The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of African-American and Caribbean-born military pilots who fought in World War II. They formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces; the name applies to the navigators, mechanics, crew chiefs, nurses and other support personnel. All black military pilots who trained in the United States trained at Moton Field, the Tuskegee Army Air Field and were educated at Tuskegee University, located near Tuskegee, Alabama; the group included five Haitians from the Haitian Air Force, one pilot from Trinidad. It included a Hispanic or Latino airman born in the Dominican Republic. Although the 477th Bombardment Group trained with North American B-25 Mitchell bombers, they never served in combat; the 99th Pursuit Squadron was the first black flying squadron, the first to deploy overseas. The 332nd Fighter Group, which included the 100th, 301st and 302nd Fighter Squadrons, was the first black flying group, it deployed to Italy in early 1944.
In June 1944, the 332nd Fighter Group began flying heavy bomber escort missions and, in July 1944, with the addition of the 99th Fighter Squadron, it had four fighter squadrons. The 99th Fighter Squadron was equipped with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter-bomber aircraft; the 332nd Fighter Group and its 100th, 301st and 302nd Fighter Squadrons were equipped for initial combat missions with Bell P-39 Airacobras with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts and with the aircraft with which they became most associated, the North American P-51 Mustang. When the pilots of the 332nd Fighter Group painted the tails of their P-47s red, the nickname "Red Tails" was coined; the red markings that distinguished the Tuskegee Airmen included red bands on the noses of P-51s as well as a red rudder. The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States Armed Forces. During World War II, black Americans in many U. S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government.
The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected both within and outside the army. Before the Tuskegee Airmen, no African-American had been a U. S. military pilot. In 1917, African-American men were rejected. African-American Eugene Bullard served in the French air service during World War I, because he was not allowed to serve in an American unit. Instead, Bullard returned to infantry duty with the French; the racially motivated rejections of World War I African-American recruits sparked more than two decades of advocacy by African-Americans who wished to enlist and train as military aviators. The effort was led by such prominent civil rights leaders as Walter White of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, labor union leader A. Philip Randolph and Judge William H. Hastie. On 3 April 1939, Appropriations Bill Public Law 18 was passed by Congress containing an amendment by Senator Harry H. Schwartz, designating funds for training African-American pilots; the War Department managed to put the money into funds of civilian flight schools willing to train black Americans.
War Department tradition and policy mandated the segregation of African-Americans into separate military units staffed by white officers, as had been done with the 9th Cavalry, 10th Cavalry, 24th Infantry Regiment and 25th Infantry Regiment. When the appropriation of funds for aviation training created opportunities for pilot cadets, their numbers diminished the rosters of these older units. In 1941, the War Department and the Army Air Corps, under pressure — three months before its transformation into the USAAF — constituted the first all-black flying unit, the 99th Pursuit Squadron. Due to the restrictive nature of selection policies, the situation did not seem promising for African-Americans since, in 1940, the U. S. Census Bureau reported; the exclusionary policies failed when the Air Corps received an abundance of applications from men who qualified under the restrictive requirements. Many of the applicants had participated in the Civilian Pilot Training Program, unveiled in late December 1938.
Tuskegee University had participated since 1939. The U. S. Army Air Corps had established the Psychological Research Unit 1 at Maxwell Army Air Field, Montgomery and other units around the country for aviation cadet training, which included the identification, selection and training of pilots and bombardiers. Psychologists employed in these research studies and training programs used some of the first standardized tests to quantify IQ, dexterity and leadership qualities to select and train the best-suited personnel for the roles of bombardier and pilot; the Air Corps determined that the existing programs would be used for all units, including all-black units. At Tuskegee, this effort continued with the training of the Tuskegee Airmen; the War Department set up a system to accept only those with a level of flight experience or higher education which ensured that only the most able and intelligent African-American applicants were able to join. Airman Coleman Young the first African-American mayor of Detroit, told journalist Studs Terkel about the process: They made the standards so high, we became an elite group.
We were screened and super-screened
Joliette is a federal electoral district in Quebec, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1935 and since 1968. This electoral district, located northeast of Montreal in the Quebec region of Lanaudière consists of: the Regional County Municipality of Matawinie, including Communauté Atikamekw de Manawan indian reserve the Regional County Municipality of Joliette, it is bounded by the: electoral district of Repentigny and Berthier—Maskinongé and the Saint Lawrence River to the south electoral district of Saint-Maurice—Champlain to the east and north Lac Nemiscachingue and the electoral districts of Rivière-du-Nord and Laurentides—Labelle to the west It was created by the British North America of 1867 which preserved existing electoral districts in Lower Canada. In 1933, Joliette became part of the new electoral district of Joliette—L'Assomption—Montcalm, it was created again in 1966 from Berthier—Maskinongé—delanaudière, Joliette—L'Assomption—Montcalm and Terrebonne ridings.
This riding lost territory to Berthier—Maskinongé during the 2012 electoral redistribution. This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament: Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in the 2000 election. Note: results from the 1974 federal election are missing from the Library of Parliament website. Results shown are incomplete results reported in the Globe and Mail on 9 July 1974. Note: percentage change for Roch LaSalle compares his vote as a PC candidate in 1974 to his vote as an independent candidate in 1972. Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election. Note: percentage change for Roch LaSalle compares his vote as an independent candidate in 1972 to his vote as a PC candidate in 1968. N. B. Mr. Guilbault elected by the casting vote of the Returning Officer. Note: The change in Mr. Guilbault's popular vote is compared to his result in the 1882 general election. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile".
2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2011. Campaign expense data from Elections CanadaRiding electoral history from Parliament of Canada website: Joliette, Quebec Joliette--L'Assomption--Montcalm Joliette Riding History - Joliette Atlas of Canada
Ernesto Sevilla López is a Spanish TV director, comedian, screenwriter and TV presenter. He began as a screenwriter for Paramount Comedy. In July 2015 he became a main character in La que se avecina with Nathalie Seseña, he appeared in an advertising campaign for Amena. In February 2018 he presented with Joaquín Reyes the 32nd Goya Awards, he portrayed the TV series Capítulo 0 with Joaquín Reyes, released on 11 September 2018. In April 2019 he will appeared in the film Lo dejo cuando quiera, directed by Carlos Therón and starring Amaia Salamanca, Cristina Castaño and Miren Ibarguren. From 2015 to 2016 he was in a relationship with the TV presenter Patricia Conde. Ernesto Sevilla on IMDb Ernesto Sevilla on Instagram
No. 292 Squadron is a Royal Australian Air Force operational conversion unit based at RAAF Base Edinburgh, South Australia. The squadron was formed on 1 January 1977 as the Maritime Analysis Training Squadron and renamed No. 292 Squadron on 27 October 1980. Throughout its history it has formed part of No. 92 Wing and been responsible for training aircrew to operate the RAAF's Lockheed P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft. It is responsible for training Orion maintenance personnel; the Maritime Analysis Training Squadron was formed at RAAF Base Edinburgh on 1 January 1977 as part of the No. 92 Wing RAAF Training Centre. Its role was to provide operational conversion training for pilots and sensor operators assigned to the Royal Australian Air Force's fleet of Lockheed P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft, develop new tactics for the aircraft and trial new equipment. Upon formation, it comprised an administrative cell. On 27 October 1980 the squadron was renamed No. 292 Squadron. The squadron's first training courses began in January 1977.
As part of the conversion training courses, students travel to various Australian Defence Force bases to build their familiarity with the ADF's maritime warfare capabilities and doctrine and participate in exercises in Australia and allied countries in the Pacific region. Students take part in operational search and rescue and fishery surveillance flights. After completing their training with No. 292 Squadron, aircrew are posted to either No. 10 or No. 11 Squadron. As all the RAAF's Orions are pooled across No. 92 Wing's three flying units, No. 292 Squadron shares its aircraft with the two operational squadrons. As part of the upgrade of the RAAF's Orions to AP-3C Orion standard, No. 292 Squadron re-retrained all of No. 92 Wing's flight crews to operate the much-improved aircraft. The first three-month long transition course was completed in May 2002. At this time the squadron included an AP-3C Transition Training Cell; as of 2011, No. 292 Squadron included a Maintenance Training Flight, responsible for training fitters to work on AP-3Cs aircraft.
On 27 September 2012, the squadron was presented with the Governor General's banner by the Governor of South Australia, His Excellency Rear Admiral Kevin Scarce. These banners are awarded to RAAF units. At this time, the squadron had a strength of 120 personnel and was responsible for training aircrew and ground crew to work on AP-3C Orions, as well as undertaking operational support tasks. In 2015, No. 292 Squadron became responsible for conducting maintenance test flights for the AP-3C fleet after the aircraft complete deep maintenance at RAAF Base Richmond, flying the aircraft back to Edinburgh. This change was part of a set of reforms intended to improve the efficiency of No. 92 Wing's procedures to permit more flying time to be allocated for operational flights. No. 292 Squadron will remain part of No. 92 Wing following the replacement of the AP-3Cs with Boeing P-8 Poseidons. As of 2015, the first of the new aircraft was scheduled to arrive in Australia in 2017 and No. 292 Squadron will begin the first local training course using the type the next year.
A new operational conversion facility will be constructed at Edinburgh to facilitate this training. Moclair, Tony. "Eyes From Above". Australian Aviation. No. 324. Pp. 58–62. ISSN 0813-0876. RAAF Historical Section. Units of the Royal Australian Air Force: A Concise History. Volume 4: Maritime Units. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-42796-5
Mobile Suit Gundam-san referred to as Gundam-san, is a Japanese yonkoma parody gag manga series by Hideki Ohwada. A part of the Gundam media franchise, it is a parody of the original Mobile Suit Gundam anime series, featuring Amuro Ray, Lalah Sune, Char Aznable as main characters, it has been serialized in Kadokawa Shoten's seinen manga magazine Gundam Ace since June 2001 and collected in fourteen tankōbon volumes. The manga has spawned an anime television series adaptation by Sunrise; the series of animated shorts was broadcast on the BS11 network between July 6 and September 28, 2014. The manga is a parody of the original Mobile Suit Gundam and features most of its characters for its yonkoma strips. In addition, there are several "sub-stories" featured in the manga tankōbon, including Captain Zaku-san, which features anthropomorphic versions of the mobile suits from Mobile Suit Gundam, Gundam Sousei, which dramatizes the story of the creation of the Gundam franchise and features Yoshiyuki Tomino as well as other staff and cast members.
Gundam-san began as a fan created yonkoma series on Ohwada's personal website prior to being published in Gundam Ace in 2001. The manga was serialized in the seinen magazine Comic Charge from the magazine's inception to its cancellation in 2009; the first collected volume was released on August 24, 2005 and the latest—the 14th—was released on April 26, 2016. Another series, Naruhodo! Kotowaza Gundam-san was serialized in Kerokero Ace starting 2007, its collected volume was released on January 22, 2009. Yappari! Kotowaza Gundam-san was released on August 21, 2010. Another book, which included Kotowaza Gundam-san stories, subtitled Nippon Saihakken, was released on December 21, 2011. A Kotowaza Gundam-san definitive edition, including Naruhodo and Yappari and the proverbs appeared in the anime series, was released on October 25, 2014. Additionally, a box of mini books and goods about the character Comet Chick was released on July 24, 2007. A fanbook, which included a special story, was released on February 24, 2010.
The 13-episode anime television series adaptation was broadcast between July and September 2014 in the BS11 and Tokyo MX networks. Episodes are about 3 minutes each; the show was first announced in a Gundam Ace issue in June 2014. Mankyū wrote the screenplay for the anime. Sao Tamado was the character designer. Tohru Furuya and Keiko Han returned as cast members but did not reprise their original roles from Mobile Suit Gundam as Amuro Ray and Lalah Sune, respectively. Instead all of the roles were cast to new voice actors. 13 episodes are released on television, while the additional extra episodes are included in the DVD/Blu-Ray release of the anime. Three volumes of the series have been featured on the top 10 of Oricon's weekly chart of the best-selling manga. Volumes 7, 8 and 9 reached the chart but at 15th, 29th and 36th place respectively; the anime DVD and Blu-Ray reached the Oricon's list at the 16th place respectively. Official website Mobile Suit Gundam-san at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Mobile Suit Gundam-san at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
Eudora is an American rock band from Orange County, signed to Power Slave Records in Japan. They have released two albums, the first one called... And it Rained Machines in the second one in 2008 titled The Silent Years. Eudora was formed in California, in 2005 by Robby Friend and Kevin Connor, they soon started rehearsing. It was soon evident that they commenced writing original songs. Through a friendship with the band National Product they were introduced to Actor/singer David Tom. With the addition of David as the lead singer and Peter Coranza as drummer, the band started playing shows in and around Southern California; the venue Chain Reaction in Anaheim became a home base of operation as they played there on regular bases while honing their original sound. In early 2006 the band began work on their first CD "... And it Rained Machines" A music video for the song "Breakfast of a Killer" was directed by Justin Janowitz. Eudora's CD... And it Rained Machines received a distribution deal with World Artist Records, which made the CD available to a much larger audience by putting it on the shelves in Hot Topics, Amazon.com and iTunes.
The CD earned the band enough attention that they were rewarded with their first spot on the annual Vans Warped Tour, playing both the Los Angeles and the Pomona dates of the 2006 tour on the DIY stage. All the while Eudora was having what would become a regular occurrence with a number of different musicians sitting on the drummers throne with Mike Crisis lasting the longest. About a year after "...and it rained machines hit shelves, the band went into the studio to demo some new songs for a potential Japanese record label that had interest in the band. Around December 2006 after the record-deal-talk dissipated, Eudora released those demos onto their myspace; those 2 songs worked their way into the band's live set, as songs like "Gold in the Storm", "Mishaps and Circumstances" were the first that were retired from the live show. In October of that same year the band won a contest for a coveted opening slot for A Static Lullaby at The Troubadour in Hollywood. A small tour was planned for January 2007, but due to personal/professional and musical differences it was decided that David Tom would leave the band after one last December show at Chain Reaction.
The tour of the southwest happened as planned, with Mike sharing the vocal duties. The tour supporting fellow band, "Victory Within" started in Southern California and followed through Arizona, New Mexico and Nevada giving the band their first taste of life on the road. Soon afterwards drummer Mike Crisis was asked to leave the band and they were was once again without a drummer and still without a lead singer; as luck would have it by early May 2007 they had played an acoustic show in Ridgecrest, with Brandon Ball as their front man and soon afterwards, Michael Stahl of the band "Four Alarm Fire" was found and agreed to join the band. The first show with the new line-up was at the Bunkhouse Saloon in Las Vegas on May 28, 2007. Once again Eudora earned a spot on the 2007 Pomona Vans Warped Tour date playing on the Ernie Ball Stage. While playing a number of shows in the Southland the band began work writing what would be their first full length CD The Silent Years. Not being signed to a label the entire recording process had to be financed by the band themselves by playing shows and selling merchandise whenever possible.
The album The Silent Years was recorded between November 17, 2007, April 27, 2008, at Black Studios in Los Angeles and WoodWorks Studios in Hollywood. Produced and co-mixed by Brent Woods. Soon after production on the CD was complete Michael Stahl announced that he was marrying the love of his life and would be leaving the band. Good friend and drummer, Justin McCarthy of the band Lunar Fiction agreed help out and play a number of live dates with the band; the band was featured on a KOCE-TV story about the Orange County music scene that appeared on the PBS show InsideOC on KOCE-TV. The May 11, 2008, release of The Silent Years was celebrated with a CD release show at Chain Reaction in Anaheim on May 10. Justin was soon recruited and wooed away to join Epitaph Records signed band "I Am Ghost" This time they didn't have to look too far for a new drummer, long-time friend Nick Derosa drummed for the band for a few months before being declared "In the band". Alternative Press magazine picked Eudora in their August 2008 Warped Tour issue as one of the Top 8 unsigned bands that you should know about.
With the new lineup in place the band was picked to play the on last five dates of the 2008 Vans Warped Tour on the Kevin Says Stage. Robby Friend was unable to play the first date in Fresno so Tony Kim of Lunar Fiction filled in on that date only. In September 2008 the band left for tour on the road with Flight 409 and We Spell Disaster. Dubbed "The Lifted and Gifted Tour", The tour proved to be more a drudgery a pleasure and only served to aggravated ongoing tensions brewing in the band; the three-week tour passed through several locations in California, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico. The band ended the tour in Las Vegas, wasted no time rushing home; the band took a long break returning for one more headlining show at Chain Reaction in Anaheim after which, Robby Friend left to join the band Frequency Five. Preliminary writing had begun on what would have been Eudora's third CD. Powerslave Records has signed Eudora in May 2009 with plans to release "The Silent Years" on July 8, 2009 in Japan with a bonus track include