Montsinéry-Tonnegrande is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. Montsinéry-Tonnegrande is to the south-west of Cayenne, it contains various walking trails. The town was host to an internment camp for Indochinese prisoners in the 1930s; the commune was known as Tonnegrande-Montsinéry, but on 27 March 1969 the name was changed into Montsinéry-Tonnegrande. Montsinéry is home to a shortwave transmission facility operated by the TDF Group, designed to target listeners in the Americas and West Africa; the site is capable of DRM digital shortwave transmissions. An image of the rotatable curtain array antenna in Montsinéry can be found by searching Flickr for "Montsinery antenne". One of their broadcasting frequencies is the 7335 kHz slot that CHU abandoned; the Voice of Russia began transmitting to North America from Montsinéry — its first transmissions from the western hemisphere since the early 1990s. The city has 2 burgs spaced by 22 km: Montsinéry TonnegrandeIt used to be isolated to the close main city of French Guiana, but now the RD5 road opens up the city.
Montsinéry is inundated fields. It is located at the convergence of Montsinéry rivers. Life is peaceful in this burg. Tonnegrande, located on the right border of the Tonnegrande River is peaceful. Montsinéry-Tonnegrande used to be occupied by settlers, they used to farm a spices plantation. Amerindians are present in the city; the 2 burgs developed with creole houses. In 1836, the population was made up of 1102 slaves and 167 free inhabitants feeding on fishing. In 1878, Montsinnéry and Tonnegrande were gathered in a single municipal entity. In 1941 the Montsinnéry-Tonnegrande city was created. Montsinéry-Tonnegrande is known for its prisons. Indeed, in 1848, a first penitentiary was built and closed at the end of the 19th century. In 1931, a new prison was built, called "Bagne des Anamites", in order to receive Indochinese opponents to the French presence in Indochina; these 330 men built in particular the road towards Cayenne. In 1943, the camp was closed. Montsinéry is the only space in French Guiana.
It is possible to make eco tourism with a pedalo visit on the river and ride a horse. Communes of the Guyane department on May 14 heard at 0200 UTC in Spanish 0n 9735 kHz INSEE
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers; the most common type of bus is the single-deck rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses. Many types of buses, such as city transit buses and inter-city coaches, charge a fare. Other types, such as elementary or secondary school buses or shuttle buses within a post-secondary education campus do not charge a fare. In many jurisdictions, bus drivers require a special licence above and beyond a regular driver's licence. Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport, scheduled coach transport, school transport, private hire, or tourism. Horse-drawn buses were used from the 1820s, followed by steam buses in the 1830s, electric trolleybuses in 1882; the first internal combustion engine buses, or motor buses, were used in 1895. Interest has been growing in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses, as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or biodiesel.
As of the 2010s, bus manufacturing is globalised, with the same designs appearing around the world. Bus is a clipped form of the dative plural of omnis-e; the theoretical full name is in French voiture omnibus. The name originates from a mass-transport service started in 1823 by a French corn-mill owner named Stanislas Baudry in Richebourg, a suburb of Nantes. A by-product of his mill was hot water, thus next to it he established a spa business. In order to encourage customers he started a horse-drawn transport service from the city centre of Nantes to his establishment; the first vehicles stopped in front of the shop of a hatter named Omnés, which displayed a large sign inscribed "Omnes Omnibus", a pun on his Latin-sounding surname, omnes being the male and female nominative and accusative form of the Latin adjective omnis-e, combined with omnibus, the dative plural form meaning "for all", thus giving his shop the name "Omnés for all". His transport scheme was a huge success, although not as he had intended as most of his passengers did not visit his spa.
He turned the transport service into his principal lucrative business venture and closed the mill and spa. Nantes citizens soon gave the nickname "omnibus" to the vehicle. Having invented the successful concept Baudry moved to Paris and launched the first omnibus service there in April 1828. A similar service was introduced in London in 1829. Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses were pioneered in England in the 1830s by Walter Hancock and by associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney, among others, running reliable services over road conditions which were too hazardous for horse-drawn transportation; the first mechanically propelled omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April 1833. Steam carriages were much less to overturn, they travelled faster than horse-drawn carriages, they were much cheaper to run, caused much less damage to the road surface due to their wide tyres. However, the heavy road tolls imposed by the turnpike trusts discouraged steam road vehicles and left the way clear for the horse bus companies, from 1861 onwards, harsh legislation eliminated mechanically propelled vehicles from the roads of Great Britain for 30 years, the Locomotive Act of that year imposing restrictive speed limits on "road locomotives" of 5 mph in towns and cities, 10 mph in the country.
In parallel to the development of the bus was the invention of the electric trolleybus fed through trolley poles by overhead wires. The Siemens brothers, William in England and Ernst Werner in Germany, collaborated on the development of the trolleybus concept. Sir William first proposed the idea in an article to the Journal of the Society of Arts in 1881 as an "...arrangement by which an ordinary omnibus...would have a suspender thrown at intervals from one side of the street to the other, two wires hanging from these suspenders. Although this experimental vehicle fulfilled all the technical criteria of a typical trolleybus, it was dismantled in the same year after the demonstration. Max Schiemann opened a passenger-carrying trolleybus in 1901 in Germany. Although this system operated only until 1904, Schiemann had developed what is now the standard trolleybus current collection system. In the early days, a few other methods of current collection were used. Leeds and Bradford became the first cities to put trolleybuses into service in Great Britain on 20 June 1911.
In Siegerland, two passenger bus lines ran but unprofitably, in 1895 using a six-passenger motor carriage developed from the 1893 Benz Viktoria. Another commercial bus line using the same model Benz omnibuses ran for a short time in 1898 in the rural area around Llandudno, Wales. Daimler produced one of the earliest motor-bus models in 1898, selling a double-decker bus to the Motor Traction Company, first used on the streets of London on 23 April 1898; the vehicle had a maximum speed of 18 km/h and accommodated up to 20 passengers, in an enclosed area below and on an open-air pl
Sinnamary is a town and commune on the coast of French Guiana, between Kourou and Iracoubo. Sinnamary was the second French settlement to be founded in French Guiana: the town was founded in 1664, it lies on the Sinnamary River. The town contains an Indonesian community, as well as a Galibi Amerindian community. Both communities produce jewellery that can be purchased; the main hotel in Sinnamary is the Hôtel du Fleuve. The Guianan Soyuz launch site is situated within the territory of the Sinnamary commune. Colloquially the site and/or project are thus sometimes called "Soyuz at Sinnamary". However, because most other facilities of the Centre Spatial Guyanais are in the neighbouring and more populous Kourou commune, because the entire CSG itself is thus called the Kourou space centre, the Guianan Soyuz site/project is occasionally called "Soyuz at Kourou" though this is technically incorrect. Communes of the Guyane department Guiana Space Center INSEE Images of Sinnamary
Mana, in Austronesian languages, means "power", "effectiveness", "prestige". In most cases, this power and its source are understood to be inexplicable, its semantics are language-dependent. The concept is significant in Polynesian culture and is part of contemporary Pacific Islander culture, its study was included in cultural anthropology—specifically, the anthropology of religion. Links were seen between mana and earlier phases of Western religion: animism at first, followed by pre-animism. According to the POLLEX Project, a protoform for "mana"—noted in historical-linguistic convention as *mana-"—existed in Proto-Oceanic, the precursor of many Pacific languages. Although the path through the tree from Proto-Oceanic to a specific language is not always clear, the word and concept are thousands of years old. According to linguist Robert Blust, "mana" means "storm, or wind" in some languages. Blust hypothesized that the term meant "powerful forces of nature such as thunder and storm winds that were conceived as the expression of an unseen supernatural agency.
As Oceanic-speaking peoples spread eastward, the notion of an unseen supernatural agency became detached from the physical forces of nature that had inspired it and assumed a life of its own." Mana is a foundation of the Polynesian worldview, a spiritual quality with a supernatural origin and a sacred, impersonal force. To have mana implies influence and efficacy—the ability to perform in a given situation; the quality of mana is not limited to individuals. In Hawaiian and Tahitian culture, mana is a spiritual energy and healing power which can exist in places and persons. Hawaiians believe that mana may be gained or lost by actions, Hawaiians and Tahitians believe that mana is both external and internal. Sites on the Hawaiian Islands and in French Polynesia are believed to possess mana—for example, the top rim of the Haleakalā volcano on the island of Maui and the Taputapuatea marae on the island of Raiatea in the Society Islands. Ancient Hawaiian believed that the island of Molokaʻi possesses mana, compared with its neighboring islands.
Before the unification of Hawaii by King Kamehameha I, battles were fought for possession of the island and its south-shore fish ponds which existed until the late 19th century. A person may gain mana by pono. In ancient Hawaii, there were two paths to mana: violence. Nature is dualistic, everything has a counterpart. A balance between the gods Kū and Lono formed, through. Kū, the god of war and politics, offers mana through violence. Lono, the god of peace and fertility, offers mana through sexuality. In Māori, a tribe with mana whenua must have demonstrated their authority over a territory. In Māori culture, there are two essential aspects of a person's mana: mana tangata, authority derived from whakapapa and mana huaanga, defined as "authority derived from having a wealth of resources to gift to others to bind them into reciprocal obligations". Hemopereki Simon, from Ngāti Tūwharetoa, asserts; the indigenous word reflects a non-Western view of reality. This is confirmed by the definition of mana provided by Maori Marsden who states that mana is:Spiritual power and authority as opposed to the purely psychic and natural force — ihi.
According to Prof. Margaret Mutu mana in its traditional sense means:Power, ownership, influence, respect derived from the god. In terms of leadership Ngāti Kahungunu legal scholar Carwyn Jones comments that, "mana is the central concept that underlies Māori leadership and accountability." He considers mana as a fundamental aspect of the constitutional traditions of Māori society. According to the New Zealand Ministry of Justice: Mana and tapu are concepts which have both been attributed single-worded definitions by contemporary writers; as concepts Maori concepts they can not be translated into a single English definition. Both mana and tapu take on a whole range of related meanings depending on their association and the context in which they are being used. In contemporary New Zealand English, the word "mana", taken from the Māori, refers to a person or organisation of people of great personal prestige and character; the increased use of the term mana in New Zealand society is as a result of the politicisation of Maori issues stemming from the Māori Renaissance.
Missionary Robert Henry Codrington traveled in Melanesia, publishing several studies of its language and culture. His 1891 book The Melanesians: Studies in their Anthropology and Folk-Lore contains the first detailed description of mana. Codrington defines it as "a force altogether distinct from physical power, which acts in all kinds of ways for good and evil, which it is of the greatest advantage to possess or control", his era had defined animism, the concept that the energy in an object derives from a spiritual component. Georg Ernst Stahl's 18th-century animism was adopted by Edward Burnett Tylor, the founder of cultural anthropology, who presented his initial ideas about the history of religion in his 1865 Researches into the Early History of Mankind and developed them in volumes one and two of Primitive Culture. In Tylor's cultural anthropology, other primates did not appear to possess culture. Tylor did not try to find evid
Matoury is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. Matoury is a southern suburb of the préfecture and largest city of French Guiana. Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, the main international airport of French Guiana, is located in the commune of Matoury. Air Guyane Express has its head office on the grounds of the airport. Matoury is located in French Guiana situated in South America, it is bordered by 5 communes: Cayenne in the North Rémire-Montjoly in the North-East Roura in the East, South-East and South Montsinéry-Tonnegrande in the West Macouria in the North-WestThe city used to be called "Tour de l'Isle" because it is bordered by water: Fouillé inlet is the limit both with Cayenne and Rémire-Montjoly The river Mahury and the southern part of the river Tour de l'Île are the border with Roura The Northern part of the river Tour de l'Île and the southern part of the Cayenne river are the boundary with Montsinéry-Tonnegrande The Northern part of the Cayenne river is the limit with Macouria Matoury is a cosmopolitan.
Indeed, it is home to Amerindians, to Creols,Metropolitans,Haïtians, Surinamese, Chinese and people from England Antilles such as St-Lucia. The town planning of Matoury is uneven. Outside the town-centre there are some urbanized areas along the axes leading to Cayenne and Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport. Besides, the PROGT, the Balata professional lyceum are surrounded by the forest. However, the city is urbanizing fast as a dormitory town near Cayenne which the main city of French Guiana; the main neighbourhoods of Matoury are: Copaya and Barbadine in the town-centre Concorde near the Félix Eboué airport Larivot next to the Larivot harbour Chemin de la Levée Stoupan and Degrad on the river Mahury Sainte-Rose-de-Lima Balata Cogneau-Larivot La Chaumière Matoury is home to 1178 accommodations among which 78.4% are main home, 7.2% are second home and 13.7% are unoccupied. Matoury has a Tropical rainforest climate. In 1838, during the colonial era, the District of Matoury was the third of the French Guiana colony thanks to its large and diversely cultivated areas.
The main productions were sugarcane, clove and pepper. Matoury is home to remains of the past: The Trio fort situated in the Levée location was designed by Vauban and was used to protect the Cayenne Isle, conjointly with the Cépérou and Diamant forts; the Macaye-Duchassis habitation which used to be a cacao and sugar plantation| The Lamirande manufacture in Lamirande, next to the PROGT, which used produced sugar and rum between 1927 and 1950. Gabriel Serville has been Mayor of the city since 2014 and deputy to the French National Assembly since 2012. Communes of the Guyane department INSEE
Maroni is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus. It has been a settlement since Middle Bronze Age
The verb go is an irregular verb in the English language. It has a wide range of uses. Apart from the copular verb be, the verb go is the only English verb to have a suppletive past tense, namely went; the principal parts of go are go, gone. In other respects, the modern English verb conjugates regularly; the irregularity of the principal parts is due to their disparate origin in two and three distinct Indo-European roots. Unlike every other English verb except be, the preterite of go is not etymologically related to its infinitive. Instead, the preterite of go, descends from a variant of the preterite of wend, the descendant of Old English wendan and Middle English wenden. Old English wendan and gān shared semantic similarities; the similarities are evident in the sentence "I'm wending my way home", equivalent to "I'm going home". Go descends from Middle English gon, from Old English gān, from Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰēh₁-'to go, leave'. Cognates in the Germanic languages include West Frisian gean, Dutch gaan, Low German gahn, German gehen, Norwegian, Swedish gå, Crimean Gothic geen.
Old English did not use any variation of. Old English ēode'he went' is made up of a defective preterite base ēo- and the weak dental suffix -de common in most modern English past tense forms; the base ēo- and its Gothic counterpart iddja show the following development: PIE perfect singular *ye-yóh₂- → Proto-Germanic *ijō-dē → *eōdæ → ēode. Both forms are derived from the PIE root *h₁y-éh₂- based on close matches with past tense forms of Sanskrit yā́ti'he goes, travels'; the root is regarded as an iterative-intensive derivative of the more common *h₁ey-'to go'. One reflex of *h₁ey- is Latin īre'to go' which gave many English words such as ambition, introit, preterite, so forth, it is found in the Slavic languages as iti and similar forms. In Middle English, ēode evolved into ȝede and yode. By the 15th century in southern England, wende had become synonymous with go, but its infinitive and present tense forms had ceased to be in frequent use; this was true of the various ēode-derived preterites of go, thus a variant preterite of wend absorbed the function.
After went became established as the preterite of go, wend took on a new preterite, wended. In Northern English and Scots, yede was gaed formed by suffixing -ed to a variant of go. Due to the influence of the region, southern English forms constitute the standard language of England, so went is the standard English preterite. Spencer used yede to mean go with yode as its preterite form but as dialect. Went, the modern past tense of go, was the strong past tense form of Middle English wenden'to turn, direct. Cognates include West Frisian weine, Low German, German wenden, Yiddish ווענדן, Swedish vända, Norwegian vende, Gothic wandjan; the original forms of the ME past tense were wende and past participle wend, but variant wente developed from about 1200. By ca. 1500, wended had prevailed in the transitive senses, whereas wente, restricted to intransitive senses and replaced go's older past tense, yede/yode. Proto-Germanic *wandijaną is a causative derivative of *windaną'to wind, wrap', from which the modern English verb wind developed.
Cognates include West Frisian wine, Low German, German winden, Swedish vinda and Norwegian vinde, Gothic -windan. PGmc *windaną comes from Proto-Indo-European *wendʰ-'to wind, twist', which gave Umbrian preuenda'turn!', Tocharian A/B wänt/wänträ'covers, envelops', Greek áthras'wagon', Armenian gind'ring', Sanskrit vandhúra'carriage framework'. Go is derived from at least three Proto-Indo-European roots: *ǵʰēh₁, the source of go and gone. Only two roots went; the Dutch, Low German and Scandinavian verbs cognate to go, e.g. Dutch gaan, Low German gahn, German gehen, Danish/Norwegian/Swedish gå have suppletive past forms, namely the preterite ging of Dutch and German, güng of Low German, gick of Danish and Swedish, the past participle gegangen of German; these forms are relics from earlier, more widespread words that meant'to walk, go' and which survive sporadically in Scots gang, East Frisian gunge, Icelandic ganga. Some obsolete cognates include Middle Low German, Middle High German gangen, early modern Swedish gånga, Gothic gaggan.
These are reflexes of Proto-Germanic *ganganą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰengʰ-'to step', which gave Lithuanian žeñgti'to stride', Greek kochōnē'perineum', Avestan zanga'ankle', Sanskrit jáṁhas'step', jaṅghā'shank'. Therefore, the case of English go is not unique among the Germanic languages, it would appear that most have in a like manner reproduced equivalent suppletive conjugations for their words for'to go', suggesting a c