A triclinium is a formal dining room in a Roman building. The word is adopted from the Greek τρικλίνιον, from τρι-, tri-, "three", κλίνη, klinē, a sort of "couch" or rather chaise longue; each couch was sized to accommodate a diner who reclined on their left side on cushions while some household slaves served multiple courses rushed out of the culina, or kitchen, others entertained guests with music, song, or dance. The triclinium was characterized by three klinai on three sides of a low square table, whose surfaces sloped away from the table at about 10 degrees. Diners would recline on these surfaces in a semi-recumbent position; the fourth side of the table was left free to allow service to the table. The open side faced the entrance of the room. In Roman-era dwellings wealthy ones, triclinia were common and the hosts and guest would recline on pillows while feasting; the Museum of Archeology in Arezzo, Italy, or the House of Cairo in Pompeii offer what are thought to be accurate reconstructions of triclinia.
The custom of using klinai while taking a meal rather than sitting became popular among the Greeks in the early seventh century BC. From here it spread to their colonies in southern Italy and was adopted by the Etruscans. In contrast to the Greek tradition of allowing only male guests into the formal dining room, called andrōn, while everyday meals were taken with the rest of the family in the oikos, the Etruscans seem to not have restricted the use of the klinē to the male gender; the Romans may have seen the first dining klinai as used by the Etruscans but may have refined the practice when they came to closer contact with the Greek culture. Dining was the defining ritual in Roman domestic life, lasting from late afternoon through late at night. 9–20 guests were invited, arranged in a prescribed seating order to emphasize divisions in status and relative closeness to the dominus. As static, privileged space, dining rooms received elaborate decoration, with complex perspective scenes and central paintings.
Dionysus and still lifes of food were popular, for obvious reasons. Middle class and elite Roman houses had at least two triclinia. Here, the triclinium maius would be used for larger dinner parties, which would include many clients of the owner. Smaller triclinia would be used with a more exclusive set of guests. Hence their decoration was at least as elaborate as that found in larger triclinia; as in the larger triclinia, wine and love were always popular themes. However, because of their association with patronage and because dining entertainment included recitation of high-brow literature like epics, dining rooms could feature more "serious" themes; as in many houses in Pompeii, here the smaller dining room forms a suite with the adjoining cubiculum and bath. Accubita Cyzicene hall Domus Stibadium Triclinium Galleries and plans of Roman triclinia
Andreas Loven is a Norwegian jazz pianist. Loven was raised in Oslo, where he was taught classical piano by his grandmother from the age of six. 23 years old, after finishing his engineering studies, he witnessed Tord Gustavsen Trio live at Canal Street. The experience led Loven to quit his venture into jazz studies, he contacted Gustavsen via the yellow pages, succeeded in receiving some piano lessons. Loven moved to South Africa to study jazz at the South African College of Music under professor Andrew Liley. Since 2011 he has made several public performances in South Africa and Europe, including recent concerts at the Oslo Jazz Festival, Canal Street Jazz Festival and the Norwegian National Jazz Scene. In January 2015, Andreas released Nangijala, to critical acclaim; the album consisted of both duos and trios with South African sax-legend and close friend, Buddy Wells and Spha Mdlalose on vocals. In February 2016 Andreas Loven released his second album, District Six recorded with his South African quartet, including South African sidemen Buddy Wells, Clement Benny and Romy Brauteseth.
The album, rooted in both South African jazz traditions and Nordic folk, received notable attention worldwide after its release, receiving positive reviews from Gwen Ansell in South Africa, Peter Bacon in UK, Adam Baruch in Israel, Jan Granlie in Norway and others. 2015: Nangijala 2016: District Six Official website Andreas Loven Trio @ Caféteateret, 16. Januar 2013 on YouTube Andreas Loven - Nangijala on Vimeo
The Chinese Orange Mystery is a novel, written in 1934 by Ellery Queen. It is the eighth of the Ellery Queen mysteries. In a poll of 17 detective story writers and reviewers, this novel was voted as the eighth best locked room mystery of all time. A wealthy publisher and collector of precious stones and Chinese postage stamps has a luxurious suite in a hotel that serves to handle his non-publishing business and the comings and goings of his staff, his relatives, his female friends; when an odd and anonymous little man arrives and refuses to state his business, no one is surprised. When the door is unlocked, though, a bizarre scene is displayed; the little man's skull is crushed, his clothing is reversed, back to front, all the furnishings of the room have been turned backwards — and two African spears have been inserted between the body and its clothing, stiffening it into immobility. The circumstances are such that someone has been observing every entrance to the room, no one has entered or left.
The situation is further complicated by some valuable jewelry and stamps, the publisher's business affairs and romantic affaires, a connection with "backwardness" for every character. It takes the considerable talents of Ellery Queen to sort through the motives and lies and arrive at the twisted logic that underlies every aspect of this unusual crime; the character of Ellery Queen and the locked room mystery aspect were initially suggested by the novels featuring detective Philo Vance by S. S. Van Dine, which were popular at the time. At this point in time, Van Dine's sales were dropping and Queen's were beginning to rise; this novel was the eighth in a long series of novels featuring Ellery Queen, the first nine containing a nationality in the title. This particular novel is much cited in reference works discussing ways and means of the locked room mystery because of its unusual solution, it is unusual because it is one of the few murder mysteries in which the victim's name is never known—and it doesn't matter to the solution.
The introduction to this novel contained a detail, now not considered part of the Ellery Queen canon. The introduction is written as by the anonymous "J. J. McC.", a friend of the Queens. Other details of the lives of the fictional Queen family contained in earlier introductions have now disappeared and are never mentioned again. J. McC." lasts only through the tenth novel, Halfway House vanishes. The "nationality" mysteries had the unusual feature of a "Challenge to the Reader" just before the ending is revealed—the novel breaks the fourth wall and speaks directly to the reader. "I maintain that at this point in your reading of The Chinese Orange Mystery you have all the facts in your possession essential to a clear solution of the mystery." This was the only Ellery Queen novel to be included in a list of the top ten "impossible crime" mysteries of all time. The Chinese Orange Mystery was eighth on the list; the novel was loosely adapted for the 1936 film The Mandarin Mystery, starring Eddie Quillan as Ellery Queen.
Some elements of the novel were used as the basis for the 1941 film Ellery Queen's Penthouse Mystery, novelized as The Penthouse Mystery by a ghost writer and published as by Ellery Queen. "Ellery Queen is the American detective story."