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Transport in Bangladesh

Transport is an important part of Bangladesh's economy. Since the liberation of the country, the development of infrastructure has progressed and a number of land and air transport modes came into existence. However, significant progress needs to be made for ensuring uniform access to all available transports. Unlike other nations, Bangladesh has four ministries responsible for transportation in the country: Road safety – Ministry of Road Transport and Bridges Rail transport – Ministry of Railways Civil aviation – Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism Maritime transport – Ministry of Shipping With continued economic development, Dhaka is beginning to experience severe traffic congestion; this is impacting the quality of life for inhabitants of the metropolitan area, the nation's largest. Many government and public-transport agencies drafted policies, undertook projects and implemented programmes to solve the problem; the Dhaka Integrated Transport Studies, conducted by the Ministry of Planning in 1991–1994, found that the uncoordinated activities of Dhaka City Corporation, Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha and the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority did not alleviate the problem and there was no one organisation responsible for improving the city's transport and traffic problems.

With financial assistance from the World Bank, the government of Bangladesh created the Dhaka Transport Coordination Board in 1998. An urban transport plan was commissioned with the US consultant Louis Berger Group and Bangladesh Consultant Ltd. Introduced in 2008, the comprehensive transport plan for the Greater Dhaka City and its adjoining areas covered around 1,530 square miles; the plan looked at 15 key policy issues, including safety, pedestrian preferences, public transport, non-motorised transport, travel demand management and mass transit systems, 70 policy recommendations were made. Ten comprehensive transport strategies were evaluated, using a baseline of no Bus rapid transit or metro service, a number of alternatives were explored; the adopted plan included roads, a three-line Mass Rapid Transit and three-line BRT. It included provisions for 54 new roads in and around the city, three-part elevated expressways and a circular waterway programme. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated Bangladesh's highest road, Thanchi-Alikadam Road in Bandarban District, in a 2015 video conference from Dhaka.

Construction of The road, 2,500 feet above sea level, was built under army supervision at a cost of ৳1.17 billion and is aiding development and health in the hill tracts. With more than 250,000 vehicles in Bangladesh and the country's population and infrastructure, traffic congestion wastes fuel and time and makes travel difficult, it makes existing public transport inefficient, adding unsafe levels of noise and air pollution. Noise and pollution are stressful, lead to medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease and hypertension. Traffic congestion varies during necessitating planning and longer trips. Although walking is a major travel mode of the low-income majority, pedestrian needs are ignored in transport planning; as a result of traffic congestion, more people bicycle. 80 percent of traffic fatalities in Dhaka are pedestrians struck by a fuel-based vehicle. Although private cars are four percent of total vehicles, they occupy about 70 percent of road space. Public transport must be stressed in any future policy.

The change to compressed natural gas cars saved over 4,000 premature deaths in 2009, but their low cost has increased the number of cars on the roads and decreased the amount of natural gas available for other purposes. Passenger's and pedestrian's safety in the roads is a burning issue in Bangladesh. Death counts in the highways are rising every day in an alarming rate. Although the government is undertaking a number of significant steps addressing the issue, situations in the highways don't seem to get much positive change too soon. Public unrest and riots demanding safe roads tend to occur in quite an unpredictable manner as both the authority and the highway section of the police prove to fail in bringing discipline in the road transportation system. Alternative ways of mass transit system in public basis have been taken and lots are still undergoing, but the source of all problems is said to lie with untrained drivers and inadequate maintenance of the highways. Rail is as an important method of mass transport in Bangladesh, many districts are connected by rail.

Bangladesh Railway was inherited from the British Assam Bengal Railway system after the partition of India in 1947. Its headquarters is in the southern port city of Chittagong, the south-eastern terminus of the Assam Bengal Railway. After independence from West Pakistan in 1971, only a short length of new track was laid. In 2005, the railway was 2,706 kilometres long. Of that, 923 km are broad gauge tracks and the remaining 1,822 km are metre-gauge tracks; the gauge difference is being addressed by adding third rails to major broad- and metre-gauge routes, making them dual gauge. A road-rail bridge over the Jamuna River opened in 1998 to connect the west rail networks; the border between India and Bangladesh cuts across railway lines, forcing them into the adjacent country for short distances and complicating border controls such as passport validation. After 43 years, the Mait

Daniel Dulany the Elder

Daniel Dulany the Elder was a prominent lawyer and land-developer in colonial Maryland, who held a number of colonial offices. In 1722 Dulany wrote a pamphlet entitled The Right of the Inhabitants of Maryland, to the Benefit of the English Laws, asserting the rights of Marylanders over the Proprietary Government. Dulany was born in Upperwoods, Queen's County, Ireland about 1685. In November 1702, a flotilla of merchantmen, known as the "Armada of 100 ships" Sailed for the Chesapeake Bay, arriving in March, 1703. Dulany, along with two older brothers landing at Port Tobacco, became indentured to Colonel George Plater II for a three-year period. Plater put Dulany to work as a law clerk. In 1706, after the indenture was over, Dulany traveled to London. Dulany returned to Maryland and in 1709 was admitted to the Charles County bar. In 1720, Dulany moved to Annapolis. In 1722, he was elected to represent the town in the Maryland General Assembly where he was to serve for the next twenty years. At that time the Province of Maryland was under the proprietary governorship of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore.

Lord Baltimore vetoed a bill in 1722 which the General Assembly had passed in order to bring the colony under all English statute law. Dulany led protests against this, writing a pamphlet entitled "The Right of the Inhabitants of Maryland, to the Benefit of the English Laws". Lord Baltimore appointed Dulany to the posts of Receiver General, Judge of Admiralty, Commissary General, as well as appointing him to the Governor's Council. In the 1730s, under the rule of Governor Samuel Ogle, Maryland became engaged in a border dispute with Pennsylvania. Several settlers were taken prisoners on both sides and Penn sent a committee to Governor Ogle to resolve the situation. Rioting broke out in the disputed territory and Ogle appealed to the King for resolution. In 1736 Ogle dispatched Dulany to Philadelphia in order to negotiate the release of a number of imprisoned Marylanders, though without success, the border warfare continued. Dulany became wealthy from his legal practice, through the 1720s began to accumulate and develop land.

He advertised for tenants to settle his land in Baltimore and Prince Georges county, paying with tobacco, corn or wheat. He is credited with the founding of Frederick. Dulany married three times, first to widow of Bayne Smallwood, she died one year after wedding Daniel. By his second wife Rebecca Smith, the daughter of Colonel Walter Smith, he had a large family, not atypical for the time: Daniel Dulany the Younger, a noted Maryland Loyalist, Mayor of Annapolis, who played a prominent role in Maryland during the American Revolution. Walter Dulany, who would become Mayor of Annapolis. Rebecca Rachel Mary Margaret, who married Alexander Hamilton in 1747. Daniel married a third time to a widow. By her he had: LloydDulany died on December 5, 1753 in Annapolis. At the time of his death he owned 47,000 acres of land. After his death, in 1754, Dulany's third wife Henrietta Maria, appeared before Michael MacNamara Deputy Commissioner of Anne Arundel County, seeking to overturn the will of her late husband.

Colonial families of Maryland Andrews, Matthew Page, History of Maryland, New York Land, Aubrey C. The Dulanys of Maryland: A Biographical Study of Daniel Dulany, the Elder, Daniel Dulany, the Younger. Baltimore, Maryland Historical Society: 1955

Harut Karapetyan

Harutyun Karapetyan is an Armenian former professional footballer who played as a forward in the MLS for Los Angeles Galaxy, San Jose Earthquakes and Tampa Bay Mutiny. Karapetyan holds the record for the fastest hat-trick in MLS history, scoring one in five minutes in June 1998, while playing for the Los Angeles Galaxy against the Dallas Burn. Karapeteyan played for the Los Angeles Salsa in the American Professional Soccer League in 1993 and 1994. In February 1996, the Los Angeles Galaxy selected him in the 7th round in the 1996 MLS Inaugural Player Draft. On 7 August 1998, the Galaxy traded Karapeteyan to the San Jose Clash in exchange for Lawrence Lozzano; the Clash waived him on 2 November 1998. In May 2000, he returned to San Jose. MLS career stats Player profile at Voetbal International Harut Karapetyan at

Sacred Heart Catholic School (Muenster, Texas)

Sacred Heart Catholic School is a Catholic school based in Muenster, United States located on Sacred Heart Church grounds serving students in preschool through Grade 12. Recognized in the top 50 of Catholic schools in the nation, SHCS is one of only two Catholic preschool and elementary schools in Cooke County and one of only four Catholic high schools in the Fort Worth Diocese. Sacred Heart Montessori National Catholic Education Association Elizabeth Ann Seton AwardSacred Heart Elementary U. S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon School of Excellence AwardSacred Heart High School U. S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon School of Excellence Award Catholic High School Honor Roll Award Sacred Heart Catholic School was established in 1890, it began offering a 4 year high school program in 1937. Sacred Heart Catholic School is a member of the Texas Association of Parochial Schools; the Sacred Heart Tigers compete in the following sports: Cross Country, Football, Golf, Softball & Baseball The Tigers have competed in Swimming and Tennis Sacred Heart has won numerous State Championships in Girls Basketball, Softball, Girls & Boys Track, Girls & Boys Cross Country, Boys Golf, Boys and Girls Swim.

Football State Champions: 1994 2003 State Runner-Up: 2004 Final Four: 2000 2001 2006 2019 Girls Basketball State Champions 1982-1983 1985-1986 1987-1988 1988-1989 1989-1990 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2006-2007 2011-2012 State Runner Up 1992-1993 1996-1997 2005-2006 2015-2016 2016-2017 State Final Four 1986-1987 1992-1993 Sacred Heart Church and School Muenster, Texas at, with picture of the school

Cork–Wexford hurling rivalry

The Cork-Wexford rivalry is a hurling rivalry between Irish county teams Cork and Wexford, who first played each other in 1890. The fixture has been an irregular one due to both teams playing in separate provinces. Cork's home ground is Páirc Uí Chaoimh and Wexford's home ground is Innovate Wexford Park, most of their championship meetings have been held at neutral venues Croke Park. While Cork are regarded as one of the "big three" of hurling, with Kilkenny and Tipperary completing the trio, Wexford are ranked joint fifth in the all-time roll of honour and have enjoyed sporadic periods of dominance at various stages throughout the history of the championship; the two teams have won a combined total of 36 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship titles. As of 2015 Cork and Wexford have met twelve times in the hurling championship including meeting six times at the All Ireland final stage where Cork hold the upper hand with five victories to Wexford's sole triumph. On 5 September 1954 a record crowd of 84,856 packed Croke Park to see the first championship clash of Cork and Wexford in over half a century.

Cork scored the opening point after just two minutes, while Christy Ring kept the scoreboard ticking over with some fine points. A palmed goal by Tom Ryan and a series of points from Nicky Rackard had Wexford ahead by 1-3 to 0-5 at the interval. With a strong breeze in their favour in the second half, Cork looked in a strong position. Nicky Rackard had switched from full-forward to centre -forward to curb the long clearances of Vincy Twomey. By the tenth minute points from Tim Flood and Paddy Kehoe had Wexford 1-6 to 0-5 ahead. Ring and Twomey points cut the deficit to two and with four minutes left young Johnny Clifford trapped the ball on the end line, dribbled it along the ground and shot past Art Foley from a narrow angle. Injury-time points gave Cork a 1-9 to a third successive All-Ireland crown. Two years on 23 September 1956, Cork and Wexford, the two All-Ireland champions of the previous two years, faced each other in the decider once again. Wexford got off to a great start and had a 1-1 to no score lead after just three minutes courtesy of Tim Flood and Padge Kehoe.

Cork still trailed by 1-6 to 0-5 at the interval. Wexford stretched their lead to seven points in the second half before a Christy Ring goal from a free, followed shortly by a point, had Cork back in the game and trailing by three. Paddy Barry got Cork's second goal. Wexford scored three points on the spin. In the dying moments of the game and Wexford holding onto that two-point lead, the sliotar broke to Christy Ring and he headed straight for goal with the Wexford back line in pursuit; when he got to the 21-yard line he let off a shot, set to rattle the back of the net, but the shot was somehow blocked by goalkeeper Art Foley and cleared. Within a minute the sliotar dropped into Foley again and after it was cleared it made its way up the pitch and was buried in the back of the Cork net by Nicky Rackard giving Wexford a 2-14 to 2-8 victory. In spite of Cork's defeat, Wexford's Nick O'Donnell and Bobby Rackard, in an unparalleled display of sportsmanship in any game, raised Cork's Christy Ring onto their shoulders and carried him off the field.

Wexford had won the game but there was no doubt in their minds that the real hero was Ring. On 6 September 1970 Cork and Wexford faced each other in the first 80-minute All-Ireland final. Wexford took the lead in the fifth minute when a goal resulted from a melee of confusion in the parallelogram. Wexford's lead only lasted five minutes as Cork powered on when Eddie O'Brien flicked the sliotar overhead to the net for Cork's first goal in the eleventh minute, he got his second in the 34th minute. O'Brien completed his hat-trick in the 33rd minute of the second half when he soloed through the Wexford defence before fisting home another goal for Cork. Wexford's hopes of a comeback came to nothing as Cork powered to a 6-20 to 5-11 victory. After emerging from their respective provinces and Wexford faced each other in the All-Ireland decider again on 5 September 1976. Cork got off to one of the worst starts in a decider, when two goals from Martin Quigley left them trailing by 2-2 to no score after just six minutes.

Cork fought back through the brilliance of Pat Moylan's long-range free-taking, while a Ray Cummins goal brought the sides level at the interval. Wexford started brighter with a Tony Doran goal restoring their lead once again, Cork went looking for their own goal. An opportunistic first-time pull by Charlie McCarthy found its way to the net and gave Cork a one-point lead. Cork'keeper Martin Coleman brought off some marvelous saves to deny the Wexford forwards on a number of occasions and to secure a 2-21 to 4-11 victory for Cork; the second successive meeting of Cork and Wexford in the All-Ireland decider on 4 September 1977 failed to live up to the expectations of the previous year. Cork's preparations were hampered during a pre-match warm-up in front of Hill 16 when Seánie O'Leary got hit in the face with a sliotar, suffering a broken nose, he missed the parade before the game due to his injury but played for the full seventy minutes, being described throughout the game by RTÉ commentator Michael O'Hehir as "the man who nearly didn't play."

In spite of this injury O'Leary scored the decisive goal for Cork as the game entered the last quarter. Goalkeeper Martin Coleman came to the rescue for Cork once again. Christy Keogh sent a thundering shot at goal and it looked like the certain equaliser, only for Coleman to reach for it and leave those in attendance confident they had witnessed one of the greatest saves in an All-Ireland final. A 1–17 to 3–8 victory g

Education for Leisure

"Education for Leisure" is a poem by Poet Laureate Carol Ann Duffy which explores the mind of a person, planning to commit a murder. Until 2008 the poem was studied at GCSE level in England and Wales as part of the AQA Anthology, a collection of poems by modern poets such as Duffy and Seamus Heaney; the poem begins with the lines. Anything. I have had enough of being ignored and today I am going to play God." The individual in the poem feels undervalued and progresses into insanity by experimenting progressively with violence beginning with killing a fly and a goldfish before terrifying a budgie and going outside armed with a bread knife. The narrator's identity is never revealed however there are lines that allude to some facts on the character, one being the narrator is on the dole and it is twice implied the narrator maybe craved recognition or celebrity status after leaving school. compares the subject of the poem to the incident where Brenda Ann Spencer carried out a shooting spree in an American school and explained her actions by stating "I don't like Mondays".

The killings inspired the Boomtown Rats song. The poem is set against a backdrop of rising social problems in the United Kingdom during the 1980s and can be considered critical of Thatcherism; the poem references Gloucester's lines in Act 4 of King Lear, “As flies to wanton boys are we to the Gods/ They kill us for their sport”, lines which show how humankind is at the whim of the gods. In 2008 concerns about the levels of teenage knife crime in the United Kingdom led to complaints about the inclusion of the poem in a GCSE textbook. Exam Board AQA were accused of censorship after it removed the poem from its AQA Anthology after three complaints about the poem; the most vocal complainant was Lutterworth Grammar School's exam invigilator Pat Schofield who described the poem as "absolutely horrendous". Duffy responded to the ban by citing the level of violence in the plays of Shakespeare and by stating that she considered the message of the poem to be pro-learning and anti-violence; some teachers stated.

The BBC reported that schools had been told to destroy copies of the Anthology which contained the poem. In 2002 a school in Hull refused to teach the poem. Since the censorship, the new editions of the AQA Anthology contain a page where the poem was with the words "This page is left intentionally blank" as a placeholder. Education for Leisure Mrs Schofield's GCSE Short film adaptation by director Dan Allen