SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Tuisto

According to Tacitus's Germania, Tuisto is the legendary divine ancestor of the Germanic peoples. The figure remains the subject of some scholarly discussion focused upon etymological connections and comparisons to figures in Germanic mythology; the Germania manuscript corpus contains two primary variant readings of the name. The most occurring, Tuisto, is connected to the Proto-Germanic root *twai – "two" and its derivative *twis – "twice" or "doubled", thus giving Tuisto the core meaning "double". Any assumption of a gender inference is conjectural, as the tvia/tvis roots are the roots of any number of other concepts/words in the Germanic languages. Take for instance the Germanic "twist", which, in all but the English has the primary meaning of "dispute/conflict"; the second variant of the name, occurring in manuscript E, reads Tuisco. One proposed etymology for this variant reconstructs a Proto-Germanic *tiwisko and connects this with Proto-Germanic *Tiwaz, giving the meaning "son of Tiu".

This interpretation would thus make Tuisco the son of the earth-goddess. Connections have been proposed between the 1st century figure of Tuisto and the hermaphroditic primeval being Ymir in Norse mythology, attested in 13th century sources, based upon etymological and functional similarity. Meyer sees the connection as so strong. Lindow, while mindful of the possible semantic connection between Tuisto and Ymir, notes an essential functional difference: while Ymir is portrayed as an "essentially… negative figure" – Tuisto is described as being "celebrated" by the early Germanic peoples in song, with Tacitus reporting nothing negative about Tuisto. Jacob attempts to establish a genealogical relationship between Tuisto and Ymir based on etymology and a comparison with Vedic Indian mythology: as Tvastr, through his daughter Saranyū and her husband Vivaswān, is said to have been the grandfather of the twins Yama and Yami, so Jacob argues that the Germanic Tuisto must have been the grandfather of Ymir.

Incidentally, Indian mythology places Manu, the Vedic progenitor of mankind, as a son of Vivaswān, thus making him the brother of Yama/Ymir. Tacitus relates that "ancient songs" of the Germanic peoples celebrated Tuisto as "a god, born of the earth"; these songs further attributed to him a son, who in turn had three sons, the offspring of whom were referred to as Ingaevones and Istaevones, living near the Ocean, in the interior, the remaining parts of the geographical region of Germania, respectively. Tacitus's report falls squarely within the ethnographic tradition of the classical world, which fused anthropogony and theogony together into a synthetic whole; the succession of father-son-three sons parallels occurs in both Germanic and non-Germanic Indo-European areas. The essential characteristics of the myth have been theorized as originated in Proto-Indo-European society around 2,000 BCE. According to Rives, the fact that the ancient Germanic peoples claimed descent from an earth-born god was used by Tacitus to support his contention that they were an indigenous population: the Latin word indigena was used in the same sense as the Greek autochthonos, meaning literally' the land itself'.

Lindauer notes that, although this claim is to be judged as one made out of simple ignorance of the facts on the part of Tacitus, he was not wrong, as he made the judgement based on a comparison with the turbulent Mediterranean region of his day. In 1498, a monk named Annio da Viterbo published fragments known as "Pseudo-Berossus", now considered a forgery, claiming that Babylonian records had shown that Tuiscon or Tuisto, the fourth son of Noah, had been the first ruler of Scythia and Germany following the dispersion of peoples, with him being succeeded by his son Mannus as the second king. Historians managed to furnish numerous further details, including the assertion by James Anderson that this Tuiscon was in fact none other than the biblical Ashkenaz, son of Gomer. Ethnogenesis Tvastar

Rough Quest

Rough Quest was a Thoroughbred racehorse most famous for his victory in the 1996 Grand National at Aintree. Rough Quest was a bay horse bred in England by Michael Healy, he was sired by Crash Course who won the Doncaster Cup and became a successful National Hunt stallion: his other progeny included Jodami, Esha Ness and Maid of Money. During his racing career he was trained by Terry Casey; the horse went to Aintree in 1996 in good form, having won the Racing Post Chase and finishing second in the recent Cheltenham Gold Cup with the result that the public made him race favourite at the off. Mick Fitzgerald took the ride to be the first favourite to win the race for fourteen years; however the race was most notable for a prolonged stewards' enquiry into the possibility that the winner had crossed the runner up Encore Un Peu on the run in. After the enquiry, the result was allowed to stand. Rough Quest never recovered from his efforts and was found to have a muscle enzyme disorder, winning just one more race in his career, a hunter chase at Newbury in 1999 before being retired that year

With a Song in My Heart (song)

"With a Song in My Heart" is a show tune from the 1929 Rodgers and Hart musical Spring Is Here. In the original Broadway production it was introduced by Lillian Taiz; the following year, it was sung by Lawrence Gray in the Hollywood musical version of that show by Bernice Claire and Frank Albertson. The most popular recording of the song in 1929 was by Leo Reisman. In 1933, it was included in a two-reel version of the film re-titled Yours Sincerely, part of the Broadway Brevities series, starring Lanny Ross. In the 1944 Hollywood musical This Is the Life, it was sung by Susanna Foster, it was included in the 1948 musical film and Music, a biography of Rodgers and Hart, where it was sung by Perry Como. It was heard, sung by Doris Day, in the 1950 Hollywood musical Young Man with a Horn. In the 1951 Hollywood musical Painting the Clouds with Sunshine it was sung by Dennis Morgan and Lucille Norman, it was the title song in the 1952 Hollywood musical With a Song in My Heart, a biographical movie about Jane Froman, in which it was sung by Froman on the soundtrack for Susan Hayward.

In the 1953 science fiction classic The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms the song is playing in the background while Tom Nesbitt is trying to identify the beast he saw from sketches of prehistoric creatures. A recording with Perry Como, sung with choir and orchestra conducted by Henri René, was made in New York City on December 23, 1948, it was released by RCA Victor Records as catalog number 20-3329 and by EMI on the His Master's Voice label as catalog number BD 1230. Arild Andresen, piano with guitar and bass recorded it in Oslo on March 11, 1955 as the second melody of the medley "Klaver-Cocktail Nr. 3" along with "Sophisticated Lady" and "Flamingo". The medley was released on the 78 rpm record His Master's Voice A. L. 3514. Ella Fitzgerald recorded it in 1956 on her two-record Verve release: "Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers and Hart Songbook", inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999, it was covered by The Supremes on their album I Hear A Symphony - released in 1966 - and was re-recorded and featured on their 1967 tribute album to Rodgers & Hart titled The Supremes Sing Rodgers & Hart.

Bing Crosby recorded the song in 1975 for his album At My Time of Life The line "With a song in my heart" is performed by a male penguin in the animated film "Happy Feet". It was the memorable signature tune for a BBC radio programme, "Two Way Family Favourites", presented by a variety of well-known radio personalities including Cliff Michelmore, Jean Metcalfe, Michael Aspel, Judith Chalmers and Sarah Kennedy, renowned tenor Anthony Kearns recorded the song, naming his anticipated debut solo CD after the title track, "With a Song in My Heart." Another version of the song was recorded by the jazz pianist Sonny Clark on his second studio album as a leader for the Blue Note Records label, Sonny's Crib. The album features many prominent jazz musicians of the Hard bop era, such as John Coltrane, Donald Byrd, Curtis Fuller, Paul Chambers. Sonny's Crib