The Tropicana Las Vegas is a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is a franchise of Hilton's DoubleTree chain, it offers 1,467 rooms, a 50,000-square-foot gaming floor, 72,000 sq ft of convention and exhibit space. This location, the Tropicana – Las Vegas Boulevard intersection, has the most hotel rooms of any intersection in the world. Pedestrians are not allowed to cross at street level. Instead, the Tropicana is linked by overhead pedestrian bridges to its neighboring casinos: to the north across Tropicana Avenue, the MGM Grand, to the west across the Strip, the Excalibur. In 1955, Ben Jaffe, an executive of the Fontainebleau Miami Beach, came to Las Vegas and bought a 40-acre parcel at the corner of Las Vegas Boulevard and Bond Road. Jaffe aimed to build the finest hotel in Las Vegas, featuring a Cuban ambience, with four room themes for guests to choose from: French Provincial, Far East, Italian Renaissance, Drexel. Construction ran over schedule and over budget, due in part to competition for labor with the under-construction Stardust down the road.
Jaffe had to sell his interest in the Fontainebleau to complete the project, which opened in April 1957. Jaffe first leased the property to Phil Kastel; the Gaming Control Board raised suspicions over Kastel's links to organized crime, which were confirmed in May when a note bearing a Tropicana earnings figure was found in the possession of mobster Frank Costello. Jaffe next turned to owner of the Las Vegas Club. By 1959, Housells bought out Jaffe's interest; the Tropicana Country Club opened in 1961 across the street from the hotel. In the early 1970s, the Tropicana fared poorly from competition with larger hotels like Caesars Palace and the Las Vegas Hilton. Houssels sold out in 1968 to Trans-Texas Airways. Deil Gustafson, a Minnesota financier, bought the Tropicana in 1972, he ran into financing difficulties. Edward and Fred Doumani took over management on an emergency basis in 1974 after investing $1 million into the property. Mitzi Stauffer Briggs, heir to the Stauffer Chemical fortune, bought a majority interest in the Tropicana in 1975.
Briggs began construction of the 22-floor Tiffany Tower in 1977. The Tropicana became the target of a mob skimming operation in 1978. Joe Agosto, the owner of the casino's Folies Bergere show, oversaw the siphoning of money from the cashier cage to the Kansas City crime family; the scheme was exposed in 1979 by an FBI investigation into hidden mob interests in Las Vegas casinos. Briggs and Gustafson faced revocation of their gaming licenses because they had allowed Agosto to manage the casino without a license, they had little choice. Hotel chain Ramada Inns purchased the business in December 1979, along with the 50% share of the property's real estate, owned by the Doumanis. A 21-story Island Tower was constructed in 1986. Ramada spun off its gaming properties, in 1989 as Aztar Corporation; the Tropicana's country club was closed in 1990 after being sold to MGM Grand Inc. to become part of the site of the new MGM Grand casino. In 2002, Aztar consolidated ownership of the Tropicana by buying the remaining 50% interest in the land and buildings from the Jaffe family for $117.5 million.
Aztar was acquired by Columbia Sussex in January 2007. A $2-billion renovation of the Tropicana was announced, planned to be completed in 2010, making it the largest resort casino in the world; the existing Paradise and Island towers would have received both interior and exterior renovations, four new towers would have been built on the property, one of which would be branded as a separate hotel. The plans included a 100,000-square-foot casino, five hotel towers totaling 10,000 rooms, a sprawling 200,000-square-foot retail promenade. Other amenities included spas and fitness centers. All improvements to the property were put on hold because of the financial crisis of 2007–2008, became moot when Columbia Sussex's gaming arm filed for bankruptcy in 2008; the Tropicana, which had a $440 million secured loan against it, was bought from the bankrupt company in July 2009 by its creditors, led by Canadian private equity firm Onex Corporation and former MGM Mirage CEO Alex Yemenidjian, who took over as CEO.
The remainder of Columbia Sussex's gaming business, reorganized under new ownership as Tropicana Entertainment Inc. promptly sued the Las Vegas property, demanding royalties for use of the Tropicana name. The case was settled, with the Tropicana Las Vegas receiving exclusive rights to use the name in the Las Vegas region, royalty-free. In August 2009, Yemenidjian announced a $165-million plan to renovate the property around a South Beach theme, to be done in several phases; the first phase would renovate the Tropicana's back office facilities, with completion planned for the end of 2009. The second phase would renovate the conference facilities and common areas, with construction to finish at the end of August 2010; the third phase, including a Nikki Beach Night Club and Nikki Beach multimillion-dollar pool renovation was planned to be completed by April 2011. On November 9, 2010, Tropicana imploded a wing; the rooms were the resort's oldest, dating back to 1957. The section was removed to make room for a second entrance to the property and open up space for additional parking.
In February 2011, the Tropicana opened a new sports book, operated by Cantor Gaming. In 20
The Sheet Metal Workers' International Association was a trade union of skilled metal workers who perform architectural sheet metal work and install heating and air conditioning work, appliance construction and boiler construction and specialty parts manufacture, a variety of other jobs involving sheet metal. On August 11, 2014, it merged with the United Transportation Union to form the International Association of Sheet Metal, Air and Transportation Workers, known by the acronym, SMART; the Sheet Metal Workers' International Association represented about 150,000 members in 185 local unions in the United States and Canada. In 1887, Robert Kellerstrass, secretary of the Tin and Cornice Makers Association of Peoria, Illinois—a local sheet metal workers' union—began agitating for the formation of a national sheet metal workers' union. Contacting as many tinsmiths' locals as he could, Kellerstrass arranged for a founding convention to be held in January 1888. Eleven delegates from Illinois, Nebraska and Tennessee met for four days.
The union was founded on January 25, 1888 in Toledo, Ohio, as the Tin, Sheet Iron and Cornice Workers' International Association. In five years the organization grew to include 108 locals in the United States; the first local in Canada was chartered in 1896 as well, in Toronto. A second Canadian local formed in Montreal in 1900, a Vancouver local in 1902; the union joined the American Federation of Labor in 1889. The Panic of 1893 weakened the union however, the union's finances collapsed; the AFL revoked the Tin, Sheet Iron and Cornice Workers' charter in 1896 though many locals continued to exist. The union reorganized in 1897 as the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' International Association, was rechartered by the AFL in 1899. In 1902, the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' union instituted its first national death benefit for its members. In 1903, the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' merged with the Sheet Metal Workers' National Alliance, a secessionist group that had broken away from the union in 1902, creating the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' International Alliance.
In 1907, the union merged with the Coppersmiths' International Union. The union became embroiled in a bruising battle with the plumbers' and carpenters' unions in 1919; the Sheet Metal Workers had organized thousands of railway locomotive fabricators nationwide, but now the plumbers' union was arguing that it had jurisdiction over the piping work that went into building these engines. Railroad shop workers from the machinists and plumbers met in St. Louis, Missouri in 1920 after a number of local plumbers' railroad unions defected to the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers. Although the workers could not agree on which union should have jurisdiction over the work, the workers did agree to form the Federated Railroad Shopmen's Union to protect their work from being taken over by non-railroad workers. In 1921, the federated union disbanded, but the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers won substantial jurisdictional concessions from the plumbers; the conflict would continue into the 1950s weakening the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers.
On April 26, 1955, the National Mediation Board reaffirmed Amalgamated Sheet Metal Worker jurisdiction over plumbing and pipefitting work in the railroad industry. The introduction of metal moldings in buildings created a problem for the union; the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America claimed jurisdiction over trim and moldings, made of wood. The carpenters' union had won a jurisdictional award from an arbitrator in New York City in the spring of 1909, but the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers demanded that the Building Trades Department of the AFL issue a ruling. By a 3-to-1 majority, delegates to the Building Trades convention voted in favor of the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers; the carpenters the second-largest union in the AFL, withdrew from the Building Trades and initiated a series of jurisdictional strikes against the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers at job sites nationwide. The BTD retaliated by asking AFL president Samuel Gompers to revoke the carpenter's union charter.
Instead, Gompers led the AFL executive council in demanding that the BTD reinstate the carpenters' union. The Building Trades did so in 1910, but continued to vote in favor of the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' claims on work; the carpenters' union disaffiliated again. The carpenters' union continued to conduct strikes against the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers, won the support of building contractors and local building trades councils; the National Board of Jurisdictional Awards voted in favor of the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers. But the pressure by the much larger carpenters' union proved too great, the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers conceded jurisdiction over interior work in 1926; the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' railroad affiliates were involved in the Great Railroad Strike of 1922, which proved to be a disaster for the union's railway unions. The Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers' absorbed the chandelier and metal workers in 1924, once more changed its name—this time to the Sheet Metal Workers' International Association.
In 1926, the Sheet Metal Workers co-founded the Railway Labor Executives' Association, a union lobbying group. In the spring of 1927, members of Local 206 in San Diego, build structural reinforcements for Charles Lindbergh's aircraft, "The Spirit of St. Louis". During World War II, Sheet Metal Workers members assisted in the building of buildings, experimental machinery, atomic weapons-making equipment at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, as part of the Manhattan Project. In 1946, the Sheet Metal Workers became one o
Seven Days is a Japanese yaoi manga written by Venio Tachibana and illustrated by Rihito Takarai. Seven Days was serialized in the quarterly manga magazine Craft from 2007 to 2009; the story was released in two parts: Seven Days: Seven Days: Friday-Sunday. A live-action film adaptation for both books was released in 2015. Yuzuru Shino, a bored and disillusioned third-year high school student, hears a rumor that Tōji Seryō, a popular student at school, will accept anyone who asks him out at the beginning of the week and end their relationship after seven days of dating. Yuzuru decides to ask Tōji out as a half-hearted joke, but, to his surprise, Tōji accepts their date. Over the course of seven days, Yuzuru's feelings for him grow, he begins to dread the impending day where they will end their relationship. Yuzuru Shino Voiced by: Jun Fukuyama, it was serialized in the quarterly magazine anthology Craft from 2007 to 2009. The chapters were released in bound volumes by Taiyoh Tosho under the Million Comics Craft Series imprint.
The first volume was released under the title Seven Days: Monday-Thursday in 2007, while the second volume was released as Seven Days: Friday-Sunday in 2009. Drama CD adaptations of both books were released. In October 2009, Digital Manga Publishing announced at Yaoi-Con that they were distributing the books in English under the Juné imprint. In March 2019, Viz Media took over English distribution rights and published both books as an omnibus titled Seven Days: Monday-Sunday under the SuBLime imprint. Two live-action film adaptations were announced in 2015, each adaptating both books in the series. Both films are directed with screenplay by Natsuko Takahashi; the films star Tomoki Hirose and Takeshi James Yamada, with Hinako Tanaka, Yūki Hiyori, Rin Ishikawa, Itsuki Sagara, Yukihiro Takiguchi in supporting roles. The first film, Seven Days: Monday-Thursday, premiered on June 6, 2015 in Humax Cinemas in Tokyo, followed by other theaters in Japan; the second film, Seven Days: Friday-Sunday, premiered on July 4, 2015.
Prior to the film's release, a behind-the-scenes DVD of Seven Days: Monday-Thursday was released on May 20, 2015, where it debuted at #73 on the Oricon DVD Weekly Charts. Pony Canyon released both movies as a set on DVD and Blu-ray on December 16, 2015; the DVD peaked at #48 on the Oricon DVD Weekly Charts, while the Blu-ray peaked at #59 on the Oricon Blu-ray Weekly Charts. Seven Days was ranked #5 as one of the best boys love stories in Kono BL ga Yabai! 2010 Fujoshi Edition. Official film adaptation website Seven Days at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Seven Days at Anime News Network's encyclopedia