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The Patchwork Girl of Oz

The Patchwork Girl of Oz by L. Frank Baum is a children's novel, the 7th set in the Land of Oz. Characters include the Woozy, Ojo "the Unlucky", Unc Nunkie, Dr. Pipt and others; the book was first published on July 1913, with illustrations by John R. Neill. In 1914, Baum adapted the book to film through his "Oz Film Manufacturing Company." In the previous Oz book, The Emerald City of Oz, magic was used to isolate Oz from all outside worlds. Baum did this to end the Oz series, but was forced to restart the series with this book due to financial hardships. In the prologue, he explains how he got another story about Oz though it is isolated from all other worlds, he explains. Glinda, using her book that records everything that happens, is able to know that someone is using a telegraph to contact Oz, so she erects a telegraph tower and has the Shaggy Man, who knows how to make a telegraph reply, tell the story contained in this book to Baum; the book was dedicated to Sumner Hamilton Britton, the young son of one of its publishers, Sumner Charles Britton of Reilly & Britton.

Ojo the unlucky is a young Munchkin boy who, devoted to life with his uncle Unc Nunkie in the wilderness but on the verge of starvation, goes to see a neighboring "magician" and old friend of Unc, Dr. Pipt. While there they see a demonstration of the Pipt-made Powder of Life, which animates any object it touches after saying the magic words. Unc Nunkie and Dr. Pipt's wife are the sufferers of the consequences of another of the Doctor's inventions, the Liquid of Petrifaction, which turns them into solid marble statues; the remainder of this book is Ojo's quest through Oz to collect the five components of an antidote to the Liquid: a six-leaved clover found only in the Emerald City, three hairs from the tip of a Woozy's tail, a gill of water from a dark well, a drop of oil from a live man's body, the left wing of a yellow butterfly. With the help of the life-size patchwork doll named Scraps, Bungle the snobbish Glass Cat, the Woozy, the Shaggy Man, the Scarecrow, Ojo gathers all of these supplies but the left wing – the Tin Woodman, who rules the yellow Winkie Country, the only place where yellow butterflies grow, will not allow any living thing to be killed to save another's life.

The party returns to the Emerald City, where the Wizard of Oz uses his own magic to restore Unc Nunkie and Dr. Pipt's wife; the story is a growth process for Ojo. In reference to The Patchwork Girl of Oz, one of Baum's letters to his publisher, Sumner Britton of Reilly & Britton, offers unusual insight on Baum's manner of creating his Oz fantasies: A lot of thought is required on one of these fairy tales; the odd characters are a sort of inspiration, liable to strike me at any time, but the plot and plan of adventures takes me considerable time... I live with it day by day, jotting down on odd slips of paper the various ideas that occur and in this way getting my materials together; the new Oz book is at this stage....'s a long way from being ready for the printer yet. I must rewrite it. It's typewritten. It's revised and sent on to Reilly and Britton; the same correspondence discusses the deleted Chapter 21 of the book, "The Garden of Meats." The text of the chapter has not survived. The deleted chapter dealt with a race of vegetable people comparable to the Mangaboos in Chapters 4–6 of Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz.

The vegetable people grow what Baum elsewhere calls "meat people," for food. Frank Reilly tactfully wrote to Baum that the material was not "in harmony with your other fairy stories," and would generate "considerable adverse criticism." Baum saw his point. At least at one point in his life, Baum stated that he considered The Patchwork Girl of Oz "one of the two best books of my career", the other being The Sea Fairies; the book was a popular success, selling just over 17,000 copies—though this was somewhat lower than the total for the previous book, The Emerald City of Oz, marked the start of a trend in declining sales for the Oz books that would not reverse until The Tin Woodman of Oz in 1918. Baum wrote a musical stage adaptation of the book, circa 1913, with composer Louis F. Gottschalk. Excerpts have been performed at various annual conventions of The International Wizard of Oz Club. Riley, Michael O.. Oz and Beyond: The Fantasy World of L. Frank Baum. ISBN 0-7006-0832-X. Rogers, Katharine M..

L. Frank Baum, Creator of Oz. Macmillan; the Patchwork Girl of Oz at Project Gutenberg The Patchwork Girl of Oz at Internet Archive The Patchwork Girl of Oz public domain audiobook at LibriVox The Patchwork Girl of Oz at Open Library

Charles Anselm Bolton

Charles Anselm Bolton was for many years a priest of the Roman Catholic Church, being the Priest of Salford Diocese in 1950, as well as author of numerous books and articles relating to the history of the Roman Catholic Church. He was born at Longridge, a small town and civil parish in the borough of Ribble Valley in Lancashire, England, his education was continental, beginning with a Bachelor's Degree from Belgium's Louvain, with theological diplomas from the Institut Catholique de Paris and from Rome's Collegio S. Anselmo, he was ordained as a priest in 1930. He was a professor of history and of the English, French and German languages at St Bede's College, where he taught for over 20 years, he left after the first year to attend Oxford University, obtaining a master's degree in history and a diploma in education in 1932, returning to St Bede's. In 1950, he wrote a history of the diocese of Salford, he was appointed to the parish at Clayton-le-Moors, a small industrial town two miles north of Accrington in the borough of Hyndburn, his first appointment as a parish priest.

He was made parish priest of the Heaton Norris parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester. He moved to St. Louis, Missouri to teach at a Benedictine school, he went to Belmont Abbey, from which he retired from the priesthood. He followed Friedrich Heiler and others in preaching Reformation doctrines, became a professor of modern languages at Houghton College, New York. By 1963, Bolton was described in a Delaware County Daily Times article as a "former Catholic priest." A 1963 advertisement in the Mansfield, Ohio News-Journal promoted a series of sermons by Bolton, described as "a Modern Martin Luther", ordained to Roman Catholic priesthood in 1930 and converted to evangelical faith in 1962, the next year an advertisement in The Boston Globe promoted a sermon by Bolton as "the amazing story of a religious leader whose life was changed by reading the Jansenist Reformers."He died in Pontypridd, Glamorgan at the age of 66. A Catholic memorial of Lord Halifax and Cardinal Mercier.

1935. Salford Diocese and its Catholic past: a survey. 1950. "Beyond the Ecumenical: Pan-deism?" in Christianity Today, 1963, page 21. Church reform in 18th century Italy:. 1969

Marrickville railway station

Marrickville railway station is located on the Bankstown railway line, serving the Sydney suburb of Marrickville. It is served by Sydney Trains T3 Bankstown line services, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Marrickville station opened on 1 February 1895 when the Bankstown line opened from Sydenham to Belmore; when the station opened, it consisted only of the island platform. In 1916, the station's platforms were reconstructed with a new platform, now platform 2, built to the south of the island platform and the northern side of the island platform closed to make way for the Metropolitan Goods Line; the station has retained this set-up to date. The line through the station was electrified in 1926; the booking office on Platform 2 underwent alterations in 1944. New stairs down from Illawarra Road were built in 1985. In June 2016 an upgrade was completed with a new concourse built. During this work, the stairs to platform 1 were closed and replaced with a temporary footbridge from platform 2.

Both platforms can be accessed from New Illawara Rd via the new concourse. Though a concourse was built, the station remains ungated. Marrickville is a major station on the Bankstown line. All trains make a stop at Marrickville, except for eastbound during the morning peak, when two trains per hour skip Marrickville. There will occasionally be other services that don't stop, such as empty trains, or diverted services during trackwork. Transit Systems operate two routes via Marrickvile station: 423: Circular Quay to Kingsgrove L23: Circular Quay to KingsgroveMarrickville station is served by one NightRide route: N40: East Hills station to City The Marrickville station complex consists of two station buildings: the Platform 1 building and Platform 2 building, with associated platforms built at the same time, along with a booking office on Platform 2, it includes two sets of pedestrian steps: a northern set and a southern set, along with an overbridge on Illawarra Road. Marrickville railway station consists of one wayside platform to the south and an island platform to the north.

Passenger rail only uses the south side of the island platform, with the Metropolitan Goods Line running on the north. The station buildings are original, as is the booking office at the western end of Platform 2; the station is accessed via stairs or lifts to both platforms from the concourse, or at a level entry onto Platform 2 from Station St. Illawarra Road is a major commercial shopping strip. Platform building - Platform 1 The Platform 1 building is a rectangular polychromatic face brick building with gabled roof and surrounding cantilevered awning clad in corrugated roof sheeting; the exterior was restored to original condition during upgrades in 2016. It contains a number such as a ticket office, waiting rooms and toilets; the ticket office is no longer in use, as all paper tickets have been phased out on the Sydney Trains network in favour of smartcard ticketing. All other rooms, except the toilets, are locked off and not accessible to the public. Platform building - Platform 2 The Platform 2 building is a rectangular face brick building with gabled roof and integral shallower sloped single cantilevered awning.

Internally, the building comprises a general waiting room. As with the building on Platform 1, the exterior was restored during the 2016 upgrades; the whole building is closed to the public used as a storeroom. Booking office The original timber framed overhead booking office dating from 1895 was demolished and the existing timber framed booking office located on Platform 2 built in 1917–18; the building is a simple, rectangular weatherboard clad timber framed structure, with a gable roof clad in corrugated steel which extends as an awning with exposed rafters on the platform side. The building is used as a storeroom. PlatformsPlatform 1 has an asphalt surface with edge; the northern side of this platform has a brick edge with the original brick face. Platform 2 has its original brick face but with a concrete edge. Both platforms are 160 metres long, enough to fit an 8 carriage suburban train. Both platforms are curved and are equipped with LCD screens displaying next trains, together with automated announcements.

Due to the lack of shelter at the eastern end of both platforms, there are no screens at this end. There are two small waiting shelters around the middle of platform 1, to encourage waiting passengers to spread out when it is raining, as all the station buildings are at the western end of the platform. Overbridge Steel girders and a concrete slab supported on central brick piers and side brick abutments; the original access stairs from the overbridge to Platform 1 had the original steel stringers but had new concrete treads and a new steel balustrade. The stairs on the south were constructed from steel stringers supported on steel columns and with precast concrete treads. Both of these stairs were replaced by the concourse during the 2016 upgrades; the railway station at Marrickville is significant as it is a station on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line, constructed to relieve congestion on the Main South Line as well as to encourage suburban development and the growth of agriculture in the late 19th and early 20th century.

The intact main platform building represents the period of transition from the boom time of the 1880s to the standardisation of NSW railway building design from the 1890s onwards, while the booking office on Platform 2 reflects a period of expansion in the first quarter of the 20th century. Marrickville Railway Stat

Relative effective Cartier divisor

In algebraic geometry, a relative effective Cartier divisor is a family of effective Cartier divisors. An effective Cartier divisor in a scheme X over a ring R is a closed subscheme D of X, flat over R and the ideal sheaf I of D is locally free of rank one. Equivalently, a closed subscheme D of X is an effective Cartier divisor if there is an open affine cover U i = Spec ⁡ A i of X and nonzerodivisors f i ∈ A i such that the intersection D ∩ U i is given by the equation f i = 0 and A / f i A is flat over R and such that they are compatible. Let L be a line bundle on X and s a section of it such that s: O X ↪ L Choose some open cover of X such that L | U i ≃ O X | U i. For each i, through the isomorphisms, the restriction s | U i corresponds to a nonzerodivisor f i of O X. Now, define the closed subscheme of X by ∩ U i =, where the right-hand side means the closed subscheme of U i given by the ideal sheaf generated by f i; this is well-defined | U i ∩ U j is a unit element. For the same reason, the closed subscheme is independent of the choice of local trivializations.

Equivalently, the zero locus of s can be constructed as a fiber of a morphism. May be constructed as the fiber product of s and the zero-section embedding s 0: X → L. Finally, when is flat over the base scheme S, it is an effective Cartier divisor on X over S. Furthermore, this construction exhausts all effective Cartier divisors on X as follows. Let D be an effective Cartier divisor and I denote the ideal sheaf of D; because of locally-freeness, taking I − 1 ⊗ O X − of 0 → I → O X → O D → 0 gives the exact sequence 0 → O X → I − 1 → I − 1 ⊗ O D → 0 In particular, 1 in Γ can be identified with a section in Γ, which we denote by s D. Now we can repeat the early argument with L = I − 1. Since D is an effective Cartier divisor, D is locally of the form on U = Spec ⁡

Packard Pan-American

The Packard Pan-American is a concept car produced for the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan in 1952. Conceived as a moderate-performance two-seater by Hugh Ferry, president of Packard, it was built by Henney, responsible for fitting custom hearse and ambulance bodies on Packard chassis. A status symbol for a carmaker at the time, this sort of car was a unlikely project for Packard. With styling by Henney, it was based on the 1951 Series 250 convertible, ready in time for the 1952 New York International Motor Sports Show. Sectioned and channelled, in a fashion reminiscent of the 1953 Skylark, wearing the trademark Packard grille, it "was elegantly trimmed throughout". Packard spent US$10,000 building the Pan-American, management tried in vain to imagine, let alone develop, a market for a roadster projected to cost at least US$18,000, at a time when the top-line Lincoln Capri six-passenger convertible went for US$3,665, the premier eight-place Cadillac Series 75 Fleetwood US$5643, Packard's Patrician 400, their most expensive production model, was only US$3,767, a six-seater.

As many as six examples were built. The Pan-American did inspire a successful six-place model, the Cavalier, which debuted in 1953. Panther concept car Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. "Packard Pan-American", in American Cars 1946-1959, p. 1022. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2008

Aliquippa and Ohio River Railroad

The Aliquippa and Ohio River Railroad is a six-mile short line railroad in Aliquippa, United States, controlled by Genesee & Wyoming Inc. through its ownership of the Ohio Central Railroad System. It lies between CSX Transportation's ex-Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad line and the Ohio River, extending south from CSX's yard in northern Aliquippa to near the Ambridge-Aliquippa Bridge. Known as the Aliquippa and Southern Railroad, its owner and primary customer was LTV Steel, which closed its Aliquippa plant in 1985 and sold the line to the Ohio Central in 2002; the AOR now connects the Aliquippa Industrial Park, which occupies the LTV site, with CSX. The Jones and Laughlin Steel Company incorporated the Aliquippa and Southern Railroad in November 1906 to serve its new plant at Aliquippa, downriver from its Pittsburgh location; the majority of the line was opened by the end of 1910, in 1921 the Interstate Commerce Commission declared it to be a common carrier. Although the vast majority of its service was to J&L, several other local businesses shipped over the line.

LTV Steel acquired J&L in 1968, in 1985 it shut down most of the Aliquippa plant. The bankrupt LTV sold the railroad to the Ohio Central Railroad System in late 2002, the newly created Aliquippa and Ohio River Railroad began operations on November 15; the rail access has since attracted businesses such as Wolfpac Technologies to the Aliquippa Industrial Park, developed by the Beaver County Corporation for Economic Development on the old steel mill property. Major commodities shipped over the line include bricks and plastics; the company was acquired by Genesee & Wyoming in 2008 as part of its purchase of the Ohio Central Railroad System