Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Japan. In 2017, Toyota's corporate structure consisted of 364,445 employees worldwide and, as of December 2019, was the tenth-largest company in the world by revenue. Toyota is the second largest automobile manufacturer in the world, behind Volkswagen, based on 2018 unit sales. Toyota was the world's first automobile manufacturer to produce more than 10 million vehicles per year, which it has done since 2012, when it reported the production of its 200-millionth vehicle; as of July 2014, Toyota was the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization and by revenue. Toyota is the global market leader in sales of hybrid electric vehicles, one of the largest companies to encourage the mass-market adoption of hybrid vehicles across the globe. Toyota is a market leader in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles. Cumulative global sales of Toyota and Lexus hybrid passenger car models achieved the 10 million milestone in January 2017.
Its Prius family is the world's top-selling hybrid nameplate with over 6 million units sold worldwide as of January 2017. The company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda in 1937, as a spinoff from his father's company Toyota Industries to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, its first passenger car in 1936, the Toyota AA. Toyota Motor Corporation produces vehicles under five brands, including the Toyota brand, Lexus and Daihatsu, it holds a 16.66% stake in Subaru Corporation, a 5.9% stake in Isuzu until 2018, a 5.5% stake in Mazda, as well as joint-ventures with two in China, one in India, one in the Czech Republic, along with several "nonautomotive" companies. TMC is part of one of the largest conglomerates in Japan. Toyota is listed on New York Stock Exchange and Tokyo Stock Exchange. Toyota is headquartered in Aichi; the main headquarters of Toyota is located in a 4-story building in Toyota.
As of 2006, the head office has the "Toyopet" Toyota logo and the words "Toyota Motor". The Toyota Technical Center, a 14-story building, the Honsha plant, Toyota's second plant engaging in mass production and named the Koromo plant, are adjacent to one another in a location near the headquarters. Vinod Jacob from The Hindu described the main headquarters building as "modest". In 2013, company head Akio Toyoda reported that it had difficulties retaining foreign employees at the headquarters due to the lack of amenities in the city, its Tokyo office is located in Tokyo. Its Nagoya office is located in Nagoya. In addition to manufacturing automobiles, Toyota provides financial services through its Toyota Financial Services division, builds robots. Presidents of Toyota Motor Company: Rizaburo Toyoda Kiichiro Toyoda Taizo Ishida Fukio Nakagawa Eiji Toyoda In 1981, Toyota Motor Co. Ltd. announced plans to merge with its sales entity Toyota Motor Sales Co. Ltd. Since 1950, the two entities had existed as separate companies as a prerequisite for reconstruction in postwar Japan.
Shoichiro Toyoda presided over Toyota Motor Sales in preparation for the consummation of the merger that occurred in 1982. Shoichiro succeeded his uncle Eiji as the president of the combined organization that became known as Toyota Motor Corporation. Presidents of Toyota Motor Corporation: Eiji Toyoda Shoichiro Toyoda Tatsuro Toyoda Hiroshi Okuda Fujio Cho Katsuaki Watanabe Akio Toyoda Chairmen of Toyota Motor Corporation: Shoichiro Toyoda Hiroshi Okuda Fujio Cho Takeshi Uchiyamada On June 14, 2013, Toyota Motor Corporation. Announced the appointment of external board members. Additionally, Vice Chairman Takeshi Uchiyamada replaced Fujio Cho as chairman, as the latter became an honorary chairman while Toyoda remains in the post of president. Toyota is publicly traded on the Tokyo, Nagoya and Sapporo exchanges under company code TYO: 7203. In addition, Toyota is foreign-listed on the New York Stock Exchange under NYSE: TM and on the London Stock Exchange under LSE: TYT. Toyota has been publicly traded in Japan since 1949 and internationally since 1999.
As reported on its consolidated financial statements, Toyota has 606 consolidated subsidiaries and 199 affiliates. Toyota Motor North America Toyota Canada Inc. Toyota Tsusho – Trading company for the Toyota Group Daihatsu Motor Company Hino Motors Lexus 100% Scion 100% DENSO Toyota Industries Aisin Seiki Co. Subaru Corporation Isuzu Motors PT Toyota Astra Motor Noble Automotive PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia Toyota, which earlier was the world's third-largest automotive manufacturer behind American General Motors and Ford, produced for the first time in history more vehicles than Ford in 2005, in 2006 more than General Motors and has been the world's largest automotive manufacturer since except in 2011 when, triggered by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, it fell to the number 3 position behind General Motors and German V
Pierre Desforges Sam is a retired Haitian diplomat. From 1945 to 1953 he was Project manager of the United States Operations Mission, Gonâve, Saint-Raphaël, Haiti. From 1953 to 1955 he was National supervisor United States Operations Mission Extension, Port-au-Prince. From 1955 to 1962 he was Project manager of the Service Coopératif Interaméricain de Production Agricole in Haiti. From 1962 to 1963 he was Rome. From 1963 to 1980 he was Extension officer Governor of Haiti, South American, Africa. From 1981 to 1982 he was Minister of Planning Governor of Port-au-Prince. From April 30, 1982 till July 12, 1982 he was Minister of Agriculture. From June 23, 1986 to February 7, 1989 he was Haitian Ambassador in Washington, D. C, he is Senior consultant, private consultant, manager employed from the United States Agency for International Development/Society d'Etudes et de Mise en Valeur, Haiti
Cyrus Bustill was an African-American brewer and baker and community leader. A notable business owner in the African-American community in Philadelphia, he became a founding member of the Free African Society in the city. Born in Burlington, New Jersey on February 2, 1732, Cyrus Bustill was a son of Quaker lawyer Samuel Bustill and Parthenia, a woman of African descent, held in bondage by Samuel; when Samuel Bustill died in 1742, his legal widow, Grace Bustill, subsequently arranged for the sale of Cyrus Bustill to fellow Quaker Thomas Prior with the understanding that Prior would allow Cyrus to train and earn enough money as an apprentice baker in order to purchase his freedom. While some sources indicate that Cyrus Bustill used his apprenticeship wages to purchase his freedom in 1774, others state that Prior liberated Cyrus by manumission in 1769, which would have made Cyrus one of the 104 enslaved Africans described in records of the Burlington Quarterly Meeting of Friends as having been freed by Quakers between 1763 and 1796.
By 1791, Cyrus Bustill was recorded as owning twelve acres in the black settlement of Guineatown between the Abington and Cheltenham townships in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. He married a woman of Native American and European descent, their children include Grace Douglass, David Bowser Bustill, Mary Bustill. He is considered the founder of the prominent Robeson-Bustill family, his descendants include Paul Robeson, David Bustill Bowser Sarah Mapps Douglass, Robert Douglass Jr. and Gertrude Bustill Mossell. Cyrus Bustill died in 1806, his grave is located at the Eden Cemetery in Collingdale, Pennsylvania