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Time in Australia

Australia uses three main time zones: Australian Western Standard Time, Australian Central Standard Time, Australian Eastern Standard Time. Time is regulated by the individual state governments. Australia's external territories observe different time zones. Standard time was introduced in the 1890s. Before the switch to standard time zones, each local city or town was free to determine its local time, called local mean time. Now, Western Australia uses Western Standard Time. Daylight saving time is used in states in the south and south-east—South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and the ACT, it is not used in Western Australia, the Northern Territory or Queensland. Norfolk Island has NFT and Norfolk Island during summer as NFDT; the standardisation of time in Australia began in 1892, when surveyors from the six colonies in Australia met in Melbourne for the Intercolonial Conference of Surveyors. The delegates accepted the recommendation of the 1884 International Meridian Conference to adopt Greenwich Mean Time as the basis for standard time.

The colonies enacted time zone legislation, which took effect in February 1895. The clocks were set ahead of GMT by 8 hours in Western Australia; the three time zones became known as Western Standard Time, Central Standard Time, Eastern Standard Time. Broken Hill in the far west of New South Wales adopted Central Standard Time due to it being connected by rail to Adelaide but not Sydney at the time. In May 1899, South Australia advanced Central Standard Time by thirty minutes after lobbying by businesses who wanted to be closer to Melbourne time and cricketers and footballers who wanted more daylight to practice in the evenings disregarding the common international practice of setting one-hour intervals between adjacent time zones. Attempts to correct these oddities in 1986 and 1994 were rejected; when the Northern Territory was separated from South Australia and placed under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government, that Territory kept Central Standard Time. When the ACT was broken off from New South Wales, it retained Eastern Standard Time.

Since 1899, the only major changes in Australian time zones have been setting of clocks half an hour earlier than Eastern time on the territory of Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island changing from UTC+11:30 to UTC+11:00 on 4 October 2015. When abbreviating "Australian Central Time" and "Australian Eastern Time", in domestic contexts the leading "Australian" may be omitted. Though the governments of the states and territories have the power to legislate variations in time, the standard time within each of these is set related to Coordinated Universal Time as determined by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures and set by section 8AA of the National Measurement Act of 1960 of the Commonwealth. Australia has kept a version of the UTC atomic time scale since the 1990s, but Greenwich Mean Time remained the formal basis for the standard times of all of the states until 2005. In November 2004, the state and territory attorneys-general endorsed a proposal from the Australian National Measurement Institute to adopt UTC as the standard of all Australian standard times, thereby eliminating the effects of slight variations in the rate of rotation of the Earth that are inherent in mean solar time.

All states have adopted the UTC standard, starting on 1 September 2005. In Victoria, South Australia and the ACT, the starting and ending dates of daylight saving times are determined by proclamations, declarations, or regulation made by the State Governor or by the responsible minister; such instruments may be valid for only the current year, so this section only refers to the legislation. In New South Wales and Western Australia, the starting and ending dates, if any, are to be set by legislation. Western Standard Time – UTC+08:00 Western Australia – Standard Time Act 2005Central Standard Time – UTC+09:30 South Australia – Standard Time Act 2009 and the Daylight Saving Act 1971 Northern Territory – Standard Time Act 2005Eastern Standard Time – UTC+10:00 Queensland – Standard Time Act 1894 New South Wales – Standard Time Act 1987 No 149 Australian Capital Territory – Standard Time and Summer Time Act 1972 Victoria – Summer Time Act 1972 Tasmania – Standard Time Act 1895 and the Daylight Saving Act 2007 The choice of whether to use DST is a matter for the governments of the individual states and territories.

However, during World War I and World War II all states and territories used daylight saving time. In 1968 Tasmania became the first state to use DST in peacetime, followed in 1971 by New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, the Australian Capital Territory. Western Australia and the Northern Territory did not adopt it. Queensland abandoned DST in 1972. Queensland and Western Australia have used DST during the past 40 years during trial periods; the main DST zones are the following: Central Daylight Saving Time – UTC+10:30, in South Australia and Broken Hill, New South Wales Eastern Daylig

Run for Time

Run For Time All Members Accelerating, is a Chinese variety show broadcasting on Hunan Television channel. The idea of the show is based on Inc's Run for Money Tosochuu. In September 2017, Hunan TV announced the show will not be renewed for its third season. Run For Time features an all-star cast. Huang Xiaoming Jia Nailiang Luo Jin TFBOYS: Wang Yuan TFBOYS: Yi Yangqianxi TFBOYS: Wang Junkai Du Chun Ada Choi Tian Liang Zang Hongna Shawn Dou Li Yundi Li Xiaolu Bao Chunlai Fan Tiantian Zhang Yijie Zhang Liang Chen Ou Song Weilong SNH48: Ju Jingyi SNH48: Zhao Jiamin Huang Qishan Shen Mengchen Happy Family: Xie Na Chen Xiang Wang Likun Hawick Lau Jia Ling Elvis Han Jin Chen Zhang Xinyu Huang Chia-chien Sun Jian Huang Yali Wang Likun Li Xiaolu Gan Wei Wang Kai The Flowers: Da Zhangwei Zeng Shunxi Gigi Leung Ma Ke SHE: ELLA Twins: Ah Sa Yu Haoming A-Lin Qu Ying Bai Kainan Shen Ling Chen Sicheng Xiaoshenyang Wang Baoqiang Ady An Huang Jingyu Xu Weizhou Du Chun Tian Liang Song Xiaobao Happy Family: Du Haitao Li Jia Hang Happy Family: Wu Xin Jia Nailiang The Flowers: Da Zhangwei Lin Yun SHE: ELLA Shen Mengchen Liu Wen Myolie Wu Fahrenheit: Jiro Wang Wei Daxun Qiao Shan Twins: Ah Sa Zhang Liang Girl's Generation Jessica Jung Hwang Chi Yeul In every season 1 episode of Run For Time, four hunters are sent out to capture seventeen or eighteen guest stars.

For every second the escapees survive, they gain 50 in-game credits, which will accumulate over the first eight episodes for the finals. If the escapees are caught by the hunters, they will be eliminated and are permitted to keep only ten percent of their credits for that particular round. Meanwhile, they have to complete certain tasks thrown to them in a given time frame while hiding from the hunters. If the escapees find a "refuge", they can choose to leave with the credits they have. If the escapees survive the whole course of 90 minutes, they will be handsomely rewarded with 270,000 credits; the hunters cannot have any sort of communication with the escapees. They can only sprint when they see an escapee, they cannot determine the escapee's location by looking for the cameramen. If the escapees manage to hide or run away from the hunter, the hunter will give up the chase

Khalaj language

Khalaj known as Arghu, is a Turkic language, spoken in Iran today. Although it contains lot of archaic Old Turkic elements, it became Persianized; the Turkic languages are a language family of at least 35 documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples. The number of speakers derived from statistics or estimates and were rounded: Ethnologue and ISO list an Iranian language "Khalaj" with the same population, but Glottolog states it does not exist; the Khalaj speak their Turkic language and Persian and the supposed Iranian language of the Khalaj is spurious. While thought to be related to Azerbaijani, linguistic study that done by Gerhard Doerfer, led to the reclassification of Khalaj as a distinct non-Oghuz branch of Turkic language. Evidence for this includes the preservation of the vowel length contrasts of Proto-Turkic, word-initial *h, the lack of the sound change *d → y characteristic of Oghuz languages; the preservative character of Khalaj can be seen by comparing the same words across different Turkic varieties.

Because of the preservation of these archaic features, some scholars have speculated that the Khalaj are the descendants of the Arghu Turks. Some Turkish scholars consider Khalaj to be one of the "last examples" of Old Turkic. Khalaj is spoken in Markazi Province in Iran. Doerfer cites the number of speakers as 17,000 in 1968; the main dialects of Khalaj are Southern. Within these dialect groupings, individual villages and groupings of speakers have distinct speech patterns. Doerfer claims that Khalaj retains three vowel lengths postulated for Proto-Turkic: long, half-long, short. However, Manaster Ramer challenges both the interpretation that Khalaj features three vowel lengths and that Proto-Turkic had this three-way contrast; some vowels of Proto-Turkic are realized as in. Nouns in Khalaj may receive a plural possessive marker. Cases in Khalaj include genitive, dative, ablative and equative. Forms of case suffixes change based on the consonants they follow. Case endings interact with possessive suffixes.

A table of basic case endings is provided below: Verbs in Khalaj are inflected for voice, tense and negation. Verbs consist of long strings of morphemes in the following array: Stem + Voice + Negation + Tense/Aspect + Agreement Khalaj employs subject–object–verb word order. Adjectives precede nouns; the core of Khalaj vocabulary is Turkic. Words from neighboring Turkic dialects, namely Azerbaijani, have made their way into Khalaj. Khalaj numbers are Turkic in form, but some speakers replace the forms for "80" and "90" with Persian terms: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 20 - 30 - 40 - 50 - 60 - 70 - 80 -, 90 -, 100 - 1000 -, (Excerpt from Dorfer & Tezcan Cheung, Johnny. М. Стеблин-Каменского, Kontrast, pp. 73–94 Щepбак, A. M. "Xaлaджcкий язык", Языки мира, Тюркские языки, Moscow: Изд-во, pp. 470–476, ISBN 5-85759-061-2Frawley, William J.. International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Volume 3. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195139771. Doerfer, Gerhard. Folklore-Texte der Chaladsch. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

ISBN 344703484X. Kıral, Filiz, "Reflections on –miš in Khalaj", in Johanson, Lars. Khalaj Materials. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Publications. ISBN 0-87750-150-5. OCLC 240052. Doerfer, Gerhard. Grammatik des Chaladsch. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 3-447-02865-3. Johanson, Lars; the Turkic Languages. London: Routledge. Kabak, Baris, "Acquiring phonology is not acquiring inventories but contrasts: The loss of Turkic and Korean primary long vowels", Linguistic Typology, 8: 351–368, doi:10.1515/lity.2004.8.3.351 Minorsky, V. Minorsky, "The Turkish Dialect of the Khalaj", Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, 10: 417–437 Resources in and about the Turkic Khalaj language Khalaj language

The Sand Child

The Sand Child is a 1985 novel by Moroccan author Tahar Ben Jelloun. First published in France, the novel's message expresses on multiple levels ideas about the post-colonial condition of Morocco while emphasising themes relating to the construction of individual identities, it can be seen as a critique of "traditional" Islamic and Moroccan morals, with specific reference to the position of women. There are strong elements of magical realism in the novel. Ben Jelloun continued the story of Mohammed Ahmed/Zahra in his award-winning 1987 novel, The Sacred Night; the book is a lyrical account of the life of Mohammed Ahmed, the eighth daughter of Hajji Ahmed Suleyman. Frustrated by his failure to bring a son into the world, Ahmed's father is determined that his youngest daughter will be raised as a boy, with all the rights and privileges that go along with it; the first part of the book describes the father's efforts to thwart suspicion that his child is a boy from his jealous brothers, who look to inherit Ahmed's fortune.

Using bribery and deceit, the masquerade succeeds. Mohammed Ahmed is circumcised, his breasts are bound, he marries his cousin Fatima, a sickly epileptic girl, who dies young. Only the father, the mother, the midwife are aware of the hoax, being perpetrated; the story is told by a wandering storyteller, who reveals the tale, bit by bit, to an enthusiastic—though sometimes skeptical—audience. To verify his story, the storyteller claims to quote from a journal that Mohammed Ahmed kept, revealing his innermost thoughts about his confused gender identity. Mohammed Ahmed reveals himself through correspondence with a mysterious friend, who writes him letters challenging his identity; the book changes direction after Fatima's death and the disappearance of the storyteller, forced away by the modernization of the country. The remainder of the journal has been lost, but some of the crowd that once listened to the storyteller continues to meet and share how they see the story ending; each of them describes Mohammed Ahmed's transition back to womanhood, where she assumes the identity of Zahra.

Their stories have different endings, some happy, others tragic, until a blind troubador, a fictionalised version of Jorge Luis Borges, continues the tale leading up to Mohammed Ahmed/Zahra's death. Ahmed: The main character. An eighth child, born a female, but was raised and presented to the society as a male, it is "his" story, being told and "his" journal, being read to the audience. Story teller/narrator: multiple, with varying connection to Ahmed, character as well as narrator Malika: She is the loyal female housekeeper/maid of the house, she is discreet, gentle and "never asked questions". Ahmed's mother: She is the mother of Ahmed and 7 other daughters, she is subservient to her husband. Ahmed's father: He is the father of Ahmed, he is traditional wants a son to continue his lineage and inheritance. He blames his wife, he is the person who decides his last born daughter, to be raised as a male. Fatima: She is Ahmed's cousin, she is born with a limp and is epileptic, has always been treated as a failure by her family and the society.

She is used to cover up "his" secret. She dies early in life. Um Abbas: female, leader of a circus, takes Ahmed in Lalla Zahra: Ahmed's female persona. Salem: 1st of the three alternate end storytellers, black son of slave. Amar: 2nd of the three alternate end storytellers, he says that he has salvaged the manuscript. Fatuma: Last of the three alternate end storytellers. An old woman, comes from family, happy to have daughters, has no children or a husband. L'Enfant de Sable incorporates traditional Arabic and oral story-telling strategies to form a frame-story; the character who tells the story of Ahmed is an eccentric character, doubted by his marketplace audiences. This approach to story-telling may be indicative of the author's own love for Arabic cultural traditions and appreciation of the story as the most important cultural dimension; the surreal characteristics of the story-teller character plays a major role in other thematic categories. The scenes in which the story-teller is doubted are moments in which the reader may realize the credibility of the narrator.

There are many cases in the novel. The first chapter describes Ahmed as isolating himself, between Ahmed's father and his daughters "was a wall", festivities are held in the name of lies; the novel on the whole is about this mystery—this deceit. Ahmed's father hides the truth about his "son", Ahmed's mother binds his chest as to avoid breast growth, so on. In this novel a character will cause harm to a body, whether it be to themselves or to others. Before Ahmed is born, much harm is caused to the body of the mother in order to prevent another daughter; when Ahmed is to be circumcised, his father spills his own blood to hide the truth. There is an instant in the book when Ahmed's mother is said to be growing tired of her own daughters and strikes "her belly to punish herself." The Sand Child can be read of magical realism. Blogger Amy Owen describe the "dream-like states and allusions to Andre Breton and the ex

Sir Philip Gibbes, 1st Baronet

Sir Philip Gibbes, 1st Baronet Gibbs was a planter in Barbados. Gibbes was baptised that same year, his parents were his wife Elizabeth Harris. He went back in the male line to Henry Gibbes of Bristol, whose son Philip settled on Barbados, through Philip and Philip. In London at the Middle Temple, Gibbes studied law, before returning to the West Indies to take up his father's sugar estates, he was appointed to the Barbados legislature, advising the island's governor in Bridgetown on legal matters. He spent, time in Great Britain, is considered an absentee owner; the Gibbes baronetcy was created on 30 May 1774. The associated place name or seat is given as Fackley, with a query added by George Edward Cokayne as Tackley. Gibbes had discussions in Paris with Benjamin Franklin on the American Revolutionary War, they may first have met in London, in 1774/5. Once the Revolutionary War broke out, Barbados was in an exposed position. In 1777 and again in 1778, Gibbes visited Franklin; the role taken on by Gibbes has been described as "a self-appointed mediator".

Franklin moved away from the acceptability of some form of federal system with Great Britain, as is documented in his correspondence with Joseph Priestley. He reported on the content of these discussions to Arthur Lee. At this time — early 1778 — the king was warning Lord North about Gibbes ahead of an anticipated interview, saying he had heard Gibbes was a "doubtful character". Gibbes was received by the Prime Minister as the head of a group representing the interests of the Caribbean plantation owners, In 1777 Gibbes joined the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. At the height of the Gordon Riots, on 7 June 1780, Gibbes was quoted in the London Courant as favouring the formation in Marylebone of a volunteer militia unit. From 1788 token coins to designs by John Milton were issued on Barbados, that have been attributed to Gibbes, his "Neptune" tokens circulated widely. Gibbes leased a town house at 4 New Burlington Street from 1798 onwards, his health deteriorated in old age and he was afflicted with loss of eyesight.

He died at Springhead House on 27 June 1815, while under the care of a plantation manager, was buried in the grounds of St James Church, Barbados. Gibbes was a member of the Barbadian Society for the Improvement of Plantership, the 1789 autobiography of Olaudah Equiano contains a description of him as "the most worthy and humane gentleman", his works included: Instructions for the Management of a Plantation in Barbadoes and for the Treatment of Negroes, co-author in a collective work, attributed in the most part to Edward Drax. Instructions for the Treatment of Negroes; the second edition drew on pamphlets by Count Rumford on pauperism. As with some other related publications of the period, it argued for regulation of slavery, rather than its abolition. Letter to John Beckles, Esq. Attorney General at Barbadoes, Correspondence between them on the subject of the Conveyance of the Kendal Plantation being Unfairly obtained The anonymous Reflections on the proclamation of the second of July 1783, relative to the trade between the United States of America and the West India islands: addressed to the Right Honourable William Pitt, first lord of the Treasury, chancellor of the Exchequer has been attributed to him.

At St James Church, Barbados, in 1753, Gibbes married Agnes Osborne—the only child and sole heiress of another Barbadian planter of English origin, Samuel Osborne. County Kent was the ancestral home of the Osbornes, she predeceased her husband, dying in London in 1813. Sir Philip and Lady Gibbes had all born on Barbados, they were raised in England by Lady Gibbes, while Sir Philip concentrated on his business and political affairs in Barbados and Bristol. During the 1780s, she and the children stayed near Wolverhampton—at Hilton Park in rural Staffordshire, where she and her daughters had a visit in 1783 from John Wesley; the children had as Wesley's correspondent. The eldest son, was a Cambridge graduate and judge on the Barbados bench, he served as Chief Justice of Barbados, but was removed from the position by Governor George Poyntz Ricketts in 1797, in controversy over the murder trial of Joseph Denny, a man of mixed race. He married Maria Knipe in 1807, died 14 December 1812. Maria in 1818 married Sir John Palmer-Acland, 1st Baronet as his second wife.

During the early 19th century, Gibbes became estranged from his two sons. Elizabeth's marriage connected the Gibbes family to that of Jeremy Bentham, since Charles Abbot's widowed mother Sarah remarried to Jeremiah Bentham, father of Jeremy. Benjamin Franklin papers, Sir Philip Gibbes: Minutes of a Conversation with Franklin

Radhe Shyam Goenka

Radhe Shyam Goenka is an Indian entrepreneur, co-founder and whole time Director of Emami, a diversified business conglomerate engaged in the business of FMCG, real estate, edible oil & bio-diesel, health care cement, pharma retail, book & leisure retail, solar power and contemporary art. Radhe is among the top 100 richest Indians and listed on Forbes world’s billionaire. Radhe was born on 19 February 1946 in Kolkata India. Radhe Shyam completed his college education from St. Xavier’s College Kolkata, he got his LLB from Calcutta University. Com from Calcutta University. In 1970 Radhe joined K K Birla Group as head of income tax department. In 1974 Radhe along with his school friend Radhe Shyam Agarwal started a cosmetics company Emami; the company was started with a capital of $2600 borrowed from his father. Emami is now a multiple business global group of companies with a revenue of above $1.3 billions. In the early morning of 9 December 2011, an AMRI Hospital in south Kolkata’s Dhakuria district erupted in fire, leading to the deaths of 92 people – critically ill patients, many of them suffocating in their sleep.

The following day, the license for the hospital was canceled, the Chief Minister of West Bengal ordered a judicial inquiry into the incident. The fire was triggered by flammable chemicals that were stored at the site. Rescue efforts were hampered by the narrowness and congestion of the road leading to the hospital, the allegations that all of the windows and doors were locked and that the fire alarms and sprinklers installed at the hospital did not work during the fire. Seven members of the hospital's board were arrested the same day, including Goenka and Agarwal, who were founders of Emami and directors of the hospital chain, they were charged with negligently causing the deaths. A total of 16 people stood accused in the courts in July 2016, including the board members and several directors of the hospital. Amongst the charges were culpable homicide not amounting to murder under section 304 of the Indian Penal Code, which carries a maximum sentence of 10 years' imprisonment in cases where the criminal actions are undertaken knowingly but without the intention to cause death.

Additional charges were laid under Section 308 and Section 38. The fire was recorded as the largest hospital tragedy in India at the time. 1. Awarded the Cavalier Cross Order of Merit, the Republic of Poland in 2007 Radhe serves as the President of Chemical Division at Gmmco Limited, Advisor of Kemco Chemicals, Executive Chairman at Emami Paper Mills Limited, Joint Chairman of Emami group of companies, Zandu Pharmaceutical Works Limited, Executive Director at Emami Paper Mills, Chairman of South City Project Limited, Advance Medicare & Research Institute Limited, Suntrack Commerce Private. Limited, Merchant Chamber of Commerce, South City Parivaar Private Limited, Susruta Clinic & Research Institute for Advance Medicines Private Limited, Bhanu Vyapaar Private Limited, Pro-sports Management Limited, Suraj Viniyog Private Limited and Emami Realty Private Limited. Radhe had served as an Independent & Non Executive Director of Khaitan Limited, Director of Zandu Realty Limited, he served as the Honorary Consul of Republic of Poland in Kolkata and was the Co-Chairman of Indian Cancer Society, Kolkata.

Radhe is a Director-Member of the Managing Committee of Merchant Chamber of Industry. Radhe is married and has two sons, Manish Goenka and Mohan Goenka and one daughter Rachna Goenka Bagaria; the entire family manages the business of Emami group and lives in Southern Avenue Kolkata India. Rachna Goenka is married to Rajesh Bagaria