Abilene is a city in Taylor and Jones counties in Texas, United States. The population was 117,463 at the 2010 census, making it the 27th-most populous city in the state of Texas, it is the principal city of the Abilene Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2017 estimated population of 170,219. It is the county seat of Taylor County. Dyess Air Force Base is located on the west side of the city. Abilene is located between exits 279 on its western edge and 292 on the east. Abilene is 150 miles west of Fort Worth; the city is looped by I-20 to the north, US 83/84 on the west, Loop 322 to the east. A railroad divides the city down the center into south; the historic downtown area is on the north side of the railroad. Established by cattlemen as a stock shipping point on the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1881, the city was named after Abilene, the original endpoint for the Chisholm Trail; the T&P had bypassed the town of the county seat at the time. A landowner north of Buffalo Gap, Clabe Merchant, known as the father of Abilene, chose the name for the new town.
According to a Dallas newspaper, about 800 people had begun camping at the townsite before the lots were sold. The town was laid out by Colonel J. Stoddard Johnson, the auction of lots began early on March 15, 1881. By the end of the first day, 139 lots were sold for a total of $23,810, another 178 lots were sold the next day for $27,550. Abilene was incorporated soon after being founded in 1881, Abilenians began to set their sights on bringing the county seat to Abilene, in a three-to-one vote, won the election. In 1888, the Progressive Committee was formed to attract businesses to the area, which became the Board of Trade in 1890. By 1900, 3,411 people lived in Abilene, in that decade, the Board of Trade changed its name to the 25,000 Club in the hope of reaching 25,000 people by the next census. However, this committee failed when the population only hit 9,204 in 1910. Replacing it was the Young Men's Booster Club, which became the Abilene Chamber of Commerce in 1914; the cornerstone was laid for the first of three future universities in Abilene, called Simmons College, in 1891, which became Hardin–Simmons University.
Childers Classical Institute followed in 1906 Abilene Christian University, the largest of the three. In 1923, McMurry College was founded and became McMurry University. Much more Abilene succeeded in bringing Cisco Junior College and Texas State Technical College branches to Abilene, with the Cisco Junior College headquarters being located in Abilene. In 1940, Abilene raised the money to purchase land for a U. S. Army base, southwest of town, named Camp Barkeley, at the time twice the size of Abilene with 60,000 men; when the base closed, many worried that Abilene could become a ghost town, but in the post-World War II boom, many servicemen returned to start businesses in Abilene. In the early-1950s, residents raised $893,261 to purchase 3,400 acres of land for an Air Force base. Today, Dyess Air Force Base is the city's largest employer, with 6,076 employees. Abilene's population nearly doubled in 10 years from 45,570 in 1950 to 90,638. In the same year, a second high school was added, Cooper High School.
In 1966, the Abilene Zoo was created near Abilene Regional Airport. The following year, one of the most important bond elections in the city's history passed for the funding of the construction of the Abilene Civic Center and the Taylor County Coliseum, as well as major improvements to Abilene Regional Airport. In 1969, the Woodson elementary and high school for black students closed as the school system was integrated. In 1982, Abilene became the first city in Texas to create a downtown reinvestment zone. Texas State Technical College opened an Abilene branch three years later; the 2,250-bed French Robertson Prison Unit was built in 1989. A half-cent sales tax earmarked for economic development was created after the decline in the petroleum business in the 1980s. A branch of Cisco Junior College was located in the city in 1990; the Grace Museum and Paramount Theatre revitalizations, along with Artwalk in 1992, sparked a decade of downtown restoration. In 2004, Frontier Texas!, a multimedia museum highlighting the history of the area from 1780 to 1880, was constructed, a new $8 million, 38-acre Cisco Junior College campus was built at Loop 322 and Industrial Boulevard.
Subdivisions and businesses started locating along the freeway, on the same side as the CJC campus, showing a slow but progressive trend for Abilene growth on the Loop. Abilene has become the commercial, retail and transportation hub of a 19-county area more known as "The Big Country", but known as the "Texas Midwest", is part of the Central Great Plains ecoregion. By the end of 2005, commercial and residential development had reached record levels in and around the city. Abilene is located in northeastern Taylor County; the city limits extend north into Jones County. Interstate 20 leads west 148 miles to Midland. Three U. S. highways pass through the city. US 83 runs west of the city center, leading south 55 miles to Ballinger. US 84 runs with US 83 through the southwest part of the city but leads southeast 52 miles to Coleman and west with I-20 40 miles to Sweetwater. US 277 follows US 83 around the northwest side of the city and north to Anson but heads southwest from Abilene 89 miles so San Angelo.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Abilene has a total area of 112.2 square miles, of which 106.8 square miles are land and 5.4 square miles are covered by
Bastrop is a city and the county seat of Bastrop County, United States. Located about 30 miles southeast of Austin, it is part of the Greater Austin metropolitan area; the population was 7,218 according to the 2010 census. Bastrop is located near the center of Bastrop County along the lower Colorado River; the downtown business district of the city is located on a bluff on the east bank of the river, but the city extends to the west side of the river as well. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles, of which 9.0 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 1.23%, is water. Three miles northeast of the town, Lake Bastrop is a 906-acre reservoir on Spicer Creek operated by the Lower Colorado River Authority since its impounding in 1964. Although used as a cooling pond for the Sim Gideon Power Plant, the lake is used for recreation, the LCRA maintains two public parks on the lake; the Bastrop Independent School District serves Bastrop. Some residents are zoned to Mina Elementary School, while others are zoned to Emile Elementary School.
All residents are zoned to Bastrop Intermediate School, Bastrop Middle School, Bastrop High School. Austin Community College conducts continuing education classes at the Bastrop High School. From 1893 until 1969 Emile High School served as the segregated black high school. According to the Bastrop Economic Development Corporation as of 2004, the area's four largest employers are the Bastrop Independent school district, Wal-Mart, H-E-B Grocery Store and the Bastrop County government; the Hyatt Regency Lost Pines Resort and Spa, opened on June 2, 2006, with 491 rooms and gave a boost to employment and sales tax in the area. When the property changed ownership in 2011, officials stated it employed 600 individuals plus 175 additional seasonal employees - making it the largest private employer in Bastrop County; the first edition of The Bastrop Advertiser and County News was published on March 1, 1853, giving it claim to be the oldest continuously published weekly in the state of Texas. The wider Bastrop County is covered by papers such as the Elgin Courier.
Several movies were at least filmed in Bastrop, including Lovin' Molly, the original The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, Home Fries, Courage Under Fire, the 2004 remake of The Alamo. Other projects include All The Boys Love Mandy Lane and Fireflies in the Garden, starring Willem Dafoe and Julia Roberts; the remake of Friday the 13th was partially filmed in Bastrop. Filmed in and near Bastrop: The Life of David Gale with Kevin Spacey and Kate Winslet. Bernie 2010 with Jack Black, Shirley MacLaine, Matthew McConaughey. Filmed near Bastrop on the Buck Steiner Ranch was A Perfect World with Kevin Costner, Clint Eastwood and Laura Dern. In late 2012 and early 2013, the film Joe Ransom starring Nicolas Cage was filmed in Bastrop at the Lost Pines Boy Scout Park. Prince Avalanche starring Paul Rudd and Emile Hirsch was shot in Bastrop, after the Bastrop County Complex fire. Boyhood starring Patricia Arquette and Ethan Hawke was shot in the Lost Pines of Bastrop. Bastrop can reach 100 °F in the summer. Extreme temperatures range from -1 °F to 111 °F.
As of the census of 2000, there are 5340 people in Bastrop, organized into 2034 households and 1336 families. The population density is 734.8 people per square mile. There are 2,239 housing units at an average density of 308.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city is 72.34% White, 17.00% African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.73% Native American, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 7.02% from other races, 1.91% from two or more races. 17.75 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 2,034 households out of which 32.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% are married couples living together, 15.3% have a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% are non-families. 29.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.6% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.46 and the average family size is 3.05. In the city, the population is spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 14.8% who are 65 years of age or older.
The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females, there are 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $40,212, the median income for a family is $49,258. Males have a median income of $34,388 versus $27,582 for females; the per capita income for the city is $19,862. 11.7% of the population and 10.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.6% of those under the age of 18 and 13.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Spanish soldiers lived temporarily at the current site of Bastrop as early as 1804, when a fort was established where the Old San Antonio Road crossed the Colorado River and named Puesta del Colorado. Bastrop's namesake, Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de Bastrop, was a commoner named Philip Hendrik Nering Bogel, wanted for embezzlement in his native country of the Netherlands. In Texas, he assisted Moses an
McMullen County, Texas
McMullen County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. It is the wealthiest county in Texas; as of the 2010 census, its population was 707. Its county seat is Tilden; the county was established from parts of Bexar County, Atascosa County, Live Oak County in 1858 and organized in 1877. It is named for founder of a colony in Texas; the McMullen County Courthouse was designed by the architect W. C. Stephenson from Buffalo, New York. Stephenson designed some fifty buildings in Beeville, including the Bee County Courthouse. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,157 square miles, of which 1,137 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water. State Highway 16 State Highway 72 State Highway 97 Farm to Market Road 99 Farm to Market Road 624 Farm to Market Road 791 Farm to Market Road 1582 Atascosa County Live Oak County Duval County La Salle County Frio County As of the census of 2000, there were 851 people, 355 households, 238 families residing in the county; the population density was less than 1/km².
There were 587 housing units at an average density of 0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 88.37% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 8.93% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. 33.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 355 households out of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.70% were non-families. 30.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 28.70% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,500, the median income for a family was $35,417. Males had a median income of $26,953 versus $20,982 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,258. 20.70% of the population and 15.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 28.60% are under the age of 18 and 17.90% are 65 or older. McMullen County is served by the McMullen County Independent School District. Tilden Calliham New Calliham Old Calliham List of museums in South Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in McMullen County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in McMullen County McMullen County from the Handbook of Texas Online "McMullen County Profile" from the Texas Association of Counties
Angleton is a city in and the county seat of Brazoria County, United States, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. Angleton lies at the intersection of State Highway 288, State Highway 35, the Union Pacific Railroad; the population was 18,862 at the 2010 census. Angleton is in the 14th congressional district, is represented by Republican Congressman Randy Weber. Angleton was founded in 1890 near the center of Brazoria County and named for the wife of the general manager of the Velasco Terminal Railway. A bitter rivalry emerged between nearby Brazoria for the location of the county seat; the town was incorporated on November 12, 1912. As the county seat, Angleton hosts the Brazoria County Fair every October. Angleton is located near the center of Brazoria County at 29°9′59″N 95°25′41″W. Texas State Highway 288, a four-lane freeway, runs along the western edge of the city, with access from five exits. Highway 288 leads north 43 miles to downtown Houston and south 18 miles to Freeport near the Gulf of Mexico.
Texas State Highway 35 crosses Highway 288 and passes through the center of Angleton, leading northeast 21 miles to Alvin and west 37 miles to Bay City. According to the United States Census Bureau, Angleton has a total area of 11.3 square miles, of which 0.019 sq mi, or 0.17%, is covered by water. As of the census of 2000, 18,130 people, 6,508 households, 4,894 families resided in the city; the population density was 1,716.3 people per square mile. There were 7,220 housing units at an average density of 683.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 63.21% White, 23.19% Hispanic or Latino, 11.38% African American, 0.47% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.63% from other races, 2.15% from two or more races. Of the 6,508 households, 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.8% were not families. About 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.19. In the city, the population was distributed as 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,184, for a family was $50,019. Males had a median income of $39,711 versus $23,508 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,915. About 8.9% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Angleton District Parole Office in Angleton. In addition, the TDCJ Wayne Scott Unit is located in an unincorporated area near Angleton; the United States Postal Service operates the Angleton Post Office. Angleton is home to nine parks.
Bates Park Brushy Bayou Park Welch Park Dickey Park Freedom Park Masterson Park B. G. Peck Soccer Complex and Park Veterans Park The city is served by the following for emergency services: Angleton Police Department Angleton Area Emergency Medical Corps Angleton Volunteer Fire Department The public schools in the city are operated by Angleton Independent School District. High schoolsAngleton High School Junior high schoolsAngleton Junior High School Elementary schoolsCentral Elementary Frontier Elementary Northside Elementary Rancho Isabella Elementary Southside Elementary Westside Elementary Angleton High School - ACE Brazoria County Juvenile Detention Brazoria County Alternative Education Center Student Alternative Center Angleton Christian School The Angleton Library and the Brazoria County Historical Museum Library are a part of the Brazoria County Library System. Benchmark Electronics is based in Angleton. Country Hearth Inn known as Homeplace, opened its first location in Angleton in 1983.
Greyhound Bus Lines operates the Angleton Station at 530 E Mulberry St, located in the city. Texas Gulf Coast Regional Airport serves Angleton. Southern Brazoria County Transit provides bus service options for Angleton, along with Clute, Lake Jackson, Freeport. Lakareber Abe, All-American golf player for the Alabama Crimson Tide Dennis Bonnen, Republican member of Texas House of Representatives from District 25 since 1997. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Angleton has a humid subtropical
Bay City, Texas
Bay City is a city in Matagorda County, United States. The population was 17,614 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Matagorda County. The current mayor is Mark Bricker. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles, of which 8.5 square miles is land and 0.12% is covered by water. Bay City was named "Bay Prairie", as the natural ecosystems that surround the town are prairies crisscrossed by creeks that lead into the bay; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, 18,667 people, 6,912 households, 4,769 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,196.0 people per square mile. There were 8,113 housing units at an average density of 954.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 61.62% White, 17.26% African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 16.84% from other races, 2.59% from two or more races.
Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 34.74% of the population. Of the 6,912 households, 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were not families. About 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.25. In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,446, for a family was $39,281. Males had a median income of $38,202 versus $23,058 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,284. About 18.3% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.
Minorities make up the largest ethnic portion of Texas. In 2017, Bay City became the site of a new $1.8-billion Tenaris seamless-pipe mill, making tubular goods, such as drill pipe and casing, for the oil-drilling industry. Bay City housed the headquarters of Stanley Stores; the chain made several donations to the Bay City Museum. Bay City is home to the Matagorda County Birding Nature Center, a 35-acre expanse of gardens and wildlife along the Colorado River of Texas. Other attractions include the Matagorda County Museum, Market Days every 3rd Saturday, a variety of small shops and boutiques downtown; the Bay City Art League located here, has undergone major renovations and is working to revitalize the art scene in Matagorda County. In addition, the Bay City Community Theatre group produces shows at various local venues. Bay City is served by the Bay City Independent School District, consisting of elementary, junior high, high schools; the district operated seven schools until grade levels were condensed.
It is now operating five schools and is led by superintendent Dr. Marshall Scott III. Wharton County Junior College has a campus in Bay City, focusing on technical training and nuclear plant operations. Matagorda County is served by the Matagorda Regional Medical Center, the mission-aligned Matagorda Medical Group; the Matagorda Episcopal Health Outreach Program, the county's only federally qualified health center, offers Family Medical, OB/Gyn, Behavior Health, Dentistry services. MEHOP accepts most insurances and assures that no patient will be denied or unable to access health care services due to an individual's inability to pay. Charles Austin, Olympic gold medalist. Forrest Bess, artist Robert Blackmon, professional football player. David Caldwell, professional football player. J. B. Cox, professional baseball player. Joe DeLoach, Olympic gold medalist during the Seoul Olympics. Mark Dennard, professional football player. Alex Dixon, professional soccer player. Hart Lee Dykes, professional football player.
Simon Fletcher, professional football player. Ronnie Heard, professional football player. Quentin Jammer, professional football player. Chandi Jones, professional basketball player. Greg Laughlin, U. S. Representatives from Texas's 14th district. C. Wallis Ohl, Jr. retired Provisional Bishop of Fort Worth. Ricardo Ramírez, Roman Catholic Bishop. Tracy Simien, professional football player. Loy Sneary, rice farmer and former county judge. Mal Whitfield, Olympic gold medalist. Cedric Woodard, professional football player. Tom Uher and Texas State Representative for 32 years Part of the 1965 movie Baby the Rain Must Fall was filmed in Bay City, The Tree of Life gathered locals to be extras for filming at Matagorda Beach... Official website Bay City in Handbook of Texas
Archer City, Texas
Archer City is a city in Archer County, United States. It is the county seat of Archer County; the city lies at the junction of State Highway 79 and State Highway 25. It is located 25 miles south of Wichita Falls, is part of the Wichita Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 1,834 at the 2010 census. The city is named for a commissioner for the Republic of Texas. Twelve miles west-northwest of the city lies a 1.5-mile antenna, the Lake Kickapoo Field Station, operated by the 20th Space Control Squadron, part of the Air Force Space Surveillance System, used for observing objects passing over the United States. It is the primary anchor transmitter for the Space Command southern "fence" network for monitoring the space defense system, it extends east-to-west across America at about the 33rd parallel north. The antenna has restricted entry. Archer City is located at 33°35′39″N 98°37′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles, of which, 2.2 square miles of it are land and 0.04 square miles of it is covered by water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,834 people, 758 households, 506 families residing in the city. The population density was 837.3 people per square mile. There were 869 housing units at an average density of 393.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.56% White, 0.70% Native American, 0.81% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.33% of the population. There were 758 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,886, the median income for a family was $36,563. Males had a median income of $29,524 versus $18,977 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,140. About 11.3% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over. Kelvin Green was elected mayor of Archer City in 2014 at the age of 18, he was in high school. He was re-elected in 2017. Archer City is served by the Archer City Independent School District. There is one school campus at Archer City consisting of Archer City High School and Archer City Elementary School. Thadd Harrison Blanton - American Air Force Officer. Participant in the Doolittle Raid on Japan during World War II, serving as co-pilot on crew 12, was born in Archer City in February 25, 1919 and died in Florida in 1961 as a Lt. Colonel, Air Force, retired.
Interred in Gainesville, Texas. Angela Kinsey - American actress who portrays Angela Martin in the comedy series The Office. Larry McMurtry - American author. Archer City and its Royal Theater are the basis for McMurtry's fictional towns of "Thalia" and "Anarene" in his novels, including The Last Picture Show; the films The Last Picture Show and its sequel Texasville were filmed in Archer City. Graham B. Purcell, Jr. - U. S. representative from Texas' 13th congressional district from 1962 to 1973, was born in Archer City in 1919. The climate in this area is characterized as hot, with humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Archer City has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps. Archer City Archer City Independent School District Official Website Archer City from the Handbook of Texas Online
San Antonio the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populous city in the United States, the second-most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States, with more than 1.5 million residents. Founded as a Spanish mission and colonial outpost in 1718, the city became the first chartered civil settlement in present-day Texas in 1731; the area was still part of the Spanish Empire, of the Mexican Republic. Today it is the state's oldest municipality; the city's deep history is contrasted with its rapid recent growth during the past few decades. It was the fastest-growing of the top ten largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, the second from 1990 to 2000. Straddling the regional divide between South and Central Texas, San Antonio anchors the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion colloquially known as the "Texas Triangle". San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County. Since San Antonio was founded during the Spanish Colonial Era, it has a church in its center, on the main civic plaza in front, a characteristic of many Spanish-founded cities and villages in Spain and Latin America.
As with many other urban centers in the Southwestern United States, areas outside the city limits are sparsely populated. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan statistical area. Called Greater San Antonio, the metro area has a population of 2,473,974 based on the 2017 U. S. census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States and third-largest in Texas. Growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north and east make it that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio was named by a 1691 Spanish expedition for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is June 13; the city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which together were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2015. Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, SeaWorld, the Alamo Bowl, Marriage Island. Commercial entertainment includes Morgan's Wonderland amusement parks.
According to the San Antonio Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. It is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs, hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the U. S; the U. S. Armed Forces have numerous facilities around San Antonio. Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, Lackland AFB/Kelly Field Annex, Camp Bullis, Camp Stanley are outside the city limits. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, when the airfield was transferred to Lackland AFB; the remaining parts of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas region. At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, they called the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning "refreshing waters".
In 1691, a group of Spanish explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, they named the river "San Antonio" in his honor. It was years. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there; the viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane to the east, as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. He directed the governor of Coahuila y Tejas, to establish the mission complex. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, construction did not start until 1718. Olivares built, with the help of the Payaya Indians, the Misión de San Antonio de Valero, the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar, the bridge that connected both, the Acequia Madre de Valero; the families who clustered around the presidio and mission were the start of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas.
On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas, his plan was approved, notice was given the Canary Islanders to furnish 200 families. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, where they arrived on March 9, 1731. Due to marriages along the way, the party now included a total of 56 persons, they joined the military community established in 1718. The immigrants f