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Trans-Canada Highway

The Trans-Canada Highway is a transcontinental federal-provincial highway system that travels through all ten provinces of Canada from the Pacific Ocean on the west to the Atlantic on the east. The main route spans 7,821 km across the country, one of the longest routes of its type in the world; the highway system is recognizable by its distinctive white-on-green maple leaf route markers, although there are small variations in the markers in some provinces. Throughout much of Canada, there are at least two routes designated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway. For example, in the western provinces, both the main Trans-Canada route and the Yellowhead Highway are part of the Trans-Canada system. Although the TCH, being a transcontinental route, does not enter any of Canada's three northern territories or run to the Canada–US border, the Trans-Canada Highway forms part of Canada's overall National Highway System, providing connections to the Northwest Territories and the border, although the NHS is unsigned.

Canada's national highway system is not under federal jurisdiction or coordination, as decisions about highway and freeway construction are under the jurisdiction of the individual provinces. Route numbering on the Trans-Canada Highway is handled by the provinces; the Western provinces have voluntarily coordinated their highway numbers so that the main Trans-Canada route is designated Highway 1 and the Yellowhead route is designated Highway 16 throughout. East of Manitoba the highway numbers change at each provincial boundary, or within a province as the TCH piggybacks along separate provincial highways en route. In addition and Quebec use standard provincial highway shields to number the highway within their boundaries, but post numberless Trans-Canada Highway shields alongside them to identify it; as the Trans-Canada route was composed of sections from pre-existing provincial highways, it is unlikely that the Trans-Canada Highway will have a uniform designation across the whole country. The Trans-Canada Highway, uniformly designated as Highway 1 in the four western provinces, begins in Victoria, British Columbia at the intersection of Douglas Street and Dallas Road and passes northward along the east coast of Vancouver Island for 99 km to Nanaimo.

Short freeway segments of the TCH can be found near Victoria and Nanaimo, but the rest of the highway on Vancouver Island operates as a signalized low-to-limited-mobility arterial road that does not bypass any of its areas of urban sprawl Nanaimo and Duncan. The section of Highway 1 that crosses the Malahat northwest of Victoria has no stoplights yet, but is pinched by rugged terrain that prevents comprehensive widening to four lanes and sometimes forces closure for hours at a time after a traffic accident; the Departure Bay ferry is the only marine link on the Trans-Canada system that has no freeway or other high mobility highway access, instead routing TCH traffic through downtown Nanaimo streets to reach the ferry to Vancouver. The Vancouver Island TCH is one of four parts of the Trans-Canada system in which the highway runs north-south, the others being Highway 1 from Hope to Cache Creek, Ontario Highway 17 from White River to Sault Ste Marie, Ontario Highways 69 and 400 from Sudbury to Waubaushene, Autoroute 85/Route 185 from Autoroute 20 in Quebec to the New Brunswick border.

The Trans-Canada is otherwise designated as east-west from Nanaimo to St. John's. From Departure Bay, a 57 km ferry route connects the highway to Horseshoe Bay in West Vancouver. At this point, the Trans-Canada Highway becomes a high mobility freeway and passes through the Vancouver metropolitan area, crossing the Fraser River with the Port Mann Bridge, electronically tolled between December 8, 2012 and September 1, 2017. From the Port Mann Bridge, the TCH heads east through the Fraser Valley to Hope covering a total distance of 170 km from the Horseshoe Bay ferry. At Hope, the TCH exits the freeway and turns north for 186 km through the Fraser Canyon toward Cache Creek as a high mobility highway with only occasional mandatory stops east for 79 km where it re-enters a short freeway alignment through Kamloops. From there, it continues east as a two to four lane expressway through Salmon Arm, Revelstoke, Rogers Pass and Kicking Horse Pass, to Field, British Columbia while passing by Yoho National Park.

Using the South Fraser Perimeter Road from Surrey to Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal, Vancouver Island or interior-bound traffic can bypass the busiest sections of Highway 1 in Metro Vancouver and the Horseshoe Bay-Departure Bay Ferry. Victoria-bound traffic can use the same highway as a shortcut that bypasses the entire circuitous Vancouver Island route of the Trans-Canada with its numerous traffic lights and bottlenecks. Speed limits on the British Columbia mainland segment of the Trans-Canada range from 80 to 110 km/h. A combination of difficult terrain and growing urbanization limits posted speeds on the Vancouver Island section to 50 km/h in urban areas, 80 km/h across the Malahat and through suburban areas, a maximum of 90 km/h in rural areas. From Field, British Columbia, the highway continues 206 km east as Alberta Highway 1 to Lake Louise, Banff and Calgary where it becomes known as 16 Avenue N an expressway and a busy street with many signalized intersections; the northwest and nort

David R. Ellis

David Richard Ellis was an American film director and stunt performer born in Santa Monica, California in 1952. His credits included dozens of films and television series including National Lampoon's Vacation, Lethal Weapon, Patriot Games, he served as second unit director on blockbuster action films like Waterworld, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, The Matrix Reloaded, Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World. His feature directorial credits included the action thriller Snakes on a Plane and two entries in the Final Destination series. Following a successful career as a junior pro surfer, David Richard Ellis began his career in the film industry as a supporting actor in juvenile roles making his big screen debut in 1975 in the Kurt Russell film The Strongest Man in the World. In 1978, he received a promotion to stunt coordinator on The Invasion of the Body Snatchers. After several successful years in this position, he worked from 1986 onwards as a second unit director before making his debut as a director in the Disney live-action film Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco.

He is best known for directing two of the Final Destination films and the 2006 film Snakes on a Plane, which became an Internet phenomenon. As a stunt man he was best known for his work in the movie Scarface. Other notable works as a stunt man include Fatal Attraction, Lethal Weapon, the television series Baywatch, Patriot Games; as a second unit director he worked on a number of well-known movies that most include Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, The Matrix Reloaded and Commander: The Far Side of the World, Cop Out. At the time of his death, two works involving Ellis were still in post-production: 47 Ronin and R. I. P. D.. R. I. P. D. was released in July 2013. He was best known as a director with seven titles under his belt. Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco, Final Destination 2, Snakes on a Plane, The Final Destination, Shark Night. At the time of his death, he was in pre-production for a live-action version of the violent anime Kite. Ralph Ziman became the film's director. Ellis was nominated for the Taurus Award along with Glenn Boswell and R. A. Rondell in 2003 for his stunt coordination work on The Matrix Reloaded.

Ellis was a member and served as vice president for an elite stunt performance organization known as Stunts Unlimited located in Sherman Oaks, California. David R. Ellis was the father of photographer Cheyenne Ellis, he was the son of Richard and Andrea Ellis, the grandfather to Kodiak and Ridge Ellis, as well as the brother of Annie and Chenoa Ellis. He is survived by his wife Cindy; when Ellis was once about to be carjacked, trapped between two other cars, he used his stunt-driving prowess to whip his car out of the tiny gap and face the carjackers, revving his engine, scaring them enough to get back into their cars and drive away. On January 7, 2013, Ellis's body was found in the bathroom of his hotel room in Johannesburg, South Africa, he was preparing to direct Kite at the time. No cause of death has been released. David R. Ellis on IMDb

Clemente Marchisio

Clemente Marchisio was an Italian Roman Catholic priest who served as a parish priest in the Archdiocese of Turin. Marchisio served as an assistant priest before travelling across Italian cities as word of his mission and holiness spread. In the spirit of evangelical and devotional zeal he established the Daughters of Saint Joseph of Rivalba to suit the religious needs of females; the order had an emphasis on Saint Joseph himself. On 30 September 1984 he was beatified after one healing was recognized as a miracle attributed to his intercession. Clemente Marchisio was born on 1 March 1833 in Cuneo as the first of five children to a shoemaker; as a child he attended Mass there on a frequent basis. While he was going to follow his father in the latter's profession Marchisio received a sudden call to the priesthood and announced as such to his surprised parents. Father Giovanni Battista Sacco aided him in his studies and formation for the priesthood and rendered economic assistance. Marchisio was ordained to the priesthood on 20 September 1856 from the Bishop of Susa Giovanni Antonio Oddone since the Archbishop of Turin was in exile in France.

After he was ordained he went for further studies in a boarding school for priests named in honour of Saint Francis of Assisi. He was named as an assistant priest in 1858, his schedule consisted of waking up at 5:00am and spending two hours in reflection prior to the celebration of Mass. He would recite two rosaries: one in the morning and one in the evening before he went to sleep. Marchisio said of the Eucharist - to which he had an ardent devotion to - that "I find sometimes associated under the weight of tribulations, but I assure you that, after five minutes with a living faith before Jesus Sacrament, I feel revived, so that all that first seemed too hard and became unbearably light and easy", he underwent a visit to Lourdes in 1875 for spiritual reflection. The departure of the Albertine nuns left a void of female religious congregations in Turin and its Archbishop Lorenzo Gastaldi encouraged him to create a new order for women. In 1871 in Rivalba he had opened a weaving workshop for girls as jobs and used that as the basis for his new congregation.

He established it on a formal level on 12 November 1877 and had with him Rosalia Sismonda - a recruit - at his right side in managing it. The order was dedicated to Saint Joseph. In 1883 the order opened a house in Rome and Pope Leo XIII said of it in praise: "At last, our Lord!" The pontiff referred to its members as the "Sisters of the Host". Marchisio's pastoral mission became so intense that he travelled across various Italian cities and received certificates from heads of dioceses and archdioceses alike in recognition of his good works - one such one came from the Cardinal Patriarch of Venice Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto who would become Pope Pius X; the order would receive the diocesan approval of the Turin Archbishop Gastaldi on 3 May 1877 and received a papal decree of praise of Leo XIII on 6 August 1901. His health started to decline due to his intense schedule and he would celebrate his final Mass on 14 December 1903, he died on the following 16 December uttering the names of the Holy Family.

Pope Pius X - whom Marchisio had met in Venice - recognized the congregation as one of pontifical right on 9 July 1908. The congregation now operates in Nigeria and Brazil amongst other nations and as of 2005 has 322 professed religious into the order in a total of 30 houses; the process for beatification commenced in Turin with two processes that saw the collation of both witness testimonies and documentation pertaining to his life and his pastoral life. Those processes spanned from 1933 until 1935 and another from 1946 until 1947. Both processes were declared valid and were ratified in order for the boxes of documents to be taken to Rome for further investigation and allowed - after extensive research and consideration - for Pope Paul VI to declare Marchisio on 4 May 1970 to be Venerable. Pope John Paul II - in the beginning of 1984 - signed a decree recognizing a healing as a miracle and allowed for the beatification of Marchisio to take place. Hagiography Circle Saints SQPN