Toxteth is an inner-city area of Liverpool. Toxteth is located to the south of Liverpool city centre, bordered by Aigburth, Canning and Edge Hill; the area was part of a royal park and known as Toxteth Park. It remained predominantly rural up until the 18th century. Toxteth was developed during this time and into the 19th century as a residential area to accommodate the increasing working class community centred on Liverpool following the Industrial Revolution; the Welsh Streets in Toxteth were constructed in the mid-19th century to accommodate this demand. Immigration continued into the 20th century, resulting in a significant number of ethnic minority communities in the area. Toxteth was badly hit by economic stagnation and unemployment in the late 1970s, culminating in riots in July 1981. Although attempts have been made to regenerate the area and improve living standards, significant problems with unemployment and crime remain into the 21st century. Many Victorian properties in the area continue to lay derelict awaiting redevelopment.
The district lies within the borders of the ancient township of Toxteth Park. Industry and commerce are confined to the docks on its western border and a few streets running off Parliament Street. Toxteth is residential, with a mixture of old terraced housing, post-World War II social housing and a legacy of large Victorian houses. In the 18th and 19th centuries, as Liverpool expanded the ancient park of Toxteth was urbanised. Large Georgian houses were built in the Canning area, followed in the Victorian era by more grand houses along the tree-lined Prince's Road/Avenue boulevard and around Prince's Park; the district became home to the wealthy merchants of Liverpool, alongside a much larger poor population in modest Victorian terraces. Now, some of these streets of terraces are boarded up. Two of the city's largest parks, Sefton Park and Princes Park, are located around Toxteth; the earlier Princes Park was laid out by Richard Vaughan Yates around 1840, intending it to be used as open space, funded by the grand houses to be constructed around its edge, as would happen with Sefton Park.
Sefton Park was created by the Corporation of Liverpool in 1872, inspired by Birkenhead Park, across the River Mersey. Sefton Park has a large glass Palm House, which contains a statue of William Rathbone V unveiled in 1887, had many other features including an aviary and an open-air theatre. There is some ambiguity as to the origin of the name. One theory is that the etymology is "Toki's landing-place". However, Toxteth is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, at this time, it appears as "Stochestede", i.e. "the stockaded or enclosed place", from the Anglo-Saxon stocc "stake" and Anglo-Saxon stede "place". Before the time of the Norman conquest, Toxteth was divided into two manors of equal size. One was owned by the other by Stainulf. After the conquest, part was granted by Count Roger of Poitou to the ancestor of the Earl of Sefton. From this time to about 1604, the land formed part of West Derby forest; the boundaries of the manor are described in the perambulation of 1228 as follows, "'Where Oskell's brook falls into the Mersey.
In 1327, Toxteth was granted to Earl of Lancaster. Over the years, various leases and grants were made and the park was owned by Adam, son of William de Liverpool, in 1338. In 1385, William de Liverpool had licence "to take two cartloads of gorse weekly from the park for 12d. A year rent." In 1383 a grant was made to William Bolton and Robert Baxter, in 1394 the lease was resigned and handed over to Richard de Molyneux. The park came into the hands of Sir Thomas Stanley in 1447; the parkland descended within the Stanley family until 1596, when it was sold by William Stanley, Earl of Derby, to Edmund Smolte and Edward Aspinwall. In 1604, the Earl sold it to Richard Molyneux of Sefton at a cost of £1,100; the estate descended from this time until 1972 with the death of the 7th Earl. The ancient township of Toxteth contains the village of Smithdown, it stretches over an area of three miles along the River Mersey and two miles inland, the highest point being on the corner of Smithdown Lane and Lodge Lane.
A brook ran from the northern end of the area, near the boundary of Parliament Street, where it was used to power a water wheel before it ran into the river. Along the river are two creeks. At some time in history the creeks were filled in; the Dingle is now in the area where the old northern creek was situated, St Michael's Hamlet is situated around the southern creek. Outside the southern boundary of the area lies the creek known as Otterspool, which formed the boundary between Wavertree and West Derby; the major road through the area was Park Lane, now Park Road. The road ran from the Coffee House, which stood near Fairview Place, down towards the Dingle, the "Ancient Chapel of Toxteth". Toward the end of the 16th century, the royal park ceased to be and Puritan farmers from Bolton settled in the area. Setting up 25 farms on land outside Church of England control, which became Toxteth Village, these Dissenters worshipped at the "Ancient Chapel" on Park Road, now known as the Toxteth Unitarian Chapel (not to be confused with Ullet Road Unitarian Church
The 1954–55 Hapoel Tel Aviv season was the club's 32nd season since its establishment in 1923, 7th since the establishment of the State of Israel. During the season, the club competed in the State Cup. In addition, the club played in the organized Shapira Cup, a four-club league competition. On 10 October 1954 Udarnik Sofia arrived at Israel on the club's invitation, as a return visit to Hapoel's tour of Bulgaria at the end of the previous season. Udarnik played three matches, against Hapoel XI, a team composed of the best Hapoel affiliated players, against Tel Aviv XI, a mixed Hapoel and Maccabi team, against Petah Tikva XI, a team mixed Hapoel and Maccabi Petah Tikva team. Udarnik won. At the end of the tour, as the Bulgarians encountered problems with obtaining visas for a layover in Istanbul, a fourth match was arranged with mixed teams of Udarnik, Hapoel Tel Aviv and Maccabi Jaffa. During December 1954 and January 1955, as no league matches were played due to a dispute between Hapoel and Beitar factions in the IFA, The club organized a league competition for the top Tel Aviv teams, Maccabi and Maccabi Jaffa.
The competition was played as a double round-robin tournament, with the top placed team winning the cup, named after former Hapoel Tel Aviv treasurer, Yosef Shapira. The club won five matches and lost one, winning the cup. In early May 1955, Brazilian team Associação Atlética Portuguesa visited Israeli, playing three matches, the second of, played against Hapoel Tel Aviv; the Brazilians beat Hapoel 4–0. A mixed Maccabi-Hapoel team played against Portuguesa and lost 4–0. Win Draw Loss League matches began on 6 February 1955, by the time the season, only 20 rounds of matches were completed, delaying the end of the league season to the next season
The Peoples College of Law is an unaccredited, non-profit, Juris Doctor-granting law school located in the downtown Los Angeles community of Westlake-MacArthur Park. PCL offers a four-year evening law program centered on work in the public interest. Aimed at addressing inequities in law and society, PCL was founded in 1974 for individuals denied access to legal training and representation; the school maintains a socio-political requirement that states: "An eligible candidate will be able to demonstrate a commitment to progressive social change." PCL uses alternative methods of law school admissions, which does not rely on the LSAT because it is considered culturally biased. Tuition is kept low through the use of volunteer faculty, consisting of working Attorneys and law professors. Students and members of the PCL community volunteer to maintain the facilities, allowing all students to graduate debt free. People's College of Law is regulated by the California State Bar Committee of Bar Examiners of the State Bar of California as an unaccredited law school that may grant the juris doctor law degree.
Its students must take and pass the First-Year Law Students' Examination known as the "Baby Bar", at the end of their first year in order to receive credit for their law study and qualify to sit for the California Bar Examination. It is not accredited by the American Bar Association. From 2010 through 2015, 32 People's College graduates have taken the California Bar Examination. People's College of Law has one of the lowest tuition rates for a J. D. program in the United States. The annual tuition in 2016 was $4,000. Maria Elena Durazo, California State Senator for the 24th District and former Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO Gilbert Cedillo, former state senator and city councilor Jeff Cohen, commentator for Fox News Watch, MSNBC, CNN Sharon Kyle, Publisher of the LA Progressive Kent Wong, Director of the UCLA Labor Center Carol Sobel of the ACLU and former Vice President of the National Lawyers Guild Ilka Tanya Payán, AIDS activist, former New York City Human Rights Commissioner Antonio Villaraigosa, former Mayor of Los Angeles, Official website Peoples College of Law at the LA Progressive
Prairie High School is a high school in Brush Prairie, United States. Built in 1979, it is part of the Battle Ground School District of public schools in Clark County, located in the southwest region of the state. Prairie is a member of the Washington Interscholastic Athletics Association and a participant in the Greater St. Helens 3A league; the following teams have won state championships: Baseball: 1986, 1989 Bowling: 2011 Girls' basketball: 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2012, 2019 Girls' golf: 1993 Softball: 2000, 2006 Volleyball: 1998, 2012 Lance Bade, Olympic bronze medalist in trap shooting 1996 Jaime Herrera Beutler, Congresswoman Dan Dickau, played in the NBA for several teams Alan Embree, MLB pitcher with the Colorado Rockies Ana Matronic, born Anna Lynch, of the Scissor Sisters Richie Sexson, MLB, played for the Cleveland Indians and Seattle Mariners Battle Ground School District No. 119 Official website Battle Ground School District Report Card GSHL Football - Prairie High School
Miss South Africa is a national Beauty pageant in South Africa. Traditionally Miss South Africa competed at Miss World until they acquired the franchise of Miss Universe; the winners are sent to both international pageants. The Miss South Africa organisation resorted to a contemporary format in selecting representatives, inaugurated in 2018. Following their newer method, both a Miss World South Africa and a Miss Universe South Africa were selected as representatives; the current Miss South Africa is Sasha-Lee Olivier. She represented South Africa at the Miss World 2019 pageant and made it to the top 40, she took over from Zozibini Tunzi after she won Miss Universe. Established in 1956 in Apartheid South Africa, the first official Miss South Africa pageant was only open to "white" females and was organized to send a representative to London for the Miss World pageant; that year Norma Vorster was crowned Miss South Africa. Two years an 18-year-old secretary from Durban, Penny Coelen, was crowned and would go on to make history and win Miss World.
It was not until 1992 that all persons of all races were allowed to compete in the Miss SA competition. Prior to that, people of colour competed in the Miss Africa South pageant, renamed Miss Black South Africa in 1977; this was just the beginning for the Miss South Africa organisation. Since hundreds of young women have entered the pageant vying for the title. Miss South Africa has always competed at Miss World, but the first Miss South Africa to compete at Miss Universe was Kerishnie Naicker in 1998; the reigning Miss South Africa is Sasha-Lee Olivier, who as first runner-up to winner Zozibini Tunzi, assumed the title after Tunzi won the Miss Universe 2019 crown. Prior to 1998, South Africa's representatives at Miss Universe qualified via other national pageants. Miss South Africa runners-up do not compete at any international pageants. Three Miss South Africas, Rolene Strauss, Anneline Kriel and Penelope Coelen, have won the Miss World titles in 2014, 1974 and 1958 respectively. Three women from South Africa have won the title of Miss Universe - Margaret Gardiner in 1978, Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters in 2017 and Zozibini Tunzi in 2019.
South Africa has not yet won any Miss Miss International titles. Prior to the establishment of the official Miss South Africa, South African Pictorial held annual Beauty Competitions starting in 1923; this evolved into Miss South Africa. The first winner of this prize was Mrs. Doris Ferramosca. Richard Steinmetz Bonang Matheba ProVerb The following women have represented South Africa in two of the Big Four major international beauty pageants for women; these are Miss Universe. On some occasions, the winner of Miss South Africa represents her country at the Miss Universe pageant. Prior to 1998, the winner of the Miss RSA pageant represented South Africa at Miss Universe. From 1981-1983 and in 1979, delegates from two of South Africa's Bantustans competed at Miss Universe. On some occasions, the winner of Miss South Africa represents her country at the Miss World pageant. From 1970 to 1976, South Africa had one white and one black representative at Miss World; the white representative wore a sash that said "South Africa" and the black representative wore a sash that said "Africa South".
Miss Earth South Africa Miss South Africa 2014 Official Miss South Africa website
St. Tammany Parish Public Schools is a public school district serving the children of St. Tammany Parish, located along the Northshore banks of Lake Pontchartrain in southeast Louisiana; the district's Central Office is located in downtown Covington, on the site of the original Covington High School and the former sites of the Covington Grammar School and C. J. Schoen Middle School; the district has an annex location in Slidell, Louisiana, to serve the east side of St. Tammany Parish. STPPS was again rated as an "A" district by the Louisiana Department of Education in 2017; the fifth-largest school district in the state, St. Tammany Parish Public Schools serves nearly 39,000 students in 55 schools, it is the largest employer in St. Tammany Parish. All STPPS teachers are certified with more than 50 percent of all teachers holding a master's degree or more. In 2016-2017, STPPS students posted an average composite score of 22.0 on the ACT, leading the state of Louisiana. St. Tammany Parish Public School System programs and employees are recognized throughout the nation.
Students continue to score above national and state levels on standardized tests used to measure student achievement. A majority of graduates choose to further their education and are accepted at colleges and universities throughout the country. In addition to being a leader in education, the St. Tammany Parish Public School System is an economic engine for the region and a good steward of taxpayer dollars, it has the highest bond rating of any public school board in Louisiana. In 2016-2017, more than 2,200 students graduated and they received a combined $92.1 million in scholarships and TOPS funding. During the same school year, STPPS students earned 15,519 dual enrollment credit hours and 5,261 industry-based certifications earned in career tech programs. STPPS is the fifth-largest public school system in the state of Louisiana with 55 schools serving St. Tammany Parish. Thirteen superintendents have led the St. Tammany Parish Public School System since its inception in 1900. Four current STPPS schools are named after former superintendents - Lancaster Elementary, Lyon Elementary, Pitcher Junior High, Monteleone Junior High.
The current superintendent, W. L. "Trey" Folse III, took the position in 2010. Joseph B. Lancaster H. A. Verret W. G. Evans A. B. Peters H. B. Messick Elmer E. Lyon William Pitcher Cyprian J. "Cyp" Schoen Richard Tanner Terry J. Bankston Leonard P. Monteleone Gayle Sloan W. L. "Trey" Folse, III Matthew E. Greene, District 1 Elizabeth B. Heintz, District 2 Michael J. Dirmann, District 3 Stephen J. "Jack" Loup III, District 4 C. Brandon Harrell, District 5 Michael C. Nation, District 6 Shelta J. Richardson, District 7 Michael E. Winkler, District 8 Sharon Lo Drucker, District 9 Ronald "Ron" Bettencourtt, District 10 Tammy Lamy, District 11 Richard "Rickey" Hursey Jr. District 12 James Braud, District 13 Dennis S. Cousin, District 14 Lisa M. Page, District 15 St. Tammany Parish Public Schools