Scarsdale High School
Scarsdale High School is a public high school in Scarsdale, New York, a coterminous town and village in Westchester County, New York. It is a part of the Scarsdale Union Free School District; the school was founded in 1917. In its first selection process, the United States Department of Education named Scarsdale High School as "one of the 144 exemplary schools to which others may look for patterns of success." According to a study done for U. S. News & World Report, Scarsdale High School is in the nation's top 100 for science. From the graduating class of 2017, 98% continued their education with college programs, 97% entered four-year national and international colleges and universities. Thirteen students in the class of 2017 were named National Merit Scholarship Semifinalists, 27 students received National Merit Letters of commendation. Between 2007 and 2009, Scarsdale High School made a transition from Advanced Placement to Advanced Topics courses. In the 2017-18 school year, SHS had a professional staff of 156 with a median teaching experience of 19 years.
99% of the faculty held a master's degree, 81% had 30 credits or more beyond a master's, 4% had doctorate degrees. The student faculty ratio is 10 to 1, its teachers have one of the highest paying salaries in the country: 44% had a base-salary of over $100,000 in 2005. Around 1986 only 5% of the school was of Asian origins. By 1991 large numbers of Japanese students enrolled at Scarsdale High because their fathers, on business assignments from Japanese companies, moved to Scarsdale for the quality of the schools. By that year 20% of the students were of Asian origins, most of them being of Japanese origins and a few being of Chinese and Korean origins; the school established an English as a second language program to help Japanese students adjust. The Japanese students faced hostility from many of the American students, some Japanese students had hostility towards classmates they felt were becoming too Americanized and/or socialized too much with Americans. Therefore, the Japanese and American students socialized separately.
Principal Judy Fox formed the Multicultural Steering Committee to try to resolve racial tensions within the school. 2001: Brian Yellen 2014: Amanda Shuster 2015: Sam Goldman 2016: Jacob Stiel 2017: Andrew Shao 2018: Ezra Levine 2019: Depei Li Official website Scarsdale Alumni Association website Scarsdale High School Maroon, student newspaper website
The term Ursulines refers to a number of religious institutes of the Catholic Church. The best known group was founded in 1535 at Brescia, Italy, by Angela Merici, for the education of girls and the care of the sick and needy, their patron saint is Saint Ursula. They are divided into two branches, one being the monastic Order of St. Ursula, among whom the largest group is the Ursulines of the Roman Union, described in this article; the other branch is the Company of St. Ursula called the "Angelines", who follow the original form of life established by their foundress. Merici, a member of the Third Order of St. Francis, was a woman of deep mystical belief, which she combined with the service of the poor and needy, she believed. From men and women who labored with her, she selected 28 women who wished to commit their lives to this endeavor; these women, along with Merici, made a commitment of their lives to the service of the church and of the poor on 25 November 1535, the feast day of Catherine of Alexandria, a major female spiritual figure in the Middle Ages.
The women called themselves the Company of St. Ursula, taking as their patroness the medieval patron saint of education. Continuing to live in their family homes, they would meet for conferences and prayer in common. Merici drew up a Rule of Life for them. In 1538 the company held its first General Chapter. In 1539 she added a book of Counsels to regulate the life of the group. Merici's vision was that they were to live among the people they served without any distinguishing feature, such as a religious habit; the company grew being joined by women from throughout her hometown of Desenzano. They came to be organized in groups, according to the parish in which they lived, the company spread throughout the Diocese of Brescia. One of the early works of the new Company was to give religious instruction to the girls of the town at the parish church each Sunday, an innovation for the period, having traditionally been left to the local parish priest, their work spread to other dioceses in the region. Angela Merici died on 27 January 1540.
The company was formally recognized in 1546 by Pope Paul III. Merici's death in 1540, had left the company without a clear leader. Organized loosely, questions about their future began to surface. Additionally, pressure began to come from the officials of the church, who were uncomfortable with a group of consecrated women living independently, not under the direct authority of the clergy. In 1572 in Milan, at the insistence of Charles Borromeo, the Cardinal Archbishop of Milan, the Ursulines agreed to become an enclosed religious order. Pope Gregory XIII approved this step, putting them under the Rule of St. Augustine, in place of Merici's rule. In France, groups of the company begin to re-shape themselves as cloistered nuns, under solemn vows, dedicated to the education of girls within the walls of their monasteries. In the following century, the Ursuline nuns were encouraged and supported by Francis de Sales, they were called the "Ursuline nuns" as distinct from the "federated Ursulines" of the company, who preferred to follow the original way of life.
Both forms of life continued to spread throughout Europe and beyond. At the beginning of the 18th century, the period of its greatest growth, the order was represented by 20 congregations, 350 convents and from 15,000 to 20,000 nuns; the Ursuline sisters were not the first Catholic nuns to land in the new world. They were preceded by the Heironymite order in 1585 in Mexico City, who established the convent of San Jerónimo y Santa Paula. In 1639, Mother Marie of the Incarnation, two other Ursuline nuns, a Jesuit priest left France for a mission to Canada; when they arrived in the summer of 1639, they studied the languages of the native peoples and began to educate the native children. They taught reading and writing as well as needlework, embroidery and other domestic arts; the Ursuline convent in Quebec City is the oldest educational institution for women in North America. Their work helped to preserve a religious spirit among the French population and to Christianize native peoples and Métis.
The first Ursulines arrived at Mobile, Alabama, in 1719. In 1727, 12 Ursulines from France landed in; the entire group of Ursulines were the first Roman Catholic nuns in. Both properties were part of the French colony of Louisiana, they came to the country under the sanctions of Pope Pius Louis XV of France. Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, their charter came under the jurisdiction of the United States, they instituted a school, both of which continue today. Ursuline Academy is the oldest continually operating Catholic school in the United States and the oldest girls school in the United States; the Ursuline tradition holds many United States firsts in its dedication to the growth of individuals, including the first female pharmacist, first woman to contribute a book of literary merit, first convent, first free school and first retreat center for ladies, first classes for female slaves, free women of color and Native Americans. In the Mississippi Valley region, Ursuline provided the first social welfare center.
The Old Ursuline Convent is located in the Vieux Carre. It is the oldest building in the Mississippi River Valley; the building now houses the Archdiocese of New Orleans' Archives as
Harrison High School (New York)
Harrison High School is a public high school located in Harrison, Westchester County, New York, United States. The school is 22 miles northeast of New York City, it is the only high school operated by the Harrison Central School District. In 2014, Harrison ranked 18 in the state and 223 in the nation in rigor according to the Washington Post High School Challenge Index; the demographic breakdown of the 1,083 students enrolled in 2015-16 was: Male - 49.2% Female - 50.8% Native American/Alaskan - 0% Asian/Pacific islanders - 57.2% Black - 2.6% Hispanic - 18.5% White - 70.6% Multiracial - 1.1% 12.0% of the students were eligible for free or reduced lunch. Harrison High teams are named "Huskies." Their colors are white. One of the oldest traditions is the Harrison Rye Game, a football game between the Harrison Huskies, the Garnets, the football team from Rye High School, in the neighboring town of Rye, NY. In 2006, students exceeded the state average in 6 of 7 New York State Regents Examinations subject areas.
In 2006-2007, students took AP examinations in 24 of the possible 37 Advanced Placement course areas. The current building of the Harrison High School was built in 1973 and 1974, opened for September 1974; the building was built as a solution to the lack in size of the Harrison Junior Senior High School, serving grades 6 to 12, established in 1957 in the building built to be the Harrison High School in 1939. The building is used as the middle school. Harrison High School demonstrates a circular design, like a rotunda, with a hallway spanning one quarter of a circle, a hallway, a full circle radially centered inside the first hallway, connected by two other hallways, the Main Hallway, the Senior Hallway; the building is two stories tall and has two gyms, a cafeteria, a theater, 213 classrooms. The building is home to the Harrison Performing Arts Center, renovated in 2007, by a $1,250,000 grant received from the New York State Education Department in collaboration with the Harrison Educational Foundation.
The Harrison Performing Arts Center features 825 seats, two balconies, a separate Light Booth,an extra high stage bow as well as state-of-the-art lighting systems by Electronic Theatre Controls and audio systems by Allen and Heath. The nicest high school performing arts facility in New York State, the HPAC, is managed by students; the Harrison Technical Crew has been recognized by the Helen Hays Youth Theatre Foundation for Outstanding Achievement in Musicals and Drama. The HPAC and Sirius Black Box Theatre are under the supervision of the Director of Fine and Performing Arts, Ms. Mary Ellis; the building was home to a then-state-of-the-art planetarium complete with 25 ft. diameter dome, a projector that could recede into an underground tunnel when not used, as well as built in theater-style seating and offset lighting. Due to the building lacking space, when a dance studio was needed for the school to be able to apply for the International Baccalaureate program, the planetarium was the space, decided to be renovated.
It is now a dance studio/planetarium, with a movable star projector, mirrors mounted on the walls, a wooden floor and folding seating. In addition to being a dance studio, it is a black-box theater, named the Sirius Black Box Theater, the word'Sirius' pertaining to the star, because it is a planetarium. Peter Chernin Roger Kumble John McGillicuddy Harrison High Official Website Harrison Central School District Main Page
New Rochelle High School
New Rochelle High School is a public high school in New Rochelle, New York, United States. It is part of the City School District of New Rochelle, its student body is a two-time Blue Ribbon School. It is accredited by the Middle States Association Commission on Secondary Schools.96% of graduates attend college or other institutions of higher learning and students earn accolades in competitive national programs including the National Merit Scholarship and the Intel Science Talent Search. The school buildings are situated at the rear of a plot of land, fronted by two lakes, and'Huguenot Park'; the forty-three acres of land that comprise the park, including what is now "Twin Lakes", were acquired by the City in 1923 as the site for the community's new high school and a park. At the time, the twin lakes were one large lake, used for an ice manufacturing business by the Mahlstedt family. At the southeast corner of the property is the Mahlstedt house where three generations of the family lived while operating their ice business at the lake.
When the City purchased the land in 1923, the house became the Huguenot Branch of the New Rochelle Public Library. A white marble World War II Marines Memorial is located near the causeway leading to the High School from North Avenue; the monument was dedicated on June 3, 1949 to the 15 New Rochelle Marines who died while fighting in the war. The high school is designed in the French-Gothic style by the noted architectural firm of Guilbert and Betelle, it includes a working clock tower, indoor swimming facilities, eight tennis courts, two football fields, one combined soccer and baseball field, an outdoor track, a television station and a planetarium. The planetarium can hold 84 viewers and uses a'Spitz Scidome', 360 degree fulldome video projector with ATM-4 automation and a 5.1 surround sound audio system. On May 17, 1968, school buildings dating from the 1920s and 1930s were destroyed by arson. A 16-year-old high school student with a history of setting fires to attract attention was arrested for the arson.
Additions made to school buildings in 1959 and 1960 were not affected. Fire insurance allowed the school to rebuild while displaced students were accommodated at local junior high schools under a time-sharing arrangement. On August 15, 2008, New Rochelle High School was struck by lightning; the resulting fire badly damaged the building's distinctive spire. The fire occurred just two months after the 40th anniversary of the 1968 arson fire that destroyed much of the school; the spring 2018 school semester at New Rochelle High School was marred by several instances of bloody violence involving students. On January 9, 2019 it was reported that NRHS administrator Shadia Alvarez was being fired "for changing 212 grades for 32 students by making'entries and changes to students' records in violation of NRHS grade-change practice and without any consistent, comprehensible or valid explanation.'" To create a more personalized atmosphere, NRHS is organized into eight smaller learning communities of 400-600 students each.
The communities serve as a home base for students and teachers. Ninth and tenth grade students in each community are teamed with core area teachers in English, social studies and science; these teacher-student'teams' remain intact for ninth and tenth grade in order to provide continuity for students and staff. Eleventh and twelfth grade students remain within their communities though most course work occurs throughout the campus. Arts Department, an expansive program integrating Art, Music and Theater Arts within the school; the four main standards are stressed by the department: Creating and Participating in The Arts. The department provides an Performing and Visual Arts Education program enabling students to major in the Arts; each year competitive auditions are held for each artistic discipline. Once in the program, students attend classes before school so that there are no conflicts with their regular academic course load. Business Education Department, geared towards preparing students for career and workplace success.
Current programs of study include: Business. Engineering and Architectural Design Department, offers courses in architectural design, architectural presentation, CADD aided residential drawing and design and drawing for production. Students can select the Architectural design sequence of courses as their major; the department features teachers with professional backgrounds in science and mathematics. Foreign Language Department, features a complement of educators from Europe. In 2009, Mandarin was added to this list of foreign languages. Sciences and Mathematics Department, offers students the opportunity to participate in the community of scientific research and scholarship as part of their high school experience. In addition to class, formal individual meetings are held once a week. Students select a topic of interest and explore this topic through library research, person to person conversations with research scientists throughout the country, telecommunication to research and college libraries.
Students develop sophisticated data collecting and lab skills by completing a literature search, formulating a researc
Single-sex education known as single-gender education and gender-isolated education, is the practice of conducting education with male and female students attending separate classes in separate buildings or schools. The practice was common before the 20th century in secondary and higher education. Single-sex education in many cultures is advocated on the basis of tradition as well as religion, is practiced in many parts of the world. There has been a surge of interest and establishment of single-sex schools due to educational research. Single-sex education is practiced in many Muslim majority countries. In the Western world, single sex education is associated with the private sector, with the public sector being overwhelmingly mixed sex. Motivations for single sex education range from religious ideas of sex segregation to beliefs that the sexes learn and behave differently, and, as such, they thrive in a single sex environment. In the 19th century, in Western countries, single sex girls' finishing schools, women's colleges offered women a chance of education at a time when they were denied access to mainstream educational institutions.
The former were common in Switzerland, the latter in the US and the UK, which were pioneers in women's education. In 19th century Western Europe, the most common way for girls to access education was at home, through private tutoring, not at school; this was the case in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which resisted women's involvement in schools. By contrast, in the US, early feminists were successful in establishing women's educational institutions; these were different from and considered inferior to men's institutions, but they created some of the first opportunities to formalized higher education for women in the Western world. The Seven Sisters colleges offered unprecedented emancipation for women; the pioneer Salem College of Winston-Salem, North Carolina was founded in 1772 as a primary school becoming an academy and a college. The New England Female Medical College and the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania were the first medical institutions in the world established to train women in medicine and offer them the M.
D. degree. During the 19th century, ideas about education started to change: modern ideas that defined education as a right, rather than as a privilege available only to a small elite, started to gain support in North America and Europe; as such, mass elementary education was introduced, more and more coeducational schools were set up. Together with mass education, the coeducation became standard in many places. Increased secularization in the 20th century contributed to the acceptance of mixed sex education. In 1917 coeducation was mandated in the Soviet Union. According to Cornelius Riordan, "By the end of the nineteenth century, coeducation was all but universal in American elementary and secondary public schools, and by the end of the 20th century, this was true across the world. In the UK, Ireland the tradition of single sex education remained quite strong until the 1960s; the 1960s and 1970s were a period of intense social changes, during that era many anti-discrimination laws were passed, such as the 1972 Title IX.
Wiseman shows that by 2003, only a few countries across the globe have greater than one or two percent single sex schools. But there are exceptions where the percent of single sex schools exceeds 10 percent: Belgium, Singapore, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, New Zealand, South Korea, most Muslim nations. However, there has been a resurgence of interest in single sex schools in modern societies across the globe, both in the public and private sector." The topic of single-sex education is controversial. Advocates argue that it aids student outcomes such as test scores, graduation rates, solutions to behavioral difficulties. Opponents, argue that evidence for such effects is inflated or non-existent, instead argue that such segregation can increase sexism and impairs the development of interpersonal skills. Advocates of single-sex education believe that there are persistent gender differences in how boys and girls learn and behave in educational settings, that such differences merit educating them separately.
One version of this argument holds that male-female brain differences favor the implementation of gender-specific teaching methods, but such claims have not held up to rigorous scrutiny. In addition, supporters of single-sex education argue that by segregating the genders, students do not become distracted by the other gender's actions in the classrooms, but most of the social distraction in classrooms is attributable to same-gender interactions. A systematic review published in 2005 covering 2221 studies was commissioned by the US Department of Education entitled Single-sex versus coeducational schooling: A systematic review; the review, which had statistical controls for socio-economic status of the students and resources of the schools, etc. found that in the study on the effects of single-sex schooling "the results are equivocal. There is some support for the premise that single-sex schooling can be helpful for certain outcomes related to academic achievement and more positive academic aspirations.
Gold Coast (Connecticut)
The Gold Coast known as Lower Fairfield County or Southwestern Connecticut not limited to the Connecticut Panhandle, is a part of Western Connecticut that includes the entire southern portion of Fairfield County as defined by the U. S. Census Bureau, Super-Public Use Microdata Area Region 09600; the area is about 50 miles northeast of New York City, is home to many wealthy NYC-based business people. Parts of the region are served by the Western Connecticut Council of Governments; this area is portrayed in culture as a bastion of wealth. Since the mid-20th century, a number of novels and films have been set here, including Gentleman's Agreement, The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit, Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House, The Swimmer, The Stepford Wives, The Ice Storm. Despite not being on the coast, New Canaan, Ridgefield, Easton, Monroe, New Fairfield and Weston are still included in the region, due to them being similar to coastline towns. Aspetuck Back Country Bridgeport Belle Haven Bell Island Black Rock Brookfield Brookfield Center Byram Compo Cos Cob The Cove Darien Easton Fairfield Fairfield Beach Greenfield Hill Green's Farms Greenwich Long neck point Lordship Lyons Plains Mianus New Canaan New Fairfield Noroton Norwalk North Stamford Old Greenwich Riverside Round Hill Rowayton Sasco Hill Shippan Point Southport Stamford Stratford Tokeneke Trumbull Saugatuck Silvermine Stamford Weston Westport Wilson Point WiltonThe "Gold Coast" is most notable for the expensive waterfront properties located along its shore, as well as the close proximity of its cities and towns to New York City.
Other areas in Fairfield County that are regarded for their wealth and expensive lakefront property are Brookfield, New Fairfield and Sherman. These towns are located along Candlewood Lake, are located within close proximity to the City. Brookfield and Newtown are located along the shores of Lake Lillinonah, which consists of expensive waterfront property. Although the term "Gold Coast" could apply to any of the thirteen parkway municipalities, the distinction of being called "the wealthiest town in Connecticut" can be attributed to the panhandle: either Darien, Greenwich or New Canaan, depending on the statistic used. With waterfront having the highest property value and coveted direct access to the New Haven railroad commuter line and Interstate-95, Darien and Greenwich boast a lower mill rate and are more sought after than New Canaan. However, property value is not the only way to determine, wealthier; as a side note, Darien has been listed as the richest town in the US as of 2018. It is difficult to compare the three.
In addition, Greenwich has three times the population of New Canaan. With more land area, average home values in New Canaan may be higher than Darien, but not the price per square foot. With a higher population, a larger demographic weighs greater on the median income in Greenwich; this plus the 47 square miles in land area makes Greenwich incomparable. New Canaan has an advantage of having more than 50% greater land area than Darien, but with a similar-sized population. According to the 2000 US Census, New Canaan was first in per capita income, Darien second and Greenwich third. According to the Connecticut 2014-15 Adjusted Equalized Net Grand List per Capita. Per capita income does not take into account personal assets, such as homes, art, boats or automobiles, so many of these families have much greater net worth. Greenwich has the lowest mill rate, which may indicate higher property value, with Darien ranking second. In 2000, New Canaan had a higher percentage of resident homeowners than Greenwich, which may indicate more wealth.
According to some sources, New Canaan should be considered the wealthiest town along the Gold Coast because of its higher rate of home ownership, suggesting a higher level of personal assets. In July 2011, The Daily Fairfield reported. An additional consideration is to measure wealth per person - not aggregate town wealth. Both the Adjusted Equalized Net Grand List per Capita Wealth Value and the CPR AENGLC Wealth Value, show that Greenwich has the highest wealth value in Connecticut, at more than $430,000 per person; the AENGLC is based on the value of residential and commercial real estate, measures the town's tax base available to pay for public education. It is not a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents, yet another definition for the Gold coast is one provided by the University of Connecticut's "Five Connecticuts" study, which indicates that the area includes the "wealthy," or blue towns. These are Greenwich, New Canaan, Weston, Ridgefield, Brookfield, New Fairfield and Easton.
A last method is to check the planning regions. This yields similar results to the above method but adds Stamford and Norwalk, while subtracting Ridgefield. A 2015 Connecticut Post article ranked Darien as the snobbiest town in Connecticut
Twelfth grade, senior year, or grade 12 is the final year of secondary school in most of North America. In other regions it is equivalently referred to as class 12 or Year 13. In most countries students graduate at age 18; some countries have a thirteenth grade. Twelfth grade is the last year of high school. In Australia, the twelfth grade is referred to as Year 12. In New South Wales, students are 16 or 17 years old when they enter Year 12 and 17–18 years during graduation. A majority of students in Year 12 work towards getting an ATAR or OP, which will allow them access to courses at university. In South Australia, this is achieved by completing the SACE. In New South Wales, when completing the, students are required to satisfactorily complete at least 10 units of study in ATAR courses which must include: eight units from Category A courses two units of English three Board Developed courses of two units or greater four subjectsSome Year 12s may receive a Year 12 Jersey. Schools choose the design and writing which are printed or stitched onto the jersey.
Sometimes the last two digits of the year they are graduating are printed on the back along with a personalised nickname. The front may show the school emblem and the student's name, stitched in. Many schools conduct end of year "formals", they are held from any time between graduation in September to November. Australian private schools conduct Year 12 balls in January or February of Year 12 instead of an end of year formal. In Belgium, the 12th grade is called 6de middelbaar or laatste jaar in Dutch, rétho or 6e année in French. In the General Education, this year guides and prepares students for their first year in University by recalling everything learned during the past six years of secondary school. In the Skills Education, this year prepares the students for the professional life with an Intership in the chosen domain. In Brazil, the 12th grade is called terceiro ano do ensino médio informally called terceiro colegial, meaning third grade of high school, it is attended by 17–18 years old students.
During this grade, most students apply to what is called Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio, the Brazilian equivalent of the SATs in the US, vestibular, the individual entrance examination particular to each university. As in many countries, Grade 12 students attend Graduation, which involves a formal official ceremony, a party where students and friends are invited and another party just for the students. In Bulgaria the twelfth grade is the last year of high-school. Twelfth-grade students tend to be 18–19 years old. Students are preparing to take the Matriculation exam in the end of their 2nd semester. In Canada, the twelfth grade is referred to as Grade 12. Students enter their Grade 12 year when they are 16 or 17 years old. If they are 16 years old, they will be turning 17 by December 31 of that year. In many Canadian high schools, student during their year, hold a series of fundraisers, grade-class trips, other social events. Grade 12 Canadian students attend Graduation which involves an official ceremony and a dinner dance.
Ontario had Grade 13, renamed Ontario Academic Credit, before being phased out, leaving Grade 12 as the final year. Grades 12 and 13 were similar to sixth form in England. Quebec is the lone province that does not have Grade 12. Thus, when a student is in Grade 12 in Ontario, for instance, the student in Quebec is in his first year of college. Newfoundland and Labrador did not introduce Grade 12 until 1983. In Denmark, the twelfth grade is the 3rd G, the final year of secondary school. G is equivalent to gymnasium; this is not compulsory. Students are 18-19 or older when they finish secondary school; the age of graduation is caused by the fact that Danish children first start school at 6. The reason that many students will be at the age of 20 when they graduate is because some people choose to have one-year gap between the 9th grade and gymnasium's 1st G, where students go to special art- or sport-oriented boarding schools or become exchange students all over the world; this is optional though. The twelfth grade is the third and last year of High School or secondary school The students graduate from High School the year they turn 19.
The twelfth grade is shorter than the previous ones because the twelfth graders lessons end in February and they go on to take their final exams shortly afterwards. Compulsory education ends after the ninth grade, so the upper grades are optional; the equivalent grade in this country is Terminale, it is the third and last year of lycée, equivalent to High-School, upon completion of which students sit for a test, the Baccalauréat. French-language schools that teach the French government curriculum use the same system of grades as their counterparts in France; this is not compulsory, as education is only