click links in text for more info

Tuman bay II

Al-Ashraf Abu Al-Nasr Tuman bay, better known as Tuman bay II, was the last Sultan of Egypt before the country's conquest by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. He acceded to the sultanic throne during the final period of Mamluk rule in Egypt, after the defeat of his predecessor, Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri by Ottoman Sultan Selim I at the Battle of Marj Dabiq in 1516, he was the last person to hold the title of Sultan of Egypt prior to the re-establishment of the sultanate 397 years under Hussein Kamel in 1914. As a Circassian, like his predecessors having been in early youth a domestic slave of the palace, he rose to be emir of a hundred, prime minister, an office he held until the departure of Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri, who left him in charge of Cairo; the Caliph Muhammad Al-Mutawakkil III having remained behind with Selim I after defeat of Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri, Tuman bay II was now inaugurated as sultan, but without pomp or ceremony, the royal insignia having been lost in battle.

It was a thankless dignity to which, now at the age of 40, he was called. Yet he ruled well for the time he was popular throughout the land. In the course of time, the fugitive chiefs, with Emir Janberdi Al-Ghazali, arrived from Damascus. Al-Ashraf is an Arabic title meaning "the honorable", Abou Al-Nasr means "who brings victory" and Tuman means "ten thousand" bay is a title meaning "chief". So Tuman bay means "chief of 10,000". Meanwhile, Tripoli and other Syrian strongholds, besides Damascus, had fallen into Ottoman hands, it was thus the beginning of December before the force now raised at Cairo and diminished by the insatiable demands and waywardness of the Mamluks, set out under Emir Janberdi Al-Ghazali in the forlorn hope of saving Gaza. During Emir Janberdi Al-Ghazali’s absence, an Embassy arrived with a dispatch from Selim I who, boasting of his victories, the adhesion of the Caliph Al-Mutawakkil III, judges and other leaders who had joined him, demanded of the Sultan that his supremacy should be acknowledged both in the Coinage and the public Prayers.

He said. Though the envoy and his followers were hooted and mishandled in the city, Sultan Tuman bay II was inclined to fall in with the Selim I's demand. Tidings of disaster now followed on one another. Terror and dismay pervaded Cairo; the treachery of Khayr Baig and many other emirs made the prospect all the darker. The inhabitants of Gaza having, on a false report of Egyptian victory, attacked the Turkish garrison, whereby Selim's order in great numbers massacred; the news of Emir Janberdi Al-Ghazali's discomfiture increased the gloom. Sultan Tuman bay II now resolved himself to march out as far as Salahia, there meet the Turks wearied by the desert journey. By this time, the Ottomans having reached Arish, were marching unopposed by Salahia and Bilbeis to Khanqah. Two days the main body confronted the Egyptian entrenchment; the Battle of Ridanieh was fought January 22, 1517. Sultan Tuman bay II fought along with a band of devoted followers, but in the end, the Egyptians were fled two miles up the Nile.

The Ottomans entered the City of Cairo unopposed. They took the Citadel there and slew the entire Circassian garrison, while all around the streets became the scene of terrible outrage. Selim I himself occupied an island, Gezira Island, close to Bulaq; the following day, his Vizier, entering the city, endeavored to stop the wild rapine of the troops. The Caliph's prayer is thus given by Ibn Ayas. Grant him Thy heavenly aid and glorious victories! O King of the present and the future, Lord of the Universe!" Still plunder and riot went on. The Turks threatened death unless on payment of large ransom; the Circassian were everywhere pursued and mercilessly slaughtered, their heads being hung up around the battlefield. It was not till some days had passed, that Selim I with Caliph Al-Mutawakkil III, whose influence for mercy began now to be felt, having entered the city stopped these wild hostilities, the inhabitants began again to feel some measure of security; the following night, Sultan Tuman bay II reappeared and with his Bedouin allies took possession of the weakly garrisoned city, at daylight drove back the Ottomans with great loss.

The approaches were entrenched, the Friday service once more solemnized in the name of the Egy

Karl May

Karl Friedrich May was a German writer best known for his adventure novels set in the American Old West. His main protagonists are Old Shatterhand. May set similar books in Latin America and Germany. May wrote poetry, a play, composed music. Many of his works were adapted for film, audio dramas and comics. In his career, May turned to philosophical and spiritual genres, he is one of the best-selling German writers of all time, with about 200 million copies worldwide. May was the fifth child of a poor family of weavers in Schönburgische Rezessherrschaften, he had 13 siblings. During his school years, he received instruction in composition. At 12, May was making money at a skittle alley. In 1856, May commenced teacher training in Waldenburg but in 1859 was expelled for stealing six candles. After an appeal, he was allowed to continue in Plauen. Shortly after graduation, when his roommate accused him of stealing a watch, May was jailed in Chemnitz for six weeks and his license to teach was permanently revoked.

After this, May worked with little success as a private tutor, an author of tales, a composer and a public speaker. For four years, from 1865 to 1869, May was jailed in the workhouse at Zwickau. With good behaviour, May became an administrator of the prison library which gave him the chance to read widely, he made a list of the works he planned to write On his release, May continued his life of crime, impersonating various characters and spinning fantastic tales as a method of fraud. He was arrested, but when he was transported to a crime scene during a judicial investigation, he escaped and fled to Bohemia, where he was detained for vagrancy. For another four years, from 1870 to 1874, May was jailed in Saxony. There he met Johannes Kochta, who assisted May. After his release in May 1874, May began to write. In November 1874, Die Rose von Ernstthal was published. May became an editor in the publishing house of Heinrich Gotthold Münchmeyer in Dresden. May managed entertainment papers such as Schacht und Hütte and continued to publish his own works such as Geographische Predigten.

May was employed by Bruno Radelli of Dresden. In 1878, May became a freelance writer. In 1880, he married Emma Pollmer. Once again, May was insolvent. In 1882, May returned to the employ of Münchmeyer and began the first of five large colportage novels. One of these was Das Waldröschen. From 1879, May was published in Deutscher Hausschatz, a Catholic weekly journal from the press of Friedrich Pustet in Regensburg. In 1880, May began the Orient Cycle, which ran, with interruption, until 1888. May was published in the teenage boys' journal Der Gute Kamerad of Wilhelm Spemann, Stuttgart. In 1887, it published Der Sohn des Bärenjägers. In 1891 Der Schatz im Silbersee was published. May published in other journals using pseudonyms. In all, he published over one hundred articles. In October 1888, May moved to 1891 to Villa Agnes in Oberlößnitz. In 1891, Friedrich Ernst Fehsenfeld offered to print the Deutscher Hausschatz "Son of the Bear Hunter" stories as books. In 1892, the publication of Carl May's Gesammelte Reiseromane brought financial security and recognition.

May became absorbed in the stories he wrote and the lives of his characters. Readers wrote to May. May conducted talking tours in Germany and Austria and allowed autographed cards to be printed and photos in costume to be taken. In December 1895, May moved to the Villa Shatterhand in Alt-Radebeul, which he purchased from the Ziller brothers. In 1899, May traveled to Egypt Sumatra with his servant, Sejd Hassan. In 1900, he was joined by Richard Plöhn; the group returned to Radebeul in July 1900. May demonstrated some emotional instability during his travels. Hermann Cardauns and Rudolf Lebius criticised May for his self-promotion with the Old Shatterhand legend, he was reproached for his writing for the Catholic Deutscher Hausschatz and several Marian calendars. There were charges of unauthorised book publications and the use of an illegal doctoral degree. In 1902, May did receive a Doctor honoris causa from the Universitas Germana-Americana, Chicago for Im Reiche des Silbernen Löwen In 1908, Karl and Klara May spent six weeks in North America.

They traveled through Albany, New York, New York, the Niagara Falls and visited friends in Lawrence, Massachusetts. May was inspired to write Winnetou IV. However, on his return, May began work on complex allegorical texts, he considered the "question of mankind", the raising of humans from evil to good. Sascha Schneider provided symbolistic covers for the Fehsenfeld edition. On 22 March 1912, May was invited by the Academic Society for Literature and Music in Vienna to present a lecture entitled Empor ins Reich der Edelmenschen. There, he met Bertha von Suttner. Karl May died one week on 30 March 1912. According to the register of deaths, the cause was cardiac arrest, acute br

German coastal battery Tirpitz

The German coastal battery Tirpitz, consisting of three large 280 mm guns, was the most powerful coastal battery on the Romanian shore during World War II. The three guns, model 28 cm SK L/45, came from spares for the World War I-era Nassau-class battleships; the name of the battery was given after German Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz. After Romania joined the Axis by signing the Tripartite Pact in November 1940, German troops began crossing into the country to provide training and modernization to the Romanian Armed Forces; the Romanian coastal artillery was obsolete. As such and German authorities agreed on the construction of the powerful battery south of the Romanian port of Constanța. Construction started in the winter of 1940, with many Romanians helping in its building, the battery fired the first rounds in April 1941, in the presence of the Romanian War Minister, General Iosif Iacobici; the battery was protected by 20 mm AA guns. Nominally, the battery, served by 700 Kriegsmarine personnel was under Romanian control, as were all the Axis forces in Romania.

By late 1942, military personnel in and around Constanța amounted to 40,000 Romanians and 3,700 Germans. The battery saw combat use only once, when the Soviet surface fleet attacked Constanța on 26 June 1941, adding 39 rounds to the battle and damaging the Soviet destroyer leader Kharkov. After the 23 August 1944 coup, the situation became uncertain. German Vice Admiral Helmuth Brinkmann had orders to hold Constanța at all costs. However, after a face-to-face meeting with Romanian Counter Admiral Horia Macellariu, he was persuaded to retreat orderly and avoid an unnecessary and costly battle; the Germans retreated on the night of 25–26 August, but not before the battery was blown up before being surrendered to the Romanians. The Tirpitz Battery

Soldier's Heart (song)

"Soldier's Heart" is a 2001 song by R. Kelly; the song and produced by Kelly himself, is a tribute to the soldiers in America. It appeared on some European releases of "The World's Greatest" as a B-side; the song was released as a single in 2003 and appeared on Second official compilation album called My Diary released in 2005, renamed "Front Line". Kelly donated all the proceeds from this song to the families of the American Soldiers; the song peaked at number 80 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. Kelly recorded two videos for a music video and a AOL Live performance; the music video shows R. Kelly playing the piano and singing in front of the American flag with Hart Hollman & The Motown Romance Orchestra; the songs has received positive reviews from critics alike. Kelly performed this song live on The Arsenio Hall Show in 2013 as a tribute to the late Nelson Mandela. US CD single"Soldier's Heart"


Carlton-le-Moorland, is a small, long-established village and civil parish in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It lies between the city and county town of Lincoln; the parish population at the 2011 census was 565. Carlton-le-Moorland is listed in the Domesday Book as consisting of 29 households, 255 acres of meadow, a church; the parish church is a Grade I listed building dedicated to Saint Mary, dating from the 11th century, although the nave and tower were rebuilt in the late 16th century. The church was restored in 1890-1891 by C. Hodgson Fowler; the font is from the 12th century. Outside, the lychgate, Grade II listed, was erected in 1918 as a war memorial. St Lazarus Hospital, a leper hospital founded prior to 1180, was sited in Carlton-le-Moorland, maintained by the Order of Saint Lazarus, it is not known. According to England and the Crusades, 1095–1588, Nigel of Amundeville gave land at Carlton-le-Moorland to the brethren of the Order of Burton Lazars around 1242 because some of his family suffered from leprosy.

His father, had given land in 1180 for the same purpose, as did his brother Elias, whose own daughter was a sufferer. The Knights Templar and a monastic order owned lands around the parish in the Middle Ages; the Disney family, which had its main branch in Norton Disney, took over ownership of local estates, monastic holdings in the 16th century. There are Disney family members buried in the church. There used to be a manor house opposite the church, in which the Disney family lived before they moved to Sommerton Castle. Carlton-le-Moorland has a post office, a village hall, public house called the White Hart; the parish council owns the village hall, the playing fields, "The Sands", an area of amenity land and allotments. Over the last couple of decades, the village has undergone some housing development. Media related to Carlton-le-Moorland at Wikimedia Commons "Carleton le Moreland", Retrieved 10 July 2011

Anna Scher Theatre

The Anna Scher Theatre is a community-based drama school based in Islington, Greater London. It was founded in 1968 by Anna Scher. Anna Valerie Scher, was born on 26 December 1944 in Cork, Ireland, as the daughter of an Irish mother and Lithuanian Jewish dentist father. After starting out as an actress, her father told her to get a proper job, so she became a journalist specialising in theatre with the Islington Gazette for five years, reviewed for The Times Literary Supplement. Scher's philosophy is based on promoting love and understanding through both learning and professionalism, her heroes are Anne Frank, Nelson Mandela and Winston Churchill. She shares with her pupils various meaningful words or sayings which she calls Winston words after Churchill, but which are not attributed to him. In the past, Scher was chairperson of the International Song Contest for Peace in Ireland, served on the juries at BAFTA, the Sony Awards and the Royal Television Society; as an actress, she appeared in The Battle of St. George Without, You Must Be Joking! and Anna.

Scher is married to Charles Verrall, an acting and public speaking coach who has written and directed several stage plays and a musical. He was co-director of the Anna Scher Theatre for many years, co-authored several of Scher's books on acting, they have one son. Since founding the school in 1968, Scher has been awarded: Community award from the Irish Post Woman of Distinction Award from Jewish Care Peace Person of the Year Award, Ireland, 1999 Associate of RADA Honorary Fellow of the Leinster School of Music & Drama Patron of Neve Shalom/Wahat al Salam – Oasis of Peace. Freedom of the London Borough of Islington, March 2003. Member of the Order of the British Empire, 2013, appointed in the Queen's Birthday Honours List for her services to Drama. In 1968, Scher started an afterschool drama club at Islington's Ecclesbourne Primary School. 70 pupils came the first week, including future Birds of a Feather stars Pauline Quirke, Linda Robson and Ray Burdis. In 1970, the classes moved across the road to a council hall in Bentham Court on Ecclesbourne Road.

By 1975 she had 1,000 pupils and 5,000 on the waiting list, so moved to the custom converted mission hall on Barnsbury Road in 1976, when the school was established as a charity. Scher's teaching style produces what critics call a natural delivery, but Scher comments that she just uses their natural voice. Of her improvisation technique, she told Simon Hattenstone of The Guardian in 2004: In 2000, Scher suffered ill health and stepped down during her recovery period. Scher was never reinstated as head of the theatre, despite a vociferous campaign led by her and her supporters, The Friends of Anna Scher. In 2005, the remaining staff and board set up a new school but Anna Scher went on to continue her theatre school under her own name at the nearby Blessed Sacrament Church Hall, Islington. Since 2009, the Anna Scher Theatre has been teaching from the St Silas Church in Islington and classes are run 3 days a week by Anna Scher and former pupil Bernie Burdis, who together have taught for over 30 years.

The school has trained many actors who went on to star in the soap opera EastEnders, including Martin Kemp, Gillian Taylforth, Patsy Palmer, Sid Owen, Natalie Cassidy, Jake Wood, Susan Tully and Brooke Kinsella. Scher trained Oscar-nominated actor Daniel Kaluuya, he thanked her in his BAFTA award winning speech. See Category:Alumni of the Anna Scher Theatre School Anna Scher, Desperate to Act, Collins, ISBN 978-0-00-672852-8. Anna Scher & Charles Verrall,100+ Ideas for Drama, Heinemann Educational, ISBN 978-0-435-18799-6. Anna Scher & Charles Verrall, First Act: Drama Kit, Ward Lock Educational, ISBN 978-0-7062-3546-3. Anna Scher & Charles Verrall, Another 100+ Ideas for Drama, Heinemann Educational, ISBN 978-0-435-18800-9. Anna Scher & Charles Verrall, 200+ Ideas for Drama, Heinemann Educational, ISBN 978-0-435-08606-0. Official website for the Anna Scher Theatre Drama classes Official Agency website for the Anna Scher Theatre and Anna Scher