In Greek mythology, Triptolemus is a figure connected with the goddess Demeter of the Eleusinian Mysteries. He was either a mortal prince, the eldest son of King Celeus of Eleusis, or, according to Pseudo-Apollodorus' Bibliotheca, the son of Gaia and Oceanus. While Demeter was searching for her daughter Persephone, abducted by Hades, she received a hospitable welcome from Celeus, he asked her to nurse Demophon—"killer of men", a counterpart to Triptolemus— and Triptolemus, his sons by Metanira. Demeter saw Triptolemus was sick and fed him her breast milk. Not only did he recover his strength but he became an adult; as another gift to Celeus, in gratitude for his hospitality, Demeter secretly planned to make Demophon immortal by burning away his mortal spirit in the family hearth every night. She was unable to complete the ritual. Instead, Demeter chose to teach Triptolemus the art of agriculture and, from him, the rest of Greece learned to plant and reap crops, he flew across the land on a chariot drawn by dragons while Demeter and Persephone, once restored to her mother, cared for him, helped him complete his mission of educating the whole of Greece in the art of agriculture.

Triptolemus was associated with the bestowal of hope for the afterlife associated with the expansion of the Eleusinian Mysteries. When Triptolemus taught King Lyncus of the Scythians, the arts of agriculture, Lyncus refused to teach it to his people and tried to murder Triptolemus; as punishment, Demeter turned Lyncus into a lynx. King Charnabon of the Getae made an attempt on Triptolemus' life, killing one of his dragons to prevent his escape. Demeter intervened again, condemning Charnabon to a life of torment. Upon his death, Charnabon was placed in the stars as the constellation Ophiuchus, said to resemble a man trying to kill a serpent, as a warning to mortals who would think to betray those favoured by the gods. In the archaic Homeric Hymn to Demeter, Triptolemus is mentioned as one of the original priests of Demeter, one of the first men to learn the secret rites and mysteries of Eleusinian Mysteries: Diocles, Eumolpos and Polyxeinus were the others mentioned of the first priests; the role of Triptolemus in the Eleusinian mysteries was defined: "he had a cult of his own, apart from the Mysteries.

One entered his temple on the way to the closed-off sacred precinct, before coming to the former Hekataion, the temple of Artemis outside the great Propylaia.". In the 5th-century bas-relief in the National Museum, which came from his temple, the boy Triptolemus stands between the two Goddesses and the Kore, receives from Demeter the ear of grain. Porphyry ascribes to Triptolemus three commandments for a simple, pious life: "Honor your parents", "Honor the gods with fruits"—for the Greeks, "fruits" would include the grain—and "Spare the animals". Triptolemus is depicted as a young man with a branch or diadem placed in his hair sitting on his chariot, adorned with serpents, his attributes include a plate of a pair of wheat or barley ears and a scepter. Celeus or the peasant Dysaules may be substituted for Triptolemus as the primordial Eleusinian recipient of the first gifts of the Mysteries. Kerenyi, Karl, 1967. "Eleusis: Archetypal Image of Mother and Daughter Indra

Passage to Marseille

Passage to Marseille known as Message to Marseille, is a 1944 war film made by Warner Brothers, directed by Michael Curtiz. The screenplay was by Casey Robinson and Jack Moffitt from the novel Sans Patrie by Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall; the music score was by Max Steiner and the cinematography was by James Wong Howe. Passage to Marseille is one of the few films to use a flashback within a flashback, within a flashback, following the narrative structure of the novel on which it is based; the film opens at an airbase in England during World War II. Free French Captain Freycinet tells a journalist the story of the French pilots stationed there; the second flashback is at the French prison colony at Cayenne in French Guiana while the third flashback sets the scene where the lead character, Matrac, a newspaper publisher, is framed for a murder to silence him. In 1942, journalist Manning arrives at an English air base to learn about the Free French who are fighting the Germans. Along with Captain Freycinet, he watches.

Manning's interest focuses on Jean Matrac, a gunner, Freycinet describes Matrac's story: Two years earlier, just before the defeat of France by the Germans, five convicts who escaped from Devil's Island are found adrift in a small canoe in the Caribbean Sea by the tramp steamer Ville de Nancy. These five men, Garou, Petit and their leader, are rescued and taken aboard the French freighter commanded by Captain Malo; when confronted by Captain Freycinet, the five confess to being escaped convicts from the French prison colony at Cayenne in French Guiana. They had been recruited by Grandpère, a fervently patriotic ex-convict, to fight for France in her hour of need. To Grandpére, the inmates had recounted Matrac's troubles in pre-war France to convince the old man to choose Matrac to lead the escape. A crusading newspaper publisher, being opposed to the Munich Pact, had been framed for murder to shut him up. By the time the Ville de Nancy nears the port of Marseille, France has surrendered to Nazi Germany, a collaborationist Vichy government has been set up.

Upon hearing the news, the captain secretly decides not to deliver his valuable cargo to the Germans. Pro-Vichy passenger Major Duval organizes an attempt to seize control of the ship, but is defeated, in great part due to the escapees; when they reach England, the convicts join the Free French bomber squadron. As Freycinet finishes his tale, the squadron returns from its mission over France. Renault's bomber is delayed, as Matrac is allowed to drop a letter over his family's house before returning from each mission, his wife Paula and their son, whom he has never seen, live in occupied France. Renault's bomber lands, it has been badly shot up, Matrac has been killed. At Matrac’s interment, Freycinet reads aloud Matrac's last, letter to his son—a vision of the day when evil will have been defeated forever—and promises that the letter will be delivered. Passage to Marseille reunited much of the cast of Casablanca directed by Curtiz, including Humphrey Bogart, Claude Rains, Sydney Greenstreet, Peter Lorre and Helmut Dantine.

Other actors connected to both productions included Michèle Morgan, the original choice for the female lead for Casablanca. Although exotic locales were called for, principal photography by cinematographer James Wong Howe took place at the Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden in Arcadia, with additional location shooting in Victorville, California. Before Bogart began work on the film, pre-production had been underway for six months, but as a result of resisting Jack Warner's decision to cast him in Conflict, his starring role as Matrac was in jeopardy, with Jean Gabin being touted as a replacement; when the issue was decided, Bogart's portrayal was hampered by marital difficulties and a lack of commitment to the project. The flying sequences show the Free French Air Force using Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers; the production took liberties with the actual bombing campaigns carried out by the Free French units, that employed medium bombers such as the Martin B-26 Marauder. The use of the ubiquitous B-17 was due to its being recognizable to American audiences.

A scene showing Bogart's character machine gunning the defenseless aircrew of the downed German bomber was cut by censors in foreign releases of the film. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times favorably reviewed Passage to Marseille, noting the film's "tough and tempestuous melodrama is something of a sequel, as it were, to the comment on Devil's Island which Warner was making five years ago, it is the studio's roaring rejoinder that a vicious and repressive penal code was still not sufficiently able to kill the love of home and freedom in French hearts."According to Warner Bros records, the film earned $2,157,000 domestically and $1,629,000 foreign. Notes Bibliography Dolan, Edward F. Jr. Hollywood Goes to War. London: Bison Books, 1985. ISBN 0-86124-229-7. Hardwick and Schnepf, Ed. "A Buff's Guide to Aviation Movies". Air Progress Aviation, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1983. Meyers, Jeffrey. Bogart: A Life in Hollywood. London: Andre Deutsch Ltd. 1997. ISBN 0-233-99144-1. Sperber, A. M. and Lax, Eric. Bogart.

New York: William Morrow & Co. 1997. ISBN 0-688-07539-8. Passage to Marseille at the TCM Movie Database Passage to Marseille on IMDb Passage to Marseille at AllMovie Passage to Marseille at th

Viktor Avilov (actor)

Viktor Vasilyevich Avilov was a Soviet and Russian film and theater actor, Honored Artist of the Russian Federation. He is best known for his roles in The Prisoner of Château d'If. Viktor Vasilievich Avilov was born on August 1953 in Moscow in a family of laborers. In 1972 he graduated from the Moscow Industrial College, specializing in "Installation and adjustment of automatic control systems", served in the army from 1972 to 1974, he worked as a technician as a driver. In 1974, Viktor Avilov began to participate in the work of an amateur theatrical company, created by Valery Belyakovich in the village of Vostryakovo outside Moscow. In 1975, he appeared in the premiere performance of Vostryakov residents Marriage in the role of Kochkarev. In 1977, after the unification of the Vostryak troupe with the actors of the Young Muscovite Theater at the Palace of Pioneers on the Lenin Hills, the Theater Studio in the Southwest appeared. In 1979 Avilov started working here. In 1980, the premiere of the play Moliere based on the play by Mikhail Bulgakov The Cabal of Hypocrites, in which Viktor Avilov played the main role.

One of the staged roles of the actor took place in 1984, he played Hamlet in the performance of the same name. In 1987, the play participated in the Edinburgh Festival. Among the roles of Viktor Avilov in the Theater Studio in the Southwest: actor in The Lower Depths, Donalbain in Macbeth, Woland in The Master and Margarita, Caligula in Caligula, Khlestakov in The Government Inspector, Berange in Rhinoceros and Thisbe in A Midsummer Night's Dream, Chief in Agent 00, Pashka in Pretender, the role of Mercutio and Paris in Romeo and Juliet, Varravina in the Trilogy and many others. In the 2000s, Viktor Avilov was engaged in performances of other theaters: the Dance of Death at the Theatre of Nations, in Don Quixote at the Clownery Theater under the direction of Teresa Durova, About the Hobbits, or There and Back at the Kino Performance Theatre. In 2002, Avilov worked as a choreographer in the play Perfume of the Art House Theatre, staging two contemporary style dances for his Grenouille. In the same year at the Cinema he opened his acting school.

In 2004 Viktor Avilov tried himself in directing. In the theater Kino Performance Theatre he worked on staging the play The Sinful Village of Dalskabata, or the Forgotten Devil based on the play of Czech playwright Jan Drda, his cinematic debut was in the 1988 horror film Mister Designer based on the story of Green's "The Gray Car" and he acted in the film The Prisoner of Château d'If based on the novel The Count of Monte Cristo, released in the same year. Viktor Avilov starred in the films On the Grass Barefoot, Love for Neighbor, The Art of Living in Odessa, Safari No. 6, Dissolved Evil, Dancing Ghosts, Musketeers Twenty Years After, Cockroach Run, Wolf's Blood, The Frog Princess. Viktor Avilov was married three times, he has two daughters. In the last years of his life, the actor had health problems. In 1995, during a tour in Berlin, he was hospitalized with the diagnosis of perforated ulcer and suffered a clinical death twice. In 2004, Avilov was diagnosed with cancer. Viktor Avilov died on August 2004, in the Akademgorodok of Novosibirsk.

He was buried at Vostryakovskoe cemetery in Moscow. Mister Designer as Platon Andreevich The Prisoner of Château d'If as mature Edmond Dantès / Count of Monte Cristo Musketeers Twenty Years After as Mordaunt Viktor Avilov on IMDb Viktor Avilov at Find a Grave Мемориальный сайт