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Triskaidekaphobia

Triskaidekaphobia is fear or avoidance of the number 13. It is a reason for the fear of Friday the 13th, called paraskevidekatriaphobia or friggatriskaidekaphobia; the term was used as early as in 1910 by Isador Coriat in Abnormal Psychology. From the 1890s, a number of English language sources relate the "unlucky" thirteen to an idea that at the Last Supper, the disciple who betrayed Jesus, was the 13th to sit at the table; the Bible says nothing about the order in which the Apostles sat, but there were thirteen people at the table. A translation by L. W. King, edited by Richard Hooker, accidentally omitted one article of the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, compounding which he added numeration when the original had none. Other translations of the Code, such as by Robert Francis Harper, include the 13th article: If the seller have gone to fate, the purchaser shall recover damages in said case fivefold from the estate of the seller. Apollo 13 was launched on April 11, 1970 at 13:13:00 CST and suffered an oxygen tank explosion on April 13 at 21:07:53 CST.

It returned safely to Earth on April 17. On Friday, October 13, 1307, the arrest of the Knights Templar was ordered by Philip IV of France. While the number 13 was considered unlucky, Friday the 13th was not considered unlucky at the time; the incorrect idea that their arrest was related to the phobias surrounding Friday the 13th was invented early in the 21st century and popularized by the novel The Da Vinci Code. In 1881 an influential group of New Yorkers, led by US Civil War veteran Captain William Fowler, came together to put an end to this and other superstitions, they formed a dinner cabaret club. At the first meeting, on January 13, 1881, at 8:13 p.m. thirteen people sat down to dine in Room 13 of the venue. The guests were seated among piles of spilled salt. Many "Thirteen Clubs" sprang up all over North America over the next 45 years, their activities were reported in leading newspapers, their numbers included five future US presidents, from Chester A. Arthur to Theodore Roosevelt. Thirteen Clubs had various imitators, but they all faded due to a lack of interest.

Friday the 13th mini-crash Vehicle registration plates in the Republic of Ireland are such that the first two digits represent the year of registration of the vehicle. In 2012, there were concerns among members of the Society of the Irish Motor Industry that the prospect of having "13" registered vehicles might discourage motorists from buying new cars because of superstition surrounding the number thirteen, that car sales and the motor industry would suffer as a result; the government, in consultation with SIMI, introduced a system whereby 2013 registered vehicles would have their registration plates' age identifier string modified to read "131" for vehicles registered in the first six months of 2013 and "132" for those registered in the latter six months of the year.1 Number 4. In China, Singapore, Japan and Vietnam, as well as in some other East Asian and South East Asian countries, it is not uncommon for buildings to omit floors with numbers that include the digit 4, Finnish mobile phone manufacturer Nokia's 1xxx-9xxx series of mobile phones does not include any model numbers beginning with a 4.

This originates from Classical Chinese, in which the pronunciation of the word for "four" is similar to that of the word for "death", remains so in the other countries' Sino-Xenic vocabulary. Friday the 13th is considered to be a day of bad luck in a number of western cultures. In Greece and some areas of Spain and Latin America, Tuesday the 13th is considered unlucky. Number 17. In Italy because in Roman numerals 17 is written XVII, which can be rearranged to VIXI, which in Latin means "I have lived" but can be a euphemism for "I am dead." In Italy, some planes have no row 17 and some hotels have no room 17. Number 39. There is a belief in a badge of shame. Number 616 or 666. In some regions 13 is considered a lucky number. For example, 13 is lucky in Italy except in some contexts, such as sitting at the dinner table. In Cantonese-speaking areas, including Hong Kong and Macau, the number 13 is considered lucky because it sounds similar to the Cantonese words meaning "sure to live". Colgate University was started by 13 men with $13 and 13 prayers, so 13 is considered a lucky number.

Friday the 13th is the luckiest day at Colgate. A number of sportspeople are known for performing successfully. On November 23, 2003, the Miami Dolphins retired the number 13 for Dan Marino, who played for the Dolphins from 1983-1999

Donald Taylor (aviator)

Donald P. Taylor was an American aviator, notable for being in the late summer and early fall of 1976 the first person in history to fly a homebuilt aircraft around the world. From an early age, he'd resolved "I will build an airplane, I will fly it round-the-world." His plane, Victoria'76, a Lycoming-powered Thorp T-18 was fitted with improved communications and navigational equipment as well as a new fuel system after his initial 1973 round-the-world attempt had to be aborted due to bad weather between Japan and the Aleutian Islands. Taylor, who lived at the time in California, returned to his starting point of Oshkosh, Wisconsin a hero two months to the day after the August 1, 1976, start of his eastbound journey; the planning of this circumnavigation was complicated considering that both the People's Republic of China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics were closed to U. S. general aviators at the time. Taylor flew Victoria 76 to Australia and back in 1980. Taylor flew Victoria'76 to both the true North Pole and the Magnetic North Pole in 1984.

Although the aircraft had a special heritage, he used "her" for routine transportation to-and-from his isolated ranch in the Southern California high semi-desert. In the early 1980s he had offered the T-18 to the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum in Washington, D. C. for display, but he was unable to obtain a firm agreement from them to display her to the public as he wished. Instead, Victoria'76 is now on display at the Experimental Aircraft Association's AirVenture museum in Oshkosh, his civilian flying awards include the FAA Distinguished Service Award and the NAA Harmon Internal Trophy, presented to him on March 20, 1989 by Vice President Dan Quayle. Taylor retired at the rank of lieutenant colonel from the United States Air Force in 1962, having seen action during World War II in the China-Burma-India Theater. During the Korean War he was stationed in Alaska, servicing the newly created Distant Early Warning Line stations with air cargo and electronics expertise. In the Late 1950s he commanded an Air Training Command Detachment, responsible for teaching Thor Missile maintenance and operation to RAF personnel in central England.

Taylor maintained an active interest in aviation. He was on a mission-control team supporting the round-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager in December 1986, he died in December 2015 at the age of 97. Picture of Taylor flying Victoria'76 on Earthrounders.com Additional images and routing of Taylor's 1976 RTW trip

Trebel (river)

The Trebel is a river in Western Pomerania, a region of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, some 75 kilometers long. The Poggendorf Trebel and Beek merge in Grimmen; the Trebel runs near Quitzin, merges with the Blinde Trebel near Franzburg, is connected to the Recknitz River by a ditch near Tribsees, merges with the Warbel River near Bassendorf constitutes the historical border between Mecklenburg and Pomerania, merges into the Peene River near Demmin. Ibitzgraben and Roter Brückengraben are ditches connecting the Trebel and Peene rivers near their confluence. Description of the Trebel River

Tommy Sale (rugby league)

Thomas Sale was an English rugby league footballer who played in the 1940s and 1950s. He played at club level for Leigh and Widnes. Sale made his début in professional rugby league for home town club Leigh at the age of 20, he played nine games for the club before competitive rugby league was suspended due to the outbreak of the Second World War. He resumed playing for the club after the war, went on to make a total of 82 appearances for the club before losing his place in the first team in 1948. Following the end of the Second World War, Sale played for Warrington as a guest player, making seven appearances between 1945 and 1946. Sale played, was captain in Widnes' 0-19 defeat by Warrington in the 1949–50 Challenge Cup Final during the 1949–50 season at Wembley Stadium, London, in front of a crowd of 94,249. After retiring, Sale remained at Leigh in various roles, he was influential in the signing of player-coach Alex Murphy, who went on to lead the team to a Challenge Cup final win in 1971. Sale was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in the 2011 Birthday Honours for services to rugby league.

Statistics at wolvesplayers.thisiswarrington.co.uk

Lawrence Zhang Wen-Chang

Lawrence Zhang Wen-Chang was a Chinese Roman Catholic Apostolic Administrator and priest. The Vatican appointed Zhang Wen-Chang as Apostolic Administrator of three dioceses or ecclesiastical territories in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 2000 – the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kunming, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dali, the Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong, he served in that position as an official, underground representative of the Vatican until his death in 2012. The underground Catholic Church has 60,000 members in Yunnan composed of ethnic minorities. Zhang Wen-Chang was born in 1920, he was a member of the Sani ethnic group, a subgroup of the Yi people, an ethnic group from China and Vietnam. He enrolled in a Catholic seminary, he graduated from the major seminary in Kunming and was ordained a Catholic priest in 1946. He worked as a priest at the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Kunming following his ordination. In 1953, the Communist government forced Zhang Wen-Chang to raise rabbits and chickens in the aftermath of the Chinese Communist Revolution.

In 1958, Father Zhang Wen-Chang was arrested, charged with "counter revolutionary crimes", imprisoned. He was held in a Chinese Reform through labor farm from 1962 to 1982. Upon his release, he began working part-time, he rejoined the Church as a full-time Catholic priest again in 1987. In 2000, the Vatican appointed Zhang Wen-Chang as the Apostolic Administrator of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kunming, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dali, the Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong; the Archdiocese of Kunming had been without a Vatican-mandated head since Archbishop Alexandre Derouineau was expelled from the country in 1952.. Zhang Wen-Chang lived in Kumning during his tenure as Apostolic Administrator; as a leader within the underground Chinese Catholic Church, Zhang Wen-Chang was affiliated and recognized by the Holy See. He had no recognition from the government of the People's Republic of China, was kept under police and government surveillance, he was diagnosed with esophageal cancer in October 2011.

He died in his hometown in the Shilin Yi Autonomous County in Yunnan on February 5, 2012, at the age of 92. His funeral included a seven-day viewing, according to Sani ethnic traditions

7th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 7th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Indian Army during World War II. It was formed in September 1939, by the redesignation of the Poona Independent Brigade as the 7th Indian Infantry Brigade and renumbered 4th in June 1940, A second 7th Brigade was formed in June 1940, assigned to the 5th Indian Infantry Division. In September 1940, it was reassigned to the 4th Indian Infantry Division; the brigade formed the garrison at Mersa Matruh in early December 1940. In January 1941, with the rest of the 4th Indian Division were sent to fight in the Sudan campaign; the brigade moved between the 4th and 5th Indian Divisions command in April 1941, before moving to Cyprus at the end of the month. Returning to the Western Desert it took part in the Second Battle of El Alamein. After reaching Tunisia the brigade come under command of the British 50th Infantry Division in March 1943. Returning to the 4th Division the brigade took part in the Italian Campaign and ended the war in Greece where the division had been sent to keep the factions apart in the Greek Civil War.

The brigade was destroyed in the Sino-Indian War of 1962. Its commander, Brigadier John Dalvi, was the highest-ranking officer to be captured by the PLA. Before the Sino-Indian War the 7th Brigade was deemed to be one of the best brigades in the Indian Army; the unit was disbanded after the war. Brigadier Sydney A. H. Hungerford Brigadier Harold Rawdon Briggs Brigadier John A. Finlay Brigadier Arthur Holworthy Brigadier Osmond de T. Lovett Lieutenant-Colonel Charles E. A. Firth Brigadier Osmond de T. Lovett Brigadier John Dalvi 2nd Battalion, 2nd Gurkha Rifles September 1939 to May 1940 4th Battalion and Kashmir Infantry October 1940 to May 1941 3rd Battalion, 9th Gurkha Rifles May 1941 to January 1944 2nd Battalion and Kashmir Rifles September 1941 to January 1942 8th Battalion, 8th Punjab Regiment January 1942 to December 1943 6th Battalion, 11th Sikh Regiment February 1942 to April 1943 7th Battalion, 15th Punjab Regiment April to May 1943 6th Battalion, 11th Sikh Regiment June to August 1943 1st Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment October 1943 to October 1944 2nd Battalion, 7th Rajput Regiment December 1943 to August 1945 2nd Battalion, 13th Frontier Force Rifles December 1943 to August 1945 1st Battalion, 8th Gurkha Rifles May 1944 2nd Battalion, Green Howards September 1944 to April 1945 1st Battalion, 18th Royal Garhwal Rifles March to April 1945 1st Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment April to June 1945 8th Battalion, 8th Punjab Regiment June to August 1945 1st Anti Tank Regiment.

Indian Artillery March to April 1945 160th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery March to April 1945 Machine Gun Battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment March to April 1945 List of Indian Army Brigades in World War II