Abbott and Costello
Abbott and Costello were an American comedy duo composed of Bud Abbott and Lou Costello, whose work on radio and in film and television made them the most popular comedy team of the 1940s and early 1950s. Their patter routine "Who's on First?" is one of the best-known comedy routines of all time in the world, set the framework for many of their best-known comedy bits. While they had crossed paths a few times the two comedians first worked together in 1935 at the Eltinge Burlesque Theater on 42nd Street in New York City, now the lobby of an AMC Theatres movie complex, their first performance resulted from Abbott's regular partner becoming ill. Decades when AMC moved the old theater 168 ft further west on 42nd Street to its current location, giant balloons of Abbott and Costello were rigged to appear to pull it. Other performers in the show, including Abbott's wife, encouraged a permanent pairing; the duo built an act by refining and reworking numerous burlesque sketches with Abbott as the devious straight man and Costello as the dimwitted comic.
The team's first known radio broadcast was on The Kate Smith Hour on February 3, 1938. At first, the similarities between their voices made it difficult for radio listeners to tell them apart during their rapid-fire repartee; as a result, Costello affected a childish voice. "Who's on First?" was first performed for a national radio audience the following month. They performed on the program as regulars for two years, while landing roles in a Broadway revue, The Streets of Paris, in 1939. After debuting their own program, The Abbott and Costello Show, as Fred Allen's summer replacement in 1940, Abbott and Costello joined Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy on The Chase and Sanborn Hour in 1941. Two of their films were adapted for Lux Radio Theater that year, their program returned in its own weekly time slot starting on October 8, 1942 and Camel cigarettes as sponsor. The Abbott and Costello Show mixed comedy with musical interludes. Regulars and semi-regulars on the show included Artie Auerbach, Elvia Allman, Iris Adrian, Mel Blanc, Wally Brown, Sharon Douglas, Verna Felton, Sidney Fields, Frank Nelson, Martha Wentworth and Benay Venuta.
Ken Niles was the show's longtime announcer, doubling as an exasperated foil to Costello, who insulted his on-air wife. Niles was succeeded by Michael Roy, alternating over the years with Jim Doyle; the show went through several orchestras, including those of Ennis, Charles Hoff, Matty Matlock, Matty Malneck, Jack Meakin, Will Osborne, Fred Rich, Leith Stevens and Peter van Steeden. The show's writers included Howard Harris, Hal Fimberg, Parke Levy, Don Prindle, Eddie Cherkose, Leonard B. Stern, Martin Ragaway, Paul Conlan and Eddie Forman, as well as producer Martin Gosch. Sound effects were handled by Floyd Caton. Guest stars included Frank Sinatra, The Andrews Sisters and Lucille Ball. In 1947 the show moved to ABC. During their time on ABC the duo hosted a 30-minute children's radio program on Saturday mornings; the program featured child announcer Johnny McGovern. It finished its run in 1949. In 1940, Universal Studios signed them for One Night in the Tropics. Cast in supporting roles, they stole the show with several classic routines, including the "Who's on First?" routine.
Universal signed them to a two-picture contract. Their second film, Buck Privates, directed by Arthur Lubin and co-starring The Andrews Sisters, was a massive hit, earning $4 million at the box office and launching Abbott and Costello as stars, their next film was a haunted house comedy, Oh, Charlie!. However Buck Privates was so successful that the studio decided to delay its release so the team could hastily make and release a second service comedy, In The Navy, co-starring crooner Dick Powell and the Andrews Sisters; this film out-grossed Buck Privates. Loew's Criterion in Manhattan was open until 5 a.m. to oblige over 49,000 customers during the film's first week. Oh, Charlie was put back into production to add music featuring the Andrews Ted Lewis; the film was released as Hold That Ghost. The duo next made Ride'Em Cowboy, with Dick Foran, but its release was delayed so they could appear in a third service comedy, Keep'Em Flying; this was their last film with Arthur Lubin. All of these films were big hits, Abbott and Costello were voted the third biggest box office attraction in the country in 1941.
Universal loaned the team to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer for Rio Rita. During filming, on December 8, 1941, a day after the attack on Pearl Harbor and Costello had their hand and foot prints set in concrete at what was "Grauman's Chinese Theatre". Back at Universal they made a spoof of South Sea Island movies. In 1942 exhibitors voted them the top box office stars in the country, their earnings for the fiscal year were $789,026.) The team did a 35-day tour during the summer of 1942 to sell War Bonds. The Treasury Department credited them with $85 million in sales. After the tour the team made It Ain't Hay, from a story by Damon Runyon. Costello was stricken with rheumatic fever upon his return from a winter tour of army bases in March 1943 and was bedridden for six months. On November 4, 1943, the same day that Costel
Air Raid Precautions in the United Kingdom
Air Raid Precautions refers to a number of organisations and guidelines in the United Kingdom dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air raids. Government consideration for air raid precautions increased in the 1920s and 30s, with the Raid Wardens' Service set up in 1937 to report on bombing incidents; every local council was responsible for organising ARP wardens, ambulance drivers, rescue parties, liaison with police and fire brigades. From 1 September 1939, ARP wardens enforced the "blackout". Heavy curtains and shutters were required on all private residences, commercial premises, factories to prevent light escaping and so making them a possible target for enemy bombers to locate their targets. With increased enemy bombing during the Blitz, the ARP services were central in reporting and dealing with bombing incidents, they managed. Women were involved in ARP services through the Women's Voluntary Service; the Auxiliary Fire Service was set up in 1938 to support existing local fire services, which were amalgamated into a National Fire Service in 1941.
From 1941 the ARP changed its title to Civil Defence Service to reflect the wider range of roles it encompassed. During the war 7,000 Civil Defence workers were killed. In all some 1.5 million men and women served within the organisation during World War Two. Over 127,000 full-time personnel were involved at the height of the Blitz but by the end of 1943 this had dropped to 70,000; the Civil Defence Service was stood down towards the end of the war in Europe on 2 May 1945. Between 1949 and 1968 many of the duties of the Civil Defence Service were resurrected through the Civil Defence Corps. During the First World War Britain was bombed by Zeppelins and Gotha bombers and it was predicted that large-scale aerial bombing of the civilian population would feature prominently in any future war. In 1924, the Committee of Imperial Defence set up a subcommittee to look at what measure could be taken to protect the civil population from aerial attack; the new committee, known as Air Raid Precautions, was headed by the Lord Privy Seal, Sir John Anderson.
For the next ten years this committee looked into issues of new aerial weapons development and the possible impact on civilians. The use of gas attacks in the First World War played heavy on the decisions and protection via gas masks was a core decision taken by the committee; every single person would need a gas mask. Together with ideas around the building of air raid shelters, evacuations of people and blackout requirements these were all termed passive air defence. With the rise of Hitler during the 1930s, a further Home Office committee, the Air Raid Precautions Department, was created in March 1935; this department replaced the earlier subcommittees and took overall control of the British response to passive air defence. In April 1937, the Air Raid Wardens' Service was created which aimed to seek some 800,000 volunteers. Wardens gave ARP advice to the public and were responsible for reporting bombs and other incidents, were joined by the Women's Voluntary Service in May 1938. On 1 January 1938, the Air Raid Precautions Act came into force, compelling all local authorities to begin creating their own ARP services.
Air raid shelters were distributed from 1938. With the threat of war imminent in 1939, the Home Office issued dozens of leaflets advising people on how to protect themselves from the inevitable air war to follow; the ARP services were to include several specialist branches: ARP wardens ensured the blackout was observed, sounded air raid sirens, safely guided people into public air raid shelters and checked gas masks, evacuated areas around unexploded bombs, rescued people where possible from bomb damaged properties, located temporary accommodation for those, bombed out, reporting to their control centre about incidents, etc. and to call in other services as required. Central headquarters that received information from wardens and messengers and managed the delivery of the relevant services needed to deal with each incident. Boy Scouts or Boys' Brigade members aged between 14 and 18 as messengers or runners would take messages from wardens and carry them to either the sector post or the control centre.
Bombing would sometimes cut telephone lines and messengers performed an important role in giving the ARP services a fuller picture of events. Trained to give first response first aid to those injured in bombing incidents. Casualties from bombing were taken to hospital by volunteer drivers. There were stretcher parties that carried the injured to posts; the rescue services were injured out of bombed premises. Specialists to deal with and clean up incidents involving chemical and gas weapons. Following the destruction caused by the bombing of the City of London in late December 1940, the Fire Watcher scheme was introduced in January 1941. All buildings in certain areas had to have a 24-hour watch kept. In the event of fire these fire watchers could call on the rescue services and ensure they could access the building to deal with incidents. Local councils were responsible for organising all the necessary ARP services in their areas. Although the standard procedures prescribed that the ideal warden should be at least 30 years old and women of all ages were wardens.
In certain instances, given special needs of communities teenagers were wardens. The role of ARP was open to both men and women but only men could serve in the gas contamination (teams that dealt with chemical
The domestic canary simply known as the canary, is a domesticated form of the wild canary, a small songbird in the finch family originating from the Macaronesian Islands. Canaries were first bred in captivity in the 17th century, they were brought over by Spanish sailors to Europe. This bird became fashionable to breed in courts of Spanish and English kings. Monks only sold the males; this drove the price up. Italians obtained hens and were able to breed the birds; this made them popular, resulted in many breeds arising, the birds being bred all over Europe. The same occurred in England. First the birds were only owned by the rich, but the local citizens started to breed them and, they became popular. Many breeds arose through selective breeding, they are still popular today for their voices. From the eighteenth up to twentieth centuries and finches were used in the UK, Canada and USA in the coal mining industry, to detect carbon monoxide. In the UK, this practice ceased in 1986; the domestic canary is kept as a popular cage and aviary bird.
Given proper housing and care, a canary's lifespan ranges from 10 to 15 years. The birds are named after Spain's Canary Islands, which derive their name from the Latin Insula Canaria, meaning "island of dogs", due to its "vast multitudes of dogs of large size". Canaries are divided into three main groups: Colour-bred canaries Type canaries Song canaries. While wild canaries are a yellowish-green colour, domestic canaries have been selectively bred for a wide variety of colours, such as yellow, brown, black and red. Canaries are judged in competitions following the annual molt in the summer; this means that in the Northern Hemisphere the show season begins in October or November and runs through December or January. Birds can only be shown by the persons. A show bird must have a unique band on its leg indicating the year of birth, the band number, the club to which the breeder belongs. There are many canary; the world show attracts thousands of breeders. As many as 20,000 birds are brought together for this competition.
Canaries were once used in coal mining as an early warning system. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide or asphyxiant gases such as methane in the mine would kill the bird before affecting the miners. Signs of distress from the bird indicated to the miners; the use of miners' canaries in British mines was phased out in 1986. The phrase "canary in a coal mine" is used to refer to a person or thing which serves as an early warning of a coming crisis. By analogy, the term "climate canary" is used to refer to a species, affected by an environmental danger prior to other species, thus serving as an early warning system for the other species with regard to the danger. Canaries have been extensively used in research to study neurogenesis, or the birth of new neurons in the adult brain, for basic research in order to understand how songbirds encode and produce song. Thus, canaries have served as model species for discovering how the vertebrate brain learns, consolidates memories, recalls coordinated motor movements.
Fernando Nottebohm, a professor at the Rockefeller University in New York City, detailed the brain structures and pathways that are involved in the production of bird song. In organized crime, the canary symbolizes an informant who "sings to the police."Canaries have been depicted in cartoons from the mid-20th century as being harassed by domestic cats. "Tweety". Norwich City, an English football team, is nicknamed "The Canaries" due to the city once being a famous centre for breeding and export of the birds; the club adopted the colours of green in homage. Jacob Mackley, of Norwich, won many prizes with birds of the local variety and shipped about 10,000 from Norwich to New York every year. In the early 1900s, he opened his aviaries to the public for 10,000 people turned up. A number of other sports teams worldwide use variations of the name "Canaries", such as Frosinone, Koper, FC Novi Sad, Fenerbahçe,Lillestrøm SK, Kedah FA, the Brazil national football team and the Brazil women's national football team.
Atlantic canary Australian plainhead Harz Roller Red factor canary Birdcage John Scott Haldane Warrant canary Sentinel species McDonald, Brats in Feathers, Keeping Canaries ISBN 0-9730434-4-X Miley-Russell, The Practical Canary Handbook, A Guide to Breeding and Keeping Canaries. ISBN 1-59113-851-5. Useful to American Singer canary owners. Linda Hogan, Canary Tales GB Walker, Colour and Song Canaries David Alderton, Birds Care and your pet bird Author unknown, The Canary Handbook, Barrons Tim
Gregory Lewis Burson was an American voice actor, best known as a replacement for voice actors Daws Butler and Mel Blanc following their deaths in 1988 and'89, respectively. Burson took over the voicing of most of his characters when he died. Burson was a voice replacement for Mel Blanc, voiced many of his characters as well, including Bugs Bunny, for whom he was given the responsibility of voicing in 1995's Carrotblanca, a well-received 8-minute Looney Tunes cartoon shown in cinemas alongside The Amazing Panda Adventure and The Pebble and the Penguin, it has since been released on video, packaged with older Looney Tunes cartoons, was included in the special edition DVD release of Casablanca, of which it is both a parody and a homage. Burson voiced Bugs in the 1997 short From Hare to Eternity, notable for being dedicated to the memory of the then-recently deceased Friz Freleng, for being the final Looney Tunes cartoon that Chuck Jones directed. Burson provided Bugs' voice in The Bugs and Daffy Show, which ran on Cartoon Network from 1996 to 2003.
Alternating with Joe Alaskey and Jeff Bergman, he voiced several other Looney Tunes characters including Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Elmer Fudd, Yosemite Sam, Pepé Le Pew, Foghorn Leghorn on various Warner Bros. animated television series, films and video games. He voiced Yogi Bear on The New Yogi Bear Show and many other characters in Hanna-Barbera-related shows and Mr. Magoo in the animated segments of the live action feature film of the same name in 1997, his other voice work includes shows such as CatDog, Batman: The Animated Series, All-New Dennis the Menace, Mother Goose and Grimm, The Angry Beavers, Samurai Jack, The Smurfs, Super Friends, The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat and Garfield and Friends, the feature film Jurassic Park and the three Star Wars video games The Phantom Menace, Jedi Power Battles and The Gungan Frontier. In 1995, at the height of popularity of R. L. Stine's "Goosebumps" book and TV series, though not known at the time, his only performance in it, he was the voice behind one version of the commercial that promoted the "Goosebumps Fan Club" in some of the old VHS tapes of the TV show of the same name, while Tony Jay recorded a second version of the same promo.
Not to forget, he did several promos for Fox Kids as well. His career came to an end in May 2004 when Burson was arrested by detectives after barricading himself inside his home in Tujunga for six hours before surrendering. Initial reports have claimed that an armed S. W. A. T. Team had responded to a call from two of his female roommates that he was inebriated and holding a third female roommate hostage. Burson screamed a stream of nonsensical words at the police when they were alerted to his home. Officers had discovered that Burson had a collection of guns in his home. One officer said, "He was so drunk, we couldn't tell if he was trying to do one of his voices or was just slurring his words." Officer Rudy Villarreal confirmed that all three women involved in the incident lived with Burson, but none of them were harmed. Greg Burson died on July 22, 2008 at the age of 59 from complications due to diabetes and arteriosclerosis, he had been struggling with alcoholism in the part of his life from being depressed over losing voice-over work.
The Angry Beavers - Judge Otter, Otter #1 CatDog - Barry the Baboon Channel Umptee-3 - Professor I. Revelent Mother Goose and Grimm - Attila The Real Ghostbusters - Dib Devlin The New Yogi Bear Show - Yogi Bear A Yabba Dabba Doo Celebration: 50 Years of Hanna-Barbera - Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound, Quick Draw McGraw The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat - Additional Voices All-New Dennis the Menace - Mr. Wilson Samurai Jack - Quick Draw McGraw, Baba Looey Tom & Jerry Kids - Additional Voices Droopy, Master Detective - Additional Voices Wake and Roll - Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound, Quick Draw McGraw, Snagglepuss Yo Yogi! - Yogi Bear, Quick Draw McGraw, Officer Smith, Wally Gator The New Adventures of Jonny Quest - Additional Voices Fantastic Max - Additional Voices The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest - Corbin, Sanderson Garfield and Friends - Additional Voices The Baby Huey Show - Fox Batman: The Animated Series - Mad Dog Animaniacs - Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Foghorn Leghorn, Yosemite Sam Tiny Toon Adventures - Elmer Fudd, Pepé Le Pew, Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tasmanian Devil, Foghorn Leghorn The Sylvester & Tweety Mysteries - Elmer Fudd Taz-Mania - Bugs Bunny Johnny Bravo - Ghostly Gardener 2 Stupid Dogs - Additional Voices The Smurfs - Additional Voices The D.
A. R. E. Report - Additional Voices Asterix and the Big Fight - Bombastix, Sergeant Noodles, Franksinatrix Carrotblanca - Bugs Bunny, Radio Dispatcher, Airport PA Announcer I Yabba-Dabba Do! - Additional Voices Jurassic Park - Mr. DNA Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland - Flap, Nemo's Father Mr. Magoo - Mr. Quincy Magoo Scooby-Doo in Arabian Nights - Yogi Bear, Royal Chef Tom and Jerry: The Movie - Man Yogi the Easter Bear - Yogi Bear The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera - Yogi Bear Looney Tunes River Ride - Bugs Bunny, Yosemite Sam, Tasmanian Devil, Foghorn Leghorn, Pepé Le Pew Yosemite Sam and the Gold River Adventure! - Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd Wacky Races - Red Max, Sergeant Blast, Peter Perfect, Rufus Ruffcut Sheep, Dog,'n' Wolf - Elmer Fudd Bugs Bunny: Rabbit Rampage - Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd Daffy Duck: The Marvin Missions - Duck Dodgers Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace - Boss Rugor Nass, Guard Door, I
Sylvester the Cat
Sylvester J. Pussycat Sr. called Sylvester, is a fictional character, a three-time Academy Award-winning anthropomorphic Tuxedo cat in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. Most of his appearances have him chasing Tweety Bird, Speedy Gonzales, or Hippety Hopper. Sylvester appeared in 103 cartoons in the golden age of American animation, only behind Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck. Three of his cartoons won Academy Awards, the most for any starring Looney Tunes character: they are Tweetie Pie, Speedy Gonzales, Birds Anonymous. Sylvester predecessors appeared from 1939-1944. Naughty but Mice was the first. Notes to You was remade in color Back Alley Oproar; the Hep Cat features another version, as well as the Beast, which features Tweety Bird. Before Sylvester's appearance in the cartoons, Blanc voiced a character named Sylvester on The Judy Canova Show using the voice that would become associated with the cat. Sylvester shows a lot of pride in himself and never gives up. Despite his pride and persistence, Sylvester is, with rare exceptions, placed squarely on the "loser" side of the Looney Tunes winner/loser hierarchy.
In many cartoons, Sylvester is shown intentionally sticking out his tongue while speaking, putting emphasis that the lisp is intentional. Sylvester is known for spraying people he's talking to with the saliva from his lisping, a trait shared by Daffy. A common gag used for both Sylvester and Daffy is a tendency to go on a long rant, complaining about a subject and ending it by saying "sakes." Sylvester's trademark exclamation is "Sufferin' succotash!", said to be a Minced oath of "Suffering Savior". He shows a different character when paired with Porky Pig in explorations of spooky places, in which he does not speak, behaves as a scaredy cat, always seems to see the scary things Porky doesn't see and gets scolded by him for it every time. Sylvester, who for the most part always played the antagonist role, is featured playing the protagonist role in a couple of cartoons while having to deal with the canine duo of Spike the Bulldog and Chester the Terrier after being chased around. In 1952's Tree for Two by Friz Freleng, Sylvester is cornered in the back alley and this would result in Spike getting mauled by a black panther that had escaped from a zoo.
In the 1954 film Dr. Jerkyl's Hide, Sylvester pummels Spike thanks to a potion that transforms him into a feline monster. After Spike's ordeal, Sylvester would have the courage and confidence to confront Chester, only to be beaten and tossed away by the little dog. Sylvester's most developed role is in a series of Robert McKimson-directed shorts, in which the character is a hapless mouse-catching instructor to his dubious son, Sylvester Junior, with the "mouse" being a powerful baby kangaroo which he mistakes for a "king-size mouse", his alternately confident and bewildered episodes bring his son to shame, while Sylvester himself is reduced to nervous breakdowns. Sylvester had atypical roles in a few cartoons: Kitty Kornered, a Bob Clampett cartoon in which a black-nosed, yellow-eyed Sylvester was teamed with three other cats to oust owner Porky Pig from his house. Back Alley Oproar, a Friz Freleng cartoon wherein Sylvester pesters the sleep-deprived Elmer Fudd by performing several amazing musical numbers in the alley (and a sweet lullaby to temporarily ease Elmer back to the dream world, though temporarily.
The Scarlet Pumpernickel, a Chuck Jones cartoon in which Sylvester plays the Basil Rathbone-like villain to Daffy Duck's Errol Flynn-esque hero. Red Riding Hoodwinked Sylvester co-stars with The Big Bad Wolf in which each not only tries to get their particular "prey" but they both nearly come to blows with each other playing "Grandma" In the television series Tiny Toon Adventures, Sylvester appeared as the mentor of Furrball; the character starred in The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries. In the series, he plays the narrator in the beginning of episodes; the character debuted in Friz Freleng's Life With Feathers. Freleng's 1947 cartoon Tweetie Pie was the first pairing of Tweety with Sylvester, the Bob Clampett-directed Kitty Kornered was Sylvester's first pairing with Porky Pig, he appears in a handful of cartoons with Elmer Fudd, such as a series of cartoons underwritten by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation extolling the American economic system. In the 1970s and 1980s, Sylvester appeared in various Warner Bros. television specials, in the 1980s, he appeared in the feature-film compilations.
He has died more times than any other Looney Tunes character, having died in Peck Up Your Troubles, I Taw a Putty Tat, Back Alley Oproar, Mouse Mazurka, Bad Ol' Putty Tat, Ain't She Tweet, Satan's Waitin', Muzzle Tough, Sandy Claws, Tweety's Circus, Too Hop To Handle, Tree Cornered Tweety and Lovely, Trick or Tweet, The Wild Chase, Museum Scream. He was cast in the role of the Jacob Marley-like ghost in Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas. A baby version of Sylvester is part of the title cast of characters in Baby Looney Tunes. Sylvester is featured in The Looney Tunes Show voiced by Jeff Bergman, he is shown living with Granny alongside Tweety. In "Point, Laser Point," it is revealed that Sylvester was attracted by a glowing red dot, on his mother's necklace when he was young as experienced through hypnotic therapy done by Witch Lezah, it was revealed that his mother has retired t
Eric Adrian Bauza is a Canadian-American voice actor, animation artist and comedian. His major roles include Lord Stingray in Superjail!, Flip Champion in Ballmastrz: 9009, White Pantera on Nickelodeon's El Tigre, Storm Shadow and Tunnel Rat on G. I. Joe: Resolute, Razoff from Rayman 3: Hoodlum Havoc, the Professor and Pipo Monkeys in Ape Escape and Lord Takagami in Dick Figures: The Movie, he is the current voice of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Marvin the Martian, Pepé Le Pew and Woody Woodpecker. Bauza had attended Blessed Cardinal Newman Catholic High School in Scarborough, from 1994 to 1997, he was a comedic character, much involved with the creative arts in school. Bauza started his career in animation as a character designer, working with a few production studios in Hollywood, it was this introduction to the animation world that led him to a successful career in voice-overs. In just a few years, Bauza has starred in such shows as Nickelodeon's El Tigre: The Adventures of Manny Rivera, The Fairly OddParents, Spike TV's Ren & Stimpy: Adult Party Cartoon, Warner Bros.
Animation's Coconut Fred's Fruit Salad Island, Hasbro's G. I. Joe: Resolute, Hero: 108 as Red-Faced Kawn and Camel King. Aside from his television credits, Bauza has played multiple roles on "The King and Us", a web-series sponsored by Burger King, was seen on the NFL on Fox TV pre-game show. Bauza is the voice of Lord Stingray on the Adult Swim series Superjail!, Marvin the Martian on The Looney Tunes Show and various voices on Ben 10: Omniverse. He appeared in episodes of the animated web series Dick Figures, where he voiced the Genie of the Teapot, the Vulgar Mall Santa, the Ninjas, he has been the voice of Lord Takagami, the main antagonist of Dick Figures: The Movie. He played Buhdeuce in Breadwinners and the title character in Netflix's The Adventures of Puss in Boots. Bauza is working on his stand up routine, has performed at the Laugh Factory in Los Angeles alongside Harland Williams. Eric's Blog Eric Bauza on IMDb
Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. referred to as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB, is an American entertainment company headquartered in Burbank, California and a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded in 1923, it has operations in film and video games and is one of the "Big Five" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association of America; the company's name originated from the four founding Warner brothers: Harry, Albert and Jack Warner. Harry and Sam emigrated as young children with their parents to Canada from Krasnosielc, Poland. Jack, the youngest brother, was born in Ontario; the three elder brothers began in the movie theater business, having acquired a movie projector with which they showed films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. In the beginning and Albert Warner invested $150 to present Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery, they opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania, in 1903. When the original building was in danger of being demolished, the modern Warner Bros. called the current building owners, arranged to save it.
The owners noted people across the country had asked them to protect it for its historical significance. In 1904, the Warners founded the Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company, to distribute films. In 1912, Harry Warner hired. By the time of World War I they had begun producing films. In 1918 they opened the first Warner Brothers Studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. Sam and Jack produced the pictures, while Harry and Albert, along with their auditor and now controller Chase, handled finance and distribution in New York City. During World War I their first nationally syndicated film, My Four Years in Germany, based on a popular book by former ambassador James W. Gerard, was released. On April 4, 1923, with help from money loaned to Harry by his banker Motley Flint, they formally incorporated as Warner Bros. Pictures, Incorporated; the first important deal was the acquisition of the rights to Avery Hopwood's 1919 Broadway play, The Gold Diggers, from theatrical impresario David Belasco.
However, Rin Tin Tin, a dog brought from France after World War I by an American soldier, established their reputation. Rin Tin Tin debuted in the feature; the movie was so successful. Rin Tin Tin became the studio's top star. Jack nicknamed him "The Mortgage Lifter" and the success boosted Darryl F. Zanuck's career. Zanuck became a top producer and between 1928 and 1933 served as Jack's right-hand man and executive producer, with responsibilities including day-to-day film production. More success came. Lubitsch's film The Marriage Circle was the studio's most successful film of 1924, was on The New York Times best list for that year. Despite the success of Rin Tin Tin and Lubitsch, Warner's remained a lesser studio. Sam and Jack decided to offer Broadway actor John Barrymore the lead role in Beau Brummel; the film was so successful. By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably Hollywood's most successful independent studio, where it competed with "The Big Three" Studios. As a result, Harry Warner—while speaking at a convention of 1,500 independent exhibitors in Milwaukee, Wisconsin—was able to convince the filmmakers to spend $500,000 in newspaper advertising, Harry saw this as an opportunity to establish theaters in cities such as New York and Los Angeles.
As the studio prospered, it gained backing from Wall Street, in 1924 Goldman Sachs arranged a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer Vitagraph Company which had a nationwide distribution system. In 1925, Warners' experimented in radio, establishing a successful radio station, KFWB, in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. was a pioneer of films with synchronized sound. In 1925, at Sam's urging, Warner's agreed to add this feature to their productions. By February 1926, the studio reported a net loss of $333,413. After a long period denying Sam's request for sound, Harry agreed to change, as long as the studio's use of synchronized sound was for background music purposes only; the Warners signed a contract with the sound engineer company Western Electric and established Vitaphone. In 1926, Vitaphone began making films with music and effects tracks, most notably, in the feature Don Juan starring John Barrymore; the film was silent. To hype Don Juan's release, Harry acquired the large Piccadilly Theater in Manhattan, New York City, renamed it Warners' Theatre.
Don Juan premiered at the Warners' Theatre in New York on August 6, 1926. Throughout the early history of film distribution, theater owners hired orchestras to attend film showings, where they provided soundtracks. Through Vitaphone, Warner Bros. produced eight shorts in 1926. Many film production companies questioned the necessity. Don Juan did not recoup its production cost and Lubitsch left for MGM. By April 1927, the Big Five studios had ruined Warner's, Western Electric renewed Warner's Vit