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The Queen Victoria

The Queen Victoria is the Victorian public house in the BBC soap opera, EastEnders. It has the fictional address of 46 Albert Square, London E20, it is based on The Green Man Pub in Ewell Village. In the series' backstory, Albert Square was built around 1860 during the reign of Queen Victoria. In February 2020 Sharon Mitchell revealed that the original landlords of The Queen Victoria were Mr and Mrs Bagstock, that he’d drowned his wife in the bath; the pub was to be called The Balmoral but after the death of Prince Albert it was renamed as a tribute to the mourning Queen. In reality, Albert Square is based on the real Fassett Square in Hackney, but there is no pub there so The Queen Victoria is based on what was once College Park Tavern on Harrow Road in Harlesden; the pub's exterior is first seen painted brown. This is changed to a green and cream colour scheme before Grant Mitchell sets alight to the Queen Victoria in 1992, after which it is painted red. Following another blaze in 2010, the pub is painted red and cream.

On Boxing Day 2013, the new family to the square, the Carters, took over the Queen Vic and since it has had a refurbishment and has been painted red once again. During the first months of the show, The Queen Victoria has a partition wall down the middle of the bar which separates it into two sections; the smaller section, known as the'snug', houses a dart board and fruit machines, whilst the larger section, known as the saloon bar, is used as the customer seating area. Den Watts gets permission from the brewery to remove the partition in 1985, hires Tony Carpenter to do the job. In 2007 the pub has its first refurbishment in 15 years, another in late 2010. In reality the pub exterior shell on the outdoor permanent set was built during 1984 for the new series the following year; the exterior shell was made to look. The internal sets are in a studio separate from the building situated in the Square. Inside Soap said that the pub was the most "haunted" location in EastEnders, considering the number of characters who have died in or outside the building, including Den, Archie Mitchell, Bradley Branning, Tiffany Mitchell and Tom Clements.

In a storyline shown during September 2010, The Queen Victoria was damaged by a fire. This allowed for a subtle upgrade of the set. A separate set was built on the George Lucas sound stage at Elstree Studios to enable the pub interior to be set alight safely. A team of nearly forty-five crew members were involved in the filming of the fire including makeup, stunt team, fire safety officers, lighting and the costume department; the exterior scenes were shot at the BBC studios in Borehamwood. The interior scenes took three days to film. Safety necessitated having the set re-created at the Elstree Film Studios stage facility, designed and equipped to film fire scenes. EastEnders Production Manager Rona McKendrick says "Potentially hazardous scenes like this always require specialist knowledge and we rely on their experience and advice to ensure that everything is achieved as safely as possible. We had a Stunt Team comprising our Stunt Co-ordinator and his team of Stunt Doubles. A Visual FX team designed and executed all the fire sequences and we had specialist Fire Officers providing out of vision fire cover / safety."

Of the fire itself, McKendrick said "Everyone was sad to see The Vic taken out of Stage One and moved to Elstree Film Studios for the burn, I've known the set for 18 years and to see the enormous space it left was as if a piece of history had been removed". In the EastEnders series spin-off CivvyStreet life in Albert Square is featured between 1939 and 1945, The Queen Victoria freehold is owned by the brewery, Luxford & Copley. Ray and Lil Sewell are the landlords; when the series begins, the brewery remain owners and Den and Angie Watts have been landlords for ten years. In 2020, Sharon Watts gives Mick Carter a photograph of Mr and Mrs MK Bagstocks, the first landlords of the Queen Vic, she told Linda Carter. Angie is served with divorce papers by Den on Christmas Day 1986 and two years he passes control to Frank and Pat Butcher. In 1990, Frank and Pat hand over the pub to Eddie Royle. Eddie is murdered by Nick Cotton the following year, the daughter of Den and Angie, Sharon Watts, becomes the first licensee when she buys the freehold of The Queen Vic with the assistance of her husband Grant Mitchell and his brother Phil.

Grant sets fire to the pub in 1992 in an insurance scam and it is refurbished. Grant and Sharon divorce and their share of The Queen Vic is sold to Peggy. Peggy marries Frank in 1999 and he again becomes a landlord; when Grant leaves Walford, Peggy's alcoholic son Phil sells his share of pub to Dan Sullivan for a mere £5 to spite his domineering mother. However, he subsequently evicts Dan from The Queen Vic. After Frank disappears and leaves her penniless, Peggy is forced to sell the pub in early 2001; the new buyer is revealed to be Sharon, in partnership with Steve Owen (Martin Kemp

Philip Tomasino

Philip Tomasino is a Canadian junior ice hockey forward, playing with the Oshawa Generals in the Ontario Hockey League as a prospect to the Nashville Predators of the National Hockey League. He was drafted 24th overall by the Predators in the first round of the 2019 NHL Entry Draft, his father is Emanuel Tomasino. Tomasino was drafted by the Niagara IceDogs of the Ontario Hockey League in the first round, fifth overall, at the 2017 OHL Priority Draft, he had played minor midget hockey for the Mississauga Rebels. Tomasino played in his first game with the IceDogs on September 23, 2017, earning an assist in a 4–1 victory over the Hamilton Bulldogs. In 61 games during the 2017 -- 18 season, Tomasino scored 24 points. On March 2, 2018, Tomasino was named Central Division Academic Player of the Month for FebruaryTomasino saw his offensive production increase in his second season with the IceDogs in 2018–19. On September 29, Tomasino earned four assists in 6–1 win over the North Bay Battalion. Tomasino recorded his first multi-goal game of his OHL career on November 17, scoring twice in a 6–3 victory over the Erie Otters.

Tomasino set a career high for points in a game, as on December 15, he scored two goals and added three assists in a 6–2 win over the Oshawa Generals. In 67 games with the IceDogs, Tomasino scored 72 points. On March 26, Tomasino earned his first career OHL playoff goal, as he scored twice against Christian Propp of the Battalion, added an assist in a 6–0 win. In 11 post-season games, Tomasino scored seven points. Tomasino was drafted by the Nashville Predators in the first round, 24th overall, at the 2019 NHL Entry Draft, held at Rogers Arena in Vancouver, British Columbia, he was named an alternate captains for the 2019–20 OHL season. Tallying 23 points through his first 12 contests, Tomasino was signed by the Predators to a three-year, entry-level contract on October 21, 2019. Tomasino on January 9th 2020 was traded to the Oshawa Generals for the rights to David Guicciardi, a 2nd-round selection in 2020, a 2nd-round selection in 2021, 3 2nd-round selections in 2023, 1 2nd-round selection in 2024, a 3rd round selection in 2024 and a 4th round selection in 2020 and 2024.

Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

Tortello amaro di Castel Goffredo

The Tortello amaro di Castel Goffredo is a type of stuffed pasta like ravioli and recognized traditional food product of the Lombardy region, typical of the Castel Goffredo in the province of Mantua. It is named for the presence balsamita filling, an aromatic herb called locally'bitter herb'; the other filling ingredients are herbs, parmesan cheese, bread crumbs, nutmeg, onion and salt. Preparing fresh pasta is still a traditional recipe with 10 eggs per kg of flour. About the film obtained is the filling and closing hand, to get well for tortello characteristically flattened triangular. Once cooked in salt water, the tortelli served with sprinkled with parmesan cheese and a tablespoon of melted butter flavored with sage. Annually, in the third week of June, in Castel Goffredo, there is the traditional "Feast of the Tortello amaro of Castel Goffredo." Food portal

340B Drug Pricing Program

The 340B Drug Pricing Program is a US federal government program created in 1992 that requires drug manufacturers to provide outpatient drugs to eligible health care organizations and covered entities at reduced prices. The intent of the program is to allow covered entities to "tretch scarce federal resources as far as possible, reaching more eligible patients and providing more comprehensive services." Maintaining services and lowering medication costs for patients is consistent with the purpose of the program, named for the section authorizing it in the Public Health Service Act It was enacted by Congress as part of a larger bill signed into law by President George H. W. Bush. Congress created the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program in 1990, it required pharmaceutical manufacturers to provide rebates for medication purchases, based on sales to Medicaid beneficiaries, as a condition of having their products covered by Medicaid. The amount of the rebates paid to the states were based on a "best price" calculation that did not take into account the discounted prices that manufacturers were offering directly to Federally funded clinics and public hospitals serving large numbers of low-income and uninsured patients.

Congressional hearings in 1992 found that failing to exempt these voluntary discounts under the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program caused prices to rise "dramatically" for such facilities. According to a detailed study of the most used outpatient drugs at five public hospitals, hospital costs for the discounted drugs increased, on average, by 32 percent, far in excess of the historical 5 to 9 percent annual increases in drug prices experienced by public hospitals; the steep rise reflected the size of the discounts offered, the dramatic shift once "best prices" were imposed in place of voluntary discounts. Congress created the 340B program in November 1992 through the enactment of Public Law 102-585, the Veterans Health Care Act of 1992, codified as Section 340B of the Public Health Service Act; the law protected specified clinics and hospitals from drug price increases and gave them access to price reductions. This law requires pharmaceutical manufacturers participating in the Medicaid program to enter into a second agreement with the Secretary of HHS — called a pharmaceutical pricing agreement — under which the manufacturer agrees to provide statutorily specified discounts on "covered outpatient drugs" purchased by government-supported facilities, known as covered entities, that are expected to serve the nation's most vulnerable patient populations.

These discounts only apply to purchases of covered outpatient drugs. Covered entities are allowed to dispense the discounted medication both to uninsured patients, patients covered by Medicare or private insurance. In cases where the covered entity treats an insured patient with discounted medication, the federal government or the patient’s private insurance reimburses the entity for the full price of the medication, the entity is able to retain the difference between the reduced price it pays for the drug and the full amount for which it is reimbursed; the number of covered entity sites that take advantage of the 340B program has grown from 8,605 in 2001 to 16,572 in 2011. From 2005-2011, the number of hospitals participating nearly tripled, from 591 to 1,673, the number of hospital sites quadrupled, from 1,233 to 4,426; as of October 2017, there are 12,722 covered entities participating in the program. The program's growth can be attributed in part to three laws that Congress passed over the last decade.

Growth in the number of covered entity sites stems from a recent federal policy change. In 2012, the Health Resources and Services Administration began requiring hospitals to register all offsite facilities using 340B drugs. Hospitals had to register only those sites at separate addresses that received direct shipments of 340B drugs. Additionally, all clinics located off-site of the parent hospital, regardless of whether those clinics are in the same building, must register with HRSA as outpatient facilities of the parent 340B-eligible hospital if the covered entity purchases and/or provides 340B drugs to patients of those facilities. One-third of all U. S. hospitals participate in the 340B program. Pharmaceuticals purchased at 340B pricing now account for five percent of all medicines purchased in the United States each year; as of 2016 covered entities’ spending on 340B drug purchases was estimated to be about $16.2 billion annually. The program is administered by the Office of Pharmacy Affairs, located within the Health Resources and Services Administration of the Department of Health and Human Services.

OPA is charged with designing and implementing necessary policies and procedures to enforce agency objectives and assess program risk. These policies and procedures are supposed to include internal controls that provide reasonable assurance that an agency has effective and efficient operations and that program participants are in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Eligibility for the 340B program is defined under federal law. Six categories of hospitals are eligible to participate in the program: disproportionate share hospitals, children’s hospitals and cancer hospitals exempt from the Medicare prospective payment system, sole community hospitals, rural referral centers, critical access hospitals. Hospitals in each of the categories must be owned or operated by or under contract with

Lahore Front

The Battle of Lahore or the Lahore Front were a series of battles in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 fought in around Lahore. The battle ended with Indian victory. Indian forces halted their assault on Lahore; the rationale for this was that a ceasefire was to be signed soon, had India captured Lahore, It would have been returned in ceasefire negotiations. After losing hope of a plebiscite in Kashmir, the Pakistani Army invaded the Indian part of Kashmir through a covert operation dubbed Operation Gibraltar. After the Indians spotted the infiltrators, the Indian Army eliminated the saboteurs and inflicted casualties on Pakistani posts across the Cease Fire Line. Pakistan retaliated by launching Operation Grand Slam on 17 August 1965 in an effort to relieve infiltrators, surrounded after the failure of Operation Gibraltar on 15 August and to attempt to cut off the Indian supply lines. To relieve forces cut off in their part of Kashmir, India counterattacked by crossing the international border further south with the intention of diverting Pakistani units that were participating in Operation Grand Slam.

India's goal was to take distract Pakistani Army's attention and resources away from Operation Grand Slam where unprepared Indian troops were at severe disadvantage against the Pakistani offensive. On the night of 5–6 September 1965, Indian XI Corps began its operations by advancing towards Lahore along three axes – Amritsar-Lahore, Khalra-Burki- Lahore and Khem Karan-Kasur roads, overwhelming the small Pakistani force. Pakistan's 10 and 11 Divisions, which were deployed in the sector, began a series of rather confused delaying actions, by the end of the first day the Indian infantry, backed by heavy armoured troops, were within striking distance of Lahore city; some advance Indian units managed to capture Ichhogil canal on 6 September but soon withdrew, since support and reinforcements were not expected to reach any time soon. Pakistani soon launched a three pronged counterattack to counter Indian assault on 8 September backed by its newly created 1 and 6 Armoured division to break through the front line formed by Indian 4 Grenadiers, 9 Jammu and Kashmir rifles, 1 & 9 Gurkha rifles and Rajput Rifles.

On 8th, Pakistan began counterattack south of Lahore from Kasur towards Khem Karan, an Indian town 5 km from International Border. This was followed by another major armoured on 9 and 10 September to recapture lost ground despite heavy toll on Pakistani armour; the Pakistani counterattack led to the capture of the village Khem Karan. However a massive Indian counterattack repulsed the Pakistani forces from this sector of Indian territory. Continued heavy attrition specially on Pakistani armour however meant Pakistan could not continue the counterattack from 10 onwards. Along the Amritsar-Lahore and Khalra-Burki-Lahore axis in middle Indian infantry won decisive battle at Burki. Pakistani counterattack which started on 8th Pakistani artillery pounding Indian advance on 8,9 and 10 September. Indian units continued their advance, by 22 September, had reached the Ichhogil canal protecting the city of Lahore. Pakistani counterattacks were tackled at Burki with little armour support on 10th punishing Pakistani armour.

Indian advance moved on to capture Dograi, a town in the immediate vicinity of Lahore. After reaching the outskirts of Lahore Indian Army ensured that Lahore came under constant Indian tank fire to prepare for the main assault on Lahore city before ceasefire was announced. In the north India won another decisive battle at Phillora supported by its 1 Armoured Division on 11th destroying the Pakistani counterattack. Indians continued to advance towards Chawinda in the north from Phillora and reached Chawinda by 17 September. However, they were halted at Chawinda till ceasefire on 22 September; this was a result of the exceptional defences backed by artillery were created by Pakistani Brigadier A. A. K. Niazi who had started preparing the defences soon after fall of Phillora. Indian attack in the north only lost momentum at the Battle of Chawinda, after more than 500 km2 of Pakistani territory had been captured; the Pakistanis were helped by the fact that the network of canals and streams in the sector made for natural defensive barriers.

In addition, the prepared defence, comprising minefields and more elaborate pillboxes, proved problematic for the Indians. After the capture of Dograi on 20–21 September no attempt was made to capture Lahore and the main assault on Lahore was not launched because a ceasefire was to be signed in the following couple of days and it was known that the city would have been given back to Pakistan if it was captured. By choosing to attack Lahore, the Indians had managed to relieve pressure from Chumb and Akhnoor in Kashmir, forcing the Pakistan Army to defend further south. At the end of hostilities on 23 September India retained between 140 square miles and 360 square kilometres of Pakistani territory in the Lahore front including major villages of Bedian, Padri, Dograi and Ichhogil Uttar along the eastern bank of the Ichhogil canal. Pakistan only gained small tract of land around Khem Karan of 50 square kilometres; the Fighting Fifth Battalion of Indian Army which played an important part in capturing Burki was was conferred with "Battle Honour of Burki" and "Theatre of Honour, Punjab".

The Pakistani commander, Major Raja Aziz Bhatti, was awarded the Nishan-e-Haider, the highest military decoration given by Pakistan for the battle at Burki, posthumously. Each year he is honoured in Pakistan on 6 September, known as Defence Day. Harry Chinchinian, India Pakistan in War and Peace ISBN 0-415-30472-5

St. Lucia (musician)

Jean-Philip Grobler, known for his musical project St. Lucia, is a South African singer and musician based in Brooklyn, he is signed to date has released three albums. Grobler was raised in South Africa, he spent much of his childhood singing in the Drakensberg Boys' Choir which travelled and performed internationally. Grobler started making music, he was inspired by Boyz II Men, Michael Jackson and Phil Collins. He soon was experimenting with rock music. In 2013, when asked about his main musical influences, he noted Phil Collins, Fleetwood Mac, Radiohead and Paul Simon, he has cited Lionel Richie's album Dancing on the Ceiling as an influence. At the age of 19 Grobler left South Africa to study music in Liverpool, UK. After studying music at the Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts in England for three years he moved to Brooklyn, NY. There he worked for The Lodge, which helps with music licensing for films and television shows, while continuing to work on his own music; when he was signed to Neon Gold Records in 2012, they re-released his self-titled EP he had released independently.

During the time, he featured vocals in The Knocks' single "Modern Hearts", released in 2013. His debut full-length album, When the Night, was released in October 2013. Live performances have included fellow musicians Nick Brown, Ross Clark, Dustin Kaufman, Nicky Paul and Patricia Beranek. Grobler has remixed tracks for such bands as Passion Pit, Foster the People, The colourist and Charli XCX, he produced the debut album by HAERTS. Grobler opened for Two Door Cinema Club during their 2013 tours. Grobler kicked off his St. Lucia 2014 nationwide tour in Philadelphia on 13 January 2014, continued to tour across the US and Australia in the months following. In early December 2014, St. Lucia played a special acoustic set at Renaissance Boston Waterfront Hotel, during which Grobler shared stories about his songs and performed the first live performance of "Call Me Up" and first acoustic rendition of "All Eyes on You."St. Lucia released the track "Dancing on Glass" in October 2015, its music video in November 2015.

The next single, "Physical", was released in December 2015. These two singles appear on the second studio album, released on 29 January 2016. A music video was released for "Help Me Run Away," another song on the album, Matter, in June 2016; the album cover was designed by Jean-Philip Grobler and Patti Beranek from St. Lucia, along with Silas Adler from Soulland, the Danish men's fashion brand. In June 2018, St. Lucia released two singles, "A Brighter Love" and "Paradise is Waiting", off their third studio album, Hyperion; the next single, "Walking Away" was released in July 2018. Music videos for "A Brighter Love" and "Walking Away" were released in August 2018. Two more singles, "Bigger" and "Next to You", were released in September; the complete album Hyperion was released 21 September 2018. In 2019, St. Lucia released its Acoustic Vol. 1 EP on April 26, 2019. Grobler married Patricia Beranek in 2012, they welcomed their first child, Indiana “Indy” Elliot Grobler, on 20 December 2017. Jean-Philip Grobler – vocals, guitars Ross Clark – bass guitars Nick Paulkeyboards, synthesizers Dustin Kaufman – drums Patti Beranek – keyboards, backing vocals Official website Facebook page Twitter page Instagram page