A tiltrotor is an aircraft which generates lift and propulsion by way of one or more powered rotors mounted on rotatable engine pods or nacelles at the ends of a fixed wing or an engine mounted in the fuselage with drive shafts transferring power to rotor assemblies mounted on the wingtips. All tiltrotors use a bicopter design with two transverse rotors, with the exception of only a few. Tiltrotor design combines the vertical lift capability of a helicopter with the speed and range of a conventional fixed-wing aircraft. For vertical flight, the rotors are angled so the plane of rotation is horizontal, lifting the way a normal helicopter rotor does; as the aircraft gains speed, the rotors are progressively tilted forward, with the plane of rotation becoming vertical. In this mode the rotors provide thrust as a propeller, the fixed wings provide the lift generated from the forward motion of the entire aircraft. Since the rotors can be configured to be more efficient for propulsion and it avoids a helicopter's issues of retreating blade stall, the tiltrotor can achieve higher speeds than helicopters.
A tiltrotor aircraft differs from a tiltwing in that only the rotor pivots rather than the entire wing. This method trades off efficiency in vertical flight for efficiency in STOL/STOVL operations; the first work in the direction of a tilt-rotor seems to have originated ca. 1902 by the French-Swiss brothers Henri and Armand Dufaux, for which they got a patent in February 1904, made their work public in April 1905. Conrete ideas of constructing vertical take-off and landing aircraft using helicopter-like rotors were pushed further in the 1930s; the first design resembling modern tiltrotors was patented by George Lehberger in May 1930, but he did not further develop the concept. In World War II, Weserfulg in Germany came around 1938 up with the concept of their P.1003/1, tilting to the top with part of the wings but not the full wings, so it may be inbetween tilt-rotor and tilt-planes. Shortly after a German prototype, the Focke-Achgelis Fa 269, was developed starting in 1942, tilting to the ground, but never flew.
Platt and LePage patented the first American tiltrotor aircraft. However, the company shut down in August 1946 due to lack of capital. Two prototypes which made it to flight were the one-seat Transcendental Model 1-G and two seat Transcendental Model 2, each powered by a single reciprocating engine. Development started on the Model 1-G in 1947, though it did not fly until 1954; the Model 1-G flew for about a year until a crash in Chesapeake Bay on July 20, 1955, destroying the prototype aircraft but not injuring the pilot. The Model 2 was developed and flew shortly afterwards, but the US Air Force withdrew funding in favor of the Bell XV-3 and it did not fly much beyond hover tests; the Transcendental 1-G is the first tiltrotor aircraft to have flown and accomplished most of a helicopter to aircraft transition in flight. Built in 1953, the experimental Bell XV-3 flew until 1966, proving the fundamental soundness of the tiltrotor concept and gathering data about technical improvements needed for future designs.
A related technology development is the tiltwing. Although two designs, the Canadair CL-84 Dynavert and the LTV XC-142, were technical successes, neither entered production due to other issues. Tiltrotors have better hover efficiency than tiltwings, but less than helicopters. In 1968, Westland Aircraft displayed their own designs—a small experimental craft and a 68-seater transport We 028—at the SBAC Farnborough Airshow. In 1972, with funding from NASA and the U. S. Army, Bell Helicopter Textron started development of the XV-15, a twin-engine tiltrotor research aircraft. Two aircraft were built to prove the tiltrotor design and explore the operational flight envelope for military and civil applications. In 1981, using experience gained from the XV-3 and XV-15, Bell and Boeing Helicopters began developing the V-22 Osprey, a twin-turboshaft military tiltrotor aircraft for the U. S. Air Force and the U. S. Marine Corps. Bell teamed with Boeing in developing a commercial tiltrotor, but Boeing went out in 1998 and Agusta came in for the Bell/Agusta BA609.
This aircraft was redesignated as the AW609 following the transfer of full ownership to AgustaWestland in 2011. Bell has developed a tiltrotor unmanned aerial vehicle, the TR918 Eagle Eye. Russia has had a few tiltrotor projects unmanned such as the Mil Mi-30, has started another in 2015. Around 2005–2010, Bell and Boeing teamed up again to perform a conceptual study of a larger Quad TiltRotor for the US Army's Joint Heavy Lift program; the QTR is a larger, four rotor version of the V-22 with two tandem wings sets of fixed wings and four tilting rotors. In January 2013, the FAA defined US tiltrotor noise rules to comply with ICAO rules. A noise certification will cost $588,000, same as for a large helicopter. AgustaWestland says they have free-flown a manned electric tiltrotor in 2013 called Project Zero, with its rotors inside the wingspan. In 2013, Bell Helicopter CEO John Garrison responded to Boeing's taking a different airframe partner for the US Army's future lift requirements by indicating that Bell would take the lead itself in developing the Bell V-280 Valor, with Lockheed Martin.
In 2014, the Clean Sky 2 program awarded AgustaWestland and its partners $328 million to develop a "next-generation civil tiltrotor" design for the offshore market, with Critical Design Review near the end of 2016. The goals are tilting wing sections, 11 tonnes Maximum takeoff weight, seating for 19 to 22 passenge
Common names: Mexican dusky rattlesnake, dusky rattlesnakeCrotalus triseriatus is a venomous pit viper species found in Mexico. Two subspecies are recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here. Adult male specimens of C. triseriatus grow to a total length greater than 60 cm, with females somewhat smaller. The maximum recorded; the species C. triseriatus is found in Mexico, along the southern edge of the Mexican Plateau in the highlands of the Transverse Volcanic Cordillera, including the states of Nayarit, Michoacán, Morelos, México, Puebla and Veracruz. The type locality given by Wagler in 1830 is "Mexico". A restriction to "Alvarez, San Luis Potosí, Mexico" was proposed by H. M. Smith and Taylor. Crotalus triseriatus occurs in pine-oak forest, boreal forest, coniferous forest and, bunchgrass grasslands. On Volcán Orizaba, it is found at high altitudes. There, the snow line comes down to about 4,572 m, while green plants can be found up to 4,573 m: the species has been found within this zone.
However, it is most common at 2,700 to 3,350 metres in elevation. The species C. triseriatus is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because they are unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category; the population trend was stable when assessed in 2007. Prey found in stomachs of C. triseriatus include a frog, a murid rodent, other small mammals and salamanders. Bite symptoms from C. triseriatus are reported to include intense pain, swelling and cold perspiration. The subspecific name, armstrongi, is in honor of American herpetologist Barry L. Armstrong. In the recent past, two additional subspecies were described: C. t. anahuacus Gloyd, 1940 - regarded as a junior synonym of C. t. triseriatus C. t. quadrangularis Harris & Simmons, 1978 - regarded as a junior synonym of C. aquilus List of crotaline species and subspecies Crotalus by common name Crotalus by taxonomic synonyms Crotalinae by common name Crotalinae by taxonomic synonyms Snakebite Wagler J. Natürliches System der AMPHIBIEN, mit vorangehender Classification der SÄUGTHIERE und VÖGEL.
Chris Kamara's Street Soccer is a video game released for the PlayStation in 2000. It was published by Midas Interactive Entertainment; the game is named after former footballer and current pundit Chris Kamara, who appears on the game's cover. Players choose from 25 teams to compete in five-a-side street soccer. 20 are available from the start and 5 can be unlocked. The teams are cities from different countries, such as London and Paris, France; the game incorrectly lists Prague as from Norway rather than Czech Republic. Some of the teams consist of female players; the game can be played in either Exhibition, Time Attack, League and Penalty Shootout mode. The game allows up to 8 players to play via multi-tap
Antonio Muñoz Molina is a Spanish writer and, since 8 June 1995, a full member of the Royal Spanish Academy. In 2013 he received the Prince of Asturias Award for literature. Muñoz Molina was born in the town of Úbeda in Jaén province, he studied history of art at journalism in Madrid. He began writing in the 1980s, his columns have appeared in El País and Die Welt. His first novel, Beatus ille, appeared in 1986, it features the imaginary city of Mágina—a re-creation of his Andalusian birthplace—which would reappear in some his works. In 1987 Muñoz Molina was awarded Spain's National Narrative Prize for El invierno en Lisboa, a homage to the genres of film noir and jazz music, his El jinete polaco received the Planeta Prize in 1991 and, the National Narrative Prize in 1992. His other novels include Beltenebros, a story of love and political intrigue in post-Civil War Madrid, Los misterios de Madrid, El dueño del secreto. Muñoz Molina was elected to Seat u of the Real Academia Española on 8 June 1995, he took up his seat on 16 June 1996.
Muñoz Molina is married to Elvira Lindo. He resides in New York City, United States, where he served as the director of the Instituto Cervantes from 2004 to 2005. Margaret Sayers Peden's English translation of Muñoz Molina's novel Sepharad won the PEN/Book-of-the-Month Club Translation Prize in 2004, he won the Jerusalem Prize in 2013. El Robinsón urbano, 1984. Diario de Nautilus, 1985. Beatus Ille, 1986. English translation: A Manuscript of Ashes. Trans. Edith Grossman. Orlando: Harcourt, c2008. El invierno en Lisboa, 1987. English translation: Winter in Lisbon. Trans. Sonia Soto. London: Granta, 1999. Las otras vidas, 1988. Beltenebros, 1989. English translation: Prince of Shadows. London: Quartet, 1993 El jinete polaco, 1991. Los misterios de Madrid, 1992. Nada del otro mundo, 1993. El dueño del secreto, 1994. Las apariencias, 1995. Ardor guerrero, 1995. La huerta del Edén, 1996. Pura alegría, 1996. Plenilunio, 1997. Carlota Fainberg, 1999. En ausencia de Blanca, 2001. English translation: In her absence. Trans. Esther Allen.
New York: Other Press, c2006. ISBN 978-1590512531. Sefarad, 2001. English translation: Sepharad. Trans. Margaret Sayers Peden. Orlando: Harcourt, c2003. ISBN 978-0156034746. La vida por delante, 2002. Las ventanas de Manhattan, 2004 El viento de la luna, 2006 Días de diario, 2007 La noche de los tiempos, 2009. English translation: In the Night of Time. Trans. Edith Grossman. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013. ISBN 978-0547547848. Todo lo que era sólido, 2013 Como la sombra que se va, 2014. English translation: Like a Fading Shadow: A Novel. Trans. Camilo A. Ramirez. New York: Farrar and Giroux, 2017. ISBN 978-1250182432 Un andar solitario entre la gente, 2018 Official webpage Includes articles, blog entries and a comprehensive bibliography. English webpage English link to the official webpage. Books That Changed My Life PEN World Voices at the New York Public Library May 4, 2008 Mumonline | Open Directory: the most comprehensive Internet directory about Antonio Muñoz Molina'The Man of Proverbs' Muñoz Molina essay excerpt from'Traces of Sepharad, Etchings of Judeo-Spanish Proverbs' by Marc Shanker, essays by Muñoz Molina and T.
Ray Lynam is an Irish country music singer, born on 29 November 1951 in Moate, Co. Westmeath. Ray was born in Moate, County Westmeath to Patrick, a baker, Nora, a shopkeeper, he was one of three sons, his brothers being John. His first venture into the music scene was when he played saxophone for a local group "the Merrymen" while still attending the local Carmelite College Secondary School. By 1969 he had joined and was lead singer for the group Ray Lynam and the Hillbillies and had their first Irish Charts success with a cover of the Buck Owens song "Sweet Rosie Jones". During the Wembley Country Music Festival of 1974, he teamed up with one of Irelands leading female country singers, Philomena Begley and went on to record many hit duets with her, including My Elusive Dreams in 1975. Lynams singing voice is modeled on those American country singers that influenced his early career, such as George Jones and Merle Haggard, rather than the more popular Country and Irish style, he has had hits on the Irish charts during the 1970s and 1980s with cover versions of some of their well-known tracks including He Stopped Loving Her Today and If We're Not Back in Love by Monday.
Busted / Heartaches by the Number 1970 Sweet Rosie Jones 1970 Gypsy Joe and Me 1971 Will You Visit Me on Sunday? 1971 Santa Looks A Lot Like Daddy 1971 The Selfishness of Man – Number 14 Irish Charts 1972 Brand New Mister Me – Number 6 Irish Charts 1972 I Can't Believe That You've Stopped Loving Me – Number 12 Irish Charts 1973 Borrowed Angel – Number 8 Irish Charts 1973 Second Hand Flowers – Number 2 Irish Charts 1974 My Elusive Dreams – Number 3 Irish Charts 1974 The Door Is Always Open – Number 9 Irish Charts 1975 I've Loved You All Over The World – Number 11 Irish Charts 1975 You're The One I Sing My Love Songs To – Number 5 Irish Charts 1976 Wolverton Mountain 1977 Sweet Music Man – Number 15 Irish Charts 1978 I Don't Want To See Another Town – Number 13 Irish Charts 1979 He Stopped Loving Her Today – Number 17 Irish Charts 1983 If We're Not Back in Love by Monday – 1984 Mona Lisa Lost Her Smile – Number 10 Irish Charts 1985 Too Late / Wintertime – Paul Cleary & Ray Lynam 1986
Multnomah County Library is the public library system serving Portland and Multnomah County, United States. A continuation of the Library Association of Portland, established in 1864, the system now has 19 branches offering books, magazines, DVDs, computers, it is the largest library system in Oregon, serving a population of 724,680, with more than 425,000 registered borrowers. According to the Public Library Association, it ranks second among U. S. libraries, based on circulation of books and materials, ranks first among libraries serving fewer than one million residents. In this respect, it is the busiest in the nation. After Leland H. Wakefield began collecting funds door-to-door in 1863, the Mercantile Library Association was started on January 12, 1864, with subscriptions by Portland's merchant elite. Judge Matthew Deady was one of the early founders, with financial support coming from those such as Henry Corbett, William S. Ladd, Erasmus D. Shattuck among others; the more inclusive Library Association of Portland name was chosen on Judge Deady's suggestion.
William Ladd was the elected its first president. The founders proclaimed "the library should forever be kept free of politics."By March 1864, there were 153 members, who had subscribed $2,500. Harvey W. Scott served as the first librarian, part-time, at its first location on Stark Street in Portland. In 1869, the library moved to the Tilton Bank Building where it received free rent. Deady was the president from 1874 until 1893, found that fundraising was "like pulling teeth", calling the local establishment "closefisted narrow visioned millionaires" in 1888 stating "The rich men of Portland will never do much for until they die, maybe not then." The first major bequest came from Stephen Skidmore in 1883. In 1891, a new separate library, the Portland Public Library, was founded by a group that included some former LAP board members; the two libraries merged in 1902. The library moved to a new two-story stone library building in 1893; the building cost $156,477, representing 27 years of fundraising by Deady.
A large portion of the funds came from Ella M. Smith, daughter of Benjamin F. Smith, in 1889; the library was staffed by D. F. W. Bursch, the library's first trained librarian, who oversaw the implementation of the Dewey Decimal system, it contained 20,000 volumes. Prior to opening the library for free public access, the board tried to lower subscription costs as as possible to allow a larger percentage of the general public to have access to the resource; the board debated whether to accept government support, with Deady arguing against, out of concern for the encroachment of political influence, on the principle that citizens would place more value on something they themselves paid for if the payment were small. In 1897, board president George Henry Williams proposed that the librarian be empowered to remove materials deemed to demoralize people and disorganize society," an approach in keeping with common library practice at the time; the library declined an offer of a $100,000 donation from Andrew Carnegie in 1901, expressing "great pride" in Portland's ability to take care of itself.
The library received nearly 9,000 books in 1900 from the estate of John Wilson. However, the bequest called for the books to be available free of charge to the public, thus the board voted to provide library services to the public under government contract. In 1901, the state passed a law to allow governments to tax citizens to pay for libraries; the city of Portland and the library entered into a contract where the owned library continued to own its collection, but the city paid for services, thus creating a free publicly supported library. In January 1901, the library allowed books to circulate for the first time. On March 16, 1902, Portland's library became the first free library in the state paid for by taxes. At that time it featured 215 periodicals. In 1913, the Library Association of Portland built the Central Library in downtown Portland at Tenth Street, they did not use any Carnegie funds for the project, instead financing came from a special two-year tax. On July 1, 1990, the LAP transferred ownership of the library buildings and collections to Multnomah County.
The Multnomah County Library operates the Central Library in 18 branches. The Central Library in downtown Portland serves as the main branch of the system; the building was designed by architect A. E. Doyle, opened on September 6, 1913, it was one of the first libraries in the United States to feature an open-plan. The three-story Central Library was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Central Building, Public Library in 1979, it has more than 130 computers for the public. The branch contains 125,000 square feet of space. Midland is the largest of the branch locations with a total of 25,000 square feet followed by the Gresham location with 20,000 square feet; the St. Johns and North Portland branches are both Carnegie libraries.. As of FY2010, the system has a total of 486 FTE employees, including 91 librarian FTE. Total annual revenue was just over $62.8 million, with expenditures of $60.5 million. There are more than 425,000 library card holders in the system that serves a population of over 700,000 people, the largest in the state.