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Transept

A transept is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice. In churches, a transept is an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform building within the Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architectural traditions; each half of a transept is known as a semitransept. The transept of a church separates the nave from the sanctuary, choir, presbytery, or chancel; the transepts cross the nave at the crossing, which belongs to the main nave axis and to the transept. Upon its four piers, the crossing may support a central tower or a crossing dome. Since the altar is located at the east end of a church, a transept extends to the north and south; the north and south end walls hold decorated windows of stained glass, such as rose windows, in stone tracery. The basilicas and the church and cathedral planning that descended from them were built without transepts. More the transepts extended well beyond the sides of the rest of the building, forming the shape of a cross.

This design is called a "Latin cross" ground plan, these extensions are known as the arms of the transept. A "Greek cross" ground plan, with all four extensions the same length, produces a central-plan structure; when churches have only one transept, as at Pershore Abbey, there is a historical disaster, war or funding problem, to explain the anomaly. At Beauvais only the chevet and transepts stand. At St. Vitus Cathedral, only the choir and part of a southern transept were completed until a renewed building campaign in the 19th century; the word "transept" is extended to mean any subsidiary corridor crossing a larger main corridor, such as the cross-halls or "transepts" of The Crystal Palace, London, of glass and iron, built for the Great Exhibition of 1851. In a metro station or similar construction, a transept is a space over the platforms and tracks of a station with side platforms, containing the bridge between the platforms. Placing the bridge in a transept rather than an enclosed tunnel allows passengers to see the platforms, creating a less cramped feeling and making orientation easier.

Aisle Apse Cathedral architecture Cathedral diagram Glossary of the Catholic Church Transom Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Transept". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27. Cambridge University Press. P. 172

2011 PBA All-Star Weekend

The 2011 PBA All-Star Weekend was the annual all-star weekend of the Philippine Basketball Association's 2010–11 PBA season. The events were held from May 18 to 23, 2011 at the Boracay Convention Center, Aklan. Time in seconds. Gold color represent the current champion. Gold color represent the current champion. Jay Washington did not compete in the slamdunk competition. Slamdunk champion Niño Canaleta won't join this year's slamdunk competition. Third year pro Emerson Oreta and Larry Rodriguez were named to augment the Sophomores team replacing the injured Rico Maierhofer, Francis Allera and Marcy Arellano. In the game, there were four 10-minute quarters, the 8-second rule was lessened into 6 seconds, the shot clock was cut into 18 seconds, a slam dunk counted for three points. Top 3 finalist in the three-point shootout will battle against the three shootout legend. Marc Pingris was named the game's most valuable player. 2010–11 PBA season Philippine Basketball Association Philippine Basketball Association All-Star Weekend

Corpo Aereo Italiano

The Corpo Aereo Italiano, or CAI, was an expeditionary force from the Italian Regia Aeronautica that participated in the Battle of Britain and the Blitz during the final months of 1940 during World War II. The CAI flew against the British Royal Air Force; the CAI achieved limited success during its brief existence, but it was hampered by the inadequacy of its equipment. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini insisted on providing an element of the Italian Royal Air Force to assist his German ally during the Battle of Britain. On 10 September 1940, the CAI was formed, under the formal aegis of the 1a Squadra Aerea di Milano. Generale di Squadra Aerea Rino Corso-Fougier was appointed Air Officer Commanding. Fiat CR.42 of 18° Gruppo, 56° Stormo. The Italian CR.42 was a fast biplane fighter. Despite its good manoeuvrability and speed it was technically outclassed by the faster and better armed Hurricanes and Spitfires of the British Royal Air Force. Fiat G.50 of 20° Gruppo, 56° Stormo. The Italian G.50 monoplane fighter was restricted by its range of 400 miles, the same as that of Bf 109E models used by the Luftwaffe, the lack of a radio unit in most participating aircraft.

Fiat BR.20 bombers of 43 ° Stormo. The Italian BR.20 was a twin-engined bomber capable of carrying 1,600 kg of bombs. Supporting aircraft included five CANT Z.1007 used for reconnaissance and Caproni Ca.133 transport planes. On 25 September, the bombers arrived at their airfield in Melsbroek, Belgium after an eventful journey in which several planes force landed or crashed due to malfunctions and poor weather; the fighters arrived later: the 50 Fiat CR.42s were based at Ursel, while the 45 Fiat G.50s in Flugplatz Maldegem, Belgium. As late as 4 November, a Time magazine article only indicated that there was a possibility that an Italian air force unit might be sent to participate in the Battle of Britain. On the night of 24/25 October 1940, the CAI conducted its first raid, when 18 BR.20s took off to attack Harwich and Felixstowe. Not all aircraft found three were lost in accidents; the Harwich Gun Defence Area covering the ports of Harwich, Felixstowe and Parkeston was manned by 99th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery.

However, the number of heavy AA guns in the GDA had dwindled to eight by September 1940 as they had been redeployed to guard the RAF's vital fighter airfields. The next major operation of the CAI was on 29 October; this date is regarded by some historians as the last day of the Battle of Britain. In response to a raid on several northern Italian cities, fifteen BR.20s with a strong fighter escort bombed Ramsgate by day. The Italian bombers were sighted crossing Kent at a low level; the bombers flew in wingtip to wingtip. The open-cockpit, fixed-undercarriage fighter escorts accompanied them in a similar immaculate order; the Italian aircraft were painted pale sand yellow with red-brown mottling. This was camouflage more suitable for a more exotic climate than that found in Britain in late October. Five Italian aircraft suffered damage due to anti-aircraft guns. At least one of the bombers was seen at 16:40 hours in Deal, Kent that afternoon, some 14 miles from Ramsgate and dropped three high-explosive bombs, one just outside the Officers' Mess at the Royal Marine Depot, killing Second Lieutenant Nelson, four Marines, one private from the King's Shropshire Light Infantry.

All but one were buried together in Deal. The next few days saw several small raids. On 11 November 1940, the day before the battle fleet of the Regia Marina was attacked at Taranto by the Royal Navy's aircraft and as a result lost half of its capital ships, the CAI saw its first major combat against the RAF. Ten bombers were escorted by forty-two CR.42s, G.50s, some German Messerschmitt Bf 109s assigned to them. The G.50 mission was aborted due to bad weather that caused too much fuel consumption and the Fiat monoplanes had to go, leaving only the CR.42 as escort. However, Hurricanes from several units, belonging to 257, 46, 42 Squadrons intercepted the aircraft and destroyed three bombers and two fighters, while another was lost to mechanical fault or navigation error, the pilot was captured. In addition, four bombers force landed, two fighters were destroyed on landing, another eight fighters landed with damage, with over 20 aviators missing, dead or wounded. British had two fighters damaged.

One of the Fiats was subsequently evaluated by Eric Brown. Fighter to fighter combat was no more successful for the CAI. On 23 November, 29 Italian fighters making an offensive sweep were engaged near the South Foreland; the Italian biplanes were "bounced" by Spitfire Mk. IIs and two were shot down by Archibald Winskill with several others damaged, in return for one Spitfire damaged. Further bombing raids were carried out by the CAI on the Harwich and Ipswich areas. By the end of December, shortly before its redeployment, the CAI had flown 97 bomber sorties, for the loss of three aircraft; the Italian planes had dropped 44.87 tonnes of bombs in 77 night sorties, most of them over Harwich. Between October 1940 and January 1941 the CAI fighters flew 454 offensive and 480 defensive sorties. Near the beginning of January 1941, all of the bombers and biplanes were redeployed; this l