Red Line (Dallas Area Rapid Transit)
The Red Line is a light rail line in Dallas, Texas operated by the Dallas Area Rapid Transit system. Along with the Blue Line, it is one of the two original Dallas light rail lines; the southwestern terminus of the Red Line is at Westmoreland Station in southwest Dallas at the intersection of Illinois Avenue and Westmoreland Road. The southwestern part of the Red Line runs on a private right-of-way with grade crossings. Just before 8th & Corinth, the line merges with the Blue Line; the joint Red and Blue Line tracks rise on to a viaduct that crosses Cedar Creek, the Trinity River, a freight railroad line. At Lamar Street, the line turns north at a wye where a pair of tracks leading to one of two train yards on the system diverges; the Red and Blue Lines continue north, crossing the Landry Freeway, travelling under the Dallas Convention Center and stop at Dallas Union Station. After crossing over Main Street, the lines turn east as they merge with the Green Line and Orange Line and enter downtown Dallas.
At this point, the lines leave their right of ways and operate on a dedicated street-running right of way. The four DART lines share a common section of track through downtown, with four stops: West End, Akard Street, St. Paul Street and Pearl Street. After Pearl Street, street running the lines return to private right-of-ways; the four lines diverge at a wye, with the Green Line diverging to the southeast while the Red and Orange Lines turn north, cross the Good-Latimer Expressway at grade, descend into a long tunnel under the Central Expressway, with a stop at Cityplace. The lines exit the tunnel at Mockingbird; the Blue Line heads east, while the Red and Orange Lines turn north. The Red Line travels through north Dallas and Plano. Most of the line runs at grade level with grade crossings, although portions of the route run on elevated viaducts; the line terminates at the Parker Road Station at Park Boulevard near Central Expressway in Collin County. The Red Line was part of the initial launch of DART's light rail testing and service in 1996.
At the time, the line only ran from Westmoreland Station to Pearl Station in the northeast corner of downtown. In 1997, the Red Line was extended to Park Lane Station, was the first DART line to use the 3.5-mile twin tunnels. On December 18, 2000, Cityplace Station, the southwest's first commercial subway station was opened along the Red Line underneath Cityplace Tower in the tunnel under the Central Expressway. In 2002, the Red Line extended into Richardson, ending at Galatyn Park Station, extending the light rail service 9 miles over its original length; that year, the line was opened to the Parker Road Station, an additional 3 miles of track, its current terminus. Much of the route was constructed on the former Texas Electric Railway route. Listed from north to south Deep Ellum Station Baylor University Medical Center Station Fair Park Station Victory Station Full DART System Map
Dallas Area Rapid Transit
Dallas Area Rapid Transit is a transit agency serving the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area of Texas. It operates buses, light rail, commuter rail, high-occupancy vehicle lanes in Dallas and twelve of its suburbs. DART was created in 1983 to replace a municipal bus system and funded expansion of the region's transit network through a sales tax levied in member cities. DART's light rail system is the longest in the United States, at over 93 miles, began operation in 1996. DART operates the Trinity Railway Express between Dallas and Fort Worth, through an interlocal agreement with Trinity Metro; the agency operates the Dallas Streetcar and provides funding for the non-profit McKinney Avenue Streetcar. Average daily ridership for DART has been in the vicinity of 200,000 riders per day over the last couple decades. In the 1st quarter of 1998, DART's weekday ridership averaged 211,000 riders per day system-wide. Ridership has fallen since then. However, after a year-long study in 2012 that counted passenger counts through both the existing manual method and a new automated counting system, DART concluded it has been underreporting rail ridership by more than 15 percent each year.
In the 4th quarter of 2012, DART reported an average weekday ridership of 252,900. In the fourth quarter of 2014, DART reported. DART reported the following ridership numbers in the 4th quarter of 2012: Bus: 136,500 average weekday riders Light rail: 103,100 average weekday riders Trinity Railway Express: 7,300 average weekday riders On-Call: 2,000 average weekday riders Vanpool: 4,000 average weekday riders4th quarter of 2014 ridership numbers: Bus: 126,300 average weekday riders DART Light Rail: 101,800 average weekday riders DART TRE: 8,200 average weekday riders On-Call: 2,600 average weekday riders Vanpool: 3,200 average weekday riders The Dallas Transit System was a public transit service operated by the city of Dallas, from 1964 to 1983. DTS was formed by the consolidation of various owned transit companies and streetcar lines. Prior to DTS, the company was known as the Dallas Railway and Terminal Company when Dallas had an extensive streetcar system that spanned from Oak Cliff to North Dallas.
The name was changed shortly after the last streetcar ran in January 1956. DART formally took over operations of the DTS in 1988. In 2000, DART employees restored a 1966 DTS bus to its original state. DART was created on August 13, 1983 as a regional replacement for the DTS. Citizens of 15 area cities had voted to levy a 1% sales tax to join the system by the time it began transit services in 1984. In 1985, member cities Carrollton and Farmers Branch held elections to pull out of DART, though the measures failed, but shifting suburban politics and a loss of confidence in DART management after voters declined to support DART's measure to incur long term debt in 1988 led to seven more pullout votes, two of which were successful. Just one suburb joined DART — the tiny community of Buckingham, annexed by DART member city Richardson. In December 2007, DART revealed it was facing a $1 billion shortfall in funds earmarked for the Blue Line rail service to Rowlett and Orange Line service to Irving, DFW Airport.
In January 2008, DART announced. When Dallas officials protested, DART president and executive director Gary Thomas—who had known about the shortfall for at least eight months—announced the agency would borrow more money. In late January 2008, DART Board chair Lynn Flint Shaw, treasurer of Dallas Mayor Tom Leppert's "Friends of Tom Leppert" fund-raising committee, resigned from her DART post. In February, she surrendered to the police on charges of forgery. On March 10, Shaw and her husband, political analyst Rufus Shaw, were found dead in their home in what turned out to be a murder suicide. On July 7, 2016, one DART officer was among several people shot in a mass shooting targeting police officers providing security at a Black Lives Matter protest. One of the officers, identified as seven-year veteran Brent Thompson, died from his injuries and became the first DART officer to be killed in the line of duty since the department's inception; the DART light rail system comprises 93 miles between its four lines — the Red Line, the Blue Line, the Orange Line and the Green Line.
According to NCTCOG transit statistics, DART's light rail system had a daily ridership of 109,511 average trips per weekday in October 2012. The system uses light rail trains manufactured by Kinki Sharyo, with all trains being converted to "Super" LRVs which feature level boarding and higher passenger capacity. All 163 of DART's light rail vehicles are now SLRVs. Before the 1983 election, DART had a plan for 160 miles of rail. After the election, the plan was pared down to 147 miles when Duncanville, Grand Prairie and Mesquite, which would have had rail lines, opt to not join the agency. DART chose light rail transit as its primary mode of rail transportati
Trinity Metro is a transit agency located in and serving the city of Fort Worth and its suburbs in surrounding Tarrant County, part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Since 1983, it was known as the Fort Worth Transportation Authority; as of January 29, 2018 the Board of Directors has voted to rebrand bus services as Trinity Metro, replacing the previous and long standing name. Trinity Metro operates the region's bus service, partners with Denton County Transportation Authority to operate express bus service to Denton on the North Texas Xpress; the agency is involved in the operation of two commuter rail lines: TEXRail, a commuter rail service connecting downtown Fort Worth with DFW Airport via Northeast Tarrant County. Through the early 1970s, bus transit services in Fort Worth were provided by City Transit Company, a private enterprise. Starting in 1974, the city's Traffic Engineering Department began coordinating bus operations. In 1978, the city established the Fort Worth Department of Transportation, which took over public transit operations.
These operations included the City Transit Service and the Surface Transportation Service, with transportation services for the handicapped being added in 1979. On November 8, 1983, voters approved formation of The T. To finance the system, voters levied a half-cent sales tax; the CITRAN, SURTRAN, MITS services were folded into the new agency, along with carpool and vanpool coordination. The agency's first addition came on November 5, 1991 when the small suburb of Lake Worth voted 344-206 in favor of joining the T; that prompted three more elections on May 2, 1992 when Blue Mound, Forest Hill and Richland Hills had the issue of joining the agency on the ballot. Blue Mound and Richland Hills voted in favor while Forest Hill declined the measure nearly 2-1; the T saw its first departure when voters in Lake Worth approved a pullout in September 2003. Service withdrawal became effective on March 21, 2004. Lake Worth had tried to pull out in 1996, but that measure failed. On November 8, 2016, Richland Hills residents voted to withdraw from the agency's services.
FWTA's final day of service in Richland Hills was November 23, 2016. In 2001, the FWTA saw its cooperation efforts with DART pay off as the Trinity Railway Express reached downtown Fort Worth; the other end of the line terminates in downtown Dallas. The TRE commuter line has a daily ridership of 9,100 and is the thirteenth most-ridden commuter rail system in the country. On January 29, 2018, the transit agency's board of directors voted to rebrand FWTA/The T as Trinity Metro, revealed a new logo, that depicts three triangles forming the letter "M" in its negative spaces; the name change took place on March 23, 2018 on its website and social media presence. The bulk of Trinity Metro's operations involve 46 bus routes within Tarrant County. Most route through downtown Fort Worth, where the TRE has two train stations, Intermodal Transportation Center and the T&P Station; the ITC is the major transit station for Trinity Metro, as the TRE trains and twenty-five bus routes meet. Trinity Metro operates a vanpool/carpool service.
A vanpool/carpool is a group of at least seven people who share the costs of getting to and from work. These individuals live and work near each other. Monthly fares will vary, depending on the daily miles involved. Riders pay only for the portion of the trip they use. For instance, if the service picks up riders in different counties, it's possible for some riders to pay more than others; the last service Trinity Metro offers is Trinity Metro ACCESS. It offers door-to-door transportation within the service areas of Forest Hill, Fort Worth, Blue Mound and River Oaks. Trained drivers are available to assist passengers in boarding and alighting vehicles specially designed to accommodate the mobility impaired. Trinity Metro is operating TEXRail, a commuter rail service connecting downtown Fort Worth with DFW Airport through Northeast Tarrant County. Service began on January 10, 2019. Trinity Railway Express is jointly operated with Dallas Area Rapid Transit; as of 30 December 2018: 1 Hemphill 2 Camp Bowie 3 South Riverside/TCC South Campus 4 East Rosedale 5 Evans Ave/LaGran Plaza / Wichita/Glen Garden 6 8th Ave/McCart/Hulen Mall 7 University Drive 8 Riverside/Evans 9 Ramey/Vickery 10 Bailey 11 North Beach/Mercantile Center 12 Samuels/Mercantile Center 14 Sylvania/NE 28th 15 Stockyards/North Main 16 Alliance Town Center/Mercantile Center Station 18X Safari Xpress 19 Molly the Trolley 20 Handley 21 Boca Raton 22 Meadowbrook 23 TCC Northeast Campus/TRE 24 Berry Street 25 Crosstown 26 Ridgmar Mall/Normandale 27 Como 28 Mansfield Hwy 30 CentrePort Circulator 32 Bryant Irvin 44 Central/Azle Ave 45 TCC Northwest/Angle Ave 46 Jacksboro Highway 60X Eastside Xpress 61X Normandale Xpress 63X North Park & Ride Xpress 64X North Texas Xpress 65X South Park & Ride Xpress 66X Candleridge/Altamesa Xpress 67X TCC Southeast Campus XPress 71 Forest Hill 72 Hemphill/Sycamore School Road 89 SPUR/East Lancaster 90 Long Ave 91 Ridgmar Mall/Stockyards 991 Juror Shuttle 111 Bell Helicopter Shuttle LL Burnett Plaza Lunch Trolley 1N
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability. It affords similar protections against discrimination to Americans with disabilities as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which made discrimination based on race, sex, national origin, other characteristics illegal. In addition, unlike the Civil Rights Act, the ADA requires covered employers to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities, imposes accessibility requirements on public accommodations. In 1986, the National Council on Disability had recommended enactment of an Americans with Disabilities Act and drafted the first version of the bill, introduced in the House and Senate in 1988; the final version of the bill was signed into law on July 1990, by President George H. W. Bush, it was amended in 2008 and signed by President George W. Bush with changes effective as of January 1, 2009. ADA disabilities include both physical medical conditions. A condition does not need to be permanent to be a disability.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission regulations provide a list of conditions that should be concluded to be disabilities: deafness, blindness, an intellectual disability or missing limbs or mobility impairments requiring the use of a wheelchair, cancer, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, schizophrenia. Other mental or physical health conditions may be disabilities, depending on what the individual's symptoms would be in the absence of "mitigating measures", during an "active episode" of the condition. Certain specific conditions that are considered anti-social, or tend to result in illegal activity, such as kleptomania, exhibitionism, etc. are excluded under the definition of "disability" in order to prevent abuse of the statute's purpose. Additionally, other specific conditions, such as gender identity disorders, are excluded under the definition of "disability".
See US labor law and 42 U. S. C. §§ 12111–12117. The ADA states that a "covered entity" shall not discriminate against "a qualified individual with a disability"; this applies to job application procedures, hiring and discharge of employees, job training, other terms and privileges of employment. "Covered entities" include employers with 15 or more employees, as well as employment agencies, labor organizations, joint labor-management committees. There are strict limitations on when a covered entity can ask job applicants or employees disability-related questions or require them to undergo medical examination, all medical information must be kept confidential. Prohibited discrimination may include, among other things, firing or refusing to hire someone based on a real or perceived disability and harassment based on a disability. Covered entities are required to provide reasonable accommodations to job applicants and employees with disabilities. A reasonable accommodation is a change in the way things are done that the person needs because of a disability, can include, among other things, special equipment that allows the person to perform the job, scheduling changes, changes to the way work assignments are chosen or communicated.
An employer is not required to provide an accommodation that would involve undue hardship, the individual who receives the accommodation must still perform the essential functions of the job and meet the normal performance requirements. An employee or applicant who engages in the illegal use of drugs is not considered qualified when a covered entity takes adverse action based on such use. There are many ways to discriminate against people based on disabilities, including psychological ones. Anyone known to have a history of mental disorders can be considered disabled. Employers with more than 15 employees must take care to treat all employees and with any accommodations needed; when an employee is doing a job exceptionally well, she or he is not no longer disabled. Part of Title I was found unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court as it pertains to states in the case of Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett as violating the sovereign immunity rights of the several states as specified by the Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Court determined. State employees can, file complaints at the Department of Justice or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, who can sue on their behalf. Title II prohibits disability discrimination by all public entities at the local level, e.g. school district, city, or county, at state level. Public entities must comply with Title II regulations by the U. S. Department of Justice; these regulations cover access to all services offered by the entity. Access includes physical access described in the ADA Standards for Accessible Design and programmatic access that might be obstructed by discriminatory policies or procedures of the entity. Title II applies to public transportation provided by public entities through regulations by the U. S. Department of Transportation, it includes the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, along with all other commuter au
Downtown Rowlett station
Downtown Rowlett station is a light rail and bus station operated by Dallas Area Rapid Transit in Rowlett, Texas. It is the northern terminus of the DART Blue Line. Before rail service began in December 2012, the station was known as Rowlett Park & Ride
Railway electrification system
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply. Electric railways use electric locomotives to haul passengers or freight in separate cars or electric multiple units, passenger cars with their own motors. Electricity is generated in large and efficient generating stations, transmitted to the railway network and distributed to the trains; some electric railways have their own dedicated generating stations and transmission lines but most purchase power from an electric utility. The railway provides its own distribution lines and transformers. Power is supplied to moving trains with a continuous conductor running along the track that takes one of two forms: overhead line, suspended from poles or towers along the track or from structure or tunnel ceilings. Both overhead wire and third-rail systems use the running rails as the return conductor but some systems use a separate fourth rail for this purpose. In comparison to the principal alternative, the diesel engine, electric railways offer better energy efficiency, lower emissions and lower operating costs.
Electric locomotives are usually quieter, more powerful, more responsive and reliable than diesels. They have an important advantage in tunnels and urban areas; some electric traction systems provide regenerative braking that turns the train's kinetic energy back into electricity and returns it to the supply system to be used by other trains or the general utility grid. While diesel locomotives burn petroleum, electricity can be generated from diverse sources including renewable energy. Disadvantages of electric traction include high capital costs that may be uneconomic on trafficked routes. Different regions may use different supply voltages and frequencies, complicating through service and requiring greater complexity of locomotive power; the limited clearances available under overhead lines may preclude efficient double-stack container service. Railway electrification has increased in the past decades, as of 2012, electrified tracks account for nearly one third of total tracks globally. Electrification systems are classified by three main parameters: Voltage Current Direct current Alternating current Frequency Contact system Third rail Fourth rail Overhead lines Overhead lines plus linear motor Four rail system Five rail systemSelection of an electrification system is based on economics of energy supply and capital cost compared to the revenue obtained for freight and passenger traffic.
Different systems are used for intercity areas. Six of the most used voltages have been selected for European and international standardisation; some of these are independent of the contact system used, so that, for example, 750 V DC may be used with either third rail or overhead lines. There are many other voltage systems used for railway electrification systems around the world, the list of railway electrification systems covers both standard voltage and non-standard voltage systems; the permissible range of voltages allowed for the standardised voltages is as stated in standards BS EN 50163 and IEC 60850. These take into account the number of trains drawing their distance from the substation. Increasing availability of high-voltage semiconductors may allow the use of higher and more efficient DC voltages that heretofore have only been practical with AC. 1,500 V DC is used in Japan, Hong Kong, Republic of Ireland, France, New Zealand, the United States. In Slovakia, there are two narrow-gauge lines in the High Tatras.
In the Netherlands it is used on the main system, alongside 25 kV on the HSL-Zuid and Betuwelijn, 3000 V south of Maastricht. In Portugal, it is used in Denmark on the suburban S-train system. In the United Kingdom, 1,500 V DC was used in 1954 for the Woodhead trans-Pennine route; the system was used for suburban electrification in East London and Manchester, now converted to 25 kV AC. It is now only used for the Wear Metro. In India, 1,500 V DC was the first electrification system launched in 1925 in Mumbai area. Between 2012-2016, the electrification was converted to 25 kV 50 Hz AC, the countrywide system. 3 kV DC is used in Belgium, Spain, the northern Czech Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, former Soviet Union countries and the Netherlands. It was used by the Milwaukee Road from Harlowton, Montana to Seattle-Tacoma, across the Continental Divide and including extensive branch and loop lines in Montana, by the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad in the United States, the Kolkata suburban railway in India, before it was converted to 25 kV 50 Hz AC. DC volt
CentrePort/DFW Airport station
CentrePort/DFW Airport station is a Trinity Railway Express commuter rail station in Fort Worth, Texas. It is located on Statler Boulevard just south of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, it opened on September 16, 2000, is a station on the TRE commuter line, serving the CentrePort business park, the headquarters of American Airlines, all terminals of DFW Airport. Connections to all DFW airport terminals are free but require riding two shuttle buses: first the shuttle to the DFW Remote South lot connecting there to the terminal shuttles. From April 2013 to December 2017, the Metro Arlington Xpress shuttle connected the station to downtown Arlington, including the University of Texas at Arlington campus; the service has since been replaced by a ride-sharing service operated by Via. Shuttle service between CentrePort and DFW Airport is scheduled to be discontinued in 2019. Media related to CentrePort/DFW Airport at Wikimedia Commons TRE - CentrePort/DFW Airport Station DFW Airport - TRE Ground Transportation