True Romance is a 1993 American romantic crime film written by Quentin Tarantino and directed by Tony Scott. The film stars Christian Slater and Patricia Arquette with an ensemble cast including James Gandolfini, Dennis Hopper, Michael Rapaport, Bronson Pinchot, Val Kilmer, Gary Oldman, Brad Pitt, Christopher Walken; the plot follows an ex-call girl and her husband on the run from the Mafia after stealing a shipment of drugs from her former pimp. Beginning life as an early script by Tarantino, the film was the first of his films to be released following the smash success of Reservoir Dogs, was the first screenplay by the filmmaker to not be directed by him; the film is regarded by proponents as a cross-section of writer Tarantino and director Scott's respective individual trademarks. Upon initial release, the film received positive critical reviews, with critics praising its dialogue and off-beat style. Though a box-office failure, its positive reception earned it a cult following, it is today considered one of Scott's best films, one of the best American films of the 1990s.
At a Detroit theater showing kung fu films, Alabama Whitman strikes up a conversation with Elvis Presley fanatic Clarence Worley. They have sex at Clarence's apartment in downtown Detroit. Alabama tearfully confesses that she is a call girl hired by Clarence's boss as a birthday present but has fallen in love with Clarence, they marry. An apparition of Elvis convinces him to kill Alabama's pimp Drexl. Clarence goes to the brothel where Alabama worked and kills Drexl, takes a bag he assumes contains Alabama's belongings. Back at the apartment, he and Alabama discover; the couple visit Clarence's estranged father, Clifford, a former cop and now a security guard, for help. Clifford tells Clarence. After the couple leave for Los Angeles, Clifford is interrogated by Don Vincenzo Coccotti, consigliere to a mobster named "Blue Lou Boyle", the mobster whom Drexl had been doing business with and, now after the cocaine. Clifford, mockingly defies Coccotti. Infuriated, Coccotti shoots Clifford dead. A note on the refrigerator leads the mobsters to Clarence's Los Angeles address.
In Los Angeles and Alabama meet Clarence's friend Dick, an aspiring actor. Dick introduces Clarence to a friend of his, actor Elliot Blitzer, who reluctantly agrees to broker the sale of the drugs to film producer Lee Donowitz. While Clarence is out buying lunch, Coccotti's underboss, finds Alabama in her motel room and beats her for information, she kills him with his shotgun. Elliot is arrested for drug possession. To stay out of jail, he agrees to record the drug deal between Donowitz for the police. Coccotti's crew learn. Clarence, Alabama and Elliot go to Donowitz's suite at the Ambassador Hotel with the drugs. In the elevator, a suspicious Clarence threatens Elliot at gunpoint, but is persuaded by Elliot's pleading. Clarence fabricates a story for Donowitz that the drugs were given to him by a corrupt cop, Donowitz agrees to the sale. Clarence excuses himself to the bathroom, where a vision of Elvis reassures him that things are going well. Donowitz and his bodyguards are ambushed by the cops and mobsters and a shootout begins after Elliot accidentally reveals himself as an informant.
Dick abandons the flees. Everyone is killed in the gun battle, Clarence is wounded as he exits the bathroom, he and Alabama escape with Donowitz's money. They flee to Mexico; the title and plot are a play on the titles of romance comic books such as True Life Secrets, True Stories of Romance, Romance Tales, Untamed Love and Strange Love. The film was a breakthrough for Tarantino. Released after Reservoir Dogs, it was his first screenplay for a major motion picture, Tarantino contends that it is his most autobiographical film to date, he had hoped to direct the film, but sold the script. According to Tarantino's audio commentary on the DVD release, he was happy with the way it turned out. Apart from changing the nonlinear narrative he wrote to a more conventional linear structure, it was faithful to his original screenplay, he opposed director Tony Scott's decision to change the ending. When seeing the completed film, he realized Scott's happy ending was more appropriate to the film as Scott directed it.
The film's first act, as well as some fragments of dialogue, were repurposed from Tarantino's 1987 amateur film My Best Friend's Birthday. The film's score by Hans Zimmer is a theme based on Gassenhauer from Carl Orff's Schulwerk; this theme, combined with a voiceover spoken by Arquette, is an homage to Terrence Malick's 1973 crime film Badlands, in which Sissy Spacek speaks the voiceover, that shares similar dramatic motifs. Reviews for the film were positive, it holds a "Certified Fresh" score of 92% on the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, with an average rating of 7.54/10, based on 53 reviews. The site's consensus states: "Fueled by Quentin Tarantino's savvy screenplay and a gallery of oddball performances, Tony Scott's True Romance is a funny and violent action jaunt in the best sense". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an aver
Ang Lee OBS is a Taiwanese filmmaker. Born in the Pingtung County of southern Taiwan, Lee was educated in Taiwan and in the United States for further study, his filmmaking career has seen him experience international critical and popular acclaim and a range of accolades. Lee garnered success with Pushing Hands, The Wedding Banquet, Eat Drink Man Woman, which explored the relationships and conflicts between tradition and modernity and Western; the films garnered Lee success both in his native Taiwan and internationally, precipitating his arrival in Hollywood with Sense and Sensibility, for which he received critical praise and a number of accolades. He went on to direct films including the drama The Ice Storm. Much of Lee's work is known for its emotional charge and exploration of repressed, hidden emotions, which commentators believe is responsible for his success in offsetting cultural barriers and achieving international recognition. Lee has been nominated for nine Academy Awards, of which he has won three: Best Foreign Language Film for Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon and Best Director for Brokeback Mountain and Life of Pi, becoming the first non-white person to win the latter.
For The Wedding Banquet and Sense and Sensibility, Lee won the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival. Lee is one of four directors to win the Golden Lion twice and the sole filmmaker to have been awarded the Golden Bear twice. Lee has been awarded Directors Guild of America, Golden Globe and British Academy Film Awards, among others, is the recipient of the Order of Brilliant Star, the second highest civilian honor bestowed by the government of Taiwan. Ang Lee was born in a Waishengren family, in a military dependents' village of the Republic of China Armed Forces, located in Chaochou, Pingtung, a southern agricultural county in Taiwan. Both of Lee's parents moved from Jiangxi province in Mainland China to Taiwan, following the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949, he grew up in a household. Lee studied in the Provincial Tainan First Senior High School, he was expected to pass the annual Joint College/University Entrance Examination, the only route to a university education in Republic of China.
But after failing the exam twice, to the disappointment of his father, he entered a three-year college, the National Arts School, graduated in 1975. His father had wanted him to become a professor, but he had become interested in drama and the arts in college; this early frustration set his career on the path of performance art. Seeing Ingmar Bergman's film The Virgin Spring was a formative experience for him. After finishing his mandatory military service in the Republic of China Navy, Lee went to the US in 1979 to study at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he completed his bachelor's degree in theater in 1980. Lee was interested in acting, but his challenges with speaking English made it difficult and he turned to directing. At UIUC, Lee met his future wife, Jane Lin a student from Taiwan, who pursued her Ph. D. degree. Thereupon, he enrolled at the Tisch School of the Arts of New York University, where he received his MFA in film production, he was a classmate of Spike Lee and worked on the crew of his thesis film, Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads.
During graduate school, Lee finished a 16mm short film, Shades of the Lake, which won the Best Drama Award in Short Film in Taiwan. His own thesis work, a 43-minute drama, Fine Line, won NYU's Wasserman Award for Outstanding Direction and was chosen for broadcast by the Public Broadcasting Service. Lee's NYU thesis drew attention from the William Morris Agency, the famous talent and literary agency that represented Lee. At first, though, WMA found Lee few opportunities, Lee remained unemployed for six years. During this time, he was a full-time house-husband, while his wife Jane Lin, a molecular biologist, was the sole breadwinner for the family of four; this arrangement put enormous pressure on the couple, but with Lin's support and understanding, Lee did not abandon his career in film but continued to generate new ideas from movies and performances. He wrote several screenplays during this time. In 1990, Lee submitted two screenplays, Pushing Hands and The Wedding Banquet, to a competition sponsored by Government Information Office of R.
O. C. and they came in second, respectively. The winning screenplays brought Lee to the attention of Hsu Li-kong, a promoted senior manager in a major studio who had a strong interest in Lee's unique style and freshness. Hsu, a first-time producer, invited Lee to direct Pushing Hands, a full-length feature that debuted in 1991. The'Father Knows Best' trilogy Pushing Hands was a success in Taiwan both among critics and at the box office, it received eight nominations in Taiwan's premier film festival. Inspired by the success, Hsu Li-kong collaborated with Lee in their second film, The Wedding Banquet, which wo
Gould Bay is a bay located at the junction of the Filchner Ice Shelf with the northeast corner of Berkner Island, in the southern Weddell Sea. It was discovered by the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition, 1947–48, under the leadership of Commander Finn Ronne, U. S. Navy Reserve, who named this bay for Laurence M. Gould, geologist and second in command of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1928–30. List of Antarctic field camps This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Gould Bay"