Ivana Marie "Ivanka" Trump is an American businesswoman, fashion designer, reality television personality, politician. She is the daughter of Donald's first wife Ivana, she is the first Jewish member of a First Family, having converted before marrying her Jewish husband, Jared Kushner. Trump is a fourth generation businessperson who followed in the footsteps of her great-grandmother Elizabeth, grandfather Fred, father, serving for a time as an executive vice president of the family-owned Trump Organization, she was a boardroom judge on her father's TV show The Apprentice. Starting in March 2017, she left the Trump Organization and began serving in her father's presidential administration as an adviser alongside her husband, she assumed this official, unpaid position after ethics concerns were raised about her having access to classified material while not being held to the same restrictions as a federal employee. She was considered part of the president's inner circle before becoming an official employee in his administration.
Ivana Marie Trump was born in Manhattan, New York City, is the second child of Czech-American model Ivana and Donald Trump, who in 2017 became the 45th president of the United States. Her father has German and Scottish ancestry and her mother has Czech and Austrian ancestry. For most of her life, she has been nicknamed "Ivanka," a diminutive form of Ivana. Trump's parents divorced in 1992 when she was ten years old, she has two brothers, Donald Jr. and Eric, a half-sister, a half-brother, Barron. Trump attended the Chapin School in Manhattan until she was 15, when she transferred to Choate Rosemary Hall in Wallingford, Connecticut, she characterized Choate's "boarding-school life" as being like a "prison", while her "friends in New York were having fun". After graduating from Choate, she attended Georgetown University for two years transferred to the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, from which she graduated cum laude with a bachelor's degree in economics in 2004, her father had transferred to Wharton after two years at another institution.
Trump worked for Forest City Enterprises. In 2005, she joined the family business as Executive Vice President of Development & Acquisitions at The Trump Organization. In 2007, she formed a partnership with Dynamic Diamond Corp. the company of diamond vendor Moshe Lax, to create Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry, a line of diamond and gold jewelry sold at her first flagship retail store in Manhattan. In November 2011, her retail flagship moved from Madison Avenue to 109 Mercer Street, a larger space in the fashionable Soho district. In December 2012, members of 100 Women in Hedge Funds elected Ivanka Trump to their board. On October 2, 2015, it was reported that "Ivanka Trump's flagship store on Mercer Street appear to be closed" and, noting that the shop had been "stripped clean". In October 2016, the only dedicated retail shop and flagship boutique for Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry was located at Trump Tower in Manhattan, New York City, with her brand being available at Hudson's Bay and fine-jewelry stores throughout the U.
S. and Canada, as well as in Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates. She had her own line of Ivanka Trump fashion items, including clothes, handbags and accessories, available in major U. S. and Canadian department stores including Macy's and Hudson's Bay. Her brand was criticized for copying designs by other designers, by PETA and other animal rights activists for using fur from rabbits. In 2016, the U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission recalled Ivanka Trump-branded scarves because they did not meet federal flammability standards. A 2016 analysis found that most of the fashion line was produced outside the U. S. Ivanka Trump-brand shoes have been supplied by Chengdu Kameido Shoes in Sichuan and Hangzhou HS Fashion in Zhejiang. In February 2017, department store chains Neiman Marcus and Nordstrom dropped Trump's fashion line, citing "poor performance."On February 9, 2017, Presidential Advisor Kellyanne Conway controversially encouraged Fox News viewers to purchase Trump's retail products.
In June 2017, three people with the organization called China Labor Watch were arrested by Chinese authorities while investigating Huajian International, which makes shoes for several American brands, including Ivanka Trump's brand. The Trump Administration called for their release. On July 24, 2018, Trump announced that she shut down her company after deciding to pursue a career in public policy instead of returning to her fashion business; when Trump was attending boarding school as a teenager, she got into modeling "on weekends and holidays and not during the school year," according to her mother, Ivana Trump. She was featured in print advertisements for Tommy Hilfiger and Sasson Jeans and walked fashion runways for Versace, Marc Bouwer and Thierry Mugler. In May 1997, she was featured on the cover of Seventeen which ran a story on "celeb moms & daughters". Trump joined the Trump Organization in an executive position. Soon after that, she started her jewelry and apparel lines, appeared in advertisements promoting the Trump Organization and her products.
She was featured in women's and special interest publications in "soft-hitting" profiles focusing on "looks and product lines" and was featured on the cover of some issues, such as Harper's Bazaar, Forbes Life, Golf Magazine, Town & Country, Vogue. She was featured on the cover of Stuff in August 2006 and again in September 2007. In 2006, Trump filled in for Carolyn Kepcher on five episodes of her father's television program The Apprentice 5, first appearing to help judge the Gillette task in week 2. Like Kepcher, Tru
Media of the United States
Media of the United States consist of several different types of media: television, cinema, newspapers and Internet-based Web sites. The U. S. has a strong music industry. Many of the media are controlled by large for-profit corporations who reap revenue from advertising and sale of copyrighted material. American media conglomerates tend to be leading global players, generating large revenues as well as large opposition in many parts of the world. With the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, further deregulation and convergence are under way, leading to mega-mergers, further concentration of media ownership, the emergence of multinational media conglomerates; these mergers enable tighter control of information. Five corporations control 90% of the media. Critics allege that localism, local news and other content at the community level, media spending and coverage of news, diversity of ownership and views have suffered as a result of these processes of media concentration. Theories to explain the success of such companies include reliance on certain policies of the American federal government or a tendency to natural monopolies in the industry.
See Media bias in the United States. The organization Reporters Without Borders compiles and publishes an annual ranking of countries based upon the organization's assessment of their press freedom records. In 2013–14 United States was ranked 46th out of 180 countries, a drop of thirteen points from the preceding year. Newspapers have declined in their penetration into American households over the years; the U. S. does not have a national paper. The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today are the most circulated newspapers in the United States and are sold in most U. S. cities. Although the Times' primary audience has always been the people of New York City, the New York Times has become the dominant national "newspaper of record." Apart from its daily nationwide distribution, the term means that back issues are archived on microfilm by every decent-sized public library in the nation, the Times' articles are cited by both historians and judges as evidence that a major historical event occurred on a certain date.
The Los Angeles Times and the Wall Street Journal are newspapers of record to a lesser extent. Although USA Today has tried to establish itself as a national paper, it has been derided by the academic world as the "McPaper" and is not subscribed to by most libraries. Apart from the newspapers just mentioned, all major metropolitan areas have their own local newspapers. A metropolitan area will support at most one or two major newspapers, with many smaller publications targeted towards particular audiences. Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major news agency wire service, such as the Associated Press, Reuters or Bloomberg News for their national and world coverage. With few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U. S. are owned, either by large chains such as Gannett or McClatchy, which own dozens or hundreds of newspapers. Most general-purpose newspapers are either being printed one time a week on Thursday or Friday, or are printed daily.
Weekly newspapers tend to have much smaller circulation and are more prevalent in rural communities or small towns. Major cities have "alternative weeklies" to complement the mainstream daily paper, for example, New York City's Village Voice or Los Angeles' L. A. Weekly. Major cities may support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, papers for local ethnic and social groups. Due to competition from other media, the number of daily newspapers in the U. S. has declined over the past half-century, according to Editor & Publisher, the trade journal of American newspapers. In particular, the number of evening newspapers has fallen by one-half since 1970, while the number of morning editions and Sunday editions has grown. For comparison, in 1950, there were 1,772 daily papers while in 2000, there were 1,480 daily papers Daily newspaper circulation is slowly declining in America due to the near-demise of two-newspaper towns, as the weaker newspapers in most cities have folded: The primary source of newspaper income is advertising – in the form of "classifieds" or inserted advertising circulars – rather than circulation income.
However, since the late 1990s, this revenue source has been directly challenged by Web sites like eBay, Monster.com, Craigslist. Additionally, as investigative journalism declined at major daily newspapers in the 2000s, many reporters formed their own non-profit investigative newsrooms. Examples include ProPublica on the national level, Texas Tribune at the state level and Voice of OC at the local level; the largest newspapers in the United States are USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. Thanks to the huge size of the English-speaking North American media market, the United States has a large magazine industry with hundreds of magazines serving every interest, as can be determined by glancing at any newsstand in any large American city. Most magazines are owned by one of the large media conglomerates or by one of their smaller regional brethren; the American Society of Magazine Ed
New York University
New York University is a private research university founded in New York City but now with campuses and locations throughout the world. Founded in 1831, NYU's historical campus is in New York City; as a global university, students can graduate from its degree-granting campuses in NYU Abu Dhabi and NYU Shanghai, as well as study at its 12 academic centers in Accra, Buenos Aires, London, Los Angeles, Paris, Sydney, Tel Aviv, Washington, D. C. For the class that matriculated in the fall of 2019, NYU received nearly 85,000 applications for its undergraduate programs. In 2018, NYU was ranked amongst the top 40 universities worldwide by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, U. S. News & World Report. Alumni include heads of state, eminent scientists and entrepreneurs, media figures, founders and CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, astronauts; as of March 2019, 37 Nobel Laureates, 8 Turing Award winners, 5 Fields Medalists, over 30 Academy Award winners, over 30 Pulitzer Prize winners, hundreds of members of the National Academies of Sciences and United States Congress have been affiliated as faculty or alumni.
Globally, NYU is ranked 7th by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for producing alumni who are millionaires, 4th by Wealth-X for producing ultra high net-worth and billionaire alumni. Albert Gallatin, Secretary of Treasury under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, declared his intention to establish "in this immense and fast-growing city... a system of rational and practical education fitting and graciously opened to all". A three-day-long "literary and scientific convention" held in City Hall in 1830 and attended by over 100 delegates debated the terms of a plan for a new university; these New Yorkers believed the city needed a university designed for young men who would be admitted based upon merit rather than birthright or social class. On April 18, 1831, an institution was established, with the support of a group of prominent New York City residents from the city's merchants and traders. Albert Gallatin was elected as the institution's first president. On April 21, 1831, the new institution received its charter and was incorporated as the University of the City of New York by the New York State Legislature.
The university has been popularly known as New York University since its inception and was renamed New York University in 1896. In 1832, NYU held its first classes in rented rooms of four-story Clinton Hall, situated near City Hall. In 1835, the School of Law, NYU's first professional school, was established. Although the impetus to found a new school was a reaction by evangelical Presbyterians to what they perceived as the Episcopalianism of Columbia College, NYU was created non-denominational, unlike many American colleges at the time. American Chemical Society was founded in 1876 at NYU, it became one of the nation's largest universities, with an enrollment of 9,300 in 1917. NYU had its Washington Square campus since its founding; the university purchased a campus at University Heights in the Bronx because of overcrowding on the old campus. NYU had a desire to follow New York City's development further uptown. NYU's move to the Bronx occurred in 1894, spearheaded by the efforts of Chancellor Henry Mitchell MacCracken.
The University Heights campus was far more spacious. As a result, most of the university's operations along with the undergraduate College of Arts and Science and School of Engineering were housed there. NYU's administrative operations were moved to the new campus, but the graduate schools of the university remained at Washington Square. In 1914, Washington Square College was founded as the downtown undergraduate college of NYU. In 1935, NYU opened the "Nassau College-Hofstra Memorial of New York University at Hempstead, Long Island"; this extension would become a independent Hofstra University. In 1950, NYU was elected to the Association of American Universities, a nonprofit organization of leading public and private research universities. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, financial crisis gripped the New York City government and the troubles spread to the city's institutions, including NYU. Feeling the pressures of imminent bankruptcy, NYU President James McNaughton Hester negotiated the sale of the University Heights campus to the City University of New York, which occurred in 1973.
In 1973, the New York University School of Engineering and Science merged into Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, which merged back into NYU in 2014 forming the present Tandon School of Engineering. After the sale of the Bronx campus, University College merged with Washington Square College. In the 1980s, under the leadership of President John Brademas, NYU launched a billion-dollar campaign, spent entirely on updating facilities; the campaign was set to complete in 15 years, but ended up being completed in 10. In 1991, L. Jay Oliva was inaugurated the 14th president of the university. Following his inauguration, he moved to form the League of World Universities, an international organization consisting of rectors and presidents from urban universities across six continents; the league and its 47 representatives gather every two years to discuss global issues in education. In 2003 President John Sexton launched a $2.5 billion campaign for funds to be spent on faculty and financial aid resources.
Under Sextons leadership, NYU began its radical transformation into a global university. In 2009, the university responded to a series of New York Times interviews that showed a pattern of labor abuses in its fledgling Abu Dhabi location, creating a statement of
Manhattan referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U. S. state of New York. The borough consists of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson and Harlem rivers. S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Manhattan has been described as the cultural, financial and entertainment capital of the world, the borough hosts the United Nations Headquarters. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, Manhattan is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization: the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.
Many multinational media conglomerates are based in Manhattan, the borough has been the setting for numerous books and television shows. Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013. Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan. Manhattan is documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for 60 guilders, which equals $1038 in current terms; the territory and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York, based in present-day Manhattan, served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790; the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a world symbol of the United States and its ideals of liberty and peace.
Manhattan became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898. New York County is the United States' second-smallest county by land area, is the most densely populated U. S. county. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 1,664,727 living in a land area of 22.83 square miles, or 72,918 residents per square mile, higher than the density of any individual U. S. city. On business days, the influx of commuters increases this number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile. Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, is the smallest borough in terms of land area. Manhattan Island is informally divided into three areas, each aligned with its long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017, Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Grand Central Terminal.
The borough hosts many prominent bridges, such as the Brooklyn Bridge. Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement; the City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the city's government. Numerous colleges and universities are located in Manhattan, including Columbia University, New York University, Cornell Tech, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the world; the name Manhattan derives from the Munsee dialect of the Lenape language'manaháhtaan'. The Lenape word has been translated as "the place where we get bows" or "place for gathering the bows". According to a Munsee tradition recorded in the 19th century, the island was named so for a grove of hickory trees at the lower end, considered ideal for the making of bows.
It was first recorded in writing as Manna-hata, in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, an officer on Henry Hudson's yacht Halve Maen. A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River. Alternative folk etymologies include "island of many hills", "the island where we all became intoxicated" and "island", as well as a phrase descriptive of the whirlpool at Hell Gate; the area, now Manhattan was long inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of King Francis I of France – became the first documented European to visit the area that would become New York City, he entered the tidal strait now known as The Narrows and named the land around Upper New York
21st Century Media
21st Century Media was an American media company. It is the successor of Ingersoll Publications and Journal Register Company; the company operated more than 350 multi-platform products in 992 communities. On April 5, 2013, the assets of Journal Register Company and its affiliates were sold to 21st CMH Acquisition Co; the Journal Register Company became known as 21st Century Media. The company was led by CEO John Paton who blogged about the changes he is making to transform Journal Register from a newspaper company to a "digital first, print last" company. Paton CEO of ImpreMedia, started on February 1, 2010, by announcing he would provide all reporters with Flip video cameras as a sign of his commitment to the company's digital transformation. On March 17, 2010, the company named an advisory board composed of new media visionary Jeff Jarvis. On March 11, 2010, the company named Bill Higginson, Journal Register's former Senior Vice President, Production, as the company's President and COO. On March 4, 2010, the company named Jeff Bairstow as chief financial officer.
Bairstow joined Journal Register after working for Synarc Inc. a leading provider of medical imaging analysis, subject-recruitment and biochemical-marker services. In 2013, MediaNews Group and 21st Century Media merged into Digital First Media; the company owned daily and weekly newspapers, other print media properties and newspaper-affiliated local Web sites in the U. S. states of Connecticut, New York, Ohio and New Jersey. It operated 3 commercial printing facilities. 21st Century Media's flagship daily newspaper was the New Haven Register. Its ten largest daily newspapers were: New Haven Register of New Haven, Connecticut The Oakland Press of Pontiac, Michigan Delaware County Daily and Sunday Times of Upper Darby Township, Pennsylvania The Macomb Daily of Mount Clemens, Michigan The Trentonian of Trenton, New Jersey The News-Herald of Willoughby, Ohio The Daily Local News of West Chester, Pennsylvania The Morning Journal of Lorain, Ohio The Mercury of Pottstown, Pennsylvania Daily Freeman of Kingston, New York In 2004, JRC bought 21st Century Newspapers, gaining ownership of several daily newspapers in Greater Detroit.
In 2006, JRC bought the Web site JobsInTheUS.com. It is a major shareholder in consulting company PowerOne Media; that same year, the company moved its headquarters to Yardley, Pennsylvania from Trenton, New Jersey. In early 2007, JRC completed the sales of its former Massachusetts and Rhode Island newspapers to GateHouse Media and RISN Operations, respectively. In early 2008, the New York Stock Exchange announced it was planning to suspend trading of JRC's common stock; the stock had been below $1.05 for 30 consecutive days, at one point falling to 16 cents, the all-time low at that time. The stock was delisted as of April 16. On February 21, 2009, the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the US Bankruptcy Court, located in Manhattan, New York, NY. On August 12, 2009, JRC emerged from bankruptcy as a private company. On September 5, 2012, Digital First Media, parent company of JRC, confirmed the group had again filed for bankruptcy protection. On April 5, 2013, the assets of Journal Register Company and its affiliates were sold to 21st CMH Acquisition Co. an affiliate of funds managed by Alden Global Capital.
The Journal Register Company became known as 21st Century Media and continued to be managed by Digital First Media. Coleridge, Nicholas. Paper Tigers: The Latest, Greatest Newspaper Tycoons. Secaucus, N. J: Birch Lane Pr. ISBN 9781559722155. McDougall, Christopher. "Welcome to the Machine". Philadelphia City Paper. Philadelphia: Montgomery Newspapers. Archived from the original on 2014-01-01. Walton, Mary. "The State of The American Newspaper: The Selling of Small-town America". American Journalism Review. College Park: University of Maryland Foundation. Journal Register Company corporate web site Journal Register Company at the International Directory of Company Histories Nieman Journalism Lab. "Journal Register Co". Encyclo: an encyclopedia of the future of news. Retrieved 1 April 2012
Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a television personality. Trump was born and raised in the New York City borough of Queens and received an economics degree from the Wharton School, he was appointed president of his family's real estate business in 1971, renamed it The Trump Organization, expanded it from Queens and Brooklyn into Manhattan. The company built or renovated skyscrapers, hotels and golf courses. Trump started various side ventures, including licensing his name for real estate and consumer products, he managed the company until his 2017 inauguration. He co-authored several books, including The Art of the Deal, he owned the Miss Universe and Miss USA beauty pageants from 1996 to 2015, he produced and hosted The Apprentice, a reality television show, from 2003 to 2015. Forbes estimates his net worth to be $3.1 billion. Trump entered the 2016 presidential race as a Republican and defeated sixteen opponents in the primaries.
His campaign received extensive free media coverage. Commentators described his political positions as populist and nationalist. Trump has made many misleading statements during his campaign and presidency; the statements have been documented by fact-checkers, the media have described the phenomenon as unprecedented in American politics. Trump was elected president in a surprise victory over Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, he became the oldest and wealthiest person to assume the presidency, the first without prior military or government service, the fifth to have won the election despite having lost the popular vote. His election and policies have sparked numerous protests. Many of his comments and actions have been perceived as racially charged or racist. During his presidency, Trump ordered a travel ban on citizens from several Muslim-majority countries, citing security concerns, he enacted a tax cut package for individuals and businesses, which rescinded the individual health insurance mandate and allowed oil drilling in the Arctic Refuge.
He repealed the Dodd-Frank Act that had imposed stricter constraints on banks in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. He has pursued his America First agenda in foreign policy, withdrawing the U. S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations, the Paris Agreement on climate change, the Iran nuclear deal. He recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, imposed import tariffs on various goods, triggering a trade war with China, negotiated with North Korea seeking denuclearization, he nominated two justices to the Supreme Court: Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh. The Justice Department investigated links between the Trump campaign and the Russian government regarding its election interference; when Trump dismissed FBI Director James Comey, in charge of the investigation, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein appointed Robert Mueller as special counsel to proceed with the probe. The Special Counsel investigation led to guilty pleas by five Trump associates to criminal charges including lying to investigators, campaign finance violations, tax fraud.
Trump denied accusations of collusion and obstruction of justice, calling the investigation a politically motivated "witch hunt". Attorney General William Barr wrote that the special counsel's final report did not find that Trump or his campaign had "conspired or coordinated" with Russia during the 2016 election, but did not reach a conclusion regarding obstruction of justice, neither implicating him regarding obstruction of justice nor exonerating him. Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital in the borough of Queens, New York City, his parents were Frederick Christ Trump, a real estate developer, Mary Anne MacLeod. Trump grew up in the Jamaica Estates neighborhood of Queens, attended the Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, he was enrolled in the New York Military Academy, a private boarding school, after his parents discovered that he had made frequent trips into Manhattan without their permission. In 1964, Trump enrolled at Fordham University.
After two years, he transferred to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. While at Wharton, he worked at Elizabeth Trump & Son, he graduated in May 1968 with a B. S. in economics. When Trump was in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student draft deferments. In 1966, he was deemed fit for military service based upon a medical examination and in July 1968, a local draft board classified him as eligible to serve. In October 1968, he was given a medical deferment that he attributed to spurs in the heels of both feet, which resulted in a 1-Y classification: "Unqualified for duty except in the case of a national emergency." In the December 1969 draft lottery, Trump's birthday, June 14, received a high number that would have given him a low probability to be called to military service without the 1-Y. In 1972, he was reclassified as 4-F. In 1973 and 1976, The New York Times reported that Trump had graduated first in his class at Wharton. However, a 1984 Times profile of Trump noted.
In 1988, New York magazine reported Trump conceding, "Okay, maybe not'first,' as myth has it, but he had'the highest grades possible.'" Michael Cohen, Trump's former attorney, testified to the House Oversight Committee in February 2019 that Trump "directed me to threaten his high school, his colleges and the College Board to never release his grades or SAT scores." Days after Trump stated in 2011, "I heard [Barack O
Richard Brookhiser is an American journalist and historian. He is a senior editor at National Review, he is most known for a series of biographies of America's founders, including Alexander Hamilton, Gouverneur Morris, George Washington. Brookhiser was born in a suburb north of Rochester, New York, his father worked for Eastman Kodak in Rochester and was a lieutenant in the Army Air Corps during World War II. He has written books that deal either with the nation's founding, or the principles of America's founders, including What Would the Founders Do?, a book describing how the founding fathers would approach topical issues that generate controversy in modern-day America. Brookhiser began writing for National Review in 1970. "My first article, on antiwar protests in my high school, was a cover story in National Review in 1970, when I was 15." He earned an A. B. degree at Yale, where he was active in the Yale Political Union as a member and sometime Chairman of the Party of the Right. In his freshman year he took a class on Thomas Jefferson taught by Garry Wills.
Although admitted to Yale Law School, Brookhiser went to work full-time for National Review in 1977. He was selected as the successor to the magazine's founder, William F. Buckley, until Buckley changed his mind. For a short time he wrote speeches for Vice President George H. W. Bush, he has written for a variety of newspapers. Brookhiser's work has appeared in the "Talk of the Town" section of The New Yorker magazine as well as in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly and Vanity Fair. In 1987 he began a column for The New York Observer which he wrote until 2007. Brookhiser both wrote and hosted the documentary films Rediscovering George Washington, by Michael Pack, broadcast on PBS on July 4, 2002, Rediscovering Alexander Hamilton by Pack, broadcast on PBS on April 11, 2011, his book Alexander Hamilton, American led to the "Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America" exhibition at The New-York Historical Society, exhibition for which he was the historian curator.
He received an honorary doctorate degree in 2005 from Washington College. In 2008, President George W. Bush awarded Brookhiser the National Humanities Medal in a White House ceremony. Brookhiser became ill with testicular cancer in 1992 and smoked marijuana to alleviate nausea from chemotherapy."Because of the marijuana, my last two courses of chemotherapy were nausea-free", he said in 1996. "My cancer is gone now, I was lucky."On March 6, 1996, he testified before a congressional committee about using marijuana, urging the committee members to support decriminalization of marijuana for medical purposes."My support for medical marijuana is not a contradiction of my principles, but an extension of them", Brookhiser told the House Judiciary Committee's Subcommittee on Crime. "I am for order. But crime has to be fought intelligently and the law disgraces itself when it harasses the sick. I am for traditional virtues, but if carrying your beliefs to unjust ends is not moral, it is philistine." He lives in Manhattan with his wife, Jeanne Safer, a psychotherapist and author, most of The Normal One.
They have a home in Ulster County in the Catskills. They married September 12, 1980. John Marshall: The Man Who Made the Supreme Court, 324 pages ISBN 9780465096220 Founders' Son: A Life of Abraham Lincoln, 376 pages ISBN 9780465032945 James Madison, 304 pages ISBN 0-465-01983-8 Right Time, Right Place: Coming of Age with William F. Buckley Jr. and the Conservative Movement, 272 pages ISBN 978-0-465-01355-5 George Washington on Leadership, 269 pages ISBN 978-0-465-00302-0 What Would the Founders Do?: Our Questions, Their Answers, 261 pages ISBN 0-465-00819-4 Contents links. Gentleman Revolutionary: Gouverneur Morris, the Rake Who Wrote the Constitution, 272 pages ISBN 0-7432-2379-9 Rules of Civility: The 110 Precepts That Guided Our First President in War and Peace, 90 pages ISBN 0-8139-2218-6 America's First Dynasty: The Adamses, 1735—1918, 256 pages ISBN 0-684-86881-4 George Washington: A National Treasure, 104 pages ISBN 0-295-98236-5 Fighting the Good Fight: A History of the New York Conservative Party, 434 pages ISBN 1-58731-251-4 Patriot Sage: George Washington and the American Political Tradition, editors Gary L. Gregg, Matthew Spalding, William J. Bennett, 355 pages ISBN 1-882926-38-2 Alexander Hamilton, American, 240 pages ISBN 0-684-83919-9 Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington, 240 pages ISBN 0-684-82291-1 Way of the Wasp: How It Made America, How It Can Save It, So to Speak, 171 pages ISBN 0-02-904721-8 The Outside Story ISBN 0-385-19679-2 Personal website Richard Brookhiser On George Washington, transcript of conversation with David Gergen "Hamilton, Our Founder" by Richard Brookhiser, City Journal quarterly, summer 2004 Appearances on C-SPAN Booknotes interview with Brookhiser on The Way of the WASP, March 224, 1991.
In Depth interview with Brookheiser, October 7, 2001 In Depth interview with Brookheiser, April 1, 2012