In vertebrate anatomy, the throat is the front part of the neck, positioned in front of the vertebra. It contains the larynx. An important section of it is the epiglottis, separating the esophagus from the trachea, preventing food and drinks being inhaled into the lungs; the throat contains various blood vessels, pharyngeal muscles, the nasopharyngeal tonsil, the tonsils, the palatine uvula, the trachea, the esophagus, the vocal cords. Mammal throats consist of the hyoid bone and the clavicle; the "throat" is sometimes thought to be synonymous for the fauces. It works with the mouth and nose, as well as a number of other parts of the body, its pharynx is connected to the mouth, allowing speech to occur, food and liquid to pass down the throat. It is joined to the nose by the nasopharynx at the top of the throat, to ear by its Eustachian tube; the throat's trachea carries inhaled air to the bronchi of the lungs. The esophagus carries food through the throat to the stomach. Adenoids and tonsils are composed of lymph tissue.
The larynx contains vocal cords, the epiglottis, an area known as the subglottic larynx—the narrowest section of the upper part of the throat. The Jugulum is a low part of the throat, located above the breast; the term Jugulum is reflected both by the internal and external jugular veins, which pass through the Jugulum. Strep throat Tracheotomy Tonsilloliths Throat singing
The following provides a partial list of products manufactured under the Canon brand. Other products manufactured and/or service-rendered under the Canon brand may not appear here; such products may include office or industrial application devices, wireless LAN products, semiconductor and precision products. Auto Timer Slide Projector Auto Slide Projector Slidester Slidester 300 Auto Slide 500 Slidester 302 Auto Slide 650EF Canon P-8 Auto Projector 8Z Cinestar P-8 P-8 Cinestar S P-8 Cinestar S-2/Cine Projector S-2 Canovision 8 Cine Projector P-400 Cinestar S-400/Cine Projector S-400 Canovision 8-2 Cine Projector T-1 Sound Projector PS-1000 Cine Projector P-777 Seiki Kogaku began to develop and subsequently to produce rangefinder cameras with the Kwanon prototype in 1933, based on the Leica II 35mm camera, with separate rangefinder and view finder systems. Production began with the Hansa Canon on the Leica III format through WWII. Post war Canon resumed production of pre-war designs in early 1946 with the JII viewfinder and the S1 rangefinder.
But in late 1946 they introduced the SII which departed from the Leica design by offering a combined viewfinder/rangefinder system, reducing the windows on the front of the camera to two. However, in most other respects these cameras remained visually similar to the Leica III. Kwanon Nippon Kogaku provided Seiki Kogaku with funding, Nikkor lenses and technical assistance Canon Known today as the "Original Canon" The viewfinder moved to the top of the camera, differing from the Leica Hansa Canon Omiya Trading Co marketed original Canon with the Hansa name above the Canon name on the top Canon S Standard model; the word “Hansa” disappeared from the brand name, was replaced with just “Canon” Canon NS New Standard. A Canon S without the slow shutter speeds. Canon J II Similar if not the same as prewar cameras Canon S Similar if not the same as prewar cameras Canon S II A redesign with combined range finder and viewfinder functions - two windows Canon II B Canon II C Canon III Canon IV Canon III A Canon IV S Canon II A Canon II D Canon IV SB Canon II AF Canon II F Canon II AX Canon II S Canon IV Sb2 Canon II S2 Canon II D2 Canon II F2 In 1956, Canon departed from the Leica II Style and developed a more contemporary look, along with a Contax style self-timer level to the left of the lens mount.
This was the first Canon camera with a swing-open camera back for film loading. Upper end models had winding triggers. Canon VT Canon L2 Canon VT Deluxe Canon L1 Canon L3 Canon VL Canon VL2 Canon VI T Canon VI L Canon P Canonet Lower priced simpler camera Canon 7 Including a built-in meter and improved viewfinder system. Canon partnered with US manufacturer Bell & Howell between 1961–1976 and a few Canon products were sold in the US under the Bell & Howell brand e.g. Canon 7 Rangefinder, Canon EX-EE, the Canon TX. Canon developed and produced the Canon R lens mount for film SLR cameras in 1959; the FL lens mount replaced R-mounts in 1964. Canonflex - Planned as Canon's first professional-class SLR camera body, but it was not successful. Available with builtin motor-drive option. Canonflex R2000 - An upgrade with 1/2000 shutter speed Canonflex RP - simplified Canonflex without the interchangeable prism/viewer Canonflex RM - A redesign of the RP with builtin metering and a lower profile prism. Offered with an f/1.2 58mm lens optionDetails Canon developed and produced the Canon FL lens-mount standard for film SLR cameras from 1964 to replace the Canon R lens-mount standard.
The FD lens mount standard replaced FL-mounts in 1971. Canon FX Canon FP Canon Pellix Canon FT QL Canon Pellix QL Canon TL In 1969 Canon introduced an economy camera/lens system where the rear three elements were built-on-to the camera, several front element options could be interchanged; this had been used by Zeiss-Ikon in their mid-level cameras of their Contaflex series, by Kodak in early interchangeable lenses for the top-end Retina series. Canon offered four lens options: 35mm f/3.5, 50mm f/1.8, 95mm f/3.5, 1255mm f/3.5. Through the lens metering was center automatic exposure was shutter speed priority. Only two cameras were offered and the line was not successful. Canon EXEE Canon EX Auto improved auto flash features Canon developed and produced the Canon FD lens mount standard for film SLR cameras from 1971 to replace the FL lens mount standard; the FD mount had two variants – original lenses used a breechlock collar to mount whilst versions used a standard bayonet twist lock with a short twist action.
The EF lens mount standard superseded FD-mounts in 1987. Canon ceased to produce FD-mount cameras in 1994. Canon F-1 - Reputed as Canon's first successful professional-class SLR camera body; the 1959 Canonflex professional camera system was down-featured for the consumer market. Canon FTb Canon FTbn Canon EF Canon TLb Canon TX Canon F-1n Canon New F-1 Canon AE-1 Canon AT-1 Canon A-1 Canon AV-1 Canon AE-1 Program Canon AL-1 Canon T50
Hanson Robotics Limited is a Hong Kong-based engineering and robotics company founded by David Hanson, known for its development of human-like robots with artificial intelligence for consumer, service and research applications. The robots include the first walking robot with human-like expressions; the company has 45 employees. Hanson Robotics’ robots feature a patented spongy elastomer skin called Frubber that resembles human skin in its feel and flexibility. Underneath the Frubber are proprietary motor control systems by which the robots mimic human expressions. In 2013, the company moved from Texas to Hong Kong Science Park and planned to develop a robotics hub in Hong Kong. In October 2016, the company was selected as one of nine companies to join the Disney Accelerator program; the company has focused on building robots. Sophia is Hanson Robotics’ most well-known robot, is featured in news outlets, receives a great deal of public interest; the company's latest creation made her debut at the 2016 South by Southwest show, with her interview by CNBC reaching a broad audience.
Since she has become a global media personality, having conducted numerous press interviews and appeared on broadcast television shows including CBS 60 Minutes with Charlie Rose, the Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Good Morning Britain. She has been a keynote and panel speaker at global conferences and events, including those hosted by ITU, United Nations. Sophia was featured in AUDI's annual report and has graced the cover and centerfold of ELLE Magazine. Sophia is the first United Nations Development Programme's first Innovation Champion, the first non-human to be given any UN title. In 2018, Sophia won an Edison Award for Innovation in that competition's robotics category. Alice was developed in 2008 for MIRA Labs in Switzerland; the female robot has an expressive face. She acts to serve cognitive robotics research at the University of Geneva and is part of the INDIGO cognitive robotics consortium, where Hanson Robotics is a founding member. Albert Einstein HUBO was, developed in November 2005 in collaboration with the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology HUBO group of Korea.
Inspired by German-born theoretical physicist Albert Einstein, the expressive walking humanoid featured Einstein's head on a HUBO robot body. KAIST built the walking body, Hanson Robotics built the animatronic head and the face, which uses elastic polymer called Frubber; the robot debuted at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit in November 2005. Albert Einstein HUBO can perform realistic facial expressions and mimic Albert Einstein's voice via a voice synthesizer; the robot is at the University of California, San Diego at the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology. BINA48 is a humanoid robot who has a bust-like head and shoulders mounted on a frame, can produce realistic facial appearance from 30 motors beneath her Frubber skin, she was released by Hanson in 2010. She is described as a “technological sketch” of a human being, commissioned by millionaire Martine Rothblatt to mimic the appearance of her spouse of over 35 years, Bina Rothblatt. BINA48 includes a database with dozens of books.
BINA48 is stationed at the non-profit Terasem Movement Foundation, Inc. Han debuted in 2015 at the Global Sources electronics fair in Hong Kong; the robot was designed to replicate human expressions. He is able to detect people using an array of cameras and speech recognition technology, decipher their gender and facial indications of emotion, as such, Hanson Robotics has suggested the robot could be of use in hotels or customer service positions. Han is bald with masculine features, he possesses a British accent, specializes in making humorous facial expressions. Jules debuted in 2006 at Wired Nextfest. Jules is a robot that has machine learning capabilities, face tracking, facial recognition, his software was development by Hanson Robotics in collaboration with the Personality Forge AI Chatbot Platform, with Personality Forge founder and developer, Benji Adams, Heather McKeen. Jules is described as having a “statistically perfect androgynous face”; the robot resides at the University of West England in Bristol.
Professor Einstein is Hanson Robotics' only personal robot available to consumers. The robot was developed in 2016 and was unveiled at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas in January 2017; the robot first became available for purchase to consumers in January 2017 after launching on the crowdfunding platform Kickstarter, became available on Amazon and at other popular retailers across the United States. Professor Einstein is marketed as an educational tool to teach science to children ages 8–13; the robot can speak about science, tell jokes, connect to Wifi to check the weather or access information on the internet. It has a corresponding app called the Stein-O-Matic that offers games and lessons. Motors allow it to walk, make different facial expressions, an on-chest camera tracks faces. Philip K. Dick Android was shown publicly for the first time in 2005 at Wired Nextfest, he was designed as an android portrait of the American science fiction writer Philip K. Dick, was programmed to contain thousands of pages of the writings of the author, including journals and letters, into a Latent Semantic Analysis corpus and conversational system construct android.
In 2005, Hanson and team received an AAAI awa
Henri Dreyfus was a Swiss inventor of the modern weaving loom. He and his brother Camille Dreyfus invented Celanese, an acetate yarn. Henri Dreyfus was born in 1882, into a Jewish family, from Basel, Switzerland in 1878, he was the younger brother of Camille Dreyfus His parent's were Henrietta Dreyfus. Their father was involved in the chemical industry; the brothers both went to school in Basel and studied at the Sorbonne, Paris. In 1904 Henri Dreyfus earned a PhD from the University of Basel with the highest honors; the Dreyfus brothers began experimenting in a small laboratory in a corner of the garden of their father's house in Basel. Their first achievement was to develop synthetic indigo dyes. In 1908 they turned to developing cellulose acetate, including scientific investigation of the properties of the compound and commercial exploitation; this would consume the rest of their lives. The initial goal was to create a safe and non-flammable alternative to celluloid used for motion pictures and photography.
By 1910 they had perfected aircraft dope. On 12 December 1912 Henri and Camille Dreyfus, funded by the entrepreneur Alexander Clavel-Respinger, set up a factory in Basel, Cellonit Gesellschaft Dreyfus & Co. to produce fireproof celluloid from cellulose acetate. The Cellonit company, founded in 1913, was innovative in developing new materials; the Dreyfus brothers produced the first acetate continuous filament yarn in 1913. However, most of the production went in film for motion pictures or toiletry items; the Paris-based Pathé cinema equipment manufacturer became a major customer. The company made lacquers that were used for German Zeppelins and airplanes. Demand for acetate lacquers grew as the aircraft industry expanded. During World War I the Cellonite company was the only bidder to respond to a request from the British War Office for manufacture of cellulose acetate dopes in the United Kingdom. Camille and Henri Dreyfus moved to Britain in 1916 to supervise construction of a factory to make the dope, used to coat the fabric skins of airplanes to make them taut, fire-resistant and waterproof.
The British Cellulose and Chemical Manufacturing company was established to operate the factory with 160,000 shares, of which the Dreyfus brothers and Alexander Clavel received 79,998, the Prudential Trust of Canada 40,470, Vickers Ltd. 19,800 and the remainder to smaller investors. The plant was built at Derbyshire, by Alfred David McAlpine. A contract for forty tons of lacquer was signed in January 1917, deliveries began in April 1917. There were difficulties meeting demand at first, in part due to shortage of the raw materials. However, the company expanded fast, moved into other products needed by the aircraft industry; the British Government patented Henri Drefus's process for producing acetic acid anhydride. By 1918, Henri Dreyfus was managing a workforce of 14,000. With the end of World War I in November 1918 all the lacquer contracts were cancelled and the company had to struggle to survive. Camille Dreyfus had left in February 1918 to set up an American operation to become the Celanese Corporation, did not return until July 1919.
The two brothers moved into new cellulose-based products including varnishes, paints and an artificial silk yarn that they called celanese. Spondon had the capacity to make about 1,000 pounds of acetate filament daily when Henri launched the product under the "celanese" brand in 1921. Henri Dreyfus concentrated on technical development and running the British company for the rest of his life; the British Celanese company went public in 1920. The government acquired £1,450,000 in preferred shares in return for the funding it had supplied, but sold this stake over the next few years; the company changed its name to British Celanese in 1923. The company forecast large profits, but did not pay any dividends on its common shares until 1944, when Drayfus died. Henri Dreyfus's brother Camille ran the American company, which went public in 1927. Although they were technically independent public companies, in practice the two were both controlled by the Dreyfus brothers, who treated them as parent and subsidiary.
Henri was a director of the American company until his death. Henri Dreyfus was effective in promoting his company's products in competition with other artificial fiber manufacturers, notably Courtaulds. A 1930 survey found; because both methanol and carbon monoxide are commodity raw materials, methanol carbonylation long appeared to be attractive precursors to acetic acid. Henri Dreyfus developed a methanol carbonylation pilot plant at British Celanese as early as 1925. However, a lack of practical materials that could contain the corrosive reaction mixture at the high pressures needed discouraged commercialization. Patents were awarded for many important inventions such as disperse dying and the dry-spinning process. British Celanese sued Courtaulds for infringement of acetate patents in 1931 filed a series of appeals that reached the House of Lords, which rejected the claim, they sued again in 1936 and lost again in 1937. The appeal against this decision was withdrawn, they reached agreement on a merger in 1939.
They were not resumed in Dreyfus's lifetime. Henri Dreyfus died in 1944. During his life he had filed more than 2,000 patent applications. In 1946 Camille Dreyfus set up the Henry Dreyfus Foundation in memory of his brother, "to advance the science of chemistry, chemical engineering and related sciences as a means of
Reverend Robert Harman Morgan was a Church in Wales vicar and Labour Party politician, who became leader of South Glamorgan County Council. He is father of Labour politician Eluned Morgan. Morgan was born on 28 October 1928 and grew up in Tremorfa, until the Second World War forced his family to evacuate to Aberdare where he went to the local grammar school. After the war he returned to Cardiff and, after spending National Service in the RAF, got a job as an insurance clerk. With ambitions to become a social worker he took two A-levels in six months, before graduating in Politics and Economics at University College, Cardiff, he went on to the theological college at Mirfield in Yorkshire before being ordained in 1957 to a curacy at St Augustine's Church, Penarth where he served until 1961. He married his wife, Elaine, in 1963. In 1961 Morgan became curate on the large Cardiff housing estate of Ely, he became viar of the Ely parish in 1967. He raised £10,000 to repair the Church of the Resurrection and established himself as a central figure in the area.
The Church of the Resurrection became a community refuge for the locals. It held a weekly disco in the church hall. In 1974, after being encouraged by a church warden to enter into politics, Morgan was elected to Cardiff City Council and South Glamorgan County Council for the Ely ward. In 1977 he became leader of Labour group on South Glamorgan Council and subsequently leader of the council when Labour regained control in 1982, he led the regeneration of Cardiff's impoverished ex-industrial areas. He was replaced by Jack Brooks as leader in 1989, became chairman of the council in 1992, before retiring from politics the following year. Morgan was awarded the Order of the British Empire in the 1994 New Years Honours, for "services to the community in South Glamorgan", he became an honorary canon of Llandaff Cathedral in the same year. Morgan retired to live in Pembrokeshire, he died on 23 November 2011 at Swansea. In tribute, former First Minister of Wales Rhodri Morgan said ""He was a massive figure in Ely and in South Glamorgan politics, he married religion and politics remarkably in that he never saw any distinction between being a committed Christian vicar of a deprived parish... and being a leader and member of the Labour group on South Glamorgan county council."
In 2016 a memorial glass screen was unveiled at the Church of Resurrection, with lines from the Magnificat in English and Welsh
The 2001 Atlantic 10 Conference Baseball Championship was held at Cracker Jack Stadium in Lake Buena Vista, Florida from May 17–19. It featured the top four regular-season finishers of the conference's 11 teams. 2001 was the final season. Third-seeded Richmond defeated George Washington in the title game to win the tournament for the third time, earning the Atlantic 10's automatic bid to the 2001 NCAA Tournament; the league's top four teams, based on winning percentage in the 22-game regular-season schedule, were seeded one through four. In the tie for third place, the conference's tiebreakers gave Dayton the second seed over Temple; the following players were named to the All-Tournament Team. Temple third baseman Kyle Sweppenhiser, one of five Owls selected, was named Most Outstanding Player; this was the second time Sweppenhiser was selected to the time, after having first been selected in 1999 George Washington's Mike Bassett and Dan Rouhier were both named for the second time. Bassett was first selected in 2000, Rouhier in 1998