A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital, which has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems ranging from fire and accident victims to a sudden illness. A district hospital is the major health care facility in its region, with a large number of beds for intensive care and additional beds for patients who need long-term care. Specialized hospitals include trauma centers, rehabilitation hospitals, children's hospitals, seniors' hospitals, hospitals for dealing with specific medical needs such as psychiatric treatment and certain disease categories. Specialized hospitals can help reduce health care costs compared to general hospitals. Hospitals are classified as general, specialty, or government depending on the sources of income received. A teaching hospital combines assistance to people with teaching to medical nurses; the medical facility smaller than a hospital is called a clinic.
Hospitals have a range of departments and specialist units such as cardiology. Some hospitals have outpatient departments and some have chronic treatment units. Common support units include a pharmacy and radiology. Hospitals are funded by the public sector, health organisations, health insurance companies, or charities, including direct charitable donations. Hospitals were founded and funded by religious orders, or by charitable individuals and leaders. Hospitals are staffed by professional physicians, surgeons and allied health practitioners, whereas in the past, this work was performed by the members of founding religious orders or by volunteers. However, there are various Catholic religious orders, such as the Alexians and the Bon Secours Sisters that still focus on hospital ministry in the late 1990s, as well as several other Christian denominations, including the Methodists and Lutherans, which run hospitals. In accordance with the original meaning of the word, hospitals were "places of hospitality", this meaning is still preserved in the names of some institutions such as the Royal Hospital Chelsea, established in 1681 as a retirement and nursing home for veteran soldiers.
During the Middle Ages, hospitals served different functions from modern institutions. Middle Ages hospitals were hostels for pilgrims, or hospital schools; the word "hospital" comes from the Latin hospes, signifying a foreigner, hence a guest. Another noun derived from this, hospitium came to signify hospitality, the relation between guest and shelterer, hospitality and hospitable reception. By metonymy the Latin word came to mean a guest-chamber, guest's lodging, an inn. Hospes is thus the root for the English words host hospitality, hospice and hotel; the latter modern word derives from Latin via the ancient French romance word hostel, which developed a silent s, which letter was removed from the word, the loss of, signified by a circumflex in the modern French word hôtel. The German word'Spital' shares similar roots; the grammar of the word differs depending on the dialect. In the United States, hospital requires an article; some patients go to a hospital just for diagnosis, treatment, or therapy and leave without staying overnight.
Hospitals are distinguished from other types of medical facilities by their ability to admit and care for inpatients whilst the others, which are smaller, are described as clinics. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital known as an acute-care hospital; these facilities handle many kinds of disease and injury, have an emergency department or trauma center to deal with immediate and urgent threats to health. Larger cities may have several hospitals of facilities; some hospitals in the United States and Canada, have their own ambulance service. A district hospital is the major health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care, critical care, long-term care. In California, "district hospital" refers to a class of healthcare facility created shortly after World War II to address a shortage of hospital beds in many local communities. Today, district hospitals are the sole public hospitals in 19 of California's counties, are the sole locally-accessible hospital within nine additional counties in which one or more other hospitals are present at substantial distance from a local community.
Twenty-eight of California's rural hospitals and 20 of its critical-access hospitals are district hospitals. They are formed by local municipalities, have boards that are individually elected by their local communities, exist to serve local needs, they are a important provider of healthcare to uninsured patients and patients with Medi-Cal. In 2012, district hospitals provided $54 million in uncompensated care in California. Types of specialised hospitals incl
Arkansas Children's Hospital
Arkansas Children's Hospital is a pediatric hospital with a Level I trauma center in Little Rock, Arkansas. It is among the largest in the United States, serving children from birth to age 21. ACH is affiliated with the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and serves as a teaching hospital with the UAMS College of Medicine's Department of Pediatrics. ACH staff consists of more than 505 physicians, 200 residents, 4,400 support staff; the hospital includes 356 licensed beds, offers three intensive care units. The campus has a floor space of over 1,200,000 square feet. Marcy Doderer is president & CEO of Arkansas Children's Hospital, succeeding Dr. Jonathan Bates after his 2013 retirement. Arkansas Children's has built a 233,613-square foot hospital in Springdale. Arkansas Children's Northwest will serve the 200,000 children; the facility opened in February 2018. Wal-Mart and the Wal-Mart Foundation have invested $8 million in the project, while J. B. Hunt has given $5 million toward the construction.
First Lady of Arkansas Hillary Clinton served on the board of the Arkansas Children's Hospital Legal Services from 1988 to 1992. The hospital includes 233,613 square feet of inpatient beds, emergency care, clinic rooms and diagnostic services. Outpatient services in the facility opened in early January 2018. Inpatient care in the hospital's 24 private beds began in February 2018. Arkansas Children's Research Institute is a free-standing pediatric research center on the ACH campus; the center is designed to help faculty members from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences investigate disease development and treatment in infants and adolescents. Physician and biomedical scientist investigators at ACRI and the Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center research clinical, basic science, health services to learn how to treat and prevent illnesses and diseases in children. ACRI has about 120 scientists on staff. Recent grants include an $11.5 million award from the National Institutes of Health to establish a pediatric research center dedicated to translational research.
In 2016, Arkansas Children's Research Institute received a $9.4 million award from the National Institutes of Health's Institutional Development Award program to create a center to study childhood obesity: the Center of Biomedical Research Excellence. The grant will provide the funds over five years to support COBRE research. Running for over 35 years, Arkansas Children's Foundation has funded Arkansas Children's Hospital in research and care; the largest gift to the Arkansas Children's Foundation helped complete the hospital's new facility in Springdale. The Tyson family and Tyson Family Foods committed $15 million to the project, which created the Tyson Family Tower at Arkansas Children's Northwest; the tower anchors the new facility, which includes 233,613 square feet of inpatient beds, emergency care, diagnostic services and clinical space. Wal-Mart and the Wal-Mart Foundation invested $8 million in the project], while J. B. Hunt gave $5 million toward the construction. Arkansas Children's Hospital is a pediatric hospital with a Level I Trauma Center, that's located in Little Rock, Arkansas.
It is among the largest pediatric hospitals in the United States, serves children from birth to age 21. ACH is affiliated with the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and is a teaching hospital with the UAMS College of Medicine's Department of Pediatrics. U. S. News & World Report ranked Arkansas Children's Hospital as one of the Best Children's Hospitals in four specialties in 2017-18 – Pediatric Cardiology & Heart Surgery, Pediatric Pulmonary and Pediatric Urology. In 2017, Arkansas Children's Hospital achieved Magnet® recognition from the American Nurses Credentialing Center. Arkansas Children's was recognized by the Cribs for Kids® National Safe Sleep Hospital certification program as a Gold Certified Safe Sleep Champion; this certification recognizes safe sleep practices for newborns at the hospital, as well as education provided to parents for safe sleep at home. Arkansas Children's is a designated Level 4 Epilepsy Center, meaning board-certified specialists deliver the most advanced care for epilepsy in the world.
The 2016 list of "Best Doctors in America" features several physicians on staff at Arkansas Children's Hospital. More than 100 additional physicians included in the list were affiliated more with the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Health SystemThe Children's Hospital Association named Arkansas Children's Hospital a finalist for a Pediatric Quality Award in 2015; the organization highlighted ACH for its work to increase hand hygiene compliance rates among patient care staff. In 2011, Arkansas Children's Hospital set a national record for pediatric heart transplants conducted in a year; the hospital transplanted new hearts into adults that year. ACH is one of the largest employers in Arkansas and Fortune magazine named the hospital in its top 100 "Best Companies to Work For" in 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011; as Arkansas Children's continued efforts to build a new hospital in Springdale, the Tyson family and Tyson Family Foods committed $15 million to the project, marking the largest gift the organization had received.
The gift created the Tyson Family Tower at Arkansas Children's Northwest, anchoring the new facility which will include 233,613 square feet of inpatient beds, emergency care, diagnostic services and clinical space. In August 2016, Arkansas Children's Research Institute announced that it had received a $9.4 million award from the National Institutes of Health's Institutional Development Award program to create a center for the study of childhood obesity. Drs. Judith Weber and Elisabet Borsheim will lead the Center of B
Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians; the state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U. S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous of the 50 United States; the capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state, a hub for transportation, business and government. The northwestern corner of the state, such as the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area and Fort Smith metropolitan area, is a population and economic center; the largest city in the state's eastern part is Jonesboro. The largest city in the state's southeastern part is Pine Bluff.
The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836. In 1861, Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. On returning to the Union in 1868, the state continued to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. White rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the civil rights movement. Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and relies on its service industry, poultry, tourism and rice; the culture of Arkansas is observable in museums, novels, television shows and athletic venues across the state. People such as politician and educational advocate William Fulbright; the name Arkansas was applied to the Arkansas River and derives from a French term, the plural term for Quapaws, a Dhegiha Siouan-speaking Native American people who settled in Arkansas around the 13th century.
This comes from an Algonquian term, /akansa/, for the Quapaws, is also the root term for Kansas. The name has been spelled in a variety of fashions. In 1881, the pronunciation of Arkansas with the final "s" being silent was made official by an act of the state legislature after a dispute arose between Arkansas's two U. S. senators as one favored the pronunciation as AR-kən-saw while the other favored ar-KAN-zəs. In 2007, the state legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring that the possessive form of the state's name is Arkansas's, followed by the state government. Arkansas borders Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east; the United States Census Bureau classifies Arkansas as a southern state, sub-categorized among the West South Central States. The Mississippi River forms most of Arkansas's eastern border, except in Clay and Greene, counties where the St. Francis River forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel, in many places where the channel of the Mississippi has meandered from its original 1836 course.
Arkansas can be split into two halves, the highlands in the northwest half and the lowlands of the southeastern half. The highlands are part of the Southern Interior Highlands, including The Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains; the southern lowlands include the Arkansas Delta. This dual split can yield to general regions named northwest, northeast, southeast, or central Arkansas; these directionally named regions are broad and not defined along county lines. Arkansas has seven distinct natural regions: the Ozark Mountains, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas River Valley, Gulf Coastal Plain, Crowley's Ridge, the Arkansas Delta, with Central Arkansas sometimes included as a blend of multiple regions; the southeastern part of Arkansas along the Mississippi Alluvial Plain is sometimes called the Arkansas Delta. This region is a flat landscape of rich alluvial soils formed by repeated flooding of the adjacent Mississippi. Farther away from the river, in the southeast portion of the state, the Grand Prairie consists of a more undulating landscape.
Both are fertile agricultural areas. The Delta region is bisected by a geological formation known as Crowley's Ridge. A narrow band of rolling hills, Crowley's Ridge rises from 250 to 500 feet above the surrounding alluvial plain and underlies many of the major towns of eastern Arkansas. Northwest Arkansas is part of the Ozark Plateau including the Ozark Mountains, to the south are the Ouachita Mountains, these regions are divided by the Arkansas River; these mountain ranges are part of the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains; the highest point in the state is Mount Magazine in the Ouachita Mountains, which rises to 2,753 feet above sea level. Arkansas has many rivers and reservoirs within or along its borders. Major tributaries of the Mississippi River include the Arkansas River, the White River, the St. Francis River; the Arkansas is fed by the Mulberry River and the Fou
The Joint Commission is a United States-based nonprofit tax-exempt 501 organization that accredits more than 21,000 US health care organizations and programs. The international branch accredits medical services from around the world. A majority of US state governments recognize Joint Commission accreditation as a condition of licensure for the receipt of Medicaid and Medicare reimbursements; the Joint Commission is based in the Chicago suburb of Illinois. The Joint Commission was the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and previous to that the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals; the Joint Commission was renamed The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals in 1951, but it was not until 1965, when the federal government decided that a hospital meeting Joint Commission accreditation met the Medicare Conditions of Participation, that accreditation had any official impact. However, Section 125 of the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008 removed the Joint Commission's statutorily-guaranteed accreditation authority for hospitals, effective July 15, 2010.
At that time, the Joint Commission's hospital accreditation program would be subject to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services requirements for organizations seeking accrediting authority. To avoid a lapse in accrediting authority, the Joint Commission would have to submit an application for hospital accrediting authority consistent with these requirements and within a time frame that would enable CMS to review and evaluate their submission. CMS would make the decision to determine the term; the Joint Commission's predecessor organization grew from the efforts of Ernest Codman to promote hospital reform based on outcomes management in patient care. Codman's efforts led to the founding of the American College of Surgeons Hospital Standardization Program. In 1951 the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals was created by merging the Hospital Standardization Program with similar programs run by the American College of Physicians, the American Hospital Association, the American Medical Association, the Canadian Medical Association.
In 1987 the company was renamed the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. In 2007 the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations underwent a major rebranding and simplified its name to The Joint Commission; the rebranding included the name and tag line change to "Helping Health Care Organizations Help Patients." The change was part of an effort to make the name more memorable and to assist the commission in its continued responsiveness to the needs of organizations seeking fee-based accreditation. The Joint Commission advocates the use of patient safety measures, the spread of information, the measurement of performance, the introduction of public policy recommendations. Joint Commission International was established in 1998 as a division of Joint Commission Resources, Inc. a not-for-profit, private affiliate of the Joint Commission. Through international accreditation, consultation and education programs, JCI extends the Joint Commission's mission worldwide by helping to improve the quality of patient care.
International hospitals may seek accreditation to demonstrate quality, JCI accreditation may be considered a seal of approval by medical travelers from the U. S. All member health care organizations are subject to a three-year accreditation cycle, laboratories are surveyed every two years; the organization does not make its hospital survey findings public. However, it does provide the organization's accreditation decision, the date that accreditation was awarded, any standards that were cited for improvement. Organizations deemed to be in compliance with all or most of the applicable standards are awarded the decision of Accreditation; the unannounced full survey is a key component of The Joint Commission accreditation process. "Unannounced" means. The Joint Commission began conducting unannounced surveys on January 1, 2006. Surveys occur 18 to 39 months after the organization's previous unannounced survey. There has been criticism in the past within the U. S. about how the Joint Commission operates.
The Commission's practice had been to notify hospitals in advance of the timing of inspections. A 2007 article in the Washington Post noted that about 99% of inspected hospitals are accredited, serious problems in the delivery of care are sometimes overlooked or missed. Similar concerns have been expressed by the Boston Globe who stated "The Joint Commission, whose governing board has long been dominated by representatives of the industries it inspects, has been the target of criticism about the validity of its evaluations." The Joint Commission over time has responded to these criticisms. However, when it comes to the international dimension, surveys undertaken by JCI still take place at a time known in advance by the hospitals being surveyed after considerable preparation by those hospitals. Preparing for a Joint Commission survey can be a challenging process for any healthcare provider. At a minimum, a hospital must be familiar with the current standards; the hospital must be in compliance with the standards for at least four months prior to the initial survey.
University of Arkansas at Little Rock
The University of Arkansas at Little Rock is a metropolitan public research university located in Little Rock, United States. Established as Little Rock Junior College by the Little Rock School District in 1927, the institution became a private four-year university under the name Little Rock University in 1957, it returned to public status in 1969 when it merged with the University of Arkansas System under its present name. Located on 250 acres, the UALR campus encompasses more than 56 buildings, including the Center for Nanotechnology Integrative Sciences, the Emerging Analytics Center, the Sequoyah Research Center, the Ottenheimer Library Additionally, UALR houses special learning facilities that include a learning resource center, art galleries, KUAR public radio station, University Television, cyber café, speech and hearing clinic, a campus-wide wireless network; the university features more than 100 undergraduate degrees and 60 graduate degrees, including graduate certificates, master's degrees, doctorates, through both traditional and online courses.
Students attend classes in one of the university's six colleges and a law school: College of Arts and Sciences College of Business College of Education and Health Professions George W. Donaghey College of Engineering and Information Technology College of Social Sciences and Communication William H. Bowen School of Law The student life at UALR is typical of public universities in the United States, it is characterized by student-run organizations and affiliation groups that support social, academic and religious activities and interests. Some of the services offered by the UALR Office of Campus Life are intramural sports and fitness programs, diversity programs, leadership development, peer tutoring, student government association, student support programs including groups for non-traditional and first generation students, a student-run newspaper, fraternity and sorority life; the proximity of the UALR campus to downtown Little Rock enables students to take advantage of a wide array of recreational, educational and employment opportunities that are not available anywhere else in Arkansas.
UALR provides a variety of on-campus living options for students ranging from traditional resident rooms to multiple bedroom apartments. The university has four residence halls on the eastern side of the campus and the University Village Apartment Complex on the southern side of campus. Six learning communities focusing on criminal justice and culture, majors and careers, future business innovators, nursing careers, STEM are available to students. UALR's 14 athletic teams are known as the Little Rock Trojans, with all teams participating in the Sun Belt Conference. Little Rock is one of two Sun Belt members. Little Rock's main athletic offices are located in the Jack Stephens Center. UALR offers the following sports: The only Little Rock team that does not compete in the Sun Belt is the women's swimming and diving team; that team instead competes in the Missouri Valley Conference. On July 1, 2014, the UALR Collections and Archives division was created; the division encompasses: Ottenheimer Library Center for Arkansas History and Culture Sequoyah National Research Center The Japanese School of Little Rock, a weekend Japanese education program, holds its classes at the University Plaza.
Camille Bennett – Arkansas House of Representatives, 2015-present Karilyn Brown – Arkansas House of Representatives, 2015-present James Richard Cheek – U. S. Ambassador to El Salvador, Ethiopia and Argentina Charlie Daniels – Arkansas Commissioner of State Lands, Arkansas Secretary of State, Arkansas State Auditor Vivian Flowers – Arkansas House of Representatives, 2015-present Kenneth Henderson - Arkansas House of Representatives, 2015-present Douglas House Arkansas House of Representatives, 2013-present Allen Kerr – Arkansas Insurance Commissioner and former member of the Arkansas House of Representatives Mike Ross – U. S. House of Representatives, 2001-–2013 Bill Sample – Arkansas House of Representatives, 2005–2010. S. District Court, Eastern District of Texas, Nominated June 2014 Vic Snyder – U. S. House of Representatives, 1997–2011 James Sturch – – Arkansas House of Representatives, 2015-present James E. Cofer, Ed. D from UALR.
University of Arkansas–Fort Smith
The University of Arkansas–Fort Smith is a public, co-educational, four-year university located in Fort Smith, United States, It is one of 13 campuses that constitute the University of Arkansas System. UAFS is the sixth-largest four-year university in Arkansas, with a fall 2017 enrollment of 6,637 students; the university offers in-state tuition rates not only to Arkansas residents, but those from Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma and Texas. As of fall 2017, UAFS is the most affordable four-year university in the state and boasts a consistent 85 percent job and graduate school placement rate among its graduates; the university campus occupies 168 acres of an award-winning, nationally recognized arboretum that has 1,182 GPS-inventoried trees representing 81 species. The University of Arkansas–Fort Smith was established in 1928 as an extension of the public school system in Fort Smith, with the superintendent, James William Ramsey, acting as the college president and the high school principal as dean.
Known as Fort Smith Junior College, the institution operated within the Fort Smith public school system until 1950, when the school was incorporated as a private, nonprofit institution with its own governing board. In September 1952, the College moved from borrowed facilities in the high school to its current site occupying 15 acres. During the private college era, enrollment increased, as did course offerings, the number of faculty, facilities. A vocational-technical division was added in 1960. During this period, the college began developing the programs and character of a comprehensive community college—a new concept in Arkansas and across the nation. In the fall of 1965, the Sebastian County electorate approved the creation of the Sebastian County Community Junior College District, along with a tax levy on the real and personal property of the county; the governor appointed a Board of Trustees, the school again became a public institution. In 1966, the institution's name was changed from Fort Smith Junior College to Westark Junior College, in 1972, to Westark Community College, indicating the larger area to be served and reflecting the more comprehensive mission.
Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, the college developed and made changes within the context of its mission as a two-year institution. A significant development in 1989 was the establishment of a University Center. Five state universities partnered with the institution to offer six bachelor's and seven master's degree programs on campus. Between 1989 and 2002, 1,788 students graduated with bachelor's degrees through the University Center. In 1997, the Arkansas Legislature passed an act granting Westark the authority to offer in its own right up to nine applied bachelor's degrees, developed in response to identified needs of the industries in the area served; the name of the college was changed yet again in February 1998 to Westark College, more portraying the role and scope of the institution. On December 15, 2000, the Board of Trustees of Westark College entered into an agreement with the Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas to merge with the University of Arkansas System as a four-year institution.
In 2001, the Sebastian County electorate voted to support the merger. A formal request to change affiliation status to that of a bachelor's degree-granting institution under the name of the University of Arkansas–Fort Smith was submitted to the Higher Learning Commission in August 2001 and approved by the Institutional Actions Council on November 19, 2001; the merger, which became official on January 1, 2002, endorsed the concept of UAFS as a unique university, one that offers applied and traditional baccalaureate degree programs, one- and two-year associate and technical programs, non-credit business and industry training programs. In 2006 Arkansas state senator David Bisbee attempted to review the University of Arkansas–Fort Smith's legal status. Bisbee claimed. Mathew Pitsch, a former dean of the College of Applied Science and Technology, has been since 2015 a Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for Sebastian County. Through its six colleges, UAFS provides certificates of proficiency, technical certificates, associate of arts degrees, associate of general studies, associate of applied science degrees, bachelor's degrees, as well as work-based learning and community education.
The six colleges are: The College of Applied Science and Technology The College of Business The College of Health Sciences The College of Communication, Languages and Social Sciences The College of Science, Engineering & Mathematics Windgate Art & Design is a state-of-the-art visual arts facility located on the UAFS campus that opened in fall 2015. The 58,000 square foot building was constructed following a $15.5 million gift to the university from the Windgate Charitable Foundation. The building includes a letterpress and printmaking studio, a film theater, a videography and photography studio, numerous classrooms and professional-quality artistic spaces; the Recreation and Wellness Center, more known as the RAWC, is a 47,000 square foot facility that offers multiple facilities, including basketball and volleyball courts, an expanded fitness area with new equipment, a three-lane running track, a rock climbing wall. The building was opened in fall 2016; the University houses three art galleries that are open to the public.
The Mary Tinnin Jaye Gallery and the Sally Boreham Gallery are permanent displays that include works rendered in traditional media as well as digital prints and photographs
University of Arkansas at Monticello
The University of Arkansas at Monticello is a four-year liberal arts university located in Monticello, United States with Colleges of Technology located in Crossett and McGehee, Arkansas. UAM is part of the University of Arkansas System and offers master's degrees, baccalaureate degrees, associate degrees in a variety of fields. UAM is home to Arkansas' only School of Forest Resources; the University is governed by the University of Arkansas Board of Trustees, which oversees the operation of universities and other post-secondary educational institutions in Batesville, DeQueen, Fort Smith, Hope, Little Rock and Pine Bluff, Arkansas. UA-Monticello offers in-state tuition rates not only to Arkansas residents, but to residents of Mississippi, Texas, Oklahoma and Tennessee; the University of Arkansas at Monticello was established in 1909 by an act of the Arkansas General Assembly to serve the educational needs of southern Arkansas. Called the Fourth District Agricultural School, the school opened its doors September 14, 1910.
In 1925, the General Assembly authorized the school's name to be changed to the Arkansas Agricultural and Mechanical College. Arkansas A&M received accreditation as a junior college in 1928 and as a four-year institution in 1940. During World War II, Arkansas A&M College was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. Arkansas A&M became part of the University of Arkansas System on July 1, 1971, it was that it became the University of Arkansas at Monticello. From 1969 to 1972, the University of Arkansas System increased its racial diversity by adding three new campuses in Little Rock, Pine Bluff, Monticello that either had large numbers of Black students, or which in the case of the new campus in Little Rock, would soon have Black students enroll. On July 1, 2003, the University of Arkansas at Monticello expanded its mission to include vocational and technical education when the UAM College of Technology-Crossett and the UAM College of Technology-McGehee became part of the University of Arkansas at Monticello to create a larger system of postsecondary education in Southern Arkansas.
In July 2018, the School of Agriculture merged with the School of Forestry and Natural Resources to become the School of Forestry and Natural Resources. The Drew County School Board established the A and M Training School #5 as a laboratory school for the college. In 1934 school district's name changed to Drew Central School District #5. Growth in both the school district and the college as well as a fire that had destroyed the school buildings contributed to a decision for the school district to become independent of the college; the college gave the school district a 99-year lease to a plot of land. That land was 20-acre large. In 1983 the district added 11 acres to the lease. UAM is composed of eight distinct schools: School of Computer Information Systems School of Nursing School of Business School of Arts and Humanities School of Education School of Mathematical and Natural Sciences School of Social and Behavioral Sciences College of Forestry and Natural Resources UAM has one specialized division: Division of Music The main campus in Monticello has two single-sex dormitories and two coeducational suite dormitories.
The former are Horsfall Hall for women and Royer Hall for men, the latter two are Bankston Hall and Maxwell Hall. University Apartments is for single upperclassman students. There is a complex for married students, students with families, university faculty, HHFA Apartments; the family housing is in the boundary of the Drew Central School District, which operates three schools that serve dependent minors living in the UAM family complex: Drew Central Elementary School, Drew Central Middle School, Drew Central High School. University of Arkansas at Monticello athletic teams are known as the Boll Weevils and Cotton Blossoms. UAM is a member of the NCAA Division II and competes within the Great American Conference for ten sports, including: baseball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's cross country, men's and women's golf and women's volleyball. In 2011 the university left the Gulf South Conference to become a charter member of the Great American Conference with six other GSC member schools.
Derick Armstrong, Canadian football wide receiver who plays for the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League Garland Bayliss, American historian and administrator at Texas A&M, resided in both Bryan and College Station Gene Jeffress, member of the Arkansas Senate Art Kaufman, collegiate football coach Jeff Wardlaw, District 8 member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, a farmer in Bradley County Official website University of Arkansas at Monticello Athletics