A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot is a railway facility or area where trains stop to load or unload passengers or freight or both. It consists of at least one track-side platform and a station building providing such ancillary services as ticket sales, waiting rooms, baggage/freight service. If a station is on a single-track line, it has a passing loop to facilitate traffic movements; the smallest stations are most referred to as "stops" or, in some parts of the world, as "halts". Stations elevated. Connections may be available to intersecting rail lines or other transport modes such as buses, trams, or other rapid transit systems. In British English, traditional usage favours railway station or station though train station, perceived as an Americanism, is now about as common as railway station in writing. In British usage, the word station is understood to mean a railway station unless otherwise qualified. In American English, the most common term in contemporary usage is train station.
In North America, the term depot is sometimes used as an alternative name for station, along with the compound forms train depot, railway depot, railroad depot, is used for both passenger and freight facilities, the term depot is not used in reference to vehicle maintenance facilities in American English. The world's first recorded railway station was The Mount on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, which began passenger service in 1807, although the trains were horsedrawn rather than by locomotives; the two-storey Mount Clare station in Baltimore, which survives as a museum, first saw passenger service as the terminus of the horse-drawn Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on 22 May 1830. The oldest terminal station in the world was Crown Street railway station in Liverpool, built in 1830, on the locomotive hauled Liverpool to Manchester line; as the first train on the Liverpool-Manchester line left Liverpool, the station is older than the Manchester terminal at Liverpool Road. The station was the first to incorporate a train shed.
The station was demolished in 1836 as the Liverpool terminal station moved to Lime Street railway station. Crown Street station was converted to a goods station terminal; the first stations had little in the way of amenities. The first stations in the modern sense were on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, opened in 1830. Manchester's Liverpool Road Station, the second oldest terminal station in the world, is preserved as part of the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, it resembles a row of Georgian houses. Early stations were sometimes built with both passenger and goods facilities, though some railway lines were goods-only or passenger-only, if a line was dual-purpose there would be a goods depot apart from the passenger station. Dual-purpose stations can sometimes still be found today, though in many cases goods facilities are restricted to major stations. In rural and remote communities across Canada and the United States, passengers wanting to board the train had to flag the train down in order for it to stop.
Such stations were known as "flag stops" or "flag stations". Many stations date from the 19th century and reflect the grandiose architecture of the time, lending prestige to the city as well as to railway operations. Countries where railways arrived may still have such architecture, as stations imitated 19th-century styles. Various forms of architecture have been used in the construction of stations, from those boasting grand, Baroque- or Gothic-style edifices, to plainer utilitarian or modernist styles. Stations in Europe tended to follow British designs and were in some countries, like Italy, financed by British railway companies. Stations built more often have a similar feel to airports, with a simple, abstract style. Examples of modern stations include those on newer high-speed rail networks, such as the Shinkansen in Japan, THSR in the Republic of China, TGV lines in France and ICE lines in Germany. Stations have staffed ticket sales offices, automated ticket machines, or both, although on some lines tickets are sold on board the trains.
Many stations include a convenience store. Larger stations have fast-food or restaurant facilities. In some countries, stations may have a bar or pub. Other station facilities may include: toilets, left-luggage, lost-and-found and arrivals boards, luggage carts, waiting rooms, taxi ranks, bus bays and car parks. Larger or manned stations tend to have a greater range of facilities including a station security office; these are open for travellers when there is sufficient traffic over a long enough period of time to warrant the cost. In large cities this may mean facilities available around the clock. A basic station might only have platforms, though it may still be distinguished from a halt, a stopping or halting place that may not have platforms. Many stations, either larger or smaller, offer interchange with local transportation. In many African, South American, Asian countries, stations are used as a place for public markets and other informal businesses; this is true on tourist routes or stations near tourist destinations.
As well as providing services for passengers and loading facilities for goods, stations can sometimes have locomotive and rolling stock depots (usually with f
Chrysolepis is a small genus in the beech family Fagaceae, endemic to the western United States. Its two species have the common name chinquapin; the genus occurs from western Washington south to the Transverse Ranges in Southern California, east into Nevada. Chrysolepis are evergreen trees and shrubs with simple, entire leaves with a dense layer of golden scales on the underside and a thinner layer on the upper side; the fruit is a densely spiny cupule containing 1–3 sweet, edible nuts, eaten by the indigenous peoples. The fruit provides food for chipmunks and squirrels. Chrysolepis is related to the subtropical southeast Asian genus Castanopsis, but differs in the nuts being triangular and enclosed in a sectioned cupule, in having bisexual catkins. Chrysolepis differs from another allied genus Castanea, in nuts that take 14–16 months to mature, evergreen leaves and the shoots having a terminal bud. There are two species of Chrysolepis — Chrysolepis chrysophylla and Chrysolepis sempervirens — which like many species in the related genera of Castanopsis and Castanea are called chinquapin spelled "chinkapin".
Jepson Manual Treatment: Genus Chrysolepis Jepson Manual Treatment - Chrysolepis chrysophylla Jepson Manual Treatment - Chrysolepis sempervirens USDA Plants Profile: Chrysolepis Flora of North America - Chrysolepis
Frank Alesia was an American actor and television director. He was best known for his work in the beach party film genre during the 1960s, including such films as Pajama Party and Riot on Sunset Strip, he directed episodes of Captain Kangaroo and other television series. Alesia was born in Chicago and moved to Los Angeles in 1964. According to The Hollywood Reporter, Alesia became one of the last character actors in the film industry to work under the studio system, declining at the time, he appeared in several beach party films of the 1960s, including Pajama Party, Bikini Beach, which starred Frankie Avalon and Annette Funicello, Riot on Sunset Strip and Beach Blanket Bingo. His television credits as an actor included appearances in The Flying Nun, The Odd Couple, Gomer Pyle, That Girl, Room 222 and Laverne & Shirley, his earliest role was as a surfer in William Asher's Bikini Beach, released in 1964. Keeping with the beach theme, he appeared in Pajama Party in 1964 and Beach Blanket Bingo in 1965.
In 1970, Alesia appeared in Stanley Kramer's R. P. M.. A provocative film for its time, one that portrays student outrage at the issues surrounding the Vietnam war. Along with Henry Brown, Jose Brad and Teda Bracci, he was one of the students. Alesia directed episodes of Captain Kangaroo, which earned him a Daytime Emmy nomination in 1979, he joined the crew of Laverne & Shirley beginning in 1980 as both a screenwriter and television director. He directed three episodes of Laverne & Shirley, wrote one episode, served as an executive consultant for eight episodes of the show, he left the entertainment industry and raced and bred thoroughbred horses. Frank Alesia & Timothy Blake - Forgive Me Father, I Have Sinned - Laff Records Laff-LP A-171 Frank Alesia died of natural causes at his home in Carlsbad, California, on February 27, 2011, aged 67, he was survived by his wife, Sharon Mae, the former spouse of musician Herb Alpert, whom he had wedded in 1983. Frank Alesia on IMDb
Takin' Back My Name: The Confessions of Ike Turner is a 1999 autobiography by American musician Ike Turner with British writer Nigel Cawthorne. After Ike Turner's ex-wife Tina Turner revealed that his volatile behavior and infidelity drove her to attempt suicide in her 1986 autobiography, I,Tina: My Life Story, he became a social pariah whose personal life overshadowed his musical contributions. In Takin' Back My Name, Turner tells his story from his childhood through the pinnacle of his career with the Ike & Tina Turner Revue, his cocaine-fueled downfall, his career revival in the 1990s. Takin' Back My Name begins with an introduction by musician Little Richard who emphasizes Ike Turner's influence as a rock'n' roll pioneer. Turner recounts his life woven with inner thoughts and newfound perspectives. Izear Luster Turner, better known as "Ike Turner," was born in Mississippi. Early in his musical career, he worked for the Los Angeles-based Bihari brothers as an A&R man at Modern Records, scouting the Delta blues scene in search of artists to record.
With his own band the Kings of Rhythm, Turner recorded "Rocket 88," a distorted-guitar ode to the Oldsmobile 88, credited as being the first rock ‘n’ roll record, at Sam Phillips’ Memphis recording studio in 1951. Instead of Turner's name on the record, his saxophonist Jackie Brenston was credited, he worked as a talent scout and session musician at Sun Records. By 1955, Turner had relocated his band to Missouri. There he met Ann Bullock, he called her "Little Ann" and he renamed her Tina Turner. He formed the Ike & Tina Turner Revue in 1960, followed by a string of hit records and relentless touring in the 1960s. At the peak of their commercial success in the early 1970s, they toured internationally and had their own recording studio, Bolic Sound, which became Turner's playground strife with explicit tales of sex and cocaine use. By the mid 1970s, the Turners relationship was deteriorating and after a physical altercation in 1976, they divorced in 1978. In 1986, after culminating her comeback, Tina Turner released her autobiography I, filled with allegations of spousal abuse.
At the time, Turner was own a downward spiral which ended with an 18-month stint in prison for drug possession. After his release in the early 1990s, Tina's book was adapted into the film What’s Love Got To Do With It. Laurence Fishburne's menacing portrayal of Turner in the film and the fabrications in the script further damaged Turners reputation. Despite this, Turner reformed a new Revue and after a long absence from the stage he resumed performing. Reviewing the book for The Guardian, Caroline Sullivan wrote: "Takin' Back My Name is one of the few celebrity memoirs unbelaboured by excuses for bad behaviour. Admirably, Turner refuses to blame anyone but himself for a life of excess that began at the age of six when he was seduced by a certain Miss Boozie in Clarksdale."Glyn Brown wrote for The Independent: "In it, he comes over as an egotist just doing the best he can in difficult circumstances and, though you wonder if it's maybe 100 per cent unreliable, Ike's an old man now, he deserves a break.
Problem is, Ike doesn't help himself."
Misgurnus fossilis is a species of loach in the genus Misgurnus. It is known as European weatherfish or European weather loach, due to its activity patterns changing when air pressure rises or falls. If there is a sudden change in barometric pressure, the weatherfish comes to the surface and swims about excitedly. In water with a low oxygen content it gulps air, it feeds on thawed frozen blood worms, small fish, brine shrimp and some vegetables. It can grow to a length of 30 cm; the distribution of the weatherfish stretches from the Seine to the Neva, from the Danube to the Volga. It lives in still waters of muddy river meanders along the shore, will survive in conditions which not the most resistant of carp or tench will put up with; because of their toleration and quick adaptation to low-oxygen and low visibility environments, they are able to become invasive species when introduced to non-native environments through the aquarium trade. Loach Oriental weather loach
The Roman Catholic Diocese of San Jose de Antique is a diocese of the Roman Rite of the Latin Church of the Catholic Church whose cathedral is in the city of San Jose de Buenavista, Antique in the Philippines. Erected on 18 June 1962 as the Territorial Prelature of San Jose de Antique, the territorial prelate was separated from the Archdiocese of Jaro, it comprises the whole province of Antique. On 15 November 1982, the prelature was elevated to a diocese, became suffragan to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro. On January 7, 2019, Pope Francis appointed Msgr. Marvyn A. Maceda, of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Naval in Biliran, Bishop of San Jose de Antique. Cornelius de Wit, M. H. M. † Raul José Quimpo Martirez Romulo Tolentino de la Cruz Jose Romeo Orquejo Lazo Marvyn A. Maceda Catholic Church in the Philippines