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Toots and the Maytals

Toots and the Maytals called The Maytals, are a Jamaican musical group and one of the best known ska and rocksteady vocal groups. The Maytals were key figures in popularizing reggae music. Frontman Toots Hibbert's soulful vocal style has been compared to Otis Redding, led him to be named one of the 100 Greatest Singers by Rolling Stone, their 1968 single "Do the Reggay", was the first song to use the word "reggae", naming the genre and introducing it to a global audience. As Island Records founder Chris Blackwell says, "The Maytals were unlike anything else... sensational and dynamic." Frederick "Toots" Hibbert, the frontman of the group, was born in May Pen, Jamaica, in 1942, the youngest of seven children. He moved to Kingston in the late 1950s. Hibbert met Henry "Raleigh" Gordon and Nathaniel "Jerry" Mathias in Kingston in 1962 and formed The Maytals as a vocal trio, a group whose early recordings were incorrectly attributed to The Flames and The Vikings in the UK by Island Records; the first instrumentalist members added to the group included Jackie Jackson, Hux Brown, Rad Bryan, Paul Douglas.

In 1972, the group changed its name from The Maytals to Toots and the Maytals, with "Toots" referring to frontman Toots Hibbert, "the Maytals" referring to the group's instrumentalists and background vocalists. In November 2016, Jackie Jackson described the formation of the group in a radio interview for Kool 97 FM Jamaica. Accompanied by Paul Douglas and Radcliffe "Dougie" Bryan in studio, Jackson explained, We're all original members of Toots and the Maytals band. First it was Toots and the Maytals, three guys: Toots and Jerry. … And they were signed to Island Records, Chris Blackwell. And we were their recording band. One day we were summoned to Chris’ house, and he says, "Alright gentleman. This Toots and the Maytals looks like it’s going to be a big thing". By this time he had signed Bob. So in his camp, Island Records, there was the Maytals / Bob Marley. We kept on meeting and he decided that the backing band that back all of the songs, the recording band, should be the Maytals band. So everything came under Toots and the Maytals.

So we became Maytals also. And we hit the road in 1975... we were the opening act for the Eagles, Linda Ronstadt, Jackson Browne. We were the opening act for The for about two weeks; the Maytals first had chart success recording for producer Clement "Coxsone" Dodd at Studio One. With musical backing from Dodd's house band, the Skatalites, the Maytals' close-harmony gospel singing ensured success, overshadowing Dodd's other up-and-coming vocal group, the Wailers. After staying at Studio One for about two years, the group moved on to do sessions for Prince Buster before recording with Byron Lee in 1966. With Lee, the Maytals won the first-ever Jamaican Independence Festival Popular Song Competition with their original song "Bam Bam"; the group's musical career was interrupted in late 1966 when Hibbert was jailed for 18 months for possession of marijuana. He stated while bailing a friend. Hibbert wrote "54-46 That's My Number" about his time in jail. Following Hibbert's release in 1967, the Maytals began working with the Chinese Jamaican producer Leslie Kong, a collaboration which yielded a string of hits throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s.

These included "Do the Reggay", released in 1968, the first song to first use the word "reggae" and gave the developing genre its name. Reggae is listed in at as:reggae – a style of Jamaican popular music blending blues and rock-'n'-roll, characterized by a strong syncopated rhythm and lyrics of social protest. Origin of reggae: Jamaican English, respelling of reggay The Maytals are responsible for some of the biggest hits in reggae history, including "Pressure Drop," "Sweet And Dandy" and "54-46", the winner of the 1969 Jamaican Independence Festival Popular Song Competition. In 1970 "Monkey Man" became the group's first international hit. By 1971, they signed a recording contract with Chris Blackwell's Island Records, become the biggest act in Jamaica, had become international stars. In 1972 the group won the Jamaican Independence Festival Popular Song Competition for a third time with "Pomps and Pride"; the group was featured twice in the soundtrack to The Harder They Come, the 1972 film starring Jimmy Cliff, named as one of Vanity Fair's top 10 soundtracks of all time.

After Kong's death in 1971, the group continued to record with Kong's former sound engineer, Warrick Lyn. Their re-instated producer Byron Lee renamed them the Maytals; the group released three best-selling albums produced by Lyn and Blackwell of Island Records, enjoyed international hits with Funky Kingston in 1973 and Reggae Got Soul in 1975. Music critic Lester Bangs described the album Funky Kingston in Stereo Review as "perfection, the most exciting and diversified set of reggae tunes by a single artist yet released". Chris Blackwell had a strong commitment to Toots and the Maytals, saying "I've known Toots longer than anybody – much longer than Bob. Toots is one of the purest human beings I've met in my life, pure to a fault."” On 1 October 1975, Toots and the Maytals were broadcast live on KMET-FM as they performed at The Roxy Theatre in Los Angeles. This broadcast was released as an album entitled Sailin' On via Klondike Records. Followin

Aaron Ledesma

Aaron David Ledesma is a former American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as an infielder. Ledesma was drafted in the second round of the 1990 Major League Baseball Draft by the New York Mets. Prior to the 1996 season, he was traded by the Mets to the California Angels for Kevin Flora. Ledesma spent the 1996 season in the minors, became a minor league free agent after the season, signed with the Baltimore Orioles in 1997, he was drafted by the Tampa Bay Devil Rays from Orioles as the 62nd pick in the 1997 Major League Baseball expansion draft. After the 1999 season, the Devil Rays traded Ledesma with Rolando Arrojo to the Colorado Rockies for Vinny Castilla. Ledesma served as the hitting coach for the Class-A Advanced Tampa Yankees in 2008, served as the hitting coach for the Triple-A Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees in 2009 and 2010. Ledesma opened a yoga studio with his wife Karen in Clearwater, where they are instructors. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet

James A. Murphy III

James A. Murphy III is an American politician of the Republican Party, former District Attorney and a jurist, he is an Acting Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of New York and the county court judge for Saratoga County, New York. Murphy began serving in the Saratoga County District Attorney's Office in 1988, as an assistant DA, he first was elected district attorney in 1997 and was sworn in on January 2, 1998. He was re-elected in 2001, 2005, 2009 and 2013. In all, he served for nearly 30 years as a prosecutor, his grandfather was United States Congressman Carleton J. King. Murphy was born in Saratoga Springs, New York on October 13, 1961 to Constance King Murphy, a law school graduate, James A. Murphy, Jr. of Brooklyn, NY, an attorney and mayor of Saratoga Springs. He is a grandson of Carleton J. King, Saratoga County District Attorney from 1950 to 1961, served as a member of the United States Congress from 1961–1974, was Chairman of the Board of Visitors of West Point Military Academy.

Murphy graduated from Saratoga Springs Schools in 1979. He earned his bachelor's degree from Bates College in Lewiston, Maine in 1983, he received a Juris Doctor from Pace University School of Law in New York in 1986. He attended The Harvard Kennedy School for Executive Education and received a Certificate in Leadership in 2011. During his second year of law school he attended University College London Law Faculty, during which time he was employed by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom and worked for Jim Wallace, M. P. of Orkney and Shetland. He is a graduate of the FBI Citizen's Academy. Murphy was a law clerk at the firm of Kane, Kane, Kurucz, Levy and Richard, in New York City with Siegrun D. Kane while she authored Trademark law: a practitioner's guide. Upon being admitted to the New York State Bar, he became an associate of the firm. Murphy first joined the Saratoga County District Attorney's Office in 1988 as an assistant district attorney, he was appointed First Assistant District Attorney in 1996.

He ran for the position of district attorney in 1997 and was sworn in on January 2, 1998, becoming one of the youngest district attorney in New York State. He ran for re-election in 2001, 2005, 2009 and 2013; as District Attorney, Murphy established misdemeanor and felony drug courts for offenders addicted to controlled substances or alcohol. During Murphy's tenure, the Saratoga County Drug Treatment Court diverted hundreds of participants into treatment and away from correctional facilities, helping individuals rejoin the work force and saving incarceration expenses. Murphy created specialized domestic violence, special victims, violent felony prosecution units. With the assistance of the Superintendent of the New York State Police, a position of NYSP Senior Investigator assigned to the District Attorney's Office was coordinate state police investigations with the office. He appeared on The Today Show for the prosecution of a manslaughter case and on Dateline NBC in a two hour Dateline Special entitled “The Man Behind the Mask” for the prosecution of a kidnapper who attempted to abduct a high school track star.

He has appeared on Cold Case Files. Murphy prosecuted a defendant, sentenced in 1995 to back-to-back life sentences, the longest sentence in the county for the murder of his wife and mother-in-law. On September 20, 2014, Murphy resigned as Saratoga County District Attorney while running for Saratoga County Court Judge. Assigned to Schenectady, New York as the acting county court judge, Murphy was assigned to an active trial part, he was assigned to Saratoga County where he has chambers. He has presided as acting judge throughout the 3rd and 4th Judicial Districts and as Acting Supreme and County Court hears both civil and criminal matters within the Unified Court System in New York State. Murphy is past President and Chairman of the Board of the District Attorneys Association of the State of New Yorkand testified before the New York State Senate, the New York State Assembly and the Sentencing Commission regarding reform of the Rockefeller Drug Laws. Murphy is a member of the NYS Supreme Court's 4th Judicial District Law Library Board and was New York State co-chair of Fight Crime-Invest in Kids Inc. Murphy served on the Criminal Justice Section of the New York State Bar Association and was a member of the House of Delegates.

In 2003, Governor George Pataki appointed him to the NYS Commission on Forensic Science. Governor Pataki and Governor Eliot Spitzer appointed him to serve on the New York State Domestic Violence Advisory Board in 2001 and 2007, respectively. Murphy was re-appointed by Governor Andrew Cuomo in 2013 to both positions, he is an Episcopalian. Married to Laurie Jorgensen Murphy of Harvard, Massachusetts, an alumna of Duke University employed by General Electric. District Attorneys Association of the State of New York Saratoga County District Attorney's Office Saratoga County

Torsional vibration

Torsional vibration is angular vibration of an object—commonly a shaft along its axis of rotation. Torsional vibration is a concern in power transmission systems using rotating shafts or couplings where it can cause failures if not controlled. A second effect of torsional vibrations applies to passenger cars. Torsional vibrations can lead to noise at certain speeds. Both reduce the comfort. In ideal power generation, or transmission, systems using rotating parts, not only the torques applied or reacted are "smooth" leading to constant speeds, but the rotating plane where the power is generated and the plane it is taken out are the same. In reality this is not the case; the torques generated may not be smooth or the component being driven may not react to the torque smoothly, the power generating plane is at some distance to the power takeoff plane. The components transmitting the torque can generate non-smooth or alternating torques; because no material can be infinitely stiff, these alternating torques applied at some distance on a shaft cause twisting vibration about the axis of rotation.

Torsional vibration can be introduced into a drive train by the power source. But a drive train with a smooth rotational input can develop torsional vibrations through internal components. Common sources are: Internal combustion engine: The torsional vibrations of the not continuous combustion and the crank shaft geometry itself cause torsional vibrations Reciprocating compressor: The pistons experience discontinuous forces from the compression. Universal joint: The geometry of this joint causes torsional vibrations if the shafts are not parallel. Stick slip: During the engagement of a friction element, stick slip situations create torsional vibrations. Lash: Drive train lash can cause torsional vibrations if the direction of rotation is changed or if the flow of power, i.e. driver vs. driven, is reversed. Torsional vibration is a concern in the crankshafts of internal combustion engines because it could break the crankshaft itself. Causes of the torsional vibration are attributed to several factors.

Alternating torques are generated by the slider-crank mechanism of the crankshaft, connecting rod, piston. The cylinder pressure due to combustion is not constant through the combustion cycle; the slider-crank mechanism does not output a smooth torque if the pressure is constant The motion of the piston mass and connecting rod mass generate alternating torques referred to as "inertia" torques Engines with six or more cylinders in a straight line configuration can have flexible crankshafts due to their long length. 2 Stroke Engines have smaller bearing overlap between the main and the pin bearings due to the larger stroke length, hence increasing the flexibility of the Crankshaft due to decreased stiffness. There is inherently little damping in a crankshaft to reduce the vibration except for the shearing resistance of oil film in the main and conrod bearings. If torsional vibration is not controlled in a crankshaft it can cause failure of the crankshaft or any accessories that are being driven by the crankshaft.

This damaging vibration is controlled by a torsional damper, located at the front nose of the crankshaft. There are two main types of torsional dampers. Viscous dampers consist of an inertia ring in a viscous fluid; the torsional vibration of the crankshaft forces the fluid through narrow passages that dissipates the vibration as heat. The viscous torsional damper is analogous to the hydraulic shock absorber in a car's suspension. Tuned absorber type of "dampers" referred to as a harmonic dampers or harmonic balancers; this damper uses a spring element and an inertia ring, tuned to the first torsional natural frequency of the crankshaft. This type of damper reduces the vibration at specific engine speeds when an excitation torque excites the first natural frequency of the crankshaft, but not at other speeds; this type of damper is analogous to the tuned mass dampers used in skyscrapers to reduce the building motion during an earthquake. Torsional vibrations of drive systems result in a significant fluctuation of the rotational speed of the rotor of the driving electric motor.

Such oscillations of the angular speed superimposed on the average rotor rotational speed cause more or less severe perturbation of the electromagnetic flux and thus additional oscillations of the electric currents in the motor windings. The generated electromagnetic torque is characterized by additional variable in time components which induce torsional vibrations of the drive system. According to the above, mechanical vibrations of the drive system become coupled with the electrical vibrations of currents in the motor windings; such a coupling is complicated in character and thus computationally troublesome. Because of this reason, till present majority of authors used to simplify the matter regarding mechanical vibrations of drive systems and electric current vibrations in the motor windings as mutually uncoupled; the mechanical engineers applied the electromagnetic torques g

Kevin Mbabu

Melingo Kevin Mbabu is a Swiss professional footballer who plays as a defender for VfL Wolfsburg and the Switzerland national team. Born in Chêne-Bougeries, Mbabu started his career at Servette and progressed through the youth team. At the start of the 2012–13 season, he was promoted to the first team and appeared in number of matches for the side, he made his professional debut as a 66th-minute substitute for Servette in a Swiss Super League match against Lausanne-Sport on 26 September 2012, which turned out to be his only appearance for the club. After a successful trial, Mbabu signed a three-and-a-half-year contract with Newcastle United, moving for an undisclosed fee on 31 January 2013. Upon joining the club, he was assigned to the development squad. In the second half of the 2012–13 season, Mbabu made his home debut for the development squad on 1 April 2013, in a 2–1 win over Stoke City Development Squad. For the rest of the second half of the 2012–13 season, he impressed for the side and made seven appearances for the development side.

The 2013–14 season saw Mbabu appeared in the development squad despite suffering from injuries as the season progressed. However, in the 2014–15 season, Mbabu was plagued by injuries and affected the first half of the season. On 2 February 2015, Mbabu signed for Scottish Championship club Rangers on loan until the end of the 2014–15 season but he did not play in any games or make it onto the bench once. At the start of the 2015–16 season, Mbabu recovered from injury and continued to feature in the development squad. With lack of first team opportunities at the club, he was expected to be loaned out, but he called up to the first team by Manager Steve McClaren following an injuries of defenders and made his Newcastle United debut against Sheffield Wednesday in the Capital One Cup, coming on as a substitute for Daryl Janmaat on 23 September 2015. Three days on 26 September 2015, Mbabu made his full Newcastle debut against Chelsea starting at left-back and the game finished 2–2, his performance against Chelsea was praised by pundits.

He made another start in the league on 3 October 2015, in a 6–1 loss against Manchester City. However, he suffered a hamstring injury shortly, it wasn't until on 7 November 2015 when he returned as a late substitute, in a 1–0 win against Bournemouth. Two months on 9 January 2016, Mbabu returned to the first team in the third round of FA Cup against Watford, where he started and played 52 minutes before being substituted, in a 1–0 loss. Following this, he missed the rest of the season after suffering injuries on two occasions. However, Mbabu went on to make 5 appearances in all competitions, as Newcastle United were relegated from the Premier league after six seasons there. At the end of the 2015–16 season, Mbabu signed a two–year contract with the club. Two years after his departure, Mbabu reflected on his time at Newcastle United. On 23 August 2016, Mbabu completed a season-long loan move to Swiss Super League-club Young Boys. However, Mbabu's start of his Young Boys saw him appear on the substitute bench in the first two months there.

It wasn't until on 2 October 2016 when he made his Young Boys debut, coming on as a late substitute, in a 2–2 draw against FC St. Gallen. Several weeks on 23 October 2016, Mbabu made his first start and played the whole game, in a 4–0 win over Grasshopper. Three days on 26 October 2016, Mbabu scored his first goal for the club in the last 16 of Swiss Cup, in a 5–0 win over Grasshoppers. After missing one match in late–October, he was sent–off in a follow–up match on 3 November 2016, in a 1–0 loss against APOEL in the Group Stage of the UEFA Europa League. Mbabu scored his first league goal for the club a month on 3 December 2016, in a 3–1 win over FC Basel. Following this, Mbabu continued to establish himself in the starting eleven, playing in the right–back position for the number of matches. Despite being suspended on three occasions in the season, Mbabu went on to make 24 appearances and scoring 2 times in all competitions. At the end of the 2016–17 season, Mbabu signed a permanent contract with the club.

It was reported that he signed a three–year contract with the club, as Newcastle United agreed to sell him. In the 2017–18 season, Mbabu started the season well when he started the match and helped the side beat regaining Champions side FC Basel 2–0 in the opening game of the season, he helped the side keep three more clean sheets in the next two matches against Grasshoppers, Dynamo Kyiv and Lausanne-Sport. He continued to establish himself in the starting eleven for the side, playing in the right–back position, his performance became recognised that there were calls for him to be called up by the national team squad. He scored his first goal of the season on 1 October 2017, as well as, setting up one of the goals, in a 6–1 win over FC St. Gallen. Between the three matches on 29 October 2017 and 19 November 2017, Mbabu set up three goals in three separate matches against FC Sion, Basel and FC Zürich. After missing one game through suspension, Mbabu scored on his return on 10 December 2017, in a 1–1 draw against Grasshoppers.

By the conclusion of the first half of the season, the club became a title contender, having been at the top of the table. At the SFL Award Night 2017, Mbabu were among several players to be named Team of the Year. From 17 December 2017 and 17 March 2018, he was involved in the team that saw the side go eight matches winning streak in the league. During the streak, Mbabu was chosen Player of the Month for this display. Despite suffering two injuries in the season, Mbabu was part of the Young Boys squad that won the 2017–18 Swiss Super League, their first league title for 32 years. On t

Nome Kingdom

The Nome Kingdom is a fictional region near the Land of Oz, ruled by the Nome King. It is near the Land of Ev, the unnamed countries where Whimsies and Phanfasms live; the Nome Kingdom is known as the Dominions of the Nome King. The Nome Kingdom is located underground and beneath the mountains. There are no trees or small animals in the Nome Kingdom and they only contain bare mountains. Inside the mountains are vast caverns which extend for miles and miles. Thousands of Nomes work at hammering precious metals or polishing jewels. In Ozma of Oz, the Queen of Ev and her children were once sold to the Nome King who transformed them into items of Bric-a-brac and placed them in his palace. Princess Ozma and Dorothy Gale arrived with a contingent from the Emerald City expecting to rescue the Queen of Ev, though she and nearly all her party were transformed into ornaments as well before being rescued by Billina. In The Emerald City of Oz, the Nome King allied himself with the Whimsies, the Phanfasms, the Growleywogs where they lead the Nome Kingdom's army into tunneling under the Deadly Desert as part of a plot to invade the Land of Oz.

Upon emerging in the Emerald City, his forces drank from the Forbidden Fountain, forgot everything, were returned to their respective locations. Great Domed Cavern - The largest cave in the Nome Kingdom. Metal Forest - An artificial forest in the Great Domed Cavern; this is. All the trees are solid tower as high as oak trees; the Metal Forest has Hotel Trees which bear edible food. Hot Lake - An unnamed hot bubbling lake where the Nomes like to go swimming. Nome King's Palace - The home of the Nome King. Rubber Country - An area of land, near the Nome Kingdom and the Land of Ev. Everything there is surrounded by a brook of dry water. Colonel Crinkle - A dapper-looking Nome, the colonel of the Nome Army, he temporarily became General. After an argument with the Nome King, General Crinkle was taken to the torture chamber where he was sliced thin and fed to a bunch of Seven-Headed Dogs. General Blug - A Nome, the general of the Nome Army, he was the one. Upon an argument involving Princess Ozma's powers, Nome King knocked General Blug unconscious and had him thrown away.

General Guph - An old Nome, the successor of General Blug and Colonel Crinkle. Guph was the one who enlisted the Whimsies, the Phanfasms, the Growleywogs into joining the Nome King in his invasion upon the Land of Oz. After Ruggedo was overthrown by Kaliko, Guph was made the new Chamberlain. Iron Giant - A mechanical construct created by Smith & Tinker for the Nome King, it is used to keep trespassers into locating the Nome King's palace. The Iron Giant once stepped on Sawhorse, it was stopped by Dorothy using the Magic Belt. Long-Eared Hearer - A Nome with large ears, he can hear people over 9,306 miles down the Hollow Tube. Lookout - A strange Nome who had the power to see many things with his eyes that went in different directions. Kaliko - A Nome, Ruggedo's Chamberlain, he became the second Nome King after Ruggedo was overthrown. Klik - Pang - A Nome, the leader of the Nome King's executioners. Potaroo - The Nome's residential fifth-rate wizard. Ruggedo - The original Nome King. Quiggeroc - An old Nome who served Kaliko during his time as the Nome King.

Shoofenwaller - Umph and Grumph - The Nome Kingdom appears in Return to Oz. Nome Kingdom at Comic Vine