The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane known as Drury Lane, is a West End theatre and Grade I listed building in Covent Garden, England. The building backs onto Drury Lane; the building is the most recent in a line of four theatres which were built at the same location, the earliest of which dated back to 1663, making it the oldest theatre site in London still in use. According to the author Peter Thomson, for its first two centuries, Drury Lane could "reasonably have claimed to be London's leading theatre". For most of that time, it was one of a handful of patent theatres, granted monopoly rights to the production of "legitimate" drama in London; the first theatre on the site was built at the behest of Thomas Killigrew in the early 1660s, when theatres were allowed to reopen during the English Restoration. Known as "Theatre Royal in Bridges Street", the theatre's proprietors hired prominent actors who performed at the theatre on a regular basis, including Nell Gwyn and Charles Hart. In 1672, the theatre caught fire and Killigrew built a larger theatre on the same plot, renamed the "Theatre Royal in Drury Lane".
This building lasted nearly 120 years, under the leaderships of Colley Cibber, David Garrick and Richard Brinsley Sheridan, the last of whom employed Joseph Grimaldi as the theatre's resident Clown. In 1791, under Sheridan's management, the building was demolished to make way for a larger theatre which opened in 1794; this new Drury Lane survived for 15 years before burning down in 1809. The building that stands today opened in 1812, it has been the residency of well known actors including. From the Second World War, the theatre has hosted long runs of musicals, including Oklahoma!, My Fair Lady, 42nd Street and Miss Saigon, the theatre's longest-running show. The theatre is owned by the composer Andrew Lloyd Webber. After the eleven-year-long Puritan Interregnum, which had seen the banning of pastimes regarded as frivolous, such as theatre, the English monarchy was restored to the throne with the return of Charles II in 1660. Soon after, Charles issued Letters Patent to two parties licensing the formation of new acting companies.
One of these went to Thomas Killigrew, whose company became known as the King's Company, who built a new theatre in Drury Lane. The Letters Patent granted the two companies a shared monopoly on the public performance of legitimate drama in London; the new playhouse, architect unknown, opened on 7 May 1663 and was known from the placement of the entrance as the "Theatre Royal in Bridges Street." It went by other names as well, including the "King's Playhouse." The building was a three-tiered wooden structure, 59 feet wide. Set well back from the broader streets, the theatre was accessed by narrow passages between surrounding buildings; the King himself attended the theatre's productions, as did Samuel Pepys, whose private diaries provide much of what we know of London theatre-going in the 1660s. The day after the Theatre Royal opened, Pepys attended a performance of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher's The Humorous Lieutenant, he has this to say in his diary: The house is made with extraordinary good contrivance, yet hath some faults, as the narrowness of the passages in and out of the Pitt, the distance from the stage to the boxes, which I am confident cannot hear.
Performances began at 3 pm to take advantage of the daylight: the main floor for the audience, the pit, had no roof in order to let in the light. A glazed dome was built over the opening, but according to one of Pepys' diary entries, the dome was not effective at keeping out the elements: he and his wife were forced to leave the theatre to take refuge from a hail storm. Green baize cloth covered the benches in the pit and served to decorate the boxes, additionally ornamented with gold-tooled leather, the stage itself; the backless green benches in the pit were in a semicircular arrangement facing the stage, according to a May 1663 letter from one Monsieur de Maonconys: "All benches of the pit, where people of rank sit, are shaped in a semi-circle, each row higher than the next." The three galleries formed a semicircle around the floor seats. The King's Company was forced to commission the technically advanced and expensive Theatre Royal playhouse by the success of the rival Duke's Company, drawing fascinated crowds with their "moveable" or "changeable" scenery and visually gorgeous productions at the former Lisle's Tennis Court at Lincoln's Inn Fields.
Imitating the innovations at Lincoln's Inn Fields, the Theatre Royal featured moveable scenery with wings or shutters that could be smoothly changed between or within acts. When not in use, the shutters rested out of sight behind the sides of the proscenium arch, which served as a visual frame for the on-stage happenings; the picture-frame-like separation between audience and performance was a new phenomenon in English theatre, though it had been found on the Continent earlier. Theatre design in London remaine
Kalpana Devi Thoudam is an Indian judoka, born in Imphal East, Manipur. She won the bronze medal in the women's 52 kg weight class at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland. In her career as a judoka, Thoudam won a silver at the sub-junior national championship in Guwahati in 1998, she won four gold medals at the junior national championships and one gold at junior Asian judo championship. In 2007, she placed second at the Asian U20 Championships, held in Hyderabad. In 2010, she won a bronze at the International Judo Federation World Cup in Tashkent. In the same year, she won a gold medal at the Commonwealth Judo Championships in Singapore. In 2013, she became the first Indian to win a medal at the IJF Grand Prix in Tashkent, when she won a bronze medal, she lost to Israeli Gili Cohen. In the repechage round she defeated Raquel Silva from Brazil. Additionally, she has served as the Head Constable of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police. In the 2014 Commonwealth Games, she won bronze in the 52 kg weight class.
She has won gold medals at the Indian Championships in 2017 and 2018, held in Chennai and Jammu, respectively
Rónald Alfonso González Brenes is a retired Costa Rican footballer, the manager of the Costa Rica national team. González made his professional debut for Saprissa on 14 July 1989 against Uruguay de Coronado but left them to move abroad and play for Dinamo Zagreb in Yugoslavia, he had a short spell on loan at Vorwärts Steyr in Austria. He returned to play for Saprissa and won everything he could pursue, as the team's captain. During the late 90's and early 2000s, he starred for the Comunicaciones of Guatemala where he was captain and champion of the Guatemalan tournament several times as well. In his playing days with Saprissa, he won five national championships and three CONCACAF Champions Cup, was part of the team that played the 2005 FIFA Club World Championship Toyota Cup, where Saprissa finished third behind São Paulo and Liverpool, he played a total of 318 games for Saprissa. He retired in October 2006, he played for Costa Rica at the 1989 FIFA World Youth Championship in Saudi Arabia where he scored a goal against Colombia.
González made his senior debut for Costa Rica in a May 1990 warm-up match against Poland, just ahead of the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy. There, at 19 years of age, he scored a goal against Czechoslovakia, becoming the youngest player to score a goal in that World Cup, he earned a total of 65 caps, scoring 5 goals and represented his country in 19 FIFA World Cup qualification matches and at the 1991 CONCACAF Gold Cup as well as at the 1993 and 1997 UNCAF Nations Cups. He was his country's captain during the 1997 Copa América and was a non-playing squad member at the 2001 Copa América, his final international was an August 2000 friendly match against Venezuela. Scores and results list Costa Rica's goal tally first. After retiring as a player, González took up coaching and was in charge of the Costa Rica national under-20 football team and acted as caretaker for the senior national team. In December 2011 he was announced as manager of his former club Comunicaciones. In December 2012, González was reported to leave Comunicaciones for Saprissa with whom he became the 61st Costa Rica league title winning manager in May 2014.
On Tuesday September 30, Saprissa announced. He is married to Yuliana Gaitán and they have two children. Rónald González Brenes at National-Football-Teams.com González's Dossier at Deportivo Saprissa official site SturmArchiv Rónald González Brenes at Footballdatabase