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Trakehner

Trakehner is a light warmblood breed of horse developed at the East Prussian state stud farm in the town of Trakehnen from which the breed takes its name. The state stud was established in 1731 and operated until 1944, when the fighting of World War II led to the annexing of East Prussia by Russia, the town containing the stud renamed as Yasnaya Polyana; the Trakehner stands between 15.2 and 17 hands. They can be any color, with bay, gray and black being the most common, though the breed includes few roan and tobiano pinto horses, it is considered to be the lightest and most refined of the warmbloods, due to its closed stud book which allows entry of only Trakehner, as well as few selected Thoroughbred, Anglo-Arabian and Arabian bloodlines. Owing to its Thoroughbred ancestry, the Trakehner is of rectangular build, with a long sloping shoulder, good hindquarters, short cannons, a medium-long and well-set neck; the head is finely chiseled, narrow at the muzzle, with a broad forehead. It is known for its "floating trot" - full of suspension.

The Trakehner possesses powerful hindquarters. Trakehners are athletic and trainable, with good endurance, while some are more spirited than horses of other warmblood breeds. Trakehners breed true to type, due to the purity of the bloodlines, making it valuable for upgrading other warmbloods. Old Prussians and other Baltic people such as the Lithuanians were noted for their hardy horses and cavalry during the early Middle Ages. During their conquest of Old Prussians in the 13th Century Prussian crusade, the conquering Teutonic Knights named the Old Prussian horse a Schwaikenpferd, a small primitive horse. Beginning in the 14th century, knights used it to breed their military horses, descendants of the Schwaikenpferd were used by Masovian and Ostsiedlung farmers for light utility work. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the people of Ducal Prussia and Royal Prussia used a wide variety of horses from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Crimean Tatars, Ottoman Turkey, Wallachia and Transylvania, Holy Roman Empire for their cavalry and stud horses, crossed on local animals.

In 1732 King Frederick William I of Prussia used these horses and other imports to establish the Trakehnen Stud at the East Prussian town Trakehnen. Soldiers cleared the forest at the River Pissa between Gumbinnen. In 1739 the king gave it to crown prince Frederick II of Prussia, who sold stallions to make money. After his death in 1786 it became state property, named Königlich Preußisches Hauptgestüt Trakehnen. Between 1817 and 1837 the stud added Arabian and Hanoverian horse blood to their stock. One influential Thoroughbred was Perfectionist, by Persimmon, who won The Derby and the St Leger in 1896, he was to be the sire of the great Trakehner stallion Tempelhüter, most modern Trakehners can be traced to these two stallions. The Arabian blood was added to offset possible flaws of the Thoroughbred. East Prussian farmers were encouraged to bring their mares, by known for their hardiness and quality, to Trakehnen's stallions; this enabled the rapid transformation of the breed into much sought-after army remounts: sure-footed and athletic.

By 1918 60,000 mares per year were bred to East Prussian stallions. In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles limited Germany's army to 100,000 troops and so the breed's focus was again turned to producing horses suitable to farm duties. For this purpose, sires of heavier conformation were used, the most successful being Ararad, Hyperion and Tempelhüter; these stallions, while refined, possessed much bone. Their influence is still seen on the modern Trakehner, it was during the 1920s and 1930s that the breed was recognized for its performance abilities in competitive disciplines. Trakehners won gold and silver medals in two Olympics, including six Gold medals in Berlin in 1936, won Czechoslovakia's notoriously challenging Velká pardubická steeplechase nine times. In the 1930s there were 18,000 registered mares. In the 1930s and early 1940s Hauptvorwerk Trakehnen and its 15 Vorwerke covered 6,033 hectares, of which 3,845 hectares were fields, 2,427 hectares meadows, 175 hectares forest, 73 hectares garden and 351 hectares other.

Horses such as the Trakehner were used in World War II which, at the end, nearly destroyed the breed as Soviet troops advanced from the East, causing flight and expulsion of Germans during and after WWII. The main Stud and local residents were forces to evacuate between 20 January 1945 and March 1945, their journey West, known as Der Treck, sent the horses on a dangerous journey in frigid conditions across the frozen Vistula lagoon without proper rations or shelter. It is considered one of the toughest tests. Refugee convoys were bombed while on the ice by the Soviet airforce, so only a small number of horses made it to safety. 700 surviving horses were accounted for. The horses left behind in East Prussia became important in the breeding of Russian breeds such as the Kirov as well as the Polish Mazury and Pozan, which developed into the Wielkopolski. After the war, the breed, which once numbered tens of thousands was reduced to 600 broodmares and 50 stallions in West Germany; the last original Trakehner was Keith, born there in 1941, who died in November 1976 in Gilten shortly before his 35th birthday.

On 23 October 1947 the East Prussian Studbook

Annie Barnes (suffragist)

Annie Barnes was a British-Italian socialist and suffragist. Barnes was born in Stepney in about 1887, she was born Annie Cappuccio and her father had a confectionery and vegetable shop. In her autobiography Tough Annie she did not mention her Italian roots, but recalled her mother helping their poor neighbours, employing widows or others to help in the house: "Mother always believed in treating everyone the same, as equals.. That's how I was brought up." Barnes saw the crowd of suffragette protestors in July 1909, outside Edinburgh Castle Hall in Limehouse, including Mary Leigh, Mabel Capper, Jennie Baines trying to enter the Lloyd George event. She said it was a "real to-do" including police falling head first off a horse into water trough to the crowd's amusement and a woman in a wheelchair May Billinghurst, taken by van off to the police staton. Barnes and her mother witnessed four suffragette speakers talking against worker exploitation being given verbal abuse by men in the listening crowd, telling them to'wash their dirty kids.

You women are inferior to men anyway". And Barnes admired the speaker's retort "how can an inferior give birth to a superior" and was drawn to join the movement. Sylvia Pankhurst persuaded her to join the East London Federation of Suffragettes in 1913. On 8 April 1913, she went with Gertrude Shaw and Ethel Spark to the top of The Monument throwing'Votes for Women' leaflets down; the Times and Daily Mirror the next day printed pictures of a large crowd who gathered to watch, including men from Billingsgate fish market nearby. Barnes convinced the waiting police that she could not have climbed the 311 steps inside and had just gone up a little returned. Shaw and Spark meantime hung a purple and green flag and a black banner "Death or Victory" from the top and were arrested and released. Barnes was an enthusiastic supporter of women's suffrage but she avoided getting involved in any protest that might lead to a custodial sentence. Barnes enjoyed the many suffrage meetings and she found it difficult to refuse Pankhurst's leadership.

She did refuse to be smuggled into the Houses of Parliament to drop flour on the prime ministers head, but she dropped leaflets from London Bridge. She again managed to talk her way out of an arrest, she married Albert Barnes in 1919. She was shocked by Pankhurst's disregard for matrimony. Pankhurst was a communist. Barnes became a councillor in Stepney. In 1938 she joined the Charity Organization Society, active in assisting the poor but it had a poor reputation. Under her advice the organisation changed its name to remove the word "charity" to assist those who received their philanthropy, she and her husband were bombed out during the Second World War and lived for a time at Toynbee Hall. She continued to keep in contact with Sylvia Pankhurst until she emigrated to Ethiopia in 1955. Barnes died in 1982 in East Ham; the accounts of Barnes's life were in part inspiration for the film Suffragette. Annie Barnes. Tough Annie: From Suffragette to Stepney Councillor. Stepney Books. ISBN 978-0-9505241-3-9.</ref>

J√ľnter

Jünter is the official mascot for the German football club Borussia Mönchengladbach. It is named after Borussia's legendary player Günter Netzer — his first name Günter is pronounced like "Jünter" in the local idiom, he is a person dressed in a large foal costume, wearing the team's football kit with the number 10 over the costume. He takes part in the pre-match proceedings, attempting to get the crowd going, he has a column in the club's magazine “Fohlen-Echo”, where he gives his view on current football related topics. He has the section “Jünter hat's gesehen” on the club's homepage, where current or historical matches are reviewed. List of football mascots Official team site in German and English

Albvorland Tunnel

The Albvorlandtunnel is a planned 8.176 km long railwail tunnel for the new Wendlingen–Ulm high-speed railway in Baden-Württemberg. It will underpass a part of the town Kirchheim-Lindorf and Bundesautobahn 8 with junction Kirchheim-East in the industrial area of Dettingen unter Teck The 8176 m long building is between kilometer 26,077 und 34,253, it is on the boundary of Wendlingen am Neckar, Kirchheim unter Teck and Dettingen unter Teck. It underpasses motorway 8 and a high pressure gas line and a NATO fuel line; the tunnel traverses through layers of black jura. The biggest superposition is 65 meters, the smallest superposition is 9,50 m. High water pressure is expected; the call for competition European-wide had 8 bidders. The order has an amount of 380 million € and was given on 18. December 2015 the Swiss company Implenia; the work should be finished within 46 months. In a planning paper from the Deutsche Bahn plan approval was expected for 2014, start of work 2014 and end of work in 2021. Spring 2014 the contractor delayed the plan approval to beginning of 2015 and the start to 2016.

The costs of 270 million € were announced in a newspaper in April 2014. The Cabinet of Germany said. In April 2009 the rough costs were calculated by 16,5 millionen € per tube; the total cost of section 2.1 will be 798,7 millionen €

The Land of Promise

The Land of Promise is a 1917 American silent comedy drama film produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It was directed by starred Billie Burke and Thomas Meighan; the film is based on the 1913 play The Land of Promise by W. Somerset Maugham, in which Burke starred; the film was remade in 1926 by Paramount as The Canadian with Thomas Meighan reprising his role as Frank Taylor. As described in a film magazine, when her employer dies, leaving her penniless, Nora Marsh decides to make her home with her brother Edward in Canada, she cannot, get along with her sister-in-law Gertie and life becomes a hardship. The hired man Frank Taylor owns a farm of his own, but a storm has destroyed his crops and forced him to work. Shortly after Nora's arrival he leaves for his farm. Nora hears a remark that he intends to get a woman to be his wife and housekeeper and she decides to take a chance, they get married and he takes her to his house, which she soon has cozy and homelike.

Wild mustard seed destroy them. Nora has received; when she learns that he will have to be a hired man again, she decides to stay and give him the use of her money. Billie Burke as Nora Marsh Thomas Meighan as Frank Taylor Helen Tracy as Miss Eunice Wickam Jack W. Johnston as Edward Marsh Mary Alden as Gertie Marsh Margaret Seddon as Miss Pringle Walter McEwen as James Wickham Grace Studdiford as Mrs. Wickham John Raymond as Reginald Hornby The House That Shadows Built promotional film by Paramount, contains an unidentified Billie Burke clip certainly from The Land of Promise. Other than this brief clip, this is considered a lost film; the Land of Promise on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Still with Billie Burke and Thomas Meighan

Wyoming Highway 77

Wyoming Highway 77 is a 22.18-mile long Wyoming state highway in northeastern Carbon County. The highway begins at WYO 487 and proceeds north, parallel to the highway, to a northern terminus at WYO 487. Highway 77 begins at Highway 487, 22 miles north of Medicine Bow to Highway 487 near the Shirley Basin Rest Area, located 27 miles south of Highway 487's junction with Highway 220. Highway 77 stays to the west of Highway 487 and Shirley Basin, acting as an alternative route to Highway 487 between the two points. At its northern terminus, Highway 77 is about 48 miles south of the city of Casper; the entirety of Highway 77 maintains a speed limit of 65 miles per hour, is closed during winters. Wyoming Highway 77 was numbered as Highway 487 while present day Highway 487 was designated as Highway 75. Highway 75 was created during the early 1970s with the creation of the Wyoming secondary state route system; when Highway 487 was rerouted over Highway 75 in the mid-1970s, old Highway 487 was redesignated as Highway 77.

The entire route is in Carbon County. U. S. Roads portal Wyoming Routes 000-099 WYO 77 - WYO 487 to WYO 487