth until he got a puncture on lap 36; the top six after Häkkinen's puncture was Coulthard first, Alesi second, Frentzen third, Fisichella fourth, Villeneuve fifth and Michael Schumacher in sixth. The top six stayed in that order for the rest of the race and was won by Coulthard by just under two seconds; this was the only race of the season where neither Jacques Villeneuve nor Michael Schumacher was on the podium. David Coulthard dedicated his win in this race to Princess Diana. Bold text indicates. Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings
John W. Donohue, AIA was an American architect, active in Western Massachusetts during the first half of the 20th century. Donohue was born in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869, his father was associated with the engineering department of a local railroad and designed an office building for that railroad in Springfield. The young Donohue was educated in the local schools including Central High School. After working for a local firm Donohue was appointed architect for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Springfield MA, which at the time included the Roman Catholic Diocese of Worcester, MA. In this capacity Donohoe would design over 100 churches, schools and other buildings for Catholic Clients Worcester Diocese: St. Bernard Church, Worcester, MA Blessed Sacrament Church, Worcester, MA St. Casmir Church, Worcester, MA St. Peter Church, Worcester, MA St. Stephen Church, Worcester, MA St. Joseph Church, Webster, MA St. Mary Church, Uxbridge, MA Sacred Heart Church, Southbridge, MA Our Lady Immaculate Church, Athol, MASpringfield Diocese: Our Lady of Hope Church, Springfield, MA Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Church, Springfield, MA Holy Family Church, Springfield, MA Immaculate Conception Church, West Springfield, MA Sacred Heart Church, Northampton, MA St. John Cantus Church Northampton, MA Corpus Christi Church, Housatonic, MA St. Teresa Church, West Springfield, MA St. Thomas Church, West Springfield, MA St. Mary Church, Pittsfield, MA Holy Cross Church, Holyoke, MA buildings for The College of Our Lady of the Elms, Massachusetts St. Anne Church, Chicopee, MA St. Brigid Church Amherst, MA Kervick, Francis W. Architects in America of Catholic tradition.
April 11 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 13 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 25 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar. For April 12th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 30. Hieromartyr Artemon the Presbyter, of Laodicea Martyrs Demas and Protion, those with them, by beheading Martyr Sabbas the Goth, at Buzau in Wallachia Saint Isaac the Syrian, Abbot of Spoleto, Italy Venerable monk-martyrs David and Menas, of Palestine, shot by archers Venerable Anthusa of Constantinople Venerable Athanasia the Wonderworker, Abbess, of Aegina Saint Basil the Confessor, Bishop of Parium Saint Sergius II, Patriarch of Constantinople Saint Vissia, a virgin-martyr in Fermo near Ancona in Italy under Decius Saint Victor of Braga, a catechumen martyred in Braga in Portugal under Diocletian, thus baptised in his own blood Saint Julius I, Pope of Rome, defended St Athanasius against his Arian accusers, built many churches Hieromartyr Zeno of Verona, Bishop of Verona Saint Constantine, the first Bishop of Gap in France Saint Wigbert Saint Tetricus, Abbot of St Germanus in Auxerre Bishop of Auxerre by popular acclamation, murdered in his sleep Saint Damian of Pavia, Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in Italy, who vigorously opposed Monothelitism Saint Erkemboden, a monk at Sithin in Saint-Omer in France Bishop of Thérouanne Saint Alferius, founder of the Monastery of La Cava Saint Sylvester, Bishop of Pereiaslav and Igumen of Vydubychi Monastery Saint Basil of Ryazan, Bishop of Ryazan Venerable Acacius of Kapsokalyvia Skete, Mount Athos New Hieromartyr Demetrius Rozhdestvensky, Protopresbyter of Alma-Ata New Hieromartyr Sergiy Krestnikov Deposition of the Cincture of the Most Holy Theotokos in Constantinople Synaxis of the Murom Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos Synaxis of the Belinich Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos Venerable Neophytus the Recluse, of Cyprus, Wonderworker Repose of Archbishop Juvenal of Vilnius, monk of Optina Monastery Proclamation of the autocephaly of the Church of Georgia April 12 / April 25.
Orthodox Calendar. April 25 / April 12. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH. April 12. OCA - The Lives of the Saints. Dr. Alexander Roman. April. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints; the Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas. St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press. P. 28. April 12. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome; the Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. P. 103. Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. P. 155. Greek Sources Great Synaxaristes: 12 ΑΠΡΙΛΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ. Συναξαριστής. 12 Απριλίου. ECCLESIA. GR.. Russian Sources 25 апреля.
Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла.. 12 апреля 25 апреля 2013. Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей
John Maddock was an English footballer, noted for his'rifle shot'. He played in the right-back position for Stoke between 1919 and 1921, before signing with Port Vale following a two years spell at Macclesfield Town, he spent eight years with Vale, before joining Crewe Alexandra in 1931. He played for non-league sides Nantwich and Audley United, he won the Third Division North title with Port Vale in 1929–30. Maddock played before being spotted by Stoke, he played for them during the war years, playing three games in 1916–17, 23 games in 1917–18, 14 games in 1918–19. He established himself in the right-back role as the Second Division continued after the war, he scored all penalties at the Victoria Ground, in 15 games in the 1919 -- 20 campaign. After making eight appearances in the 1920–21 season, a serious knee injury ended his career. Unable to continue working in his former role as a carpenter in his father's factory, let alone play professional football he spent 75 guineas of his money to pay for surgery to remove his damaged cartilage.
Spotted in August 1923 playing cricket by Joe Schofield, former Stoke secretary now secretary of Second Division Port Vale, Maddock was given a trial with the club. He played 21 league games in the 1923 -- 24 season, converting one penalty, he again scored one penalty in 21 league games in the 1924–25 season. He became a key first team player in the 1925–26 season, converting five penalties in 30 league and cup games, he scored three goals in 42 appearances in the 1926–27 season, though lost his touch from the penalty spot as he accomplished the dubious feat of missing two penalties in one game against Nottingham Forest on 18 December, as Vale lost 2–0 at The Old Recreation Ground. He scored two penalties in 35 matches in the 1927–28 campaign, before featuring 25 times in the 1928–29 relegation season, he lost his place in the side by April 1929, featured just four times as the "Valiants" won the Third Division North title 1929–30. After just three appearances in the 1930–31 season, he was transferred to Crewe Alexandra in July 1931.
He helped the "Railwaymen" to finish sixth and tenth in the Third Division North in 1931–32 and 1932–33, scored six goals in 43 league and cup games at Gresty Road. He played for Nantwich and Audley United. Source: Port ValeFootball League Third Division North champion: 1929–30