The Pride of the Yankees

The Pride of the Yankees is a 1942 American film produced by Samuel Goldwyn, directed by Sam Wood, starring Gary Cooper, Teresa Wright, Walter Brennan. It is a tribute to the legendary New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig, who died only one year before its release, at age 37, from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which became known to the lay public as "Lou Gehrig's disease". Though subtitled "The Life of Lou Gehrig", the film is less a sports biography than an homage to a heroic and loved sports figure whose tragic and premature death touched the entire nation, it emphasizes Gehrig's relationship with his parents, his friendships with players and journalists, his storybook romance with the woman who became his "companion for life," Eleanor. Details of his baseball career—which were still fresh in most fans' minds in 1942—are limited to montages of ballparks and Cooper swinging bats and running bases, though Gehrig's best-known major league record—2,130 consecutive games played—is prominently cited.

Yankee teammates Babe Ruth, Bob Meusel, Mark Koenig, Bill Dickey play themselves, as does sportscaster Bill Stern. The film was adapted by Herman J. Mankiewicz, Jo Swerling, an uncredited Casey Robinson from a story by Paul Gallico, received 11 Oscar nominations, its climax is a re-enactment of Gehrig's poignant 1939 farewell speech at Yankee Stadium. The film's iconic closing line—"Today, I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the Earth"—was voted 38th on the American Film Institute's list of 100 greatest movie quotes. Lou Gehrig is a young Columbia University student whose old-fashioned mother wants him to study hard and become an engineer, but the young man has a gift for baseball. A sportswriter persuades a scout to come see him play; when his mother gets sick, Gehrig signs with the team he has always revered, the New York Yankees to pay for the hospital bills. With the help of his father, he endeavors to keep his career change a secret from his mother. Gehrig joins the Yankees.

His hero, Babe Ruth, is at first condescending and dismissive of the rookie, but his strong, consistent play wins over Ruth and the rest of the team. Gehrig is soon joining teammates in playing pranks on Ruth on the team train. During a game at Comiskey Park, Gehrig trips over a stack of bats and is teased by a spectator, who laughingly calls him "tanglefoot", they are properly introduced, leading to a relationship, an engagement. Gehrig's mother, who still hasn't accepted the fact that her son will not be an engineer, does not take this news well; the Yankees become the most dominant team in baseball, Gehrig becomes a fan favorite. His father and converted mother attend games and cheer for him. In a re-creation of a famous story, Gehrig visits a crippled boy named Billy in a hospital, he promises to hit two home runs in a single World Series game in the boy's honor—then fulfills his promise. Gehrig is now the "Iron Horse", a national hero at the peak of his career with multitudes of fans, many loyal friends, an adoring wife.

He begins to notice, with growing alarm, that his strength is ebbing away. Though he continues to play, extends his consecutive-game streak to a insurmountable record, his physical condition continues its inexorable decline. One day, in Detroit, he tells Yankees manager Joe McCarthy that he has become a detriment to the team and benches himself. After an examination, a doctor gives him the awful news: Gehrig has a rare, incurable disease, only a short time to live. A year at Lou Gehrig Day at Yankee Stadium, an older Billy finds Gehrig and shows him that he has made a full recovery, inspired by his hero's example and the two-homer fulfilled promise; as Eleanor weeps in the stands, Gehrig addresses the fans: "People all say that I've had a bad break. But today... today, I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the Earth." As per AFI database: Samuel Goldwyn displayed little interest in Sam Wood's initial proposal to make a movie tribute to Gehrig, as he had no knowledge or interest in baseball.

In addition, conventional Hollywood wisdom dictated that sports pictures were box-office poison, as women, who made up more than half the audience and made most movie-going decisions, didn't like them. After Wood screened newsreel footage of Gehrig's famous "luckiest man" speech, Goldwyn—with tears in his eyes—agreed to produce the picture. In a 1941 press campaign publicizing plans for the film, RKO Pictures announced a major talent hunt for Gehrig's portrayer. Although he was ideally suited to the part due to his physical resemblance to Gehrig and the quiet strength and masculine appeal that he projected, Cooper was reluctant to accept it because he, like Goldwyn, had no interest in baseball. By one account, he had never watched a game prior to taking the role. Another problem was Cooper's age in scenes involving Gehrig as a young man. Cinematographer Rudolph Maté lighted Cooper from below during those early scenes to conceal lines and wrinkles gradually reduced and eliminated the lighting effect as the story progressed.

Another important casting decision was Babe Ruth, as himself. Ruth's health had been declining since his retirement in 1935, by 1942 he weighed nearly 270 pounds, he was put on a strict diet to achieve a presentable weight. This rapid weight lo


Centreville–Wareham–Trinity is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on Bonavista Bay. The town had a population of 1,147 in the Canada 2016 Census, down from 1,161 in 2011. Centreville came into being much than its neighbouring communities, having been settled in 1959 by settlers moving from Fair Island. Centreville is the location for the primary and elementary school, k-9, which services all three communities as well as another neighbouring community named Indian Bay. Centreville has a skating arena for the winter months and has a small convienence store with a restaurant. Trinity is rather distant from fishing grounds and therefore relies on logging and shipbuilding. In the 1800s Trinity served as a winter site of logging for fishermen from islands in Bonavista Bay from the Fair Islands. Settlement occurred in Trinity but was started when a merchant from Fair Island, James Brown, built a water powered sawmill in a bay within Trinity in 1894, his son built a home close to the sawmill.

Other members of the Brown family began moving to Trinity. Other people soon followed, such as, Absalom Brown, Israel Gibbons, Peter Pond. Trinity appears for the first time in the 1901 Census with a population of fifteen. In 1905 with the establishment of a second sawmill, a steam-powered mill, more families came to Trinity; the new families included the Hunts and Cutlers. In 1911 there were 61 people living in Trinity and by 1935 there were 246. Within ten years the population nearly doubled with 429 people there in 1945, in 1951 there was a population of 631; the peak population was over 700 in Trinity, however after a devastating forest fire in 1961 the population dropped to 400 as logging and lumber production was hampered. The first school in Trinity was held in a residents home in 1905 because there was no structure built to school children. Within a year a Church of England building, which served as a school and a chapel, was built. In the 1930s St. Alban's Church was built, the first teacher and lay reader in Trinity was a W.

B. Brown from 1931 to 1957. Wareham was not permanently settled until 1918 but was visited earlier by fishermen from islands off Bonavista Bay to do woods work in the winter season and for boat building; the community was named after the home of the first people. They were from Wareham and they came to Wareham, Newfoundland from Fair Island to continue woods work and they opened a sawmill; the International Power and Paper Company began cutting pulpwood nearby in 1920, therefore other families soon moved to Wareham from Fair Island. Some of these families were the Cutlers, Hunts and Wicks; the first post office was built in 1931. By 1935 there was a population of 94, ten years there was a population of 149; when Bowater came to nearby Indian Bay in 1950s, with other areas resettling, the population in Wareham grew to over 300. The rapid population growth ended in 1961 with a major forest fire which affected many communities in Bonavista Bay and other areas of the northeast coast of Newfoundland.

List of cities and towns in Newfoundland and Labrador

Roxy Theatre (West Hollywood)

The Roxy Theatre is a nightclub on the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, owned by Lou Adler and his son, who operates it. The Roxy was opened on September 20, 1973, by Elmer Valentine and Lou Adler, along with original partners David Geffen, Elliot Roberts and Peter Asher, they took over the building occupied by a strip club owned by Chuck Landis called the Largo. Neil Young and the Santa Monica Flyers played the Roxy for the first three days. Only three months the Genesis lineup with Peter Gabriel played several consecutive days at the Roxy, a run that some band members and many fans consider to be amongst their finest performances. Paul Reubens a struggling comedian, introduced his Pee-wee Herman character in a raunchy revue here in 1981 that included such aspiring comics as Phil Hartman and Elayne Boosler. Tom Eyen's hit comedy Women Behind Bars enjoyed a long extended run with such stars as Lu Leonard, Adrienne Barbeau, Sally Kellerman, Linda Blair, was the site of the first AIDS benefit held in Los Angeles on July 27, 1983.

The small On the Rox bar above the club has hosted a wide variety of debauchery in its history. The bar was a regular hangout for John Lennon, Harry Nilsson, Alice Cooper and Keith Moon during Lennon's "lost weekend" in 1973-74 and hosted parties arranged by Heidi Fleiss in the 1980s. In January 2014, Goldenvoice became the exclusive promoter for The Roxy & ushered in a new era by bringing in big-name acts such as U2 & Foo Fighters. Today, the club is booked by talent buyer Gaston Leone. On The Rox is a somewhat hidden bar located above the Roxy Theater on the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, California, it is owned by Grammy Award-winning American music legend Lou Adler and his sons, Nic Adler and Cisco Adler, who are in charge of operations. Today the bar serves as a frequent hotspot for much of the young Hollywood population in Los Angeles; every evening, the bar is hosted by a DJ, revealed that day on their instagram page with an opening time and sometimes a theme. The bar’s exclusivity works through the frequent attendance of their regular crowd.

The majority of the crowd includes band members, songwriters, viners, etc. Many of the nights are hosted by their regular attendees and “members”, as they throw private birthday parties and events. Although the bar is exclusive, there are times; this is as long as the bar is not closed for a private party or if not too many high-profile attendees are inside already. It heavily depends on whether their designated and regular bouncer believes you fit the vibe of the bar. Lou Adler, in addition to being one of three owners of On the Rox and co-owner of The Roxy Theater, is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer, music executive, talent manager, film director, film producer; some of Adler’s most notable works include producing and developing iconic musical artists such as Carole King, The Mamas & the Papas, The Grass Roots. Additionally, Adler was an executive producer of the longest-running theatrical film in history, The Rocky Horror Picture Show. Born in Chicago and raised in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, Adler began his career in music by co-managing Jan & Dean, alongside Herb Alpert before starting his own record label, Dunhill Records, of which he was President and chief record producer.

In 1967, Adler founded Ode Records. Adler has six children, including sons Nic Cisco Adler, from three separate relationships. Nicolaj “Nic” Adler is the first born son of music and film legend, Lou Adler and actress, Britt Ekland. Together and son own On the Rox and the iconic Roxy Theater along with his younger half-brother Cisco Adler. Additionally, Adler is the culinary director for the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival and festival director of the Arroyo Seco Weekend festival. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Adler spent a lot of his time at the Roxy Theater and at On the Rox as him and his brother threw many parties in the secret upstairs bar. Cisco Adler is the second born son of music and film legend, Lou Adler, his then-girlfriend, Phyllis Somer. In addition to co-owning On the Rox with his father and half-brother, Nic Adler, Adler is a musician and Grammy-nominated record producer, his most notable work includes his many collaborations with hip-hop artist, such as the famous hits, Buzzin' and Corona and Lime.

Adler has worked with artists such as Mod Sun, Mike Posner, Cody Simpson, The Internet and in 2016, produced the soundtrack for the musical comedy television film remake, The Rocky Horror Picture Show: Let’s Do the Time Warp Again. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Adler spent a lot of his time at the Roxy Theater and at On the Rox as him and his brother threw many parties in the secret upstairs bar. Neil Young recorded the live album Roxy: Tonight's The Night Live on September 20-22, 1973; the album was released in April 2018. Jazz group The Crusaders recorded the live album Scratch at the Roxy in 1974. Frank Zappa & The Mothers of Invention recorded most of their Roxy and Elsewhere album during December 1973. Since 1974, various albums ha