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Transport in South Korea

Transportation in South Korea is provided by extensive networks of railways, bus routes, ferry services and air routes that criss-cross the country. South Korea is the third country in the world to operate a commercial maglev train. Development of modern infrastructure began with the first Five-Year Development Plan, which included the construction of 275 kilometers of railways and several small highway projects. Construction of the Gyeongbu Expressway, which connects the two major cities of Seoul and Busan, was completed on 7 July 1970; the 1970s saw increased commitment to infrastructure investments. The third Five-Year Development Plan added the development of seaports; the Subway system was built in Seoul, the highway network was expanded by 487 km and major port projects were started in Pohang, Masan and Busan. The railroad network experienced improvements in the 1980s with electrification and additional track projects. Operation speed was increased on the main lines. Though the railroad was still more useful for transportation of freight, passenger traffic was growing.

There was 51,000 kilometers of roadways by 1988. Expressway network was expanded to connect more major cities and reached a combined length of 1,539 kilometers before the end of the decade; the largest railway operator is Korail. Railway network is managed by Korea Rail Network Authority. Korea Train Express began service as Korea's first high-speed service. Intercity services are provided by Mugunghwa-ho. ITX-Saemaeul stops less than Mugunghwa-ho, they stop. On routes where KTX operates, air travel declined with less passengers choosing to fly and airlines offering fewer flights. Nuriro Train service runs between other lines. Nuriro Train serves commuters around Seoul Metropolitan Area, providing shorter travel time than Seoul Subway; the rapid trains have same seat reservation as Mugunghwa-ho. Korail plans to expand the service area. South Korea's six largest cities — Seoul, Daegu, Gwangju and Incheon — all have subway systems. Seoul's subway system is the oldest system in the country, with the Seoul StationCheongnyangni section of Line 1 opening in 1974.

The first tram line in Seoul started operation between Seodaemun and Cheongnyangni in December 1898. The network was expanded to cover the whole downtown area as well as surrounding neighbourhoods, including Cheongnyangni in the east, Mapo-gu in the west, Noryangjin across the Han River to the south; the networks reached its peak in 1941, but was abandoned in favor of cars and the development of a subway system in 1968. Seoul Subway Line 1 and Line 2 follow the old streetcar routes along Jongno and Euljiro, respectively. All towns in South Korea of all sizes are served by regional bus service. Regional routes are classified as gosok bus or sioe bus with gosok buses operating over the longer distances and making the fewest stops en route. Shioe buses operate over shorter distances, are somewhat slower, make more stops, it is possible to reach an other city by intercity buses. From Seoul, the place is Express Bus Terminal, the subway sation is served by Seoul Subway Lines 3, 7 and 9. Within cities and towns, two types of city bus operate in general: dosihyeong or ipseok.

Both types of bus serve the same routes, make the same stops and operate on similar frequencies, but jwaseok buses are more expensive and offer comfortable seating, while doshihyeong buses are cheaper and have fewer and less comfortable seats. Many small cities and towns do not have jwaseok buses and their buses are called nongeochon; the local buses in Seoul and other cities work by colours: the blue buses cross the entire city, the green ones mean that some of their stops are close to a subway station, the red buses go out of the city. Some cities have their own bus classifying systems. Incheon International Airport is served by an extensive network of high-speed buses from all parts of the country. Beginning in the late 1990s, many department stores operated their own small networks of free buses for shoppers, but government regulation, confirmed by a court decision on June 28, 2001, have banned department stores from operating buses. However, most churches, daycare centres and private schools send buses around to pick up their congregants, patients or pupils.

Highways in South Korea are classified as freeways, national roads and various classifications below the national level. All freeways are toll highways and most of the expressways are built and operated by Korea Expressway Corporation; the freeway network serves most parts of South Korea. Tolls are collected using an electronic toll collection system. KEC operates service amenities en route. There are several financed toll roads. Nonsan-Cheonan Expressway, Daegu-Busan Expressway, Incheon International Airport Expressway, Seoul-Chuncheon Expressway and parts of the Seoul Ring Expressway are wholly funded and operated BOT concessions. Donghae Expressway was built in cooperation between the National Pension Service. Total length of the South Korean road network was 86,989 km in 1998. Of this, 1,996 km was 12,447 km national roads. By 2009, combined length of the expressways had reached 3,000 km, it equal to the whole area of South Korea Virtually cut off from the Asian mainland, South Korea is a seafaring nation, wi

A Peacock's Tale

A Peacock's Tale is the first studio release by Magic Eight Ball. It's a 4-song EP released in 2007, but was re-released under the band's Magic Cat Records label. Prior to the formation of Magic Cat Records, the band released'A Peacock's Tale' on CD in 2007; the 2012 re-release of the EP on Magic Cat Records was remastered by Dave Draper using one of the original 2007 Neil Sadler mixes and three of Neil's new 2012 remixes. P. S; the instrumental'L. N. E.' has since been renamed and re-recorded as'Peacocks'. All tracks are written by Baz Francis. Baz Francis - Vocals, guitars & piano Mike Corbyn - Drums Robbie J. Holland - Live bass Dave Draper - Remastering for 2012 release at The Panic Room Neil Sadler Mixing and engineering at No Machine Studios Produced by Neil Sadler, Baz Francis, Mike Corbyn & Robbie J. Holland Kate Wilkinson - Design layout by Kate Wilkinson Maryhèléna Francis - Illustrations and band photography Jeremy Parish - Original CD packaging design Baz Francis - Design concept & peacock feathers photograph Artwork alterations by Giles Edwards, Jeannine Wyss, Joseph Conlon & Tariq Hussain Remixing of tracks 1, 3 and 4 by Neil Sadler at No Machine Studios, Berkshire, England Remastering of tracks 1-4 by Dave Draper at The Panic Room, Worcestershire, England Digital bonus tracks 5 and 6 produced by The Bryster at Radio Bronglais, Ceredigion, Wales Digital bonus track 7 produced by Neil Sadler, Baz Francis and Robbie J. Holland Digital bonus track 8 produced by Baz Francis.

Initial data transferral on ‘L. N. E. ’ and ‘Baby, Is It So?’ took place at Running Frog Studios with a level of primary editing and other studio work being done on the tracks by Neil Thom. "Magic Eight Ball - A Peacock's Tale". Discogs. Retrieved March 17, 2016. "A Peacock's Tale - Magic Eight Ball | Songs, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved March 17, 2016

Song Chang-eui

Song Chang-eui is a South Korean actor. Though better known as a musical theatre actor, notably in Hedwig and the Angry Inch and Gwanghwamun Love Song, Song has starred in television dramas such as The Scales of Providence and Life Is Beautiful. Song Chang-eui began his career in musical theatre in 2002's Blue Saigon. Most famous for playing a transgender rocker in Hedwig and the Angry Inch, he starred in the stage adaptation of Hollywood film The Graduate, the musical adaptation of romantic comedy 200 Pounds Beauty with Bada, a musical based on The Sorrows of Young Werther, popular German musical Elisabeth with Ock Joo-hyun, Korea's first jukebox musical Gwanghwamun Younga featuring the hit songs of the late composer Lee Young-hoon. After doing small roles on television starting 2005, Song gained fame in 2007 when he starred in Golden Bride, a drama about an inter-cultural marriage between an elite Korean man and a young Vietnamese woman, he followed that with leading roles in the revenge court thriller The Scales of Providence, the post-war film Once Upon a Time in Seoul.

The latter, titled Boys Don't Cry in Korean, is about two orphaned friends who become involved in the black market to escape poverty. Song had to shave his head for his role. In 2009 he was cast as the antagonist in the Kwon Sang-woo starrer Cinderella Man, a Prince and the Pauper tale set in the world of fashion merchandising, which drew lackluster ratings. Penned by renowned drama writer Kim Soo-hyun, the 2010 weekend family drama Life Is Beautiful became memorable and somewhat controversial for its depiction of a loving, functional relationship between two homosexual men, the first Korean show to do so in the primetime slot of a public network; the drama was a hit with average ratings of 20%, Song earned praise for his portrayal of a gentle, kind doctor of internal medicine, who happens to be gay and in love with Lee Sang-woo's divorcee character. Song and Seo Ji-hye played a married couple in melodrama A Lone Tree he had a supporting role in A Reason to Live, a contemplative film on grief and forgiveness starring Song Hye-kyo.

He returned to television in the 2011 campus romance Heartstrings. The drama was co-produced by the Seoul Institute of the Arts. Song, a graduate of the arts-specialized university, said the classrooms and the atmosphere made him feel nostalgic, he and co-star Park Shin-hye had worked together as voice actors for the local hand-drawn animated film Green Days: Dinosaur and I. Song starred in two series in 2012: Syndrome, a medical drama on cable about neurosurgeons, The Great Seer, a historical epic about the founding of the Joseon Dynasty. Kim Soo-hyun cast him again in her 2013 weekend drama Thrice Married Woman, in which his character has lingering feelings for his ex-wife. In 2014, Song played the titular character in police procedural Dr. Frost, adapted from the webtoon of the same title, he was cast as a widowed father with a troubled son in the Make a Woman Cry. Song Chang-eui on Cyworld Song Chang-eui Fan Cafe at Daum Song Chang-eui at HanCinema Song Chang-eui at the Korean Movie Database Song Chang-eui on IMDb

Dorotheenstadt Cemetery

The Dorotheenstadt Cemetery the "Cemetery of the Dorotheenstadt and Friedrichswerder Parishes", is a landmarked Protestant burial ground located in the Berlin district of Mitte which dates to the late 18th century. The entrance to the 1.7-hectare plot is at 126 Chaussee Straße. It is directly adjacent to the French cemetery, established in 1780, is sometimes confused with it. In the second half of the 18th century, Berlin's population was growing and there was insufficient land for cemeteries because of pressure to build on vacant land and fear of epidemics. Prussian King Frederick II, "the Great", donated land outside the Oranienburg Gate of the Berlin Customs Wall for this purpose; the Dorotheenstadt Cemetery was established jointly by the two parishes in the early 1760s. Although mostly the lower classes were buried in the Dorotheenstadt Cemetery, because of its proximity to Berlin University and several scholarly academies, many prominent figures who worked and in many cases lived in Dorotheenstadt and Friedrichswerder have found their last resting place here.

As the social standing of those buried in the cemetery rose, numerous famous 19th-century artists and architects designed grave markers. For example, Johann Gottfried Schadow designed monuments for himself. An 1822 statuette of Schadow by his student Heinrich Kaehler was placed on Schadow's grave in 1851. In 1975, a 1909 marble replica of Schadow's 1821 statue of Martin Luther for the marketplace in Wittenberg was placed at the end of the main axis of the cemetery; the bust of the industrialist August Borsig was created by Christian Daniel Rauch. The cemetery was enlarged several times between 1814 and 1826. In the 1830s the parishes separately acquired land for expansion elsewhere: Dorotheenstadt in Gesundbrunnen, Friedrichswerder in Kreuzberg. By the end of the 1860s, the original cemetery was full, after 1869 burials were only permitted in purchased plots. In 1889 some of the land was sold in connection with a road improvement project, some important graves had to be relocated. However, after the introduction of cremation the space pressure was no longer so great, new plots were allowed beginning in 1921.

The two parishes were administer their 3 cemeteries together. The cemetery has suffered in hard times: precious metals and iron have been stolen from graves, in the 1930s some stones were sold to masons for reuse, lack of money has hampered adequate upkeep. In World War II, the surrounding area was damaged and the cemetery was damaged. In the 1960s clearance of the site to create a park was proposed. Protection of the cemetery as a cultural landmark began in 1935 with an initial survey. Between 2000 and 2006, 38 graves were restored, including those of Christian Daniel Rauch, Johann Heinrich Strack and Karl Friedrich Schinkel; the restoration of Strack's grave alone, requiring the importation of Italian marble, cost €250,000. The largest mausoleum, that of Schinkel's pupil, the architect Friedrich Hitzig, was restored in 2007. Future restoration work is expected to cost €6 million; the cemetery contains a monument to resistance fighters killed by the Nazi regime: a tall cross rises above a stone block bearing the names of Klaus Bonhoeffer, Hans John, Richard Kuenzer, Carl Adolf Marks, Wilhelm zur Nieden, Friedrich Justus Perels, Rüdiger Schleicher and Hans Ludwig Sierks, who were involved in the 20 July 1944 assassination plot against Adolf Hitler and were executed by the SS in a nearby park on the night of 22/23 April.

The monument commemorates Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Hans von Dohnanyi, who were killed in concentration camps, Justus Delbrück, who survived the war but died soon after in Russian captivity. Next to the memorial, a marker points to a mass grave of 64 people killed near the cemetery in the last days of the war, many of them unknowns. A small area surrounded by a low hedge is reserved for members of the nearby Berlin Academy of Arts, among others René Graetz, Anna Seghers, Erich Arendt and Lin Jaldati, a Jew who survived three concentration camps to make a successful career as a dancer and singer of Jewish songs. Today the city of Berlin maintains a number of honorary graves for people who made distinguished contributions in politics and culture, including Günter Gaus, who headed the West German representative office in East Germany from 1974 to 1981. In his song Der Hugenottenfriedhof East German dissident singer Wolf Biermann, who lived nearby at Chausseestraße 131, mentions the adjacent cemetery and some of those who are buried in this one (Brecht, Hegel, Langhoff

Mare Island

Mare Island is a peninsula in the United States in the city of Vallejo, about 23 miles northeast of San Francisco. The Napa River forms its eastern side as it enters the Carquinez Strait juncture with the east side of San Pablo Bay. Mare Island is considered a peninsula because no full body of water separates this or several other named "islands" from the mainland. Instead, a series of small sloughs cause seasonal water-flows among the so-called islands. Mare Island is the largest of these at about 3.5 miles a mile wide. In 1775, Spanish explorer Perez Ayala was the first European to land on what would become Mare Island – he named it Isla de la Plana; this area was part of Rancho Suscol, deeded to General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo in 1844. It became a waypoint for early settlers. In 1835, whilst traversing the Carquinez Strait, a crude ferry transporting men and livestock capsized in a squall. Among the livestock feared lost in the wreckage was the prized white mare of General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, the Mexican Commandante for Northern California.

Several days General Vallejo's mare was found on the island, having swum ashore. Grateful for the fortunate turn of events, he renamed the island to Isla de la Yegua, Spanish for Mare Island, in her honor. In 1892, development of the Mare Island Golf Club began, making it the oldest golf course west of the Mississippi. On November 6, 1850, two months after California was admitted to statehood, President Fillmore reserved Mare Island for government use. On January 15, 1852, Secretary of the Navy William Alexander Graham ordered a Naval Commission to select a site for a Naval Yard on the Pacific Coast. Commodore D. Sloat along with Commodore C. Ringgold, Simon F. Blunt and William P. S. Sanger were appointed to the commission. On July 13, 1852, Sloat recommended the island across the Napa River from the settlement of Vallejo, as it was "free from ocean gales and from floods and freshets." The Navy Department acted favorably on Commodore Sloat's recommendations and Mare Island was purchased for use as a naval shipyard in July 1853 at a cost of $83,410.

On September 16, 1854, Mare Island became the first permanent U. S. naval installation on the west coast, with Commodore David Farragut, as Mare Island's first commander. For over a century, Mare Island hosted the Navy's Mare Island Naval Shipyard; the growing size and number of the country's naval fleet was making older facilities obsolete and led to increased building and refitting of shipyards nationally. In 1872, the U. S. Public Works Department commenced construction of a 508-foot drydock on the island, setting it on a foundation of cut granite blocks; the work was completed in 1891. A second drydock was begun in a concrete structure 740 feet long set on wooden piles. By 1941 a third drydock drydock number four was under construction; the ammunition depot and submarine repair base were fireproof buildings. A million dollar, three-way vehicle causeway to Vallejo replaced a ferry service. Before World War II, Mare Island had been in a continual state of up-building. By 1941, new projects included improvements to the central power plant, a new pattern storage building, a large foundry, machine shop, magazine building, paint shop, new administration building, a huge storehouse.

The yard was expected to be able to paint six to eight large naval vessels at a time. Several finger piers had been built, as well as a new shipbuilding wharf, adding one 500-foot and a 750-foot berth, it employed 5593 workers at the beginning of 1939, increased to 18,500 by May 1941, with a monthly payroll of $3.5 million. In 1941, the drafting department had expanded to three buildings accommodating over 400 naval architects and draftsmen; the hospital had 584 beds. During World War II, the shipyard employed up to 50,000 workers. In 1969, the Navy transferred its Brown Water Navy Riverine Training Forces from Coronado, California, to Mare Island. Swift Boats, PBRs conducted boat operations throughout the named Napa-Sonoma Marshes State Wildlife Area, on the north and west portions of Mare Island. Mare Island Naval Base was deactivated during the 1995 cycle of US base closures, but the U. S. Navy Reserves still have access to the water portions of the State Wildlife Area for any riverine warfare training being conducted from their new base in Sacramento, California.

The USS Guitarro, a Sturgeon-class submarine, SSN-665, was constructed at Mare Island between December 9, 1964, July 27, 1968. On May 15, 1969, while still under construction and tied to the pier, the Guitarro was flooded and sank when construction crews mismanaged testing procedures, it took three days to raise many months to salvage her. During the latter years of Mare Island's military use, U. S. Marines were trained including. A. S. T. Security Guards, Security Force Reaction Forces. In the 1970s Navy technical training schools included those for Data Systems Technicians, Firecontrol Technicians, Communications Technicians and nuclear power ratings of many types. In 1993 Congress approved the findings of the Base Realignment and Closure report, leading to the closure of Mare Island Naval Shipyard; the shipyard had long been the economic engine of the city of Vallejo, employing 10,000 workers after reductions in 1988. When Congress ordered the base closure, the shipyard employed 5,800 workers; the vision of rebuilding Mare Island as a vital place where people lived and worked was a key goal in the base conv

The Warning (Mexican band)

The Warning is a rock band from Monterrey, started in 2013 by three sisters. Daniela and Alejandra Villarreal are well known for their 2014 cover of Metallica's "Enter Sandman" on their YouTube page, garnering attention from the likes of Muse and Coldplay; as of December 2019 it had reached over 19.8 million views on YouTube. Drummer Paulina Villarreal Vélez was interviewed by Tom Tom Magazine a year before The Warning's cover of "Enter Sandman" became popular. Metallica lead guitarist Kirk Hammett praised Pau's performance on "Enter Sandman," stating "The drummer kicks maximum ass!"In 2015, The Warning raised enough money on GoFundMe to release an EP of six original songs, titled Escape the Mind. The popularity of The Warning's cover of "Enter Sandman" led to a guest appearance on The Ellen DeGeneres Show on April 24, 2015. In addition to their GoFundMe page, they received funding by The Ellen Show and Target in order to attend a 5-week long summer program at Berklee College of Music. Rock Band was a major influence in the trio's formation of the band, two of their original songs are featured in the fourth game.

They performed at TEDx'University of Nevada' twice, first in January 2016 and January 2017, telling the story of their journey as a band of sisters in between songs. The Warning began recording their debut album XXI Century Blood in 2016 at Sonic Ranch, released in 2017. In that same year, they were invited to open for legendary rock bands Aerosmith, Def Leppard, Alice Cooper at the Mother of All rock festival at the Forum Arena Monterrey. Additionally, they opened for The Killers at Arena Monterrey in April 2018; the group announced in 2018 that they would be heading to Sphere Studios in Los Angeles to record their second studio album. The album, titled Queen of the Murder Scene, was released on November 25, 2018, it achieved high showings in the iTunes and Amazon rock music charts for several weeks after release, despite it being independent. The single "Narcisista" debuted live and was released on June 14, 2019, marking it the band's first Spanish song; the group announced on December 18, 2019 via their official YouTube channel that they would be conducting their first large scale tour of North America in 2020.

The tour will commence on March 14, 2020 in Mexico and make stops throughout the United States and Canada and finish up back in Mexico on May 2, 2020. There are 23 concert dates in total. Daniela "Dany" Villarreal - vocals, guitars Paulina "Pau" Villarreal - drums, keyboards Alejandra "Ale" Villarreal - bass, backing vocals Studio albums XXI Century Blood Queen of the Murder Scene untitled third album EPs Escape the Mind Singles Free Falling Narcisista Official website