Timothy Francis Leary was an American psychologist and writer known for his strong advocacy of psychedelic drugs. As a clinical psychologist at Harvard University, Leary worked on the Harvard Psilocybin Project from 1960–62, resulting in the Concord Prison Experiment and the Marsh Chapel Experiment; the scientific legitimacy and ethics of his research were questioned by other Harvard faculty because he took psychedelics along with research subjects and pressured students to join in. Leary and his colleague, Richard Alpert, were fired from Harvard University in May 1963. Most people first heard of psychedelics after the Harvard scandal. Leary believed, he used LSD himself and developed a philosophy of mind expansion and personal truth through LSD. After leaving Harvard, he continued to publicly promote the use of psychedelic drugs and became a well-known figure of the counterculture of the 1960s, he popularized catchphrases that promoted his philosophy, such as "turn on, tune in, drop out", "set and setting", "think for yourself and question authority".
He wrote and spoke about transhumanist concepts of space migration, intelligence increase, life extension. Leary developed the eight-circuit model of consciousness in his book Exo-Psychology and gave lectures billing himself as a "performing philosopher". During the 1960s and 1970s, he was arrested enough to see the inside of 36 prisons worldwide. President Richard Nixon once described Leary as "the most dangerous man in America". Leary was born on October 22, 1920 in Springfield, the only child in an Irish Catholic household, his father, Timothy "Tote" Leary, was a dentist who left his wife Abigail Ferris when Leary was 14. He graduated from Classical High School in the western Massachusetts city, he attended the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts from 1938 to 1940. Under pressure from his father, he became a cadet in the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. In the first months as a "plebe", he received numerous demerits for rule infractions and got into serious trouble for failing to report rule breaking by cadets he supervised.
He was accused of going on a drinking binge and failing to admit it, was asked by the Honor Committee to resign. He refused and was "silenced" — that is, shunned, by fellow cadets, he was acquitted by a court-martial, but the silencing continued, as well as the onslaught of demerits for small rule infractions. In his sophomore year his mother appealed to a family friend, United States Senator David I. Walsh, head of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee, who investigated personally; the Honor Committee revised its position and announced that it would abide by the court-martial verdict. Leary resigned and was honorably discharged by the Army. 50 years he said that it was "the only fair trial I've had in a court of law". To the chagrin of his family, Leary transferred to the University of Alabama in late 1941 because it admitted him so expeditiously, he enrolled in the university's ROTC program, maintained top grades, began to cultivate academic interests in psychology and biology. Leary was expelled a year for spending a night in the female dormitory and lost his student deferment in the midst of World War II.
Leary was drafted into the United States Army and received basic training at Fort Eustis in 1943. He remained in the non-commissioned officer track while enrolled in the psychology subsection of the Army Specialized Training Program, including three months of study at Georgetown University and six months at Ohio State University. With limited need for officers late in the war, Leary was assigned as a private first class to the Pacific War-bound 2d Combat Cargo Group at Syracuse Army Air Base in Mattydale, New York. After a fateful reunion with Ramsdell in Buffalo, New York, he was promoted to corporal and reassigned to his mentor's command as a staff psychometrician, he remained in Deshon's deaf rehabilitation clinic for the remainder of the war. While stationed in Butler, Leary courted Marianne Busch. Leary was discharged at the rank of sergeant in January 1946, having earned the Good Conduct Medal, the American Defense Service Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the World War II Victory Medal.
Leary was reinstated at the University of Alabama and received credit for his Ohio State psychology coursework. He completed his degree via correspondence courses and graduated in August, 1945. After receiving his undergraduate degree, Leary pursued an academic career. In 1946, he received a M. S. in psychology at the State College of Washington, where he studied under educational psychologist Lee Cronbach. His M. S. thesis was on clinical applications of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. In 1947, Marianne gave birth to their first child, Susan. A son, arrived two years later. In 1950, Leary received a Ph. D. in clinical psychology from the University of California, Berkeley. Like many social scientists of the postwar era, Leary was galvanized by the objectivity of modern physics.
Prostitution in Sierra Leone is legal and commonplace. Soliciting and 3rd party involvement are prohibited by the Sexual Offences Act 2012. UNAIDS estimate, they are known locally as ` serpents'. Sex workers report they are abused and suffer extortion by the police. In 1787 the British Crown founded a settlement in Sierra Leone in what was called the "Province of Freedom", it intended to resettle some of the "Black Poor of London," African Americans freed by the British during the American Revolutionary War. About 290 free black men, 41 black women and 60 white prostitutes from London reached Sierra Leone on 15 May 1787. Since the end of the ten-year civil war in Sierra Leone, there has been an increase in child prostitution among children who are struggling to survive; this has happened in spite of the fact. Sierra Leone is a source and destination country for men and children subjected to sex trafficking. Victims originate from rural provinces and are recruited to urban and mining centers for exploitation in sex trafficking.
At times, sex trafficking occurs in nightclubs. Trafficking victims are exploited in fishing and agriculture and subjected to sex trafficking through customary practices, such as forced marriages. Traffickers operate individually, convincing parents to hand over their children and promising to provide an education or better life but instead exploiting the children in trafficking. Sierra Leonean girls are exploited in Guinea. Traffickers have exploited boys and girls from Sierra Leone to work as “cultural dancers”—and also for sexual exploitation—in The Gambia. Sierra Leonean adults voluntarily migrate to other West African countries, including Mauritania and Guinea, as well as to the Middle East and Europe, where some are subjected to forced prostitution; as in previous years, Sierra Leonean women are subjected to trafficking in Lebanon. Children from neighboring West African countries have been exploited in prostitution in Sierra Leone; the 2005 anti-trafficking law criminalizes all forms of human trafficking and prescribes a maximum penalty of 10 years imprisonment and/or a fine of 50 million leones for sex trafficking.
In addition, two other laws prescribe penalties for sex trafficking offenses that differ from the anti-trafficking law. The Child Rights Act imposes a penalty for the prostitution of a child by a third party of 30 million leones and/or two years imprisonment, neither sufficiently stringent nor commensurate with penalties for rape; the Sexual Offences Act criminalizes forced prostitution and child prostitution with penalties of up to 15 years imprisonment. The United States Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons ranks Sierra Leone as a'Tier 2 Watch List' country
Tarek William Saab is a Venezuelan politician and poet. He is a leader of the Fifth Republic Movement party founded by Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela, who publicly called him "The Revolution's Poet", he was the Governor of Anzoátegui from 2004 to 2012, a member of the Committee for Justice and Truth since 2013. In December 2014, he was elected "People's Defender", or Ombudsman, by the National Assembly for 2014–2021 term. Saab was appointed as President of the Republican Moral Council of Venezuela by the People's Power in 2015. On 5 August 2017, he was appointed as Prosecutor General of Venezuela by the National Constituent Assembly in substitution of Luisa Ortega Diaz. Saab was a member of the Constituent Assembly that drafted in 1999 the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. In 2000, he was elected a member of the Venezuelan National Assembly. During the coup d'état of April 2002, Saab was imprisoned by security forces after a crowd of protesters had gathered around Saab's home, threatening him and his family.
He was held incommunicado for several hours. While Saab was head of the foreign policy commission of Venezuela's National Assembly in 2002, he was refused an entry visa to the United States. Reuters reported that Saab told local television he had been denied the visa because a U. S. State Department report "identified him as'an individual linked to international subversion'". According to Venezuela's El Universal, Saab said he been denied the visa because of alleged ties with international terrorist organizations, which he denied any association with. Saab is an outspoken critic of Israel. Saab was elected Governor of Anzoátegui in the 2004 regional elections, re-elected in 2008. In 2005 Saab was accused by critics within his own party of participating in electoral fraud in the primary elections for 2005 local elections, his predecessor as governor of Anzoátegui, David de Lima, accused Saab of using his position for political persecution, after Saab's wife accused De Lima of mismanagement. Saab was elected to the post of ombudsman in 2014 by the parliament, for a term of 7 years, with opposition considering the election unlawful for procedural grounds despite the opinion of the Supreme Court.
During the 2014–2017 Venezuelan protests, Saab was criticized for siding with the government on human rights issues, with The Washington Post stating that he "is viewed as an apologist for the unpopular government of President Nicolás Maduro". Saab was appointed Prosecutor General on 5 August 2017 by the National Constituent Assembly after former Prosecutor General Luisa Ortega Díaz was removed from office by the Bolivarian government for being part of the "counterrevolution"; this occurred months after Saab stated himself that he had "no gut, no encouragement, no willingness to be Attorney General" and that he wanted to be Prosecutor "not yesterday, not today, not tomorrow". Following the deaths of student protesters during the 2017 Venezuelan protests, Saab's son Yibram Saab placed a video on YouTube explaining how he protested on the day that a 20-year-old protester "was killed through the terrible and inhumane use of tear gas", exclaiming "That could've been me!" He pleaded to his father, "Dad, in this moment you have the power to end the injustice that has sunk this country.
I ask you as your son and in the name of Venezuela, to whom you serve, that you reflect on the situation and do what you have to do." Saab is banned from entering neighboring Colombia. The Colombian government maintains a list of people banned from entering Colombia or subject to expulsion. In July 2017, thirteen senior officials of the Venezuelan government, including Saab, associated with the 2017 Venezuelan Constituent Assembly elections were sanctioned by the United States for their role in undermining democracy and human rights. Canada sanctioned 40 Venezuelan officials, including Saab, in September 2017; the sanctions were for behaviors that undermined democracy after at least 125 people were killed in the 2017 Venezuelan protests and "in response to the government of Venezuela's deepening descent into dictatorship". Canadians were banned from transactions with the 40 individuals; the European Union sanctioned seven Venezuela officials, including Saab, on 18 January 2018, singling them out as being responsible for deteriorating democracy in the country.
The sanctioned individuals were prohibited from entering the nations of the European Union, their assets were frozen. In March 2018, Panama sanctioned 55 public officials, including Saab, Switzerland implemented sanctions, freezing the assets of seven ministers and high officials, including Saab, due to human rights violations and deteriorating rule of law and democracy. On 20 April 2018, the Mexican Senate froze the assets of officials of the Maduro administration, including Saab, prohibited them from entering Mexico. Saab has written numerous publications, including Los ríos de la Ira, El Hacha de los Santos, Príncipe de Lluvia y Duelo, Al Fatah, Angel Caído Angel, Cielo a Media Asta, Cuando Pasen las Carretas, Poemas selectos, Los niños del infortunio, Memorias de Gulan Rubani. Un paisaje boreal. Anzoátegui State Governor Election, 2004 Results, cne.gob.ve.
Reyahn King is a British curator and museum director. She is the chief executive officer of York Museums Trust. King grew up in Surrey. From the age of 11, when her family went to Tanzania, she divided her time between there and boarding school in the UK, she studied for an undergraduate degree in modern history at Oxford University and worked at the National Portrait Gallery in London, before attending Boston University to study for a master's degree. King worked as curator of prints and drawings at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery before moving to the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum in Coventry, she returned to Birmingham Museums as a manager before, in 2007, joining National Museums Liverpool as director of art galleries. From 2012 to 2015 King worked for the Heritage Lottery Fund as the head of the West Midlands region, she chaired the Jury for the John Moores Painting Prize in 2008 and 2010, was a judge for Liverpool Art Prize in 2008. King was appointed as chief executive of York Museums Trust in November 2015.
She is only the second CEO of the Trust, following Janet Barnes who had held the role from its inception in 2002. As chief executive of York Museums Trust in 2017, King led the bid to secure £4.9 million funding of Arts Council England. The Trust will receive £1.35 million over four years to continue as a Museum Development Sector Support Organisation, which offers expertise and advice to other museums in the region. She was photographed in 2016 by Rankin along with the team from York Art Gallery as part of the gallery's shortlisting for the Art Fund Museum of the Year. King is a member of the National Museums Director's Council. King, R. 1997. Ignatius Sancho: The Man and His Times. London: National Portrait Gallery King, R. 2004. "Shemza, Anwar Jalal, artist ", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography King, R. 2010. Aubrey Williams. Liverpool: October Gallery/National Museums Liverpool Sara Wajid and Reyahn King talk on "Access, representation in the heritage sector"
Kuki Station is a railway station in Kuki, Japan, operated jointly by East Japan Railway Company and the private railway operator Tobu Railway. Kuki Station is served by the Tobu Isesaki Line, is 47.7 km from the starting point of the Isesaki Line at Asakusa. It is a station on the JR East Tohoku Main Line and is 48.9 km from the starting point of that line at Tokyo Station. The JR East portion of the station has one ground-level island platform and one ground-level side platform serving three tracks, connected to the station building by a footbridge; the station has a “Midori no Madoguchi” staffed ticket office. The Tobu Station consists of two island platform serving four tracks, connected to the station building by a footbridge; the JR East Tohoku Line station opened on 16 July 1885. The Tobu station opened on 27 August 1899. From 17 March 2012, station numbering was introduced on all Tobu lines, with Kuki Station becoming "TI-02". In fiscal 2014, the Tobu station was used by an average of 50,635 passengers daily.
The JR portion of the station was used by 35,862 passengers. List of railway stations in Japan Kuki Station information JR East Station Information
Bryson City is a town in Swain County, North Carolina in the United States. The population was 1,424 as of the 2010 Census, it is the county seat of Swain County. Bryson City is located at 35°25′37″N 83°26′52″W, just west of the confluence of the Tuckasegee River, which flows westward from its source in the mountains to the east, Deep Creek, which flows south from its source near Newfound Gap in the Great Smoky Mountains. After flowing around the Bryson City Island Park, passing through Bryson City, the Tuckasegee flows southwestward for another 12 miles before emptying into the Little Tennessee River. Fontana Lake, an impoundment of the Little Tennessee, covers the lower 11 miles of the Tuckasegee; the town is surrounded on all sides by mountains. The Great Smoky Mountains rise to the north, the Cowee Mountains rise to the south, the Plott Balsams rise to the east; the boundary of the Nantahala National Forest passes just south of the city, the boundary of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park passes just to the north.
The Qualla Boundary, which comprises the bulk of the reservation of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, dominates the area to the east. Bryson City is centered around the junction of Main Street. Main Street is part of U. S. Route 19, which connects Bryson City to Cherokee to Murphy to the southwest. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.2 square miles, of which, 2.1 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,411 people, 588 households and 323 families residing in the town; the population density was 663.5 people per square mile. There were 713 housing units at an average density of 335.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 90.93% White, 1.98% African American, 4.96% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.64% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population. There were 588 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.9% were non-families.
41.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.78. In the town, the population was spread out with 17.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 27.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $23,232, the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $26,528 versus $19,833 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,446. About 14.8% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 21.0% of those age 65 or over. Native Americans have been living and hunting in the vicinity of what is now Bryson City for nearly 14,000 years; the village of Kituhwa, which the Cherokee believed to be their oldest village, was located along the Tuckasegee upstream from Bryson City.
In 1567, an orata from Kituhwa is believed to have met with Spanish explorer Juan Pardo in the French Broad Valley to the north. Although Kituhwa was burned by American soldiers in 1776, the Cherokee continued to hold annual ceremonial dances at the site throughout the 19th century. Around 1818, a Cherokee chief known as Big Bear received a 640-acre reservation of land west of the confluence of Deep Creek and the Tuckasegee River, which included most of what is now Bryson City. Big Bear sold part of his reservation to Darling Belk in 1819 and another part to John B. Love in 1824. Throughout the 1830s, Belk's heirs and Love fought an extended legal battle over control of the Big Bear reservation, with Love prevailing in 1840; the following year, Love sold part of the land to Diana Shuler. The Shulers, in turn, sold off parts of their land to Colonel Thaddeus Bryson and merchant Alfred Cline. A small hamlet known as Bear Springs developed amidst. Swain County was formed from parts of Jackson County and Macon County in 1871, the new commissioners first met at Cline's store at Bear Springs.
Lucy Ann Raby Cline agreed to sell several lots of her land for the formation of a county seat for the new county. The county seat known as Charleston, was laid out in a T-shape formed by what is now Main Street and Everett Street; the first Swain County Courthouse was completed in 1874. In 1872, shortly after the completion of the new jail, a legendary jailbreak occurred at the Swain County jail when a gang led by Harvey Cooper stormed the jail and freed Tom Colvert, whom they deemed unjustly imprisoned for killing a rival at a saloon in Robbinsville. In 1889, the people of Charleston changed the city's name to "Bryson City" to acknowledge the many services rendered to the city by Thaddeus Bryson and to eliminate the confusion brought about by sharing a name with Charleston, South Carolina; the Western North Carolina Railroad laid tracks through Bryson City in 1884 easing transportation to the previously-remote area. The Bryson City Bank opened in 1904 and the current Swain County Courthouse was completed in 1908.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which opened in 1933, provides a m