The Mickey Mouse Club is an American variety television show which aired intermittently from 1955 to 1996 and returned to social media in 2017. Created by Walt Disney and produced by Walt Disney Productions, the program was first televised for four seasons, from 1955 to 1959, by ABC; this original run featured a regular but ever-changing cast of teen performers. ABC broadcast reruns weekday afternoons during the 1958–1959 season, airing right after American Bandstand; the show was revived three times after its initial 1955–1959 run on ABC, first from 1977 to 1979 for first-run syndication as The New Mickey Mouse Club from 1989 to 1996 as The All-New Mickey Mouse Club airing on cable television's The Disney Channel, again in 2017 with the moniker Club Mickey Mouse airing on internet social media. Mickey Mouse himself appeared in every show, not only in vintage cartoons made for theatrical release, but in the opening and closing segments made for the show. In both the vintage cartoons and new animated segments, Mickey was voiced by his creator Walt Disney.
The first official theater-based Mickey Mouse Club began on January 11, 1930, at the Fox Dome Theater in Ocean Park, with 60 theaters hosting clubs by March 31. The Club released its first issue of the Official Bulletin of the Mickey Mouse Club on April 15, 1930. By 1932, the club had 1 million members, in 1933 its first British club opened at Darlington’s Arcade Cinema. In 1935, Disney began to phase out the club; the Mickey Mouse Club was hosted by Jimmie Dodd, a songwriter and the Head Mouseketeer, who provided leadership both on and off the screen. In addition to his other contributions, he provided short segments which encouraged young viewers to make the right moral choices; these little homilies became known as "Doddisms". Roy Williams, a staff artist at Disney appeared in the show as the Big Mouseketeer. Roy suggested that the Mickey and Minnie Mouse ears should be worn by the show's cast members, which he helped create, along with Chuck Keehne, Hal Adelquist, Bill Walsh; the main cast members were called Mouseketeers, they performed in a variety of musical and dance numbers, as well as some informational segments.
The most popular of the Mouseketeers constituted the so-called Red Team, kept under contract for the entire run of the show, its members included: Sharon Baird Bobby Burgess Lonnie Burr Tommy Cole Annette Funicello Darlene Gillespie Cubby O'Brien Karen Pendleton Doreen TraceyOther Mouseketeers who were Red Team members but did not star on the show for all three seasons included: Cheryl Holdridge Nancy Abbate Johnny Crawford Dennis Day Mike Smith Jay-Jay Solari Don Underhill The remaining Mouseketeers, who were members of the White or Blue Teams, were Don Agrati, Sherry Alberoni, Billie Jean Beanblossom, Eileen Diamond, Dickie Dodd, Mary Espinosa, Bonnie Lynn Fields, Judy Harriet, Linda Hughes, Dallas Johann, John Lee Johann, Bonni Lou Kern, Charlie Laney, Larry Larsen, Paul Petersen, Lynn Ready, Mickey Rooney Jr. Tim Rooney, Mary Sartori, Bronson Scott, Margene Storey, Ronnie Steiner, Mark Sutherland. Larry Larsen, on only for the 1956–57 season, was the oldest Mouseketeer, being born in 1939, Bronson Scott, on only the 1955–56 season, was the youngest Mouseketeer, being born in July 1947.
Among the thousands who auditioned but did not make the cut were future Oscar-winning vocalist/songwriter Paul Williams and future Primetime Emmy Award-winning actress Candice Bergen. The 39 Mouseketeers and the seasons in which they were featured: Notes: Cole and Day were Blue Team members, but were drafted to the Red Team in the first season. Johann and the Rooney brothers were all left early in the first season. Dallas' brother John Lee replaced him, while Dodd and Steiner were hired as replacements for the Rooney brothers. For the show's fourth season, only a small amount of new footage was filmed and was interspliced with material from previous seasons, it is believed that only six of the Mouseketeers— Funicello, Tracey, Pendleton, O'Brien— were called back for the filming of new material, while Cole and Baird were used for some publicity material. Jimmie Dodd Roy Williams Bob Amsberry Other notable non-Mouseketeer performers appeared in several dramatic segments: Tim Considine Tommy Kirk Roberta Shore David Stollery Judy Nugent Kevin Corcoran, a.k.a.
Moochie J. Pat O'Malley Sammy Ogg Alvy Moore Julius Sumner Miller as "Professor Wonderful"These non-Mouseketeers appeared in several original serials filmed for the series, only some of which have appeared in reruns. Other Mouseketeers were featured in some of the serials Annette Funicello and Darlene Gillespie. Major serials included: Spin and Marty The Hardy Boys Corky and White Shadow, starring Darlene Gillespie Walt Disney Presents: Annette, starring Annette Funicello Adventure in Dairyland, featuring Funice
Pyramid, or pyramid representation, is a type of multi-scale signal representation developed by the computer vision, image processing and signal processing communities, in which a signal or an image is subject to repeated smoothing and subsampling. Pyramid representation is a predecessor to scale-space multiresolution analysis. There are two main types of pyramids: bandpass. A lowpass pyramid is made by smoothing the image with an appropriate smoothing filter and subsampling the smoothed image by a factor of 2 along each coordinate direction; the resulting image is subjected to the same procedure, the cycle is repeated multiple times. Each cycle of this process results in a smaller image with increased smoothing, but with decreased spatial sampling density. If illustrated graphically, the entire multi-scale representation will look like a pyramid, with the original image on the bottom and each cycle's resulting smaller image stacked one atop the other. A bandpass pyramid is made by forming the difference between images at adjacent levels in the pyramid and performing image interpolation between adjacent levels of resolution, to enable computation of pixelwise differences.
A variety of different smoothing kernels have been proposed for generating pyramids. Among the suggestions that have been given, the binomial kernels arising from the binomial coefficients stand out as a useful and theoretically well-founded class. Thus, given a two-dimensional image, we may apply the binomial filter twice or more along each spatial dimension and subsample the image by a factor of two; this operation may proceed as many times as desired, leading to a compact and efficient multi-scale representation. If motivated by specific requirements, intermediate scale levels may be generated where the subsampling stage is sometimes left out, leading to an oversampled or hybrid pyramid. With the increasing computational efficiency of CPUs available today, it is in some situations feasible to use wider support Gaussian filters as smoothing kernels in the pyramid generation steps. In a Gaussian pyramid, subsequent images are scaled down; each pixel containing a local average corresponds to a neighborhood pixel on a lower level of the pyramid.
This technique is used in texture synthesis. A Laplacian pyramid is similar to a Gaussian pyramid but saves the difference image of the blurred versions between each levels. Only the smallest level is not a difference image to enable reconstruction of the high resolution image using the difference images on higher levels; this technique can be used in image compression. A steerable pyramid, developed by Simoncelli and others, is an implementation of a multi-scale, multi-orientation band-pass filter bank used for applications including image compression, texture synthesis, object recognition, it can be thought of as an orientation selective version of a Laplacian pyramid, in which a bank of steerable filters are used at each level of the pyramid instead of a single Laplacian or Gaussian filter. In the early days of computer vision, pyramids were used as the main type of multi-scale representation for computing multi-scale image features from real-world image data. More recent techniques include scale-space representation, popular among some researchers due to its theoretical foundation, the ability to decouple the subsampling stage from the multi-scale representation, the more powerful tools for theoretical analysis as well as the ability to compute a representation at any desired scale, thus avoiding the algorithmic problems of relating image representations at different resolution.
Pyramids are still used for expressing computationally efficient approximations to scale-space representation. Laplacian image pyramids based on the bilateral filter provide a good framework for image detail enhancement and manipulation; the difference images between each layer are modified to exaggerate or reduce details at different scales in an image. Some image compression file formats use some other interlacing technique; these can be seen as a kind of image pyramid. Because those file format store the "large-scale" features first, fine-grain details in the file, a particular viewer displaying a small "thumbnail" or on a small screen can download just enough of the image to display it in the available pixels—so one file can support many viewer resolutions, rather than having to store or generate a different file for each resolution. Mipmap Scale space implementation Level of detail JPEG 2000#Multiple resolution representation Gaussian-Laplacian Pyramid Image Coding - illustrates methods of Downsampling and Gaussian convolution The Gaussian Pyramid - provides a brief introduction for the procedure and cites several sources Laplacian Irregular Graph Pyramid - Figure 1 on this page illustrates an example of the Gaussian Pyramid The Laplacian Pyramid as a Compact Image Code on eBook Submission
Václav Brožík was a Czech painter who worked in the academic style. He came from a poor family, studying porcelain painting through apprenticeships. Beginning in 1868, with financial assistance from a local landowner, he was able to attend the art academy in Prague, he made a trip to the Netherlands, where he studied the Old Masters settled in Paris, where a letter of recommendation assured him the support of Jaroslav Čermák. In 1879 he married Hermina Sedelmeyer, daughter of the wealthy Parisian art dealer Charles Sedelmeyer. For most of his life, he divided his time between Paris and Prague, where he became a Professor at the Art Academy in 1893, he was named a member of the Institut de France through the influence of his father-in-law, who suggested that he do a painting on the theme "Tu Felix Austria Nube". The result pleased Emperor Franz Joseph I, involved in an unhappy marriage; as a result, Brožík was elevated to the nobility. He became a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts, received the Grand Cross of the Légion d'Honneur and was appointed to the Czech Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In 1884, one of his paintings appeared on a United States postage stamp. His health began to decline in 1894, but he threw himself into painting more diligently, he died of heart failure in 1901 and was buried in Montmartre. Appreciation of his work suffered a serious decline after his death, as it was considered old-fashioned, but a major retrospective in 2003 has created some renewed interest. Osobnosti - Česko: Ottův slovník Ottovo nakladatelství, Prague ISBN 978-80-7360-796-8 Vošahlíková, Pavla: Biografický slovník českých zemí, Prague ISBN 978-80-7277-248-3 Works by or about Václav Brožík at Internet Archive Slovensko-Česky Klub: Brožík Retrospective Novinky: Brožíkův návrat na výsluní by Peter Kováč Radio Prague: Pražská výstava obrazů Václava Brožíka končí už příští týden by Evelina Himalová
Michel Droit was a French novelist and journalist. He was the father of the photographer Éric Droit. After studying at the Faculté des lettres de Paris and Sciences Po, Droit joined the army in 1944 and was wounded near Ulm in April 1945, he took on a career as a press and television journalist after the Second World War and at the 1960s he was the preferred television interviewer of général de Gaulle. His first novel, Plus rien au monde, dates to 1954. In 1964, he won the Grand prix du roman de l'Académie française for his Le Retour. On 6 March 1980, on the same day as Marguerite Yourcenar, he was elected as a member of the Académie française, replacing Joseph Kessel. Droit wrote a polemic against a reggae adaptation of La Marseillaise as Aux armes et cætera by Serge Gainsbourg, reproaching him for "provoking" a resurgence of anti-Semitism and thus making things difficult for his "co-religionists". Droit was attacked for this position by the Mouvement contre le racisme et pour l'amitié entre les peuples.
Droit got into legal difficulties as a member of the CNCL, a television regulator set up in the 1980s, but this was thrown out of court with the help of his lawyer Jean-Marc Varaut. Droit accidentally killed one of his companions on a safari in Africa. Droit is buried in the Passy Cemetery. De Lattre Maréchal de France, Pierre Horay, 1952 André Maurois, Éditions universitaires, 1953 Plus rien au monde, Prix Max Barthou, Ferencz, 1954 Jours et Nuits d’Amérique, Georges Nizet, 1954 Visas pour l’Amérique du Sud, Gallimar, 1956 Pueblo, Julliard, 1957 J’ai vu vivre le Japon, Fayard, 1958 Panoramas mexicains, Fayard, 1960 La Camargue, Prix Carlos de Lazerme, Benjamin Arthaud, 1961 Le Retour, Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française, Julliard, 1964 Les Compagnons de la Forêt-Noire, Julliard, 1966, Tome 1 de la série "le temps des hommes" La Fille de l’ancre bleue, Solar,1967 L’Orient perdu, Julliard, 1969, Tome 2 de la série "le temps des hommes" L’Homme du destin, Larrieu-Bonnel,1972 La Ville blanche, Julliard, 1973, Tome 3 de la série "le temps des hommes" La coupe est pleine, France-Empire, 1975 La Mort du connétable, Julliard, 1976, Tome 4 de la série "le temps des hommes" Les Feux du crépuscule, Plon, 1977 Les Clartés du jour, Plon, 1978 Le Lion et le Marabout, Plon, 1979 Les Lueurs de l’aube, Plon, 1981 Une plume et un micro, Plon, 1982 Et maintenant si nous parlions de l’Afrique du Sud, Plon, 1983 Une fois la nuit venue, Plon, 1984 Lettre ouverte à ceux qui en ont plus qu’assez du socialisme, Albin Michel, 1985 La Rivière de la guerre, Julliard, 1985 Le Fils unique, Plon, 1988 Le Rendez-vous d’Elchingen, Plon, 1990 Nous parlerons de Rome, Le Fallois, 1992 Le Temps d’apprendre à vivre, Le Rocher, 1993 Le Temps qui tient au cœur, Le Rocher, 1996 "Obituary".
The Guardian. 25 July 2000. Dossier Homage to Michel Droit Homage to Michel Droit
Lisa Garcia Quiroz was an American business executive at Time Warner who oversaw its charitable foundation and philanthropic activity and corporate responsibility departments. She served as the media enterprise's first chief diversity officer and founder of the content incubator OneFifty. Quiroz served as president of the Time Warner Foundation. Quiroz created and launched Time Inc.'s People en Español, recognized by Adweek Magazine in 2001 and 2002 for circulation growth. She created and launched a spin-off publication of Time Magazine, entitled Time for Kids, a magazine geared to children in classrooms which achieved a circulation of over 3.5 million. She served on a number of nonprofit boards including the Public Theater, the Corporation for National and Community Service and the Hispanic Scholarship Fund, she was nominated by American president Barack Obama in 2010 to serve as a director for the Corporation for National and Community Service and was appointed by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg to serve on the city's Commission on Human Rights.
In 2016, she was named one of Black Enterprise's Top Executives in Corporate Diversity. Quiroz graduated from Harvard University and Harvard Business School with a Masters in Business Administration. In 2010, Quiroz married author Guy Garcia, she was of Puerto Rican ancestry. She died on March 16, 2018, at the age of 57 from pancreatic cancer
Dr Brendan is a New York City based consumer electronics and information technology consulting company specializing in repairs and education of Apple products such as the iPhone and Macintosh computer. "Dr Brendan" is a nickname for owner, Brendan McElroy, who started the company by offering iPhone repair services from his East Village, Manhattan apartment. The company has since expanded to include computer repair, IT services, from two brick and mortar shops, in Manhattan's East Village, Park Slope, Brooklyn; the New York Times has called Dr Brendan "a local hero amongst Apple aficionados." The company was conceived when founder, Apple Guru Brendan McElroy, who taught himself to fix iPhones after breaking his own, started advertising his repair services on Craigslist in June 2009. McElroy was able to popularize his service through networking and relationship building with his customers. After gaining significant media attention in 2010, Dr Brendan moved out of the apartment and into a brick and mortar shop on St. Mark's Place, in Manhattan, soon after added a larger, second location in Park Slope, Brooklyn in 2012 which has closed as of July 2013.
The company has expanded its services to include IT, computer repair and house calls. Brooklyn location closed as of 2015