Marjorie Mazia Guthrie was a dancer of the Martha Graham Company, a dance teacher, for a time, the wife of folk musician Woody Guthrie. She is the mother of folk musician Arlo Guthrie and Woody Guthrie Publications president Nora Guthrie. Marjorie Greenblatt was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States, on October 6, 1917 to Aliza Waitzman and Izadore Greenblatt, she had three brothers- David and Ben and a sister Gertrude. In 1935, after graduation from the Overbrook High School in Philadelphia, Marjorie moved to New York City on scholarship and joined the Martha Graham Dance Company; as a core company member, Marjorie appeared in such iconic pieces as Primitive Mysteries, American Document, Every Soul is a Circus, Appalachian Spring. She grew to become Graham’s assistant for fifteen years and was the first company member invited to teach the Graham technique, outside of Martha. Two of Marjorie's early students were Merce Cunningham, she met Guthrie in 1940 as a Martha Graham Dancer trained in Modern Dance, while she was adapting some of Guthrie's Dust Bowl Ballads to a routine.
"Marjorie Mazia met Woody Guthrie in 1942, when he was a member of the Almanac Singers, living at 430 6th Avenue, in Greenwich Village in a communal apartment playfully named Almanac House. Marjorie was to appear in fellow Graham dancer, Sophie Maslow’s New Dance Group performance of “Folksay”. In an attempt to create something unique, Sophie choreographed a dance to rural roots music. Woody had released his first record “Dust Bowl Ballads” on Victor Records, a 3-disc collection of 78’s consisting of 11 songs in July, 1940. Sophie had selected songs from this recording to choreograph to and when she found out that Woody Guthrie was living in New York City, decided to invite him to play live on-stage for the performance. Marjorie insisted on going with Sophie. Since hearing Dust Bowl Ballads she had dreamed Woody was a tall cowboy with a Stetson hat…when she knocked on the door, there appeared a 5’6″ wiry guy, she turned to look at Sophie and said, “I’m going to marry him.” They were married on November 13, 1945."
Together they had four children. Cathy tragically died at age four in a fire. A gifted teacher, Marjorie opened the Marjorie Mazia School of Dance, located at 1618 Sheepshead Bay Road, New York. Thanks to her years with the Martha Graham Dance Company, Marjorie had special guest dance teachers like Merce Cunningham. Which trained young dancers in Modern Dance and Ballet in the'60s and'70s. In 1950, Mazia recorded, Dance Along on a dance album for children, she is extensively cited in the book, Outwitting History by National Yiddish Book Center founder/director Aaron Lansky. By the late 1940s, Guthrie's health was declining, he received various misdiagnoses, but in 1952, it was determined that he was suffering from Huntington's disease. During the more than 15 years that the disease affected him, Marjorie stood by his side as she supervised Woody’s hospital care and continued to seek the best medical assistance for him, she had taught him to communicate by blinking his eyes after he had lost control of his other muscles.
Though she was Guthrie's second wife they maintained a close relationship throughout his life and she provided constant care to Guthrie until his death. Following Woody Guthrie's death due to Huntington's disease in 1967, she founded the Committee to Combat Huntington's Disease; this became the Huntington's Disease Society of America.“When Woody became ill I was told that the case was hopeless and helpless. Assuming, so, I just said, well, I’ve got to live with hopeless and helpless, and if my children have the disease, I’m going to have to live with that too. But after a long period, in and out of that hospital, I said to myself, “Why is it hopeless and helpless?” And with my kids now being old enough to be able to take care of themselves, I went to Dr. Whittier, in charge of Creedmore Institute, where Woody was at that time, said, “I want to help", and he introduced me to some other scientists and they said, “You might be able to help if you could just find families. We believe that this disorder is all over the world, it is hidden, families don’t know they have it, those that do are so ashamed they won’t tell anybody because there’s a stigma attached.”
With that kind of help, I began to look for families with this disease and founded the Committee to Combat Huntington’s Disease. We found the disorder was much more prevalent than anybody believed possible.” – Marjorie GuthrieMarjorie headed a Federal commission for control of the disease in 1976 and 1977 and convinced President Jimmy Carter to form a Presidential Commission to study neurological diseases, including HD. The recommendations that resulted from that 1977 report have served as the cornerstone of HDSA's commitment to the care and cure of HD. Mrs. Guthrie was instrumental in creating the World Federation of Neurology's Research Commission on Huntington's Chorea, she headed a Federal commission for control of the disease in 1976 and 1977, lectured to medical students about the illness and how it affects the patient and the patient's family. She headed the public and governmental information committee of the National Committee for Research in Neurological and Communicative Disorders, was a member of the New York State Commission on Health Education and Illness Prevention and of the state's Genetic Advisory Committee, was a lay member of the advisory council of the National Institute of General Medical Science.
(Quoted from NY Times obituary: MARJORIE GUTHRIE
Woody Guthrie Center
The Woody Guthrie Center is a public museum and archive located in Tulsa, Oklahoma, dedicated to the life and legacy of American folk musician and singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie. The Center contains the archives of folk singer and fellow social activist Phil Ochs; the Woody Guthrie Center is located at 102 East Brady St. in Tulsa's Brady Arts District. It features an interactive museum where the public may view musical instruments used by Guthrie, samples of his original artwork and lyrics in his own handwriting, photographs and historical memorabilia that illustrate his life and political activities. Visitors may view a short biographical film and listen to samples of his music and that of other artists who were influenced and inspired by Guthrie. Various folk music events are sponsored by the Center; the Woody Guthrie Archives, the world's largest collection of material relating to Guthrie's life, are housed on-site in a climate-controlled facility, visible through windows from the public museum area.
The archives contain manuscripts, correspondence, scrapbooks, musical recordings and photographs, are open to researchers by appointment. The Woody Guthrie Center opened on April 27, 2013 after the archives were acquired by the Tulsa-based George Kaiser Foundation; the archives were owned by the Woody Guthrie Foundation, headed by Guthrie's daughter, Nora Guthrie. In September 2014, Meegan Lee Ochs announced that she was donating the archives of her father, singer-songwriter Phil Ochs, to the Center. Ochs was influenced by Guthrie, was a troubadour and social activist in his own right; the donation of notebooks, photographs and other memorabilia is the first collection included in the center from an artist other than Guthrie. In 2018, the Woody Guthrie Museum announced its plan to host a new program bowl, intended to offer visitors the opportunity to experience Dust Bowl conditions in the Oklahoma Panhandle during 1934-1938. While wearing a virtual reality headset, they will sit on a replica of a front porch, watching a dust cloud roll in across the prairie to envelop them.
The Dust Bowl inspired a number of Guthrie's musical works, led him to take up the causes of migrant workers and other people disenfranchised by an ecological disaster. List of music museums Woody Guthrie Center website
In religion and folklore, Hell is an afterlife location, sometimes a place of torment and punishment. Religions with a linear divine history depict hells as eternal destinations while religions with a cyclic history depict a hell as an intermediary period between incarnations; these traditions locate hell in another dimension or under the Earth's surface and include entrances to Hell from the land of the living. Other afterlife destinations include Heaven, Purgatory and Limbo. Other traditions, which do not conceive of the afterlife as a place of punishment or reward describe Hell as an abode of the dead, the grave, a neutral place located under the surface of Earth; the modern English word hell is derived from Old English hel, helle reaching into the Anglo-Saxon pagan period. The word has cognates in all branches of the Germanic languages, including Old Norse hel, Old Frisian helle, Old Saxon hellia, Old High German hella, Gothic halja. All forms derive from the reconstructed Proto-Germanic feminine noun *xaljō or *haljō.
In turn, the Proto-Germanic form derives from the o-grade form of the Proto-Indo-European root *kel-, *kol-:'to cover, save'. Indo-European cognates including Latin cēlāre and early Irish ceilid. Upon the Christianization of the Germanic peoples, extension of Proto-Germanic *xaljō were reinterpreted to denote the underworld in Christian mythology, for which see Gehenna. Related early Germanic terms and concepts include Proto-Germanic *xalja-rūnō, a feminine compound noun, *xalja-wītjan, a neutral compound noun; this form is reconstructed from the Latinized Gothic plural noun *haliurunnae, Old English helle-rúne, Old High German helli-rūna'magic'. The compound is composed of two elements: *xaljō and *rūnō, the Proto-Germanic precursor to Modern English rune; the second element in the Gothic haliurunnae may however instead be an agent noun from the verb rinnan, which would make its literal meaning "one who travels to the netherworld". Proto-Germanic *xalja-wītjan is reconstructed from Old Norse hel-víti'hell', Old English helle-wíte'hell-torment, hell', Old Saxon helli-wīti'hell', the Middle High German feminine noun helle-wīze.
The compound is a compound of * * wītjan. Hell appears in several religions, it is inhabited by demons and the souls of dead people. A fable about Hell which recurs in folklore across several cultures is the allegory of the long spoons. Hell is depicted in art and literature most famously in Dante's Divine Comedy. Punishment in Hell corresponds to sins committed during life. Sometimes these distinctions are specific, with damned souls suffering for each sin committed, but sometimes they are general, with condemned sinners relegated to one or more chamber of Hell or to a level of suffering. In many religious cultures, including Christianity and Islam, Hell is depicted as fiery and harsh, inflicting suffering on the guilty. Despite these common depictions of Hell as a place of fire, some other traditions portray Hell as cold. Buddhist - and Tibetan Buddhist - descriptions of Hell feature an equal number of hot and cold Hells. Among Christian descriptions Dante's Inferno portrays the innermost circle of Hell as a frozen lake of blood and guilt.
But cold played a part in earlier Christian depictions of Hell, beginning with the Apocalypse of Paul from the early third century. The Sumerian afterlife was a dark, dreary cavern located deep below the ground, where inhabitants were believed to continue "a shadowy version of life on earth"; this bleak domain was known as Kur, was believed to be ruled by the goddess Ereshkigal. All souls went to the same afterlife, a person's actions during life had no effect on how the person would be treated in the world to come; the souls in Kur were believed to eat nothing but dry dust and family members of the deceased would ritually pour libations into the dead person's grave through a clay pipe, thereby allowing the dead to drink. Nonetheless, funerary evidence indicates that some people believed that the goddess Inanna, Ereshkigal's younger sister, had the power to award her devotees with special favors in the afterlife. During the Third Dynasty of Ur, it was believed that a person's treatment in the afterlife depended on how he or she was buried.
The entrance to Kur was believed to be located in the Zagros mountains in the far east. It had seven gates; the god Neti was the gatekeeper. Ereshkigal's sukkal, or messenger, was the god Namtar. Galla were a class of demons, they are fr
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, it was the longest and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline; the Great Depression started in the United States after a major fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929, became worldwide news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929. Between 1929 and 1932, worldwide gross domestic product fell by an estimated 15%. By comparison, worldwide GDP fell by less than 1% from 2008 to 2009 during the Great Recession; some economies started to recover by the mid-1930s. However, in many countries the negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until the beginning of World War II; the Great Depression had devastating effects in countries both poor. Personal income, tax revenue and prices dropped, while international trade plunged by more than 50%.
Unemployment in the U. S. rose to 25% and in some countries rose as high as 33%. Cities around the world were hit hard those dependent on heavy industry. Construction was halted in many countries. Farming communities and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by about 60%. Facing plummeting demand with few alternative sources of jobs, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as mining and logging suffered the most. Economic historians attribute the start of the Great Depression to the sudden devastating collapse of U. S. stock market prices on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. However, some dispute this conclusion and see the stock crash as a symptom, rather than a cause, of the Great Depression. After the Wall Street Crash of 1929 optimism persisted for some time. John D. Rockefeller said "These are days. In the 93 years of my life, depressions have gone. Prosperity has always returned and will again." The stock market turned upward in early 1930. This was still 30% below the peak of September 1929.
Together and business spent more in the first half of 1930 than in the corresponding period of the previous year. On the other hand, many of whom had suffered severe losses in the stock market the previous year, cut back their expenditures by 10%. In addition, beginning in the mid-1930s, a severe drought ravaged the agricultural heartland of the U. S. By mid-1930, interest rates had dropped to low levels, but expected deflation and the continuing reluctance of people to borrow meant that consumer spending and investment were depressed. By May 1930, automobile sales had declined to below the levels of 1928. Prices in general began to decline, although wages held steady in 1930. A deflationary spiral started in 1931. Farmers faced a worse outlook. At its peak, the Great Depression saw nearly 10% of all Great Plains farms change hands despite federal assistance; the decline in the U. S. economy was the factor. Frantic attempts to shore up the economies of individual nations through protectionist policies, such as the 1930 U.
S. Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act and retaliatory tariffs in other countries, exacerbated the collapse in global trade. By 1933, the economic decline had pushed world trade to one-third of its level just four years earlier. Change in economic indicators 1929–32 The two classical competing theories of the Great Depression are the Keynesian and the monetarist explanation. There are various heterodox theories that downplay or reject the explanations of the Keynesians and monetarists; the consensus among demand-driven theories is that a large-scale loss of confidence led to a sudden reduction in consumption and investment spending. Once panic and deflation set in, many people believed they could avoid further losses by keeping clear of the markets. Holding money became profitable as prices dropped lower and a given amount of money bought more goods, exacerbating the drop in demand. Monetarists believe that the Great Depression started as an ordinary recession, but the shrinking of the money supply exacerbated the economic situation, causing a recession to descend into the Great Depression.
Economists and economic historians are evenly split as to whether the traditional monetary explanation that monetary forces were the primary cause of the Great Depression is right, or the traditional Keynesian explanation that a fall in autonomous spending investment, is the primary explanation for the onset of the Great Depression. Today the controversy is of lesser importance since there is mainstream support for the debt deflation theory and the expectations hypothesis that building on the monetary explanation of Milton Friedman and Anna Schwartz add non-monetary explanations. There is consensus that the Federal Reserve System should have cut short the process of monetary deflation and banking collapse. If they had done this, the economic downturn would have been much shorter. British economist John Maynard Keynes argued in The General Theory of Employment and Money that lower aggregate expenditures in the economy contributed to a massive decline in income and to employment, well below the average.
In such a situation, the economy reached equilibrium at low levels of economic activity and high unemployment. Keynes' basic idea was simple
Arlo Davy Guthrie is an American folk singer-songwriter. Like his father, Woody Guthrie, he is known for singing songs of protest against social injustice, storytelling while performing songs. Guthrie's best-known work is his debut piece, "Alice's Restaurant Massacree", a satirical talking blues song about 18 minutes in length that has since become a Thanksgiving anthem, his only top-40 hit was a cover of Steve Goodman's "City of New Orleans". His song "Massachusetts" was named the official folk song of the state in which he has lived most of his adult life. Guthrie has made several acting appearances, he is the father of four children, who have had careers as musicians. Guthrie was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of the folk singer and composer Woody Guthrie and Marjorie Mazia Guthrie, his sister is the record producer Nora Guthrie. His mother was a one-time professional dancer with the Martha Graham Company and founder of the Committee to Combat Huntington's Disease, the illness from which Woody Guthrie died in 1967.
Arlo's father was from a Protestant family and his mother was Jewish. His maternal grandmother was the renowned Yiddish poet Aliza Greenblatt. Guthrie received religious training for his bar mitzvah from Rabbi Meir Kahane, who would go on to form the Jewish Defense League. "Rabbi Kahane was a nice, patient teacher," Guthrie recalled, "but shortly after he started giving me my lessons, he started going haywire. Maybe I was responsible." Guthrie converted to Catholicism in 1977, before embracing interfaith beliefs in his life. Guthrie attended Woodward School in Clinton Hill, Brooklyn from first through eighth grades and graduated from the Stockbridge School, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, in 1965, he spent the summer of 1965 in London meeting Karl Dallas, who connected Guthrie with London's folk rock scene and became a lifelong friend of his. He attended Rocky Mountain College, in Billings, Montana, he received an honorary doctorate from Siena College in 1981 and from Westfield State College in 2008.
As a singer and lifelong political activist, Guthrie carries on the legacy of his father. He was awarded the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience award on September 26, 1992. On Thanksgiving Day 1965, while in Stockbridge, during a break from his brief stint in college, 18-year-old Arlo Guthrie was arrested for illegally dumping on private property what he described as "a half-ton of garbage" from the home of his friends, teachers Ray and Alice Brock, after he discovered the local landfill was closed for the holiday. Guthrie and his friend, Richard Robbins, appeared in court, pled guilty to the charges, were levied a nominal fine and picked up the garbage that weekend; this littering charge would soon serve as the basis for Guthrie's most famous work, "Alice's Restaurant Massacree", a talking blues song that lasts 18 minutes and 34 seconds in its original recorded version. Guthrie has pointed out that this was the exact length of one of the infamous gaps in Richard Nixon's Watergate tapes, that Nixon owned a copy of the record.
The Alice in the song is Alice Brock, a librarian at Arlo's boarding school in the town before opening her restaurant. She opened an art studio in Provincetown, Massachusetts; the song lampoons the Vietnam War draft. However, Guthrie has stated in multiple interviews that the song is more an "anti-stupidity" song than an anti-war song, adding that it is based on a true incident. In the song, Guthrie is called up for a draft examination and rejected as unfit for military service as a result of a criminal record consisting of one conviction for the aforementioned littering. Alice and her restaurant are the subjects of the refrain, but are mentioned only incidentally in the story. Though her presence is implied at certain points in the story, Alice herself is described explicitly in the tale only when she bails Guthrie and a friend out of jail. On the DVD commentary for the 1969 movie, Guthrie stated that the events presented in the song all happened."Alice's Restaurant" was the song that earned Guthrie his first recording contract, after counterculture radio host Bob Fass began playing a tape recording of one of Guthrie's live performances of the song one night in 1967.
A performance at the Newport Folk Festival on July 17, 1967 was very well received. Soon afterward, Guthrie recorded the song in front of a studio audience in New York City and released it as side one of the album, Alice's Restaurant. By the end of the decade, Guthrie had gone from playing coffee houses and small venues to playing massive and prestigious venues such as Carnegie Hall and the Woodstock Festival. For a short period after its release in October 1967, "Alice's Restaurant" was played on U. S. college and counterculture radio stations. It became a symbol of the late 1960s, for many it defined an attitude and lifestyle that were lived out across the country in the ensuing years, its leisurely, sassy finger-picking acoustic guitar and rambling lyrics were memorized and played by irreverent youth. Many stations in the United States have a Thanksgiving Day tradition of playing "Alice's Restaurant". A 1969 film, directed and co-written by Arthur Penn, was based on the true story told in the song, but with the addition of a large number of fictional scenes.
This film called Alice's Restaurant, featured Arlo and several other figures in the song portraying themselves. The part of his father Woody Guth
Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions
Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions is a 2012 box set album featuring the lyrics of American folk musician Woody Guthrie set to music by English folk rock guitarist Billy Bragg and American alternative rock band Wilco. The set contains all the tracks from the released Mermaid Avenue and Mermaid Avenue Vol. II as well as a third disc of outtakes from the original album sessions. Nonesuch Records released the album for Record Store Day to commemorate Guthrie's 100th birthday. In addition to the three albums, the box set includes the documentary Man in the Sand about the making of the Mermaid Avenue project. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 85, based on 12 reviews, which indicates "universal acclaim"; the A. V. Club gave the box set an A−. All lyrics written by Woody Guthrie. Music by Billy Bragg and Wilco. Volume 1"Walt Whitman's Niece" – 3:53 "California Stars" – 4:57 "Way Over Yonder in the Minor Key" – 4:06 "Birds and Ships" ft Natalie Merchant – 2:13 "Hoodoo Voodoo" – 3:12 "She Came Along to Me" – 3:26 "At My Window Sad and Lonely" – 3:27 "Ingrid Bergman" – 1:50 "Christ for President" – 2:39 "I Guess I Planted" – 3:32 "One by One" – 3:22 "Eisler on the Go" – 2:56 "Hesitating Beauty" – 3:04 "Another Man's Done Gone" – 1:34 "The Unwelcome Guest" – 5:09Volume 2"Airline to Heaven" – 4:50 Words: Woody Guthrie 1939.
Music: Jay Bennett and Jeff Tweedy 1997. "My Flying Saucer" – 1:45 Words: Guthrie 1950. Music: Billy Bragg 1995. "Feed of Man" – 4:08 Words: Guthrie. Music: Tweedy 1998 "Hot Rod Hotel" – 3:17 Words: Guthrie 1949. Music: Bragg 1996. "I Was Born" – 1:50 Words: Guthrie 1950. Music: Bragg 1996. Vocals: Natalie Merchant. "Secret of the Sea" – 2:42 Words: Guthrie 1939. Music: Bennett/Tweedy 1999. "Stetson Kennedy" – 2:39 Words: Guthrie 1950. Music: Bragg 1997. "Remember the Mountain Bed" – 6:26 Words: Guthrie 1944. Music: Tweedy/Bennett 1999. "Blood of the Lamb" – 4:16 Words: Guthrie 1955. Music: Tweedy/Bennett 1999. "Aginst th' Law" – 3:03 Words: Guthrie 1947. Music: Bragg 1995. "All You Fascists" – 2:43 Words: Guthrie 1942. Music: Bragg 1997. "Joe DiMaggio Done It Again" – 2:31 Words: Guthrie 1949. Music: Bragg 1995. "Meanest Man" – 3:46 Words: Guthrie 1945. Music: Bragg 1997. "Black Wind Blowing" – 3:00 Words: Guthrie. Music: Bragg 1997. "Someday Some Morning Sometime" – 2:53 Words: Guthrie 1948. Music: Tweedy 2000.
Volume 3"Bugeye Jim" – 3:18 "When the Roses Bloom Again" – 4:11 "Gotta Work" – 2:16 "My Thirty Thousand" – 2:40 "Ought to Be Satisfied Now" – 3:34 "Listening to the Wind That Blows" – 5:07 "Go Down to the Water" – 4:36 "Chain of Broken Hearts" – 3:31 "Jailcell Blues" – 2:28 "Don't You Marry" – 3:18 "Give Me a Nail" – 1:42 "The Jolly Banker" – 3:31 "Union Prayer" – 4:12 "Be Kind to the Boy on the Road" – 3:46 "Ain'ta Gonna Grieve" – 4:52 "Tea Bag Blues" – 4:03 "I'm Out to Get" – 3:58Volume 4Man in the Sand documentary Billy Bragg – guitar, vocals Jay Bennett – organ, clavinet, drums, background vocals Ken Coomer – percussion, drums Bob Egan – slide guitar John Stirratt – piano, background vocals Jeff Tweedy – guitar, vocalsAdditional musiciansCorey Harris – guitar, lap steel guitar, vocals Natalie Merchant – vocals Peter Yanowitz – drums Eliza Carthy – violin Mermaid Avenue Man in the Sand Mermaid Avenue Vol. II Wonder Wheel Woody Guthrie's Happy Joyous Hanukkah The Works New Multitudes Press release from Nonesuch Records Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions at Metacritic
Mermaid Avenue is a 1998 album of unheard lyrics written by American folk singer Woody Guthrie, put to music written and performed by British singer Billy Bragg and the American band Wilco. The project was the first of several such projects organized by Guthrie's daughter, Nora Guthrie, original director of the Woody Guthrie Foundation and archives. Mermaid Avenue was released on the Elektra Records label on June 23, 1998. A second volume of recordings, Mermaid Avenue Vol. II, followed in 2000 and both were collected in a box set alongside volume three in 2012 as Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions; the projects are named after the song "Mermaid's Avenue", written by Guthrie. This was the name of the street in Coney Island, New York on which Guthrie lived. According to American Songwriter Magazine, "The Mermaid Avenue project is essential for showing that Woody Guthrie could illuminate what was going on inside of him as well as he could detail the plight of his fellow man". During the spring of 1992, Woody Guthrie's daughter Nora contacted English singer-songwriter Billy Bragg about writing music for a selection of completed Guthrie lyrics after Bragg played a Guthrie tribute concert in New York City's Central Park.
Her father had left behind over a thousand sets of complete lyrics written between 1939 and 1967. Nora Guthrie's liner notes in Mermaid Avenue indicate that it was her intention that the songs be given to a new generation of musicians who would be able to make the songs relevant to a younger generation. Nora Guthrie contacted Bragg, who in turn approached Wilco and asked them to participate in the project as well. Wilco agreed, in addition to recording with Bragg in Ireland, they were given their own share of songs to finish. Rather than recreating tunes in Guthrie's style and Wilco created new, contemporary music for the lyrics. What seemed like a risky enterprise surprised everyone; the album received a Grammy nomination for Best Contemporary Folk Album, went on to place fourth on the Pazz & Jop Critics Poll for 1998. Since the release of the Mermaid Avenue albums, many other musicians have released recordings that have drawn upon the trove of unpublished Guthrie material. According to Bob Dylan's autobiography, Woody Guthrie had offered his unpublished lyrics to Dylan, but when Dylan visited Guthrie's house to obtain them, Guthrie's wife Marjorie was not home.
Guthrie's son Arlo told his babysitter to let Dylan in, but Arlo didn't know about the manuscripts and Dylan left empty-handed. Man in the Sand, a documentary about the collaboration between Billy Bragg and Wilco, was released in 1999. A DVD of the film is included in Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions. All lyrics written by Woody Guthrie. "Walt Whitman's Niece" – 3:53 "California Stars" – 4:57 "Way Over Yonder in the Minor Key" – 4:06 "Birds and Ships" with Natalie Merchant – 2:13 "Hoodoo Voodoo" – 3:12 "She Came Along to Me" – 3:26 "At My Window Sad and Lonely" – 3:27 "Ingrid Bergman" – 1:50 "Christ for President" – 2:39 "I Guess I Planted" – 3:32 "One by One" – 3:22 "Eisler on the Go" – 2:56 "Hesitating Beauty" – 3:04 "Another Man's Done Gone" – 1:34 "The Unwelcome Guest" – 5:09 Billy Bragg – acoustic guitar, electric guitar, National guitar, banjo, lead vocals, backing vocals, handclaps Jeff Tweedy – acoustic guitar, electric guitar, lead vocals, backing vocals, handclaps Jay Bennett – piano, Hammond B-3 organ, grand piano, Farfisa organ, Farfisa bass pedals, percussion, dulcimer, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, slide guitar, electric bass, backing vocals, handclaps Corey Harris – electric guitar, lap steel guitar, backing vocals, handclaps Ken Coomer – drums, backing vocals, handclaps Natalie Merchant – lead vocals, backing vocals John Stirratt – electric bass, acoustic bass, bass pedals, bass piano, Hammond B-3 organ, acoustic guitar, backing vocals, handclaps Peter Yanowitz – chorus drums Bob Egan – pedal steel, slide guitar Eliza Carthy – violin Johnathan "JP" Parker - backing vocals Elizabeth Steen - accordion Woody Guthrie Foundation Man in the Sand Mermaid Avenue Vol. II Wonder Wheel Woody Guthrie's Happy Joyous Hanukkah The Works New Multitudes Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions Nora Guthrie interview