Leonard Michael Maltin is an American film critic and film historian, as well as an author of several mainstream books on cinema, focusing on nostalgic, celebratory narratives. Maltin created the Walt Disney Treasures, a series of compilations of Disney cartoons and episodes released to mark the centenary of the birth of Walt Disney, he is best known for his eponymous annual book of movie capsule reviews, Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide, published from 1969 to 2014. Maltin was born in New York City, son of singer Jacqueline, Aaron Isaac Maltin, a lawyer and immigration judge. Maltin was raised in a Jewish family, grew up in Teaneck, New Jersey, he graduated from Teaneck High School in 1968. Maltin lives in Los Angeles, he is married to researcher and producer Alice Tlusty, has one daughter, who works with him. In July 2018, Maltin announced that he had been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease three and a half years prior. Maltin began his writing career at age fifteen, writing for Classic Images and editing and publishing his own fanzine, Film Fan Monthly, dedicated to films from the golden age of Hollywood.
After earning a journalism degree at New York University, Maltin went on to publish articles in a variety of film journals and magazines, including Variety and TV Guide. In the 1970s Maltin reviewed recordings in the jazz magazine, Downbeat. Maltin wrote Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide, a compendium of synopses and reviews that first appeared in September 1969 and was annually updated from October 1987 until September 2014, each edition having the following year's date, its original title was TV Movies, some editions were Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide. In 2005, coverage of many films released no than 1960 was moved into a spin-off volume, Leonard Maltin's Classic Movie Guide, to allow the regular book to cover a larger number of more recent titles, he has written several other works, including Behind the Camera, a study of cinematography, The Whole Film Sourcebook, Leonard Maltin's Movie Encyclopedia, Our Gang: The Life and Times of the Little Rascals, Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons.
Starting on May 29, 1982, Maltin was the movie reviewer on the syndicated television series Entertainment Tonight for 30 years. He appears on the Starz cable network, hosted his own syndicated radio program, Leonard Maltin on Video, as well as the syndicated TV show Hot Ticket with Boston film critic Joyce Kulhawik; as of 2018, Maltin hosts. He spearheaded the creation of the Walt Disney Treasures collectible DVD line in 2001, continues to provide creative input and host the various sets. Maltin appeared on Pyramid twice as a celebrity player, in 1987 on the CBS $25,000 version, in 1991 on the John Davidson version, he appeared on Super Password as a celebrity guest in 1988. During the 1980s and 1990s Maltin served on the advisory board of the National Student Film Institute. In the mid-1990s, Maltin became the president of the Los Angeles Film Critics Association and is on the Advisory Board of the Hollywood Entertainment Museum. For nearly a decade, Maltin was on the faculty of the New School for Social Research in New York City.
As of 2018, Maltin teaches in the School of Cinematic Arts at the University of Southern California. In 1998, Maltin settled a libel suit brought by former child star Billy Gray, of Father Knows Best fame, who Maltin identified in his review of the film Dusty and Sweets McGee as a real-life drug addict and dealer; the statement had appeared in print in Maltin's annual movie guide for nearly 25 years before Maltin publicly apologized for the error. As of 2018, Maltin hosts The Maltin Minute for DirecTV customers. With his daughter Jessie Maltin, he co-hosts Maltin on Movies, a long-form interview podcast for the Nerdist Industries network, he wrote the introduction for The Complete Peanuts: 1983–1984. In 1990, he took a look at the MGM years of The Three Stooges in a film called The Lost Stooges, available on a made-to-order DVD through the Warner Archive Collection, he was the host of Treasures From the Disney Vault on Turner Classic Movies. Maltin was portrayed in an episode of the animated comedy South Park called "Mecha-Streisand" where he, along with actor Sidney Poitier and singer Robert Smith, fight Barbra Streisand, who has assumed the form of Mecha-Streisand, a giant, Godzilla-like robot version of herself.
His own gigantic form was reminiscent of Ultraman with his initials on his chest. He appeared as himself in Gremlins 2: The New Batch, playing a film critic who blasts the first Gremlins film, only to get attacked by Gremlins; this was spoofed in the Mad magazine parody of Gremlins 2, where he protests being eaten as Roger Ebert gave a worse review of the film, only for the Gremlins to remark they are waiting until Thanksgiving to find Ebert, as "he will feed a family of 15!" Maltin made an appearance on the cartoon show Freakazoid! where he voiced himself, only to be abducted by monsters. Maltin starred on an episode of Entertainment Tonight, where he was presenting a time machine akin to one in the film The Time Machine, he sits in the machine and vanishes, as does the character in the film. Maltin is one of the few people to appear as a "guest star" on Mystery Science Theater 3000, he was mocked on the show for giving the film Laserblast a rating of 2.5 stars. After Mike and the Bots finish watching the movie, they express amazement at the rating while Mike reads off
American International Pictures
American International Pictures was an independent film production and distribution company formed on April 2, 1954 as American Releasing Corporation by James H. Nicholson, former Sales Manager of Realart Pictures, Samuel Z. Arkoff, an entertainment lawyer, it was dedicated to releasing low-budget films packaged as double features of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s. Nicholson and Arkoff formed ARC in 1954. Nicholson and Arkoff served as executive producers while Roger Corman and Alex Gordon were the principal film producers and, directors. Writer Charles B. Griffith wrote many of the early films, along with Arkoff's brother-in-law, Lou Rusoff, who produced many of the films he had written. Other writers included Richard Matheson and Charles Beaumont. Floyd Crosby, A. S. C. Famous for his camera work on a number of exotic documentaries and the Oscar winner, High Noon, was chief cinematographer, his innovative use of surreal color and odd lenses and angles gave AIP films a signature look.
The early rubber monster suits and miniatures of Paul Blaisdell were used in AIP's science fiction films. The company hired Les Baxter and Ronald Stein to compose many of its film scores. In the 1950s the company had a number of actors under contract, including John Ashley, Fay Spain and Steve Terrell; when many of ARC/AIP's first releases failed to earn a profit, Arkoff quizzed film exhibitors who told him of the value of the teenage market as adults were watching television. AIP stopped making Westerns with Arkoff explaining: "To compete with television westerns you have to have color, big stars and $2,000,000". AIP was the first company to use focus groups, polling American teenagers about what they would like to see and using their responses to determine titles and story content. AIP would question their exhibitors what they thought of the success of a title would have a writer create a script for it. A sequence of tasks in a typical production involved creating a great title, getting an artist such as Albert Kallis who supervised all AIP artwork from 1955–73 to create a dynamic, eye-catching poster raising the cash, writing and casting the film.
Samuel Z. Arkoff related his tried-and-true "ARKOFF formula" for producing a successful low-budget movie years during a 1980s talk show appearance, his ideas for a movie included: Action Revolution Killing Oratory Fantasy Fornication Later the AIP publicity department devised a strategy called "The Peter Pan Syndrome": a) a younger child will watch anything an older child will watch. AIP began as the American Releasing Company, a new distribution company formed in the early 1950s formed by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff, they were interested in distributing a car chase movie produced by Roger Corman for his Palo Alto Productions, The Fast and the Furious. Corman had received offers from other companies for the film, but ARC offered to advance money to enable Corman to make two other films. Corman agreed, The Fast and the Furious performed well at the box office and the company was launched. Corman's next two films for the company were a Western Five Guns West, which Corman directed, a science fiction film, The Beast with a Million Eyes.
The title from the latter had come from Nicholson. ARC distributed the Western Outlaw Treasure starring Johnny Carpenter. ARC got Corman to direct another Western and science fiction double bill Apache Woman and Day the World Ended. Both scripts were written by Arkoff's brother-in-law Lou Rusoff, who would become the company's leading writer in its early days. Apache Woman was produced by Alex Gordon, an associate of Arkoff's, Day was produced by Corman. Both were made by ARC's production arm. B movies were made for the second part of a bill and received a flat rate; as television was encroaching on the B movie market and Arkoff felt it would be more profitable to make two low budget films and distribute them together on a double bill. Nicholson came up with a title for a film to support Day the World Ended, The Phantom from 10,000 Leagues, but lacked the money to make both films, they split the costs with film editors who wanted to get into production. The resulting double bill was successful at the box office.
Gordon produced The Oklahoma Woman, a Western by Corman, made through Sunset Productions. It was put on a double bill with a film noir. Other films released under the ARC banner include a British documentary Operation Malaya and Corman's Gunslinger. Arkoff and Nicholson had always wanted to name their company "American International Pictures" but the name was unavailable; when the name became available, they changed over. There were three main production arms at AIP in the late 1950s: Roger Corman, Alex Gordon and Lou Rusoff, Herman Cohen. Arkoff and Nicholson would buy films from other filmmakers as well, import films from outside America. Corman continued to be an important member of AIP, he had a big hit for the company with the science fiction film It Conquered th
Bruce MacLeish Dern is an American actor playing supporting villainous characters of unstable nature. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Coming Home and the Academy Award for Best Actor for Nebraska, his other film appearances include The Cowboys, Family Plot, Black Sunday and The Hateful Eight. Dern was born in the son of Jean and John Dern, a utility chief and attorney, he grew up in Illinois. His paternal grandfather, was a Utah governor and Secretary of War. Dern's maternal grandfather was a chairman of the Carson and Scott stores, his maternal granduncle was poet Archibald MacLeish, his maternal great-grandfather was Scottish-born businessman Andrew MacLeish. Dern's godfather was Illinois governor and two-time presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson II, his ancestry includes Dutch, English and Scottish. He attended the University of Pennsylvania. Dern starred in the Philadelphia premiere of Waiting for Godot. Dern appeared in an uncredited role in Wild River as Jack Roper, so upset with his friend for hitting a woman that he punches himself.
He played the sailor in a few flashbacks with Marnie's mother in Alfred Hitchcock's Marnie. Dern played a murderous rustler in Clint Eastwood's Hang'Em High and a gunfighter in Support Your Local Sheriff!. He played cattle-thief Asa Watts, who murders John Wayne's character in The Cowboys. Wayne warned Dern, "America will hate you for this." Dern replied, "Yeah, but they'll love me in Berkeley." Having played a series of villains, that same year he played against type as a sensitive ecologist in the science-fiction film Silent Running. He played a psychotic Goodyear Blimp pilot who launches a terrorist attack at the Super Bowl in Black Sunday. Dern was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Coming Home. In 1983, he won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival for That Championship Season. In 2013, Dern won the Best Actor Award at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival for Alexander Payne's Nebraska, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.
Dern was married to Marie Dawn Pierce from 1957 to 1959. He married Diane Ladd in 1960, their first daughter, Diane Elizabeth Dern, died at eighteen months from head injuries after falling into a swimming pool on May 18, 1962. The couple's second daughter, Laura, is an actor. After his divorce from Ladd in 1969, Dern married Andrea Beckett. Dern and their daughter Laura received adjoining stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on November 1, 2010. Bruce Dern on IMDb Bruce Dern at the Internet Broadway Database Bruce Dern at the University of Wisconsin's Actors Studio audio collection Bruce Dern at AllMovie Cinema Retro's Evening with Bruce Dern at The Players, New York City
Monte Hellman is an American film director, producer and editor. Hellman began his career as an editor's apprentice at ABC TV, made his directorial debut with the horror film Beast from Haunted Cave, produced by Roger Corman, he would gain critical recognition for the Western Ride in the Whirlwind starring Jack Nicholson, the independent road movie Two-Lane Blacktop starring James Taylor and Dennis Wilson. His directorial work has included the 1989 slasher film Silent Night, Deadly Night 3: Better Watch Out! and the independent thriller Road to Nowhere. Monte Hellman was born July 12, 1932, in New York City to Gertrude and Fred Himmelbaum, who were vacationing in New York at the time of his birth; the family ended up settling in Albany, New York, before relocating to Los Angeles, when Hellman was 5 years old. Hellman graduated from Los Angeles High School, attended Stanford University, graduating in 1951, he attended graduate school at the University of California, Los Angeles, but did not complete his studies.
Hellman is among a group of directing talent mentored by Roger Corman, who produced several of the director's early films. According to film scholar Wheeler Winston Dixon, Hellman began by working on "low budget exploitation films with a personal slant," yet learned from Corman the art of producing commercially viable films on a tight budget while staying true to a personal vision. Hellman's most critically acclaimed film to date has been Two-Lane Blacktop, a road movie, a box office failure at the time of its initial release but has subsequently turned into a perennial cult favorite. Hellman's two acid westerns starring Jack Nicholson, Ride in the Whirlwind and The Shooting, both shot in 1965 and released directly to television in 1968, have developed cult followings the latter. Hellman and his stuntman Gary Kent talk about the making of the westerns in the 2018 documentary Love and Other Stunts. A third western, China 9, Liberty 37, was far less successful critically, although it too has its admirers, as do Cockfighter and Iguana.
In 1989, he directed the straight-to-video slasher film Silent Night, Deadly Night 3: Better Watch Out! In addition to his directorial career, Hellman worked on several films in different capacities, he was the dialogue director for Corman's The St. Valentine's Day Massacre, second-unit director on Paul Verhoeven's RoboCop. Hellman finished two pictures in post-production that were started by other directors who died after the movies were shot, the Muhammad Ali bio The Greatest and Avalanche Express, he shot extra footage for the television versions of Ski Troop Attack, Last Woman on Earth, Creature from the Haunted Sea, Sergio Leone's A Fistful of Dollars. Among the movies on which Hellman served as editor are Corman's The Wild Angels, Bob Rafelson's Head, Sam Peckinpah's The Killer Elite and Jonathan Demme's Fighting Mad. Hellman was an executive producer on Quentin Tarantino's debut feature Reservoir Dogs. In 2006, he directed "Stanley's Girlfriend," a section of the omnibus horror film Trapped Ashes.
Hellman's section of the film was presented by the Cannes Film Festival that year as an "Official Selection," and Hellman was named president of the festival's Un Certain Regard jury. In 2010, he completed a new feature film, the romantic noir thriller Road to Nowhere, which competed for the Golden Lion at the 67th Venice International Film Festival, he teaches in the Film Directing Program at the California Institute of the Arts. At the 2010 Venice Film Festival, he was awarded with a special career prize. Beast from Haunted Cave The Terror Back Door to Hell Flight to Fury The Shooting Ride in the Whirlwind Two-Lane Blacktop Cockfighter A Fistful of Dollars The Greatest China 9, Liberty 37 Inside the Coppola Personality RoboCop He directed several action scenes. Iguana Silent Night, Deadly Night 3: Better Watch Out! Reservoir Dogs Trapped Ashes Road to Wheeler Winston. Film Talk: Directors at Work. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-4078-8. Monte Hellman on IMDb Interview: Monte Hellman on Roger Corman and Cockfighter Monte Hellman on La furia umana
Walter Clarence Taylor, III, known as Buck Taylor, is an American actor best known for his role as gunsmith-turned-deputy Newly O'Brien in 174 episodes during the last eight seasons of CBS's Gunsmoke television series. In recent years, he has painted Gunsmoke series' star James Arness. Taylor's painting specialty is the American West, each year, he creates the posters for several Texas rodeos. Taylor lives with his second wife on a ranch near Texas. Taylor was born in Mrs. Walter Taylor, Jr.. He has Faydean Taylor Tharp of the Greater Los Angeles Area, his father was the character actor Dub Taylor, sometimes known as "Cannonball" Taylor, a native of Richmond, Virginia. Buck Taylor was born in the same year his father got his first acting role in the film You Can't Take It with You. Dub Taylor, one of cinema's most prolific supporting actors, appeared with dozens of leading actors, including John Wayne and the musicians Tex Ritter and Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys. Buck grew up on the various Hollywood sets, was close to his father's Texas friend, the Western actor Chill Wills.
Taylor graduated from North Hollywood High School and studied theatre arts at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. In 1960, he tried out for the Olympic Games in gymnastics, he served two years in the United States Navy. Taylor's first acting role was as Trooper Shattuck in the 1961 episode "Image of a Drawn Sword" on CBS's Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theater, he appeared on the sitcoms The Adventures of My Favorite Martian. He was cast twice in the 1963-1964 ABC series The Greatest Show on Earth, he portrayed Mickey Vecchione in the 1963 episode "My Son the Social Worker" on Going My Way. He appeared in 1960's series Combat! Episode "The First Day". Taylor co-starred in the 1963 Walt Disney production, Johnny Shiloh, the first of more than fifty films, he was cast in an uncredited role in Ensign Pulver and in The Wild Angels, as a motorcycle gang member. He guest starred on Have Gun - Will Travel, The Rebel, three times on Stoney Burke, he was cast on The Fugitive, The Legend of Jesse James.
He appeared as well on The Big Valley. He appeared as frustrated newlywed Gard Hayden in The Outer Limits in the 1964 episode titled "Don't Open Till Doomsday". Taylor's long-term role on Gunsmoke was not his first role in a weekly series. In the preceding 1966–1967 season, he starred in 10 episodes as John "Brad" Bradford, along with Michael Anderson, Jr. and Barbara Hershey in ABC's The Monroes, the story of an orphaned family trying to survive in the Wyoming wilderness. Gunsmoke introduced Taylor on a weekly basis to millions of viewers. Dub Taylor guest-starred numerous times on the series. Before Taylor was cast as handsome young gunsmith "Newly", he had appeared in an earlier segment of the series as an outlaw; as Newly, however, he was one of the "good guys" in the same tradition as James Arness as Matt Dillon. The Newly character superseded that of Clayton Thaddeus "Thad" Greenwood, played by Roger Ewing. Taylor got along so well with the Gunsmoke cast that he named his second and third sons Matthew Taylor and Cooper Glenn Taylor for James Arness' Marshal Matt Dillon character and for Glenn Strange, the character actor who played the bartender and remained on the program until cancer claimed his life.
Strange never knew of the honor, for Cooper Taylor was not born until 1975. Taylor was involved in the preparation of the script for the 1987 Gunsmoke: Return to Dodge reunion film, by which time Milburn Stone, the cranky Doc Adams character, had died. Ken Curtis, who had portrayed the deputy Festus Haggen, felt shortchanged by the offer of far less pay than Amanda Blake and passed on the project. In 1991, Taylor co-starred with Curtis in what turned out to be Curtis' last acting role in the film version of Louis L'Amour's Conagher, which starred Taylor's friend Sam Elliott and Elliott's wife, Katharine Ross. At the age of 43, Taylor was cast as the outlaw Dan Clifton, who died at 31, in the 1981 film Cattle Annie and Little Britches, a fictional portrayal of the teenaged bandits Cattle Annie and Little Britches, played by Amanda Plummer and Diane Lane, respectively. Taylor is called "Dynamite Dick" in the film, but Clifton's nickname was "Dynamite Dan."In 1983, Taylor appeared in the film The Triumphs of a Man Called Horse.
In the film Gettysburg, he played William Gamble. In the 2003 production Gods and Generals, Taylor was cast as Maxcy Gregg, he appeared on CBS's Dallas starring Larry Walker, Texas Ranger starring Chuck Norris. Taylor had a memorable role as "Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson in Tombstone and appeared in 1997 in Rough Riders, both co-starring with Sam Elliott, he appeared in director John Lee Hancock's The Alamo and in the Wyoming-based Flicka, a loose adaptation of the novel My Friend Flicka. He had a part in the 2007 film The Mist, he appeared as Ben Lily in January 2008 with his friend Val Kilmer in the CBS miniseries Comanche Moon, another in the Lonesome Dove line of television films based on Larry McMurtry novels. Taylor in 2008 worked in three films, The Hard Ride, The Last Horseman, Legend of Hell's Gate. While he was clean-shaven in Gunsmoke, like other cowboy actors, he elected to sport a deep mustache. In 2018 Taylor was cast in'Yellowstone', a modern day western starring Kevin Costner. Taylor plays a hard nosed wrangler whose duties are not only ranching, but carrying out the orders of ranch owner John Dutton, including murder.
Yellowstone has proved popular on the newly formed Paramount network, has alread
Southern California is a geographic and cultural region that comprises California's southernmost counties, is the second most populous urban agglomeration in the United States. The region is traditionally described as eight counties, based on demographics and economic ties: Imperial, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Ventura; the more extensive 10-county definition, which includes Kern and San Luis Obispo counties, is used and is based on historical political divisions. The Colorado Desert and the Colorado River are located on southern California's eastern border with Arizona, the Mojave Desert is located north on California's Nevada border. Southern California's southern border is part of the Mexico–United States border. Southern California includes the built-up urban area which stretches along the Pacific coast from Ventura through Greater Los Angeles down to Greater San Diego, inland to the Inland Empire and Coachella Valley, it encompasses eight metropolitan areas, three of which together form the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area with over 18 million people, the second-biggest CSA after the New York CSA.
These three MSAs are: the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the Inland Empire (, the Oxnard–Thousand Oaks–Ventura metropolitan area. In addition, Southern California contains the San Diego metropolitan area with 3.3 million people, Bakersfield metro area with 0.9 million, the Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, El Centro metropolitan areas. The Southern California Megaregion is larger still, extending east into Las Vegas and south across the Mexican border into Tijuana. Within southern California are two major cities, Los Angeles and San Diego, as well as three of the country's largest metropolitan areas. With a population of 4,042,000, Los Angeles is the most populous city in California and the second most populous in the United States. South of Los Angeles and with a population of 1,307,402 is San Diego, the second most populous city in the state and the eighth most populous in the nation; the counties of Los Angeles, San Diego, San Bernardino, Riverside are the five most populous in the state, are in the top 15 most populous counties in the United States.
The motion picture and music industry are centered in the Los Angeles area in southern California. Hollywood, a district of Los Angeles, gives its name to the American motion picture industry, synonymous with the neighborhood name. Headquartered in southern California are The Walt Disney Company, Sony Pictures, Universal Pictures, MGM, Paramount Pictures, 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros. Universal, Warner Bros. and Sony run major record companies. Southern California is home to a large homegrown surf and skateboard culture. Companies such as Vans, Quiksilver, No Fear, RVCA, Body Glove are all headquartered here. Skateboarder Tony Hawk; some of the most famous surf locations are in southern California as well, including Trestles, The Wedge, Huntington Beach, Malibu. Some of the world's largest action sports events, including the X Games, Boost Mobile Pro, the U. S. Open of Surfing, are held in southern California; the region is important to the world of yachting with premier events including the annual Transpacific Yacht Race, or Transpac, from Los Angeles to Hawaii.
The San Diego Yacht Club held the America's Cup, the most prestigious prize in yachting, from 1988 to 1995 and hosted three America's Cup races during that time. The first modern era triathlon was held in Mission Bay, San Diego, California in 1974. Since southern California, San Diego in particular have become a mecca for triathlon and multi-sport racing and culture. Southern California is home to many sports sports networks such as Fox Sports Net. Many locals and tourists frequent the southern California coast for its beaches; the inland desert city of Palm Springs is popular. Southern California is not a formal geographic designation and definitions of what constitutes southern California vary. Geographically, California's North-South midway point lies at 37° 9' 58.23" latitude, around 11 miles south of San Jose. When the state is divided into two areas, the term southern California refers to the 10 southernmost counties of the state; this definition coincides neatly with the county lines at 35° 47′ 28″ North latitude, which form the northern borders of San Luis Obispo and San Bernardino counties.
Another definition for southern California uses Point Conception and the Tehachapi Mountains as the northern boundary. Though there is no official definition for the northern boundary of southern California, such a division has existed from the time when Mexico ruled California and political disputes raged between the Californios of Monterey in the upper part and Los Angeles in the lower part of Alta California. Following the acquisition of California by the United States, the division continued as part of the attempt by several pro-slavery politicians to arrange the division of Alta California at 36 degrees, 30 minutes, the line of the Missouri Compromise. Instead, the passing of the Compromise of 1850 enabled California to be a