Richard "Red" Skelton was an American comedy entertainer. He was best known for his national radio and television acts between 1937 and 1971, as host of the television program The Red Skelton Show, he has stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work in radio and television, appeared in burlesque, films and casinos, all while he pursued an separate career as an artist. Skelton began developing his comedic and pantomime skills from the age of 10, when he became part of a traveling medicine show, he spent time on a showboat, worked the burlesque circuit, entered into vaudeville in 1934. The "Doughnut Dunkers" pantomime sketch, which he wrote together with his wife, launched a career for him in vaudeville and films, his radio career began in 1937 with a guest appearance on The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour, which led to his becoming the host of Avalon Time in 1938. He became the host of The Raleigh Cigarette Program in 1941, on which many of his comedy characters were created, he had a scheduled radio program until 1957.
Skelton made his film debut in 1938 alongside Ginger Rogers and Douglas Fairbanks Jr. in Alfred Santell's Having Wonderful Time, he went on to appear in numerous musical and comedy films throughout the 1940s and early 1950s, with starring roles in Ship Ahoy, I Dood It, Ziegfeld Follies, The Clown. Skelton was most eager to work in television when the medium was in its infancy; the Red Skelton Show made its television premiere on September 30, 1951, on NBC. By 1954, Skelton's program moved to CBS, where it was expanded to one hour and renamed The Red Skelton Hour in 1962. Despite high ratings, the show was cancelled by CBS in 1970, as the network believed that more youth-oriented programs were needed to attract younger viewers and their spending power. Skelton moved his program to NBC, where he completed his last year with a scheduled television show in 1971, he spent his time after that making as many as 125 personal appearances a year and working on his art. Skelton's artwork of clowns remained a hobby until 1964 when his wife Georgia persuaded him to have a showing at the Sands Hotel in Las Vegas while he was performing there.
Sales of his originals were successful, he sold prints and lithographs of them, earning $2.5 million yearly on lithograph sales. At the time of his death, his art dealer believed that Skelton had earned more money through his paintings than from his television work. Skelton believed, he entertained three generations of Americans. His widow donated many of his personal and professional effects to Vincennes University, including prints of his artwork, they are part of the Red Skelton Museum of American Comedy at Vincennes. According to some sources, Skelton was born Richard Bernard Eheart on July 18, 1913, in Vincennes, although his actual middle name is a subject of debate. In a 1983 appearance on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, Skelton said his middle name was "Red" and he had made up the middle name Bernard, from the name of a local store, Bernard Clothiers, to satisfy a schoolteacher who would not believe his middle name was "Red", although this story he presented in the comedy interview appearance does not match the reported content of his birth certificate.
Skelton was the youngest son of Ida Mae and Joseph Elmer Skelton. Joseph, a grocer, died two months, his birth certificate surname was that of his father's stepfather. During Skelton's lifetime there was some dispute about the year of his birth. Author Wesley Hyatt suggests that since he began working at such an early age, Skelton may have claimed he was older than he was in order to gain employment. Vincennes neighbors described the Skelton family as being poor; because of the loss of his father, Skelton went to work as early as the age of seven, selling newspapers and doing other odd jobs to help his family, who had lost the family store and their home. He learned the newsboy's patter and would keep it up until a prospective buyer bought a copy of the paper just to quiet him. According to accounts, Skelton's early interest in becoming an entertainer stemmed from an incident that took place in Vincennes around 1923, when a stranger the comedian Ed Wynn, approached Skelton, the newsboy selling papers outside a Vincennes theater.
When the man asked Skelton what events were going on in town, Skelton suggested he see the new show in town. The man purchased every paper Skelton had, providing enough money for the boy to purchase a ticket for himself; the stranger turned out to be one of the show's stars, who took the boy backstage to introduce him to the other performers. The experience prompted Skelton, who had shown comedic tendencies, to pursue a career as a performer. Skelton discovered at an early age. Skelton dropped out of school around 1926 or 1927, when he was 13 or 14 years old, but he had some experience performing in minstrel shows in Vincennes, on a showboat, The Cotton Blossom, that plied the Ohio and Missouri rivers, he enjoyed his work on the riverboat, moving on only after he realized that showboat entertainment was coming to an end. Skelton, interested in all forms of acting, took a drama
James Roosevelt II was an American businessman, Marine and Democratic Party politician. The oldest son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt, he received the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism while serving as a Marine Corps officer during World War II, he served as an official Secretary to the President and in the United States House of Representatives. Roosevelt was born in New York City at 123 East 36th Street, he attended the Potomac School and the National Cathedral School in Washington, D. C. and the Groton School in Massachusetts. At Groton, he rowed and played football, was a prefect in his senior year. After graduation in 1926, he attended Harvard College, where he rowed with the freshman and junior varsity crews. At Harvard he followed family traditions, joining the Signet Society and Hasty Pudding Club, of which both his father and his maternal granduncle and paternal fifth cousin once removed, U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt, had been members, as well as the Fly Club, which his father had joined, Institute of the 1770.
He was elected permanent treasurer of his class. After graduation, Roosevelt enrolled in the Boston University School of Law, he took a sales job with the firm of Victor De Gerard of Boston in 1930, remaining with that firm when it amalgamated with the John Paulding Meade Company which, in turn, amalgamated with O'Brion and Company in 1932. Roosevelt was so successful. In 1932 he started his own insurance agency, Roosevelt & Sargent, in partnership with John A. Sargent; as president of Roosevelt & Sargent, he made a substantial fortune. He resigned from the firm in 1937, when he went to work in the White House, but retained his half ownership, he was elected a director of Boston Metropolitan Buildings, Inc. in 1933. Roosevelt served as president of the National Grain Yeast Corporation from May to November 1935. Roosevelt attended the 1924 Democratic National Convention where he served, in his words, as his father's "page and prop". In 1928, he and some Harvard classmates campaigned for Democratic Presidential nominee Al Smith.
In 1932, he headed FDR's Massachusetts campaign. Though FDR lost the Massachusetts Democratic primary, he carried Massachusetts in the November election. James Roosevelt was viewed as his father's political deputy in Massachusetts, allocating patronage in alliance with Boston mayor James Michael Curley, he was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Constitutional Convention for the repeal of Prohibition in 1933. Roosevelt was a close protege of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.. In fall 1933, the two journeyed to England to obtain the market in post-prohibition liquor imports. Many of Roosevelt's controversial business ventures were aided by Kennedy, including his maritime insurance interests, the National Grain Yeast Corp. affair. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. threatened to resign unless FDR forced James to leave the latter company, suspected of being a front for bootlegging. James Roosevelt was instrumental in securing Kennedy's appointment as ambassador to the United Kingdom. In April 1936, Presidential Secretary Louis Howe died.
James Roosevelt unofficially assumed Howe's duties. Soon after the 1936 re-election of FDR, James Roosevelt was given a direct commission as a lieutenant colonel in the Marine Corps, which caused public controversy for its obvious political implications, he accompanied his father to the Inter-American Conference at Buenos Aires in December as a military aide. On January 6, 1937, he was appointed "administrative assistant to the President", he became White House coordinator for eighteen federal agencies in October 1937. James Roosevelt was considered among his father's most important counselors. Time magazine suggested he might be considered "Assistant President of the United States". In July 1938, there were allegations that James Roosevelt had used his political position to steer lucrative business to his insurance firm, he had to publish his income tax returns and denied these allegations in an NBC broadcast and an interview in Collier's magazine. This became known as the Jimmy's Got It affair after Alva Johnston's reportage in the Saturday Evening Post.
Roosevelt resigned from his White House position in November 1938. After leaving the White House in November 1938, Roosevelt moved to Hollywood, where he first accepted a job as a $750/week administrative assistant for motion picture producer Samuel Goldwyn, he was on Goldwyn's payroll until November 1940. In 1939 he set up "Globe Productions", a company to produce short films for penny arcades, but the company was liquidated in 1944 while James was on active duty with the Marine Corps. Roosevelt produced the film Pot o' Gold and distributed the British film Pastor Hall. During his Hollywood period, Roosevelt became involved with Joseph Schenck, a movie mogul, caught participating in a payoff scheme, intended to buy peace with movie industry labor unions. In 1942, Schenck pleaded guilty to one count of perjury and spent four months in prison before being paroled. In October 1945, Harry S. Truman granted Schenck a presidential pardon, a fact which did not become known to the public until 1947.
World War II broke out in Europe in September 1939. He went on active duty in November 1940. In April 1941, President Roosevelt s
Meredith Lynn MacRae was an American actress and singer known for her roles as Sally Morrison on My Three Sons and as Billie Jo Bradley on Petticoat Junction. MacRae was born in Texas, to parents Gordon and Sheila MacRae, her father was stationed with the Army Air Corps in Houston at the time of her birth. Both of her parents went on to be actors, she is the sister of William Gordon MacRae, Robert Bruce MacRae, Heather MacRae. She credited her parents with instilling a proper work ethic in her and for keeping her feet on the ground, she said, "We lived in a modest home in the San Fernando Valley instead of the fashionable Beverly Hills, which the family could have afforded. Mom and Dad didn't want us to feel superior to the other kids. I had to earn the things I wanted, all the way from dolls to party gowns, by doing chores around the house and taking care of my younger sister and brothers. Lots of kids in my circle automatically got a car when they were 16. Not me. Dad said. I slaved away and made it.
I got the car with the warning that if I didn't continue with straight A's, it would be taken away." MacRae made her breakthrough appearance as Sally Anne Morrison Douglas on the ABC Fred MacMurray/William Demarest sitcom, My Three Sons. She played the love interest of "Mike" for three seasons, she asked to be written out of the show to further explore her career. In 1966, MacRae signed a contract with CBS to play Billie Jo Bradley on the sitcom Petticoat Junction, starring Bea Benaderet as her television mother and Edgar Buchanan as her television uncle, her television sisters were Betty Jo, played by Linda Kaye Henning, Bobbie Jo, played by Lori Saunders. MacRae was the sitcom's third actress to portray Billie Jo. Jeannine Riley played Gunilla Hutton in the third year. Both of these actresses played the role as a typical boy-crazy dumb blonde. However, by MacRae's debut on the series, Billie Jo's persona was that of a strong independent woman who focused more on a singing career, a dream she accomplishes.
She remained with the sitcom until its cancellation in 1970. She took over the role of Animal from Valora Noland in Bikini Beach, the third Beach Party film produced by American International Pictures, she had an uncredited appearance on the bus in the movie Ski Party. She was a guest on NBC' The Spring Thing a musical television special hosted by Bobbie Gentry and Noel Harrison. Other guests included were Goldie Hawn, Irwin C. Watson, Rod McKuen, Shirley Bassey, Harpers Bizarre, her other film roles included appearances in Norwood, My Friends Need Killing, Grand Jury, Sketches of a Strangler and The Census Taker. She made guest appearances on such shows as The Donald O'Connor Show, The Dean Martin Show, The F. B. I; the Mike Douglas Show, The Rockford Files, Fantasy Island, Webster, CHiPS, Love American Style, Magnum, P. I.. MacRae was popular in the game-show genre, appearing in numerous shows including: Funny You Should Ask, Match Game, What's My Line?, I've Got a Secret, Snap Judgement, He Said, She Said, Hollywood Squares, The Dating Game, To Tell the Truth, Password, $10,000 Pyramid, $25,000 Pyramid, Break the Bank, Celebrity Whew!, Beat the Clock, Card Sharks, The Cross-Wits and Family Feud.
She had hosted an unsold game show pilot called $50,000 a Minute alongside Geoff Edwards in 1985. In the 1980s she hosted, she was awarded a local Emmy Award in 1986 for her interviewing skills. She created and hosted Born Famous, a PBS series on which she interviewed the offspring of celebrities. In 1994 she narrated the audio book version of columnist Deboarah Laake's book Secret Ceremonies: A Mormon Woman's Intimate Diary of Marriage and Beyond. In summer stock in her teens, she appeared with Dan Dailey in Take Me Along, with Andy Williams in Bye Bye Birdie, in Annie Get Your Gun. MacRae worked to raise funds for such causes as the Children's Burn Foundation, the American Cancer Society, United Cerebral Palsy, she lectured nationally on alcoholism and produced a TV special on the subject. MacRae divorced four years later. In 1969, she married fellow actor Greg Mullavey and had one child with him, before divorcing in 1987, her third and final marriage was in 1995 to Phillip M. Neal, chairman and CEO of Avery-Dennison at the time of their marriage.
In January 1999 MacRae began to experience a loss of short-term memory. She was evaluated and her symptoms were thought to be due to perimenopause, she returned to her doctor complaining of severe headaches. She was told the headaches were most due to muscle spasms, was encouraged to do cervical spine stretching, she obtained a second opinion and was diagnosed with brain cancer, which had progressed to stage 4. Emergency surgery was performed to decrease the pressure in her head. During the operation she was resuscitated. Though her cancer was terminal, she agreed to be part of an experimental cancer drug program, she experienced an allergic reaction to the medication. Two more surgeries were required to relieve the pressure, her imbalance resulted in a fall. On July 14, 2000, MacRae died at h
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
William Lewis Safir, better known as William Safire, was an American author, columnist and presidential speechwriter. He was a long-time syndicated political columnist for The New York Times and wrote the "On Language" column in The New York Times Magazine about popular etymology, new or unusual usages, other language-related topics. Safire was born William Lewis Safir in New York City, New York the son of Ida and Oliver Craus Safir, his family was Jewish, originated in Romania on his father's side. Safire added the "e" to his surname for pronunciation reasons, though some of his relatives continue to use the original spelling. Safire graduated from the Bronx High School of Science, a specialized public high school in New York City, he dropped out after two years. He delivered the commencement address at Syracuse in 1978 and 1990, became a trustee of the university, he was a public relations executive from 1955 to 1960. He had been a radio and television producer and an Army correspondent, he worked as a publicist for a homebuilder who exhibited a model home at an American trade fair at Sokolniki Park in Moscow in 1959—the one in which Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev had their famous Kitchen Debate.
A circulated black-and-white photograph of the event was taken by Safire. Safire joined Nixon's campaign for the 1960 Presidential race, again in 1968. After Nixon's 1968 victory, Safire served as a speechwriter for Spiro Agnew. Safire prepared a speech called In Event of Moon Disaster for President Nixon to read on television if the Apollo 11 astronauts were stranded on the Moon. According to the plans, Mission Control would "close down communications" with the LEM and a clergyman would have commended their souls to "the deepest of the deep" in a public ritual likened to burial at sea. Presidential telephone calls to the astronauts' wives were planned; the speech originated in a memo from Safire to Nixon's chief of staff H. R. Haldeman in which Safire suggested a protocol the administration might follow in reaction to such a disaster; the last line of the prepared text contained an allusion to Rupert Brooke's First World War poem "The Soldier". In a 2013 piece for Foreign Policy magazine, Joshua Keating included the speech as one of six entries in a list of "The Greatest Doomsday Speeches Never Made."He joined The New York Times as a political columnist in 1973.
Soon after joining the Times, Safire learned that he had been the target of "national security" wiretaps authorized by Nixon, after noting that he had worked only on domestic matters, wrote with what he characterized as "restrained fury" that he had not worked for Nixon through a difficult decade "to have him—or some lizard-lidded paranoid acting without his approval—eavesdropping on my conversations."In 1978, Safire won the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary on Bert Lance's alleged budgetary irregularities. Safire's column on October 27, 1980, entitled "The Ayatollah Votes", was quoted in a campaign ad for Ronald Reagan in that year's presidential election. Safire frequently appeared on the NBC's Meet the Press. Upon announcing the retirement of Safire's political column in 2005, Arthur Sulzberger Jr. publisher of The New York Times, said:The New York Times without Bill Safire is all but unimaginable, Bill's provocative and insightful commentary has held our readers captive since he first graced our Op-Ed Page in 1973.
Reaching for his column became a critical and enjoyable part of the day for our readers across the country and around the world. Whether you agreed with him or not was never the point, his writing is delightful and engaging. Safire served as a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board from 1995 to 2004. After ending his op-ed column, he became the full-time chief executive of the Dana Foundation, where he was chairman from 2000. In 2006, Safire was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush. Portions of Safire's FBI file were released in 2010; the documents "detail wiretapping ordered by the Nixon administration, including the tapping of Safire's phone." In addition to his political columns, Safire wrote a column, "On Language", in the weekly The New York Times Magazine from 1979 until the month of his death. Many of the columns were collected in books. According to the linguist Geoffrey Pullum, over the years Safire became less of a "grammar-nitpicker," and Benjamin Zimmer cited Safire's willingness to learn from descriptive linguists.
Another book on language was The New Language of Politics, which developed into what Zimmer called Safire's "magnum opus," Safire's Political Dictionary. Safire described himself as a "libertarian conservative." A Washington Post story on the ending of his op-ed column quotes him on the subject:I'm willing to zap conservatives when they do things that are not libertarian. I was the first to go after George W. on his treatment of prisoners. After voting for Bill Clinton in 1992, Safire became one of the leading critics of Clinton's administration. Hillary Clinton in particular was the target of his ire, he caused controversy in a January 8, 1996, essay when, after reviewing her record, he concluded she was a "congenital liar". She did not respond to the specific instances cited, but said that she didn't feel offended for herself, but for her mother's sake. According to the president's press secretary at the time, Mike McCurry, "the President, if he were not the President, would have delivered a more forceful response to that on the bridge of Mr. Safire's nose".
Safire was one of severa