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Theremin

The theremin is an electronic musical instrument controlled without physical contact by the thereminist. It is named after its inventor, Léon Theremin, who patented the device in 1928; the instrument's controlling section consists of two metal antennas that sense the relative position of the thereminist's hands and control oscillators for frequency with one hand, amplitude with the other. The electric signals from the theremin are sent to a loudspeaker; the sound of the instrument is associated with eerie situations. Thus, the theremin has been used in movie soundtracks such as Miklós Rózsa's Spellbound and The Lost Weekend, Bernard Herrmann's The Day the Earth Stood Still, Justin Hurwitz's First Man, as well as in theme songs for television shows such as the ITV drama Midsomer Murders; the theremin is used in concert music, in popular music genres such as rock. The theremin was the product of Soviet government-sponsored research into proximity sensors; the instrument was invented by a young Russian physicist named Lev Sergeyevich Termen in October 1920 after the outbreak of the Russian Civil War.

After a lengthy tour of Europe, during which time he demonstrated his invention to packed houses, Theremin moved to the United States, where he patented his invention in 1928. Subsequently, Theremin granted commercial production rights to RCA. Although the RCA Thereminvox was not a commercial success, it fascinated audiences in America and abroad. Clara Rockmore, a well-known thereminist, toured to wide acclaim, performing a classical repertoire in concert halls around the United States sharing the bill with Paul Robeson. During the 1930s, Lucie Bigelow Rosen was taken with the theremin and together with her husband Walter Bigelow Rosen provided both financial and artistic support to the development and popularisation of the instrument. In 1938, Theremin left the United States, though the circumstances related to his departure are in dispute. Many accounts claim he was taken from his New York City apartment by NKVD agents, taken back to the Soviet Union and made to work in a sharashka laboratory prison camp at Magadan, Siberia.

He reappeared 30 years later. In his 2000 biography of the inventor, Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage, Albert Glinsky suggested the Russian had fled to escape crushing personal debts, was caught up in Stalin's political purges. In any case, Theremin did not return to the United States until 1991. After a flurry of interest in America following the end of the Second World War, the theremin soon fell into disuse with serious musicians because newer electronic instruments were introduced that were easier to play. However, a niche interest in the theremin persisted among electronics enthusiasts and kit-building hobbyists. One of these electronics enthusiasts, Robert Moog, began building theremins in the 1950s, while he was a high-school student. Moog subsequently published a number of articles about building theremins, sold theremin kits that were intended to be assembled by the customer. Moog credited what he learned from the experience as leading directly to his groundbreaking synthesizer, the Moog.

Since the release of the film Theremin: An Electronic Odyssey in 1993, the instrument has enjoyed a resurgence in interest and has become more used by contemporary musicians. Though many theremin sounds can be approximated on many modern synthesizers, some musicians continue to appreciate the expressiveness and uniqueness of using an actual theremin; the film itself has garnered excellent reviews. Both theremin instruments and kits are available from manufacturers such as Moog Music Inc. Burns Theremins, Harrison Instruments, Inc. Theremaniacs LLC, PAiA Corporation USA, Jaycar Electronics; the Open Theremin, an open hardware and open software project, was developed by swiss microengineer Urz Gaudenz, using the original heterodyne oscillator architecture for an authentic playing experience, combined with Arduino. Using a few extra components a MIDI interface can be added to the Open Theremin, enabling a player to use their Theremin to control different instrument sounds; some inexpensive theremins may only have a pitch control and may be harder to play because of a non-linear relationship between the distance of the hand and resultant pitch, as well as a short span of hand-to-antenna distance for producing the available range of pitch.

The theremin is distinguished among musical instruments in that it is played without physical contact. The thereminist stands in front of the instrument and moves his or her hands in the proximity of two metal antennas; the distance from one antenna determines frequency, the distance from the other controls amplitude. Higher notes are played by moving the hand closer to the pitch antenna. Louder notes are played by moving the hand away from the volume antenna. Most the right hand controls the pitch and the left controls the volume, although some performers reverse this arrangement; some low-cost theremins use a conventional, knob operated volume control and have only the pitch antenna. While called antennas, they are not used for receiving or broadcasting radio waves, but act as plates of capacitors; the theremin uses the heterodyne princ

Ferretti Group

Ferretti S.p. A. is an Italian multinational shipbuilding company headquartered in Forlì which specialises in the design and sale of luxury motor yachts. Its products are sold under the brands Ferretti Yachts, Custom Line, Itama, Mochi Craft and CRN. Ferretti was founded in 1968 by Alessandro and Norberto Ferretti as a manufacturer of small boats and produced its first motor sailer in 1971. Ferretti expanded through making numerous acquisitions, including of Cantieri Navali dell’Adriatico – CNA S.r.l. in 1998, CRN S.p. A. in 1999, Riva S.p. A in 2000, Cantiere Navale Mario Morini and in 2002, Itama in 2004 and Allied Marine in 2008. Ferretti was acquired by the Chinese multinational heavy machinery and automotive manufacturing company Weichai Group in 2012. Ferretti has manufacturing operations in Italy and the United States, it has subsidiary companies in the United States and representative branches in Hong Kong and Shanghai. The company was founded in 1968 by Alessandro and Norberto Ferretti and produced its first motor sailer in 1971.

During the 1980s, the two brothers decided to specialize in the production of luxury motoryachts. They established a new unit in Forlì. In the early 1990s, Ferretti started an internationalisation process. In 1993, Ferretti of America, Inc. was founded to market motoryachts in the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean. Ferretti of America liaised with the sales network, present in Greece, Spain and Great Britain, increasing the impact of Ferretti sales abroad. In 1994, Ferretti began an international marketing process by creating a strategic network of dealers outside Europe. During the second half of the 1990s, after institutional investors acquired a share in the capital, an expansion strategy for external lines was started through the acquisition of companies producing luxury motoryachts. In 1996, Ferretti began operating in the segment of yachts with fibreglass flybridges, measuring 28 to 40 metres in length, through Custom Line S.p. A. In 1998, the group purchased Cantieri Navali dell’Adriatico – CNA S.r.l. which specialized in building open type motor boats with the prestigious Pershing brand.

During the same year, Ferretti entered in the sport fisherman craft segment with the acquisition of American company Bertram Yacht, Inc. - the Miami shipyard. Bertram Yacht was sold in 2015. In 1999 Ferretti Group purchased CRN S.p. A. A shipyard specialising in the production of maxiyachts in fibreglass and megayachts with steel hulls and aluminium superstructures, measuring over 30 metres in length. In the year 2000, Ferretti purchased 100% of the capital of Riva S.p. A. A producer of luxury fibreglass yachts measuring 10 to 35 metres in length, both open. In June 2000, with the aim of further consolidating its growth and development process, Ferretti Group decided to list on the Official Italian Stock Exchange. In 2001, the company was admitted to the STAR segment of the Borsa Italiana. In May 2001, Ferretti acquired the assets of the Oram shipyard in La Spezia, where the new Riva production area would subsequently be built. In August 2001, Ferretti finalized an agreement for the acquisition of the Apreamare S.p.

A. shipyards in Sorrento, a leader in the production of gozzo sorrentino boats measuring 7 to 16 metres in length. In November 2001, acquisition of the Mochi Craft S.r.l. Shipyard in Pesaro was finalized. In 2002, the Group took over Diesse Arredamenti, in order to acquire new skills in the nautical furnishings sector, complementary to its yacht building activity. In 2002 the Group finalized acquisition of Cantiere Navale Mario Morini in Ancona, which enabled CRN to extend its production capacity, Pinmar S. L. A company specialized in yacht painting and refitting, Zago S.p. A. an Italian company operating in high-profile wooden manufactured pieces and furnishings. Between June 2002 and January 2003, the Ferretti management team and institutional investors present among the shareholders, decided to launch a Voluntary Public Tender Offer to acquire the entire share capital of the Company, with the aim of further expanding the Group through acquisitions and a precise strategic and international plan.

In 2004, through Pershing, Ferretti Group acquired the Itama shipyard, which specializes in the construction of open motoryachts, completing the current definition of the Group. In 2008 Ferretti Group acquired the assets and activities of Allied Marine, an American company specialized in After Sales services and marketing of both new and pre-owned motor yachts, as well as brokerage services on the US market. In 2009 in order to align its organisational structure to the new market scenario, Ferretti Group changed its structure and undertook a series of strategic and operative actions; the Group's equity was divided between Norberto Ferretti and the management and senior and mezzanine lenders. Norberto Ferretti, the Group's management and Mediobanca held 100% of the Group's voting rights. In December 2009, with the aim of continuing to focus on its core business, the Ferretti Group sold its 60% holding in Pinmar S. L. A Spanish company specializing in painting mega-yachts to Irish entrepreneur Sean Ewing.

In March 2010, Ferretti continued its divestment policy by selling 100% of Apreamare S.p. A. which included the nautical pole of Torre Annunziata, to the Aprea and Pollia families, the founders of the historic Sorrento brand. In 2010 Ferretti Group B

Il Tenente Giorgio

Il Tenente Giorgio is a 1952 Italian historical melodrama film directed by Raffaello Matarazzo. Massimo Girotti as Lt. G. Biserta Milly Vitale as Countess Elisa Paul Muller as Count Stefano di Monserrato Gualtiero Tumiati as Stefano's Uncle Teresa Franchini as Amalia Eduardo Ciannelli as Barone di Polia Achille Millo as Baroncino di Polia Ludmilla Dudarova as Cousin of Elisa Luigi Pavese as Cafiero Enzo Fiermonte as Antonio Esposito Michele Malaspina as Doctor Il Tenente Giorgio on IMDb

Vladimir Tretyakov (serial killer)

Vladimir Nikolaevich Tretyakov, known as the "Arkhangelsk Butcher", was a Soviet serial killer who killed seven women in his hometown between 1977 and 1978. Tretyakov was born in 1953, his father left the family before his birth, Vladimir grew up with his alcoholic mother, who beat him. His grandmother managed leaving to study in Tashkent. Since he has hated drinking and women. After school, Vladimir joined the army graduated from a vocational school. For several years he lived in Kemerovo Oblast, where he learned to cut up cattle, which prove useful on. After returning from the army he married, began work as a railway repairman. Tretyakov began to argue with his wife because of the fact that she, according to Tretyakov, drank too much. At some point, his wife, tired from all this, kicked Vladimir out of the apartment. In the mid-1970s, Tretyakov worked as a railroad engineer in Arkhangelsk, was an udarnik, a member of the Voluntary People's Druzhina, more than once detained hooligans and alcoholics.

As an excellent worker, in 1977 he received a separate apartment in one of the new buildings in Arkhangelsk. He met with Angelina Koroleva, with whom he had a serious relationship. Soon, Vladimir became annoyed that the woman consumed alcohol. On these grounds, the pair quarreled leading up to the maniac's first murder. On December 9, 1977, after returning to his apartment and seeing Koroleva in a drunken state, Tretyakov strangled her. Realizing she had died, he used a knife and axe to dismember her corpse, put it in a backpack, disposed of the remains in a vacant lot near the train station in Arkhangelsk at night. Tretyakov decided to fight female drunkenness and began to kill women whom he saw on the streets in a drunken state. On December 13, he murdered a woman named Petrova in her apartment. All of the subsequent murders he committed had the same modus operandi. In addition to the two above, in December 1997 Tretyakov dismembered two more women, he killed another one, Maria Gerasimova, on January 13, 1978.

Panic ensued in Arkhangelsk. There were rumors that the maniac sold meat from the victims on the market, but during the investigation no such thing could be confirmed; the radio broadcast. On January 25, Tretyakov offered a drink. In his own words, After killing and dismembering the girls, Tretyakov left the bodies lying on the balcony of his apartment; the neighbors soon reported the disappearance of his girlfriend. The head of the criminal investigation department Donat Popov, who conducted the investigation, went alone to him; when he was offered to go to the police station, Tretyakov decided to kill the policeman in the elevator. Popov realised this, lied to Tretyakov that several colleagues had come with him. Tretyakov was taken to the police and questioned about Koroleva's disappearance, explaining that she had drank and disappeared, his apartment was searched, according to those who searched it, During the interrogations, Tretyakov soon confessed to the seven victims showed the authorities all the burial places which had not been discovered.

Tretyakov's investigative experiments, fearing revenge from the Arkhangelsk residents, were carried under heavy guard with dogs. He was recognized as sane. On August 11, 1978, the Arkhangelsk Regional Court sentenced Vladimir Tretyakov to death; the convict tried to appeal the verdict, referring to his hard childhood and useful work as an udarnik. However, the Supreme Court of Russia left the verdict unchanged, stating: On August 19, 1979, Vladimir Tretyakov was executed by firing squad; the "Arkhangelsk Butcher" Vladimir Tretyakov

Jonathan Luke Austin

Jonathan Luke Austin is a sociologist and political scientist. Austin is Lead Researcher at the Geneva-based Violence Prevention Initiative, hosted by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, where he is a Visiting Professor. Austin has been based at the University of Copenhagen, the University of Ottawa, the Orient-Institut Beirut. Austin is known for his work in the fields of International Political Sociology, critical security studies, International Relations. Theoretically, Austin has played a central role in reconsidering the status of critique in International Relations through his engagements with pragmatist sociologies and technology studies, postcritique, he has been a key advocate for extending the ‘materialism’ of the practice of International Relations, suggesting social scientific practice must move beyond its present preoccupation with epistemic modes of inquiry. Empirically, much of Austin's work has revolved around exploring the ontologies of political violence.

This includes a significant research programme studying the conditions of possibility underlying torture, conducted through both secondary sources and the interviewing of perpetrators. Austin is known for applying ‘high’ social theory to concrete international problems; this is occurring through the application of material-semiotic social theories to the challenge of violence prevention. For this work, Austin was nominated among the ‘faces of peace’ in recognition of his Peacebuilding activities by the University of Geneva and Geneva Peacebuilding Platform

John Rapacz

John Joseph Rapacz was an American football offensive lineman in the National Football League for the New York Giants. He played in the All-America Football Conference for the Chicago Rockets/Hornets. Rapacz played college football at the University of Oklahoma, where he was an All-American, was drafted in the third round of the 1947 NFL Draft by the Boston Yanks. After retiring from the NFL Rapacz went on to become a Michigan High School Hall of Fame football coach for Hackett Catholic Central High School. { In 1954 John was traded to the Baltimore Colts. He retired at the end of the 1955 season, he returned to college, finished his degree, became a teacher and Football coach at Hackett Catholic High School. Profile on NFL.com John Rapacz at Find a Grave