Timberline Lodge is a mountain lodge on the south side of Mount Hood in Clackamas County, about 60 miles east of Portland. Constructed from 1936 to 1938 by the Works Progress Administration, it was built and furnished by local artisans during the Great Depression. Timberline Lodge was dedicated September 1937, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt; the National Historic Landmark sits at an elevation of 5,960 feet, within the Mount Hood National Forest and is accessible through the Mount Hood Scenic Byway. Publicly owned and operated, Timberline Lodge is a popular tourist attraction that draws two million visitors annually, it is notable in film for serving as the exterior of the Overlook Hotel in The Shining. The lodge and its grounds host a ski resort known as Timberline Lodge, it has the longest skiing season in the U. S. and snowboarders all 12 months of the year. Activities include skiing, walking, hiking and climbing; each workman on Timberline Lodge gained proficiency in manual arts. He was a better workman, a better citizen, progressing by infinitely-slow steps to the degree above him.
Timberline Lodge, a mountain lodge and resort hotel, is a four-story structure of about 40,000 square feet. The ground-level exterior walls are heavy rubble masonry, using boulders from the immediate area, heavy timber is used from the first-floor up; the central head house section is hexagonal and sixty-feet in diameter, with a six-sided stone chimney stack ninety-feet high and fourteen-feet in diameter. Each of the six fireplace openings—three on the ground floor, three on the first floor—is five-feet wide and seven-feet high. Two wings, running west and southeast, flank the head house. Oregon woods used throughout the building include cedar, Douglas fir, western juniper and ponderosa pine; the architect of Timberline Lodge is Gilbert Stanley Underwood, noted for the Ahwahnee Hotel and other lodges in the U. S. national park system. He produced the designs, his central head house was modified from an octagon to a hexagon by U. S. Forest Service architect W. I. Turner and the team of Linn A. Forrest, Howard L. Gifford and Dean R. E. Wright.
A recent graduate of the University of Washington, forest service engineer Ward Gano was structural designer. Timberline Lodge was constructed between 1936 and 1938 as a Works Progress Administration project during Great Depression. Eighty percent of the WPA's $695,730 total expenditure on building costs went toward labor. Skilled building trade workers received ninety-cents an hour; some of the skilled stonemasons on the project were Italian immigrants brought in after working on The Historic Columbia River Highway and other roads in Oregon. About a hundred construction workers were on site at a given time, lived at a nearby tent city. Jobs were rotated to provide work. Materials costs were minimized by the skillful use of recycled materials. Women wove draperies and bedspreads. Hooked rugs were made from strips of old Civilian Conservation Corps camp blankets. Discarded cedar utility poles became newel-posts with their crowns hand-carved into birds and seals. Fireplace screens were fashioned from tire chains.
Andirons and other iron work were forged from railroad tracks. WPA workers used large timbers and local stone from the site."All classes, from the most elementary hand labor, through the various degrees of skill to the technically-trained, were employed," reported the WPA's Federal Writers' Project. "Pick and shovel wielders, plumbers, steam-fitters, wood-carvers, cabinet-makers, metal workers, leather-toolers, weavers, authors, actors and landscape planners, each contributed to the project, each, in his way, was conscious of the ideal toward which all bent their energies." Federal Art Project contributions to the project were directed by Margery Hoffman Smith, Oregon Arts Project administrator. Smith created many designs for rugs, she designed the 750-pound bronze weather vane above the head house. Smith based. Likely-acquainted with William Gray Purcell, a fellow resident of Portland, Smith saw The Prairie School aesthetic was carried through in tables, sectional sofas, bedspreads, draperies and pendant lighting fixtures.
She commissioned murals and carvings from Oregon's WPA artists. During an inspection tour of government activities in the western U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated Timberline Lodge on September 28, 1937. In his speech, he says: This Timberline Lodge marks a venture, made possible by WPA, emergency relief work, in order that we may test the workability of recreational facilities installed by the Government itself and operated under its complete control. Here, to Mount Hood, will come thousands and thousands of visitors in the coming years. Looking east toward eastern Oregon with its great livestock raising areas, these visitors are going to visualize the relationship between the cattle ranches and the summer ranges in the forests. Looking westward and northward toward Portland and the Columbia River, with their great lumber and other wood using industries, they will understand the part which National Forest timber will play in the support of this important element of northwestern prosperity.
Those who will follow us to Timberline Lodge on their holidays and vacations will represent the enjoyment of new opportunities for play in every season of the year. I mention specially every season of the year because we, as a nation, I think, are coming to realize that the summer is not the
The University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma is a public liberal arts university in Chickasha, Oklahoma. It is the only public college in Oklahoma with a liberal arts–focused curriculum and is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. USAO is an undergraduate-only institution and grants bachelor's degrees in a variety of subject areas; the school was founded in 1908 as a school for women and from 1912 to 1965 was known as Oklahoma College for Women. It became coeducational in 1965 and today educates 1,000 students. In 2001, the entire Oklahoma College for Women campus was listed as a national historic district. After Oklahoma was admitted to statehood in 1907, the new state legislature was tasked with establishing institutions of higher education in the former Indian Territory. Statistics gathered by the State Superintendent of Education showed that many young women from Oklahoma chose to attend women's colleges in Kansas and Missouri. Colonel J. T. O'Neil, the state senator from Grady County, his daughter, Anne Wade O'Neil, who had graduated from a women's college in Mississippi, appealed to the legislature to authorize the creation of a women's college.
The University was founded on May 16, 1908, with the signing of Senate Bill 249 by Governor Charles Haskell. The bill, authored by Senator N. P. Stewart of Hugo, authorized the foundation of the Oklahoma Industrial Institute and College for Girls; the legislature subsequently appropriated $100,000 for the establishment of the initial buildings for the school. A local rancher named J. B. Sparks donated land for the school in memory of Nellie. Nellie was a Chickasaw descendant, the land had been part of her allotment; the Nellie Sparks Dormitory, among the first buildings constructed at the new institution, was named in her honor. In 1912, the school's authorities renamed the school Oklahoma College for Women; this came about because a probate judge, under the mistaken impression that the "Industrial Institute" was a reform school, sentenced an "incorrigible young woman" to serve time there. This name change was made official by the State Legislature in 1916; the school offered four years of high school work and four years of college.
It shifted its focus to college only. Though the school's original name implied industrial training, over the next couple decades, the school gained a focus on a broad liberal arts education. By 1930, it was awarding degrees in many different fields of study, including art, history, several languages and physical sciences, home economics, physical education; the deaf education program increased in statewide recognition. On June 6, 1955, the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education adopted the policy that all state-supported institutions would be racially integrated; that summer, Clydia Troullier became the first black student to enroll at OCW. By the mid-1960s female universities were declining throughout the nation; the legislature made the school coeducational in 1965, the school was renamed Oklahoma College of Liberal Arts. The Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education assigned a new mission to the school: it was to be "experimental in nature" and was to "enroll a select group of students whose aspirations and abilities fit them for an intellectually rigorous and accelerated course of study."
Under the direction of the ninth President, Robert L. Martin, the university switched to a system of three equal trimesters. In an attempt to attract students interested in vigorous academics, this offered an opportunity for advanced students to move through their studies and graduate early. During this period the Alumni Association became active, donating funds for the building of an on-campus chapel. Other buildings housing classrooms, including Davis Hall, were built around this time. Bruce G. Carter took over administrative duties as President in 1972. Under his direction, the school advanced a system of night classes for local adult learners. New scholarships for Freshmen were made available. Soon after Carter took office, the legislature moved to rename all public institutions of higher education in the state under a new system: two-year institutions would be known as "colleges" and four-year institutions would be known as "universities"; this led directly to OCLA's current name: the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma.
Over the next several years, several construction projects were completed, including renovations to Gary and Davis Halls and Nash Library. Serious construction continued throughout the 1980s and 1990s, culminating in the opening of a newly remodeled $2.2-million Student Center in 1998. Sparks Hall, the traditional dormitory on campus, was greatly renovated. In 2000, John Feaver became the university's twelfth president. In 2001, the National Park Service approved the listing of the entire campus as a national historic district, the only educational institution in the state to hold such an honor. Historic markers throughout the campus document describe the various historic buildings. New housing options were made available in the early 2000s in the form of the $13.1-million Lawson Court Apartment Complex. Owens Flag Plaza, a centerpiece for the campus'oval', was opened in 2004. Since 2005, USAO, with the support of the State Regents for Higher Education, has embarked on a Mission Enhancement Plan intended to emphasize the University's unique role as the public liberal arts college in Oklahoma.
As part of the plan, USAO has raised its admission standards
Not to be confused with Austin Adams. Austin David Adams is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Minnesota Twins organization, he has played in Major League Baseball for the Cleveland Indians, Minnesota Twins, Detroit Tigers. Adams attended Stanhope Elmore High School in Millbrook and played college baseball for Faulkner University. With Faulkner, he pitched. In 2008, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Hyannis Mets of the Cape Cod Baseball League, he was selected by the Cleveland Indians in the 2009 MLB draft. He began his minor league career with the Mahoning Valley Scrappers of the Class A-Short Season New York–Penn League. In 17 games, he had a win-loss record of 3–1 and an earned run average of 4.86. The following season, he pitched for the Lake County Captains of the Class A Midwest League and the Kinston Indians of the Class A-Advanced Carolina League. Adams pitched in 13 games each for the two squads, with Kinston he had a 6–1 record and a 1.53 ERA. Between both teams, he had 112 strikeouts in 112 innings pitched.
In 2011, Adams spent the season with the Akron Aeros of the Class AA Eastern League, where he had an 11–10 record, a 3.77 ERA, 131 strikeouts in 26 appearances. He was invited to spring training with the Indians the following year, but suffered a shoulder injury, he had surgery on it in may of that year, missed the 2012 season. In 2013, the Indians converted him into a relief pitcher and assigned him to the Aeros for the season, he had 76 strikeouts in 45 games. Adams began the 2014 season with the Columbus Clippers of the Class AAA International League, spent the first three months of the season with them, he was promoted to the Indians on July 11 after pitching in 30 games for the Clippers, he made his major league debut the following day. Adams made 28 appearances for the Indians in 2015, earning 1 save. On February 7, 2017, Adams was designated for assignment by the Indians. On February 10, 2017, the Indians traded Adams to the Los Angeles Angels for a player to be named or cash considerations.
He was designated for assignment on April 2, 2017. On April 5, he was outrighted from the 40-man roster, optioned to the Triple-A Salt Lake Bees, he elected free agency on November 6, 2017. On June 1, 2018, Adams signed with the Sugar Land Skeeters of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball. On August 19, 2018, Adams's contract was purchased by the Minnesota Twins, he was assigned to the Double-A Chattanooga Lookouts, he opened the 2019 season with the Rochester Red Wings. On May 16, his contract was selected and he was called up to the major league roster.he made his twins debut on may 18 and pitched 2 scoreless innings. On May 26, 2019, the Detroit Tigers claimed Adams off waivers after the Twins designated him for assignment, he made his Tigers debut on June 1. On July 7, he was designated for assignment, he appeared in 13 games, pitching to a 5.14 ERA. He elected free agency on September 30. On January 28, 2020, Adams signed a minor league deal with the Minnesota Twins. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference Austin Adams on Twitter