United Airlines, Inc. is a major American airline headquartered at Willis Tower in Chicago, Illinois. It is the third largest airline in the world, measured by fleet route network. United operates a large domestic and international route network, with an extensive presence in the Asia-Pacific region, it is a founding member of the Star Alliance, the world's largest airline alliance with a total of 28 member airlines. Regional service is operated by independent carriers under the brand name United Express. United was established by the amalgamation of several airlines in the late 1920s, the oldest of these being Varney Air Lines, founded in 1926. United has eight hubs, with Chicago–O'Hare being its largest in terms of passengers carried and the number of departures. United traces its roots to Varney Air Lines, which Walter Varney founded in 1926 in Idaho. Continental Airlines is the successor to Speed Lanes, which Varney had founded by 1932 and whose name changed to Varney Speed Lines in 1934. VAL flew the first contracted air mail flight in the U.
S. on April 6, 1926. In 1927, William Boeing founded Boeing Air Transport to operate air mail routes under contract with the United States Post Office Department. In 1929, Boeing merged his company with Pratt & Whitney to form the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation which set about buying, in the space of just 28 months, Pacific Air Transport, Stout Air Services, VAL, National Air Transport, as well as numerous equipment manufacturers at the same time. On March 28, 1931, UATC formed United Air Lines, Inc. as a holding company for its airline subsidiaries. In late 2006, Continental Airlines and United had preliminary merger discussions. On April 16, 2010, those discussions resumed; the board of directors of Continental and UAL Corporation agreed on May 2, 2010, to combine operations, contingent upon shareholder and regulatory approval. On October 1, 2010, the UAL Corporation changed its name to Inc.. The carriers planned to begin merging their operations in 2011; the merged airline began operating under a single air operator's certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration on November 30, 2011.
On March 3, 2012, United and Continental merged their passenger service systems, frequent-flier programs, websites, which eliminated the Continental brand with the exception of its logo. On Thursday June 27, 2019, the parent company's name changed from United Continental Holdings to United Airlines Holdings. United Airlines, Inc. is publicly traded through United Airlines Holdings. Inc, a Delaware corporation, on the New York Stock Exchange NYSE: UAL, with a market capitalization of over US$21 billion as of January 2018. United's operating revenues and operating expenses comprise nearly 100% of the holding company's revenues and operating expenses; the key trends for the United Airlines Holdings, Inc. group, including its consolidated subsidiaries, are: United Airlines headquarters are located at the Willis Tower, 233 South Wacker Drive, Illinois. In 2007, United had moved its headquarters from Elk Grove Township, a suburb of Chicago, to 77 West Wacker Drive in the Chicago Loop after receiving US$5.5 million in incentives from the City of Chicago.
In 2010, United accepted the City of Chicago's offer of US$35 million in incentives, including a US$10 million grant, for United to move its remaining 2,500 employees out of Elk Grove Township to the Willis Tower in the Chicago Loop. On May 31, 2012, United opened its operations center. In 2019 United renewed its lease at Willis Tower ending in 2028 and now set to expire in 2033, plans to construct a roof deck and a 30,000 sq ft dining hall on the fourth floor; the former headquarters campus at Elk Grove Township was annexed into the Village of Mount Prospect, serves as an IT operations facility, with a new 172,000 sq ft data center constructed in 2013. United maintains a large presence in downtown Houston, having leased 225,000 sq ft of space for occupancy in 2017. United has training facilities for its flight crews in Denver and Houston, a major aircraft maintenance center in San Francisco, call centers in Houston and Chicago; the pre-merger United logo nicknamed the "tulip", was developed in the early 1970s by the designer Saul Bass as part of a new brand image.
The logo represented the airline's monogram as well as a modernized version of the airline's shield logo, adopted in the 1930s, but fell out of use by the late 1960s. The ribbon-like rendering has been said to symbolize the motion of flight. United's earliest slogan, "The Main Line Airway", emphasized its signature New York-Chicago-San Francisco route, was replaced in 1965 with "Fly the Friendly Skies", in use until 1996 in its first iteration; the "It's time to fly" slogan was created in 2004. After the merger of United and Continental in October 2010, the slogan changed to "Let's fly together" until September 2013, when United announced a return of the "Fly the Friendly Skies" slogan in an ad campaign to start the following day; the resurrected slogan would be accompanied by the 1924 George Gershwin song "Rhapsody in Blue" as its theme song, a voiceover provided by Matt Damon. United had licensed its theme song, "Rhapsody in Blue", from Gershwin's estate for US$500,000 in 1976. "Rhapsody" would have entered the public domain in 2000, but the Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998 extended its copyright another 20 years until January 1, 2020 when it entered on the Public Domain.
Robert C. Oaks is a former Republican member of the New York State Assembly, who represented the 130th Assembly District, which includes all of Wayne County, the towns of Sterling, Ira, Cato and Brutus in Cayuga County and the towns of Hannibal and Oswego in Oswego County. Oaks was born in Rochester, New York and raised on a farm in North Rose, graduating from the North Rose-Wolcott Central School in 1970, he received a bachelor's degree in political science from Colgate University in 1974, followed by a master's degree in recreation administration from the University of Montana in 1976. He became assistant director of the continuing education program for the Greece Central School District in 1976 and was director of the Wayne County Youth Bureau from 1978 to 1983. Oaks was the Wayne County Clerk from 1983 through the end of 1992. Oaks was first elected to the State Assembly in 1992, he ran uncontested in November 2010 general elections. He did not seek reelection in 2018, he and his wife Judy reside in New York.
They have two sons and Jason
Ruth W. Hill was an American numismatist who specialized in the collection of historical banknotes from around the world. Referred to as the "Grand Old Lady of Paper Money Collecting in North America” by many collectors, she was well-regarded not only for her extensive numismatic holdings but for her trailblazing efforts as a woman in a male-dominated field. Hill was a collector of bank notes and one of the foremost researchers of paper currency, was a active member of the numismatic community from the 1950s until her death. By the time of her death, her bank note collection was considered one of the rarest and most extensive in the world. Ruth Hill was a native of Texas and lived in both Georgia and Florida before settling down in St. Louis with her husband, Adolph B. Hill Jr; the Mr. Hill worked as a representative for a company that made specialty inks, which included dealings with banks, it was through her husband's dealings with the Banco de México that Ruth Hill first became interested in studying and collecting paper currency.
After her husband's death in the 1950s, Hill's interests in bank notes propelled her to begin attending coin shows and interacting with the nascent American numismatic community. At the time, Hill was one of few women involved in the field. Hill said that at the first few coin shows she attended, "she felt out of place as one of the few women there."Her collection grew to contain some of the rarest bank notes issued. Hill was well-known for her generosity both in time and resources to other members of the numismatic community noted for her keen assistance to new numismatic collectors and being pivotal in bank note research. In her life, Hill used her collections to promote collecting interests in grade school-age students. At one point in 1966, Hill saved the International Banknote Society from financial collapse, her connection with the IBNS would lead her to being appointed board member of the organization and president of IBNS from 1979-1981. Hill served in the Society of Paper Money Collectors and the American Numismatic Society.
Ruth Hill died in St. Louis in January, 1995 at the age of 96, her collections of bank notes, both American and international, went on to be auctioned off or preserved for future generations of bank note collectors. Hill was posthumously named an Honorary Director of the International Bank Note Society for life in 2010 and inducted into the IBNS Hall of Fame. Hill's extensive collection included many rare and valuable items, including the following: A 10,000 yuan note from 1951 that sold in auction for $199,750 and was described as "'quite the rarest note' in the first series of the People’s Republic of China" A 1925 10 rupee note from Zanzibar that sold for $64,625 A German New Guinea 10 marks printed by the Australian occupation forces in 1914 that sold for $49,937.50 A 1933 cloth one yuan note from the Szechuan-Shensi Provincial Workers & Farmers Bank which sold for $18,800 Newman Numismatic Portal International Bank Note Society