A turnstile called a baffle gate, is a form of gate which allows one person to pass at a time. It can be made so as to enforce one-way traffic of people, in addition, it can restrict passage only to people who insert a coin, a ticket, a pass, or similar, thus a turnstile can be used in the case of paid access, for example to access public transport, a pay toilet, or to restrict access to authorized people, for example in the lobby of an office building. Turnstiles were used, like other forms of stile, to allow human beings to pass while keeping sheep or other livestock penned in; the use of turnstiles in most modern applications has been credited to Clarence Saunders, who used them in his first Piggly Wiggly store. Turnstiles are used at a wide variety of settings, including stadiums, amusement parks, mass transit stations, office lobbies, ski resorts, power plants and casinos. From a business/revenue standpoint, turnstiles give an accurate, verifiable count of attendance. From a security standpoint, they lead patrons to enter single-file, so security personnel have a clear view of each patron.

This enables security to efficiently isolate potential trouble or to confiscate any prohibited materials. On the other hand, physical barriers become a serious safety issue when a speedy evacuation is needed, requiring emergency exits that bypass any turnstiles. Persons with disabilities may have difficulties using turnstiles. In these cases a wide aisle gate or a manual gate may be provided. At some locations where luggage is expected, a line of turnstiles may be formed of wide aisle gates, for example at Heathrow Terminals 2 & 3 Underground station. Turnstiles use ratchet mechanisms to allow the rotation of the stile in one direction allowing ingress but preventing rotation in the other direction, they are designed to operate only after a payment has been made by inserting a coin or token in a slot. Turnstiles are used for counting the numbers of people passing through a gate when payment is not involved, they are used extensively in this manner in amusement parks, in order to keep track of how many people enter and exit the park and ride each ride.

The first major use of turnstiles at a sporting venue was at Hampden Park in Scotland. Waist-high turnstiles are used in fairs and arenas; the user inserts a pass into the slot, from which a barcode is read. Sometimes referred to as "half-height" turnstiles, this fixed arm style has traditionally been the most popular type of turnstile. There are many variations of this style available, including one, designed to be accompanied by a matching ticket box, one with a ticket box built in; some styles are designed to allow entry only after a payment are inserted, while others allow access after a valid barcode is electronically read. A disadvantage to this type is people can "jump the turnstile" as happens on the Moscow Metro and other mass transport systems in Russia. Optical turnstiles are an alternative to the traditional "arm"-style turnstile and are used in locations where a physical barrier is deemed unnecessary or unaesthetic. Optical turnstiles use an infrared beam to count patrons and recognize anyone attempting to enter a site without a valid entry pass.

The drop arm optical turnstile is a combination of the security of a tripod or barrier turnstile and a optical turnstile. The lanes can have either double arms; when access is granted the arms drop into recesses in the cabinet. Once the arms drop out of the way, the turnstile functions as a optical turnstile; the full-height turnstile is a larger version of the turnstile 7-foot high, similar in operation to a revolving door, which eliminates the possibility of someone jumping over the turnstile. However, this type of turnstile functions differently than a revolving door, in that it does not allow someone to come in as someone else goes out, it is pejoratively known as an "iron maiden", after the torture device of the same name, or "high-wheel". It is sometimes called a "Rotogate" in Chicago, where it is used at unstaffed exits of Chicago'L' stations, is used in New York City Subway stations since the turn of the 21st century. In Europe, however, "Rotogate" refers to a different kind of gate, not a turnstile.

There are two types of High Entrance/Exit Turnstile and Exit-Only. The difference between them is that HEET turnstiles can rotate in both directions thus allowing two-way traffic, while exit-only turnstiles can only rotate in one direction thus allowing one-way traffic. Exit-only turnstiles are used in mass transit stations to allow passengers to exit the system without interfering with those entering. Exit-only models are used at enclosed areas such as theme parks, zoos, or amusement parks, to allow visitors to leave, while denying admission to those who have not paid. Additionally there are single, double or tandem turnstiles that contain two rotors side by side in the same frame; this allows more throughput in a limited space, as tandems are more narrow than two single turnstiles placed side-by-side. In the public transport systems of the Soviet Union, the only common use of turnstiles was at the entrance to subway stations (first introduced in Moscow Metro on 7 Nove

Walthall M. Moore

Walthall M. Moore, Sr. was an American politician from St. Louis who served in the Missouri House of Representatives, he was the first African American. Moore was a member of the 51st, 53rd, 54th, 55th General Assemblies. On December 29, 1911, he married Miss F. A. Ferguson in Indiana. Moore represented a constituency, he is known for helping to upgrade and change the name of Lincoln Institute to Lincoln University, a school founded in 1866 by veterans of the United States Colored Troops. Moore was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Missouri in 1928; until Missouri's capital Jefferson City passed a public accommodations law in the late 1960s, African-American legislators were forced to stay either in private homes or in a dormitory at Lincoln University

The Chemical Wedding (Danielle Dax album)

The Chemical Wedding is a compilation album by Danielle Dax released in Japan in November 1987, containing rare and unreleased songs. Eight songs are included on this album, four of, released as b-sides to singles from Inky Bloaters while the other four songs had not been released in the U. K. before. Of the four unreleased songs, three would appear the following year on the U. S. compilation album Dark Adapted Eye in the form of new mixes that are different from the versions that appear on this album. The b-side "When I Was Young" appeared as a different mix on Dark Adapted Eye. All eight songs on this album would appear on the 1995 U. K. compilation Comatose-Non-Reaction. All tracks are written by Danielle Dax. Note: The songs "Touch Piggy's Eyes", "Whistling for His Love", "Cat-House" and "When I Was Young" were included on the 1988 U. S. compilation Dark Adapted Eye. All 8 songs were included on the 1995 U. K. compilation Comatose-Non-Reaction. Music by: Danielle Dax / David Knight Words by: Danielle Dax Arranged by: Dax / Knight Danielle Dax - Vocals, Guitar, Percussion, cover artwork Karl Blake - Guitar Pete Farrugia - Guitar David Knight - Guitar, Keyboards, Tape Trevor Reidy - Drums Chad Strentz - Harmonica Ian Sturgess - Bass Guitar Iain O'Higgins - recording and mixing Engineer who worked at Alaska Studios, London Jessica Corcoran - producer and sound Engineer who worker at Greenhouse Studio, London Danielle Dax Official Website Danielle Dax Myspace Site The Danielle Dax Profile