Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau; the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han dynasty and have been more or less stable since the 5th century. The retronym "Traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People's Republic of China on Mainland China in the 1950s. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau, as well as in Overseas Chinese communities outside Southeast Asia. In contrast, Simplified Chinese characters are used in Mainland China and Singapore in official publications; the debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters has been a long-running issue among Chinese communities.
Many overseas Chinese online newspapers allow users to switch between both character sets. Although simplified characters are taught and endorsed by the government of China, there is no prohibition against the use of traditional characters. Traditional characters are used informally in regions in China in handwriting and used for inscriptions and religious text, they are retained in logos or graphics to evoke yesteryear. Nonetheless, the vast majority of media and communications in China is dominated by simplified characters. In Hong Kong and Macau, Traditional Chinese has been the legal written form since colonial times. In recent years, simplified Chinese characters in Hong Kong and Macau has appeared to accommodate Mainland Chinese tourists and immigrants; this has led to concerns by many residents to protect their local heritage. Taiwan has never adopted simplified characters; the use of simplified characters in official documents is prohibited by the government of Taiwan. Simplified characters are understood to a certain extent by any educated Taiwanese, learning to read them takes little effort.
Some stroke simplifications that have been incorporated into Simplified Chinese are in common use in handwriting. In Southeast Asia, the Chinese Filipino community continues to be one of the most conservative regarding simplification. While major public universities are teaching simplified characters, many well-established Chinese schools still use traditional characters. Publications like the Chinese Commercial News, World News, United Daily News still use traditional characters. On the other hand, the Philippine Chinese Daily uses simplified. Aside from local newspapers, magazines from Hong Kong, such as the Yazhou Zhoukan, are found in some bookstores. In case of film or television subtitles on DVD, the Chinese dub, used in Philippines is the same as the one used in Taiwan; this is because the DVDs belongs to DVD Region Code 3. Hence, most of the subtitles are in Traditional Characters. Overseas Chinese in the United States have long used traditional characters. A major influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States occurred during the latter half of the 19th century, before the standardization of simplified characters.
Therefore, United States public notices and signage in Chinese are in Traditional Chinese. Traditional Chinese characters are called several different names within the Chinese-speaking world; the government of Taiwan calls traditional Chinese characters standard characters or orthodox characters. However, the same term is used outside Taiwan to distinguish standard and traditional characters from variant and idiomatic characters. In contrast, users of traditional characters outside Taiwan, such as those in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities, users of simplified Chinese characters, call them complex characters. An informal name sometimes used by users of simplified characters is "old characters". Users of traditional characters sometimes refer them as "Full Chinese characters" to distinguish them from simplified Chinese characters; some traditional character users argue that traditional characters are the original form of the Chinese characters and cannot be called "complex". Simplified characters cannot be "standard" because they are not used in all Chinese-speaking regions.
Conversely, supporters of simplified Chinese characters object to the description of traditional characters as "standard," since they view the new simplified characters as the contemporary standard used by the vast majority of Chinese speakers. They point out that traditional characters are not traditional as many Chinese characters have been made more elaborate over time; some people refer to traditional characters as "proper characters" and modernized characters as "simplified-stroke characters" or "reduced-stroke characters". The use of such words as "complex", "standard" and "proper" in the context of such a visceral subject as written language
The 2018 ARCA Racing Series presented by Menards was the 66th season of the ARCA Racing Series. The season began on February 10 with the Lucas Oil 200 Driven by General Tire at Daytona International Speedway and ended on October 19 with the Kansas ARCA 150. Races were broadcast on FS1, FS2 and MAVTV. Sheldon Creed won the championship, ahead of his MDM Motorsports teammate Zane Smith. Cunningham Motorsports, due to the failing health of owner Briggs Cunningham, was put up for sale after the conclusion of the 2017 season. On January 9, 2018, the sale of the team was announced to longtime crew chief Chad Bryant. Bryant formed Chad Bryant Racing but kept the same cars and personnel, with the team previously. Mullins Racing cut ties with Basham Racing. Mullins formed a new alliance with Hixson Motorsports, Mullins used Hixson's No. 3 in some events. Patriot Motorsports Group formed an alliance with Basham Racing to use Basham's No. 34 in select races. DGR-Crosley debuted with Noah Gragson at Daytona.
Kimmel Racing entered an alliance with Finney Racing for Finney to use Kimmel's No. 69. Mason Mitchell Motorsports ceased operations on July 30. Following the deaths of James Hylton and his son James Jr. the team's driver, Brad Smith, took over operations of the 48 team, rebranded as Brad Smith Motorsports. Zane Smith drove full-time for MDM Motorsports in 2018. Smith had competed for MDM and Venturini Motorsports in 2017. Natalie Decker drove full-time for Venturini Motorsports in their No. 25 entry. She ran part-time in the No. 25 during the 2017 season. Travis Braden ran full-time in RFMS Racing's No. 27 entry. He ran part-time in the No. 27 last year. Sheldon Creed ran full-time in MDM Motorsports' No. 28 entry. He drove part-time for MDM in multiple cars last year. Chase Purdy full-time in MDM Motorsports' No. 8 entry. He ran part-time for Mason Mitchell Motorsports in 2017. Michael Self raced with Venturini Motorsports for half of the season, he drove part-time for MDM Motorsports and Mason Mitchell Motorsports in 2017.
Brandon Grosso took over Ken Schrader Racing's No. 52 car. The entry was driven in 2017 by champion Austin Theriault. Grosso began his schedule at Nashville. Grosso left the team, the No. 52 team shut down as well. Joe Graf Jr. made his first foray into ARCA, teaming with Chad Bryant Racing for all races except Daytona. Four drivers made their debuts at Salem in the spring: Colby Howard with Mason Mitchell Motorsports, Josh Berry with Chad Bryant Racing, Jack Dossey III with his family team, Matt Dooley with Fast Track Racing. *Tape delayed Charlotte Motor Speedway, Gateway Motorsports Park, Berlin Raceway all return to the schedule. The series had last visited Gateway in 2007 and Charlotte in 2004; the only road course on the 2017 schedule, Road America, was taken out for 2018. The races at Winchester Speedway and Kentucky Speedway were taken off the schedule; the races at Elko Speedway and Lucas Oil Raceway shifted significantly. Elko moved to the middle of July because the first Pocono date was moved to the weekend that Elko had in 2017, Lucas Oil moved to September because the NASCAR Indianapolis weekend was moved to September.
Bold – Pole position awarded by time. Italics – Pole position set by final practice results or rainout. * – Most laps led. 2018 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series 2018 NASCAR Xfinity Series 2018 NASCAR Camping World Truck Series 2018 NASCAR K&N Pro Series East 2018 NASCAR K&N Pro Series West 2018 NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour 2018 NASCAR Pinty's Series 2018 NASCAR PEAK Mexico Series 2018 NASCAR Whelen Euro Series Official website
David Rocco is a Canadian executive producer, best-selling author, celebrity chef and host of several internationally syndicated television series. He is most known for producing and hosting the television series David Rocco's Dolce Vita, publishing four cookbooks Avventura, David Rocco's Dolce Vita, Made in Italy, David Rocco's Dolce Famiglia. Rocco grew up in Ontario in an Italian family, he divides his time between Toronto and Florence, Italy with his wife Nina Rocco. The couple have three children: Emma and Dante. Named one of "Canada's Top Ten Style Makers" by Flare Magazine, Rocco has been featured and is quoted in major newspapers and magazines, including The Globe and Mail, The National Post, The Toronto Star, Hello!, En Route, Food & Drink and Chatelaine. He makes regular guest appearances on Global, CTV and CBC television as well as popular food competition programs including Top Chef Canada and Iron Chef America. Four seasons of David Rocco's Dolce Vita launched worldwide, first in 2004, including Food Network Canada, Telelatino, BBC Food, Discovery Travel, Nat Geo Adventure Channel, India's Fox Life, in the U.
S. on the Cooking Channel. In Dolce Vita, Rocco explores Italy with his wife Nina and his eclectic group of friends while teaching about the simplicity of Italian cuisine and culture, showcasing the city life and countryside. Several spin-offs of the show followed. Two seasons of David Rocco's Dolce India launched worldwide, first in 2013, through National Geographic. In 26-episodes, Rocco explores the remarkable diversity of Indian cuisine and fuses it with his Italian foundations; each episode presents an Indian theme. Having been shown how to prepare a challenging dish, Rocco takes over a kitchen to prepare an "Indi-talian" fusion dish. Other spin-offs include David Rocco's Dolce Napoli, David Rocco's Dolce Africa, David Rocco's Dolce Italia. Rocco was the lead judge of the popular Scripps Television series Donut Showdown which premiered in 2013 on Food Network Canada on the Cooking Channel in the USA. Rocco can be seen as a guest judge on Top Chef Canada Season 3. Rocco has made regular appearances as a guest judge on Iron Chef seasons 9-11.
He was the co-creator and host of Catalyst Entertainment's food and travel hybrid series Avventura: Journey in Italian Cuisine, was a featured host for Don't Forget Your Passport. In 2018, Rocco and Hong Kong singer Nicholas Tse co-host FOX Life's Celebrity Chef: East vs West. Rocco has published four cookbooks, including two national best sellers: David Rocco’s Dolce Vita and Made In Italy, each receiving numerous awards and accolades including top honors from The Gourmand World Cookbook Awards and Taste Canada, his newest book, Dolce Famiglia, was released in Canada and Worldwide in November 2016. Dolce Famiglia Made In Italy David Rocco's Dolce Vita Avventura As well as his cooking projects, Rocco has ventured out into the world of winemaking by launching his own wine label, David Rocco's Dolce Vita, featuring three varieties: Prosecco and Pinot Grigio. David Rocco's official website David Rocco on Cooking Channel David Rocco's Dolce Vita on Food TV Canada