People Places
History Art
Science
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization, French/Spanish acronym ONUDI, is a specialized agency in the United Nations system, headquartered in Vienna, Austria. The mission of UNIDO, as described in the Lima Declaration adopted at the fifteenth session of the UNIDO General Conference in 2013, is to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development in Member States, it is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The relevance of ISID as an integrated approach to all three pillars of sustainable development is recognized by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the related Sustainable Development Goals, which will frame United Nations and country efforts towards sustainable development in the next fifteen years. UNIDO's mandate is recognized in SDG-9, which calls to “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”; the relevance of ISID, applies in greater or lesser extent to all SDGs.

Accordingly, the Organization's programmatic focus is structured, as detailed in the Organization's Medium-Term Programme Framework 2018–2021, in four strategic priorities: Creating shared prosperity. Each of these programmatic fields of activity contains a number of individual programmes, which are implemented in a holistic manner to achieve effective outcomes and impacts through UNIDO's four enabling functions: Technical cooperation. In carrying out the core requirements of its mission, UNIDO has increased its technical services over the past ten years. At the same time, it has substantially increased its mobilization of financial resources, testifying to the growing international recognition of the Organization as an effective provider of catalytic industrial development services. UNIDO was established as a UN programme in 1966 with headquarters in Vienna and became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1985. In 2004, UNIDO established the UNIDO Goodwill Ambassador programme. In 2009, UNIDO created a new flagship publication.

As of April 2019, 170 States are Members of UNIDO. The organization employs some 670 staff at Headquarters and in field representations in about 80 countries, draws on the services of some 2,800 international and national experts annually, who work in project assignments throughout the world; the estimated total volume of UNIDO operations for the biennium 2012–2013 is €460 million, the value of technical cooperation delivery in 2012 amounted to $189.2 million. UNIDO's headquarters are located at the Vienna International Centre, the UN campus that hosts the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization. UNIDO concentrates its efforts on the development of agro-industries, increasing the participation of women and youth in productive activities, human security in post-crisis situations; the Organization's services for the development of agro-industries focus on adding value to agricultural production by strengthening linkages between agriculture and markets.

UNIDO supports the transformation of enterprises from the informal sector to the formal sector, with a special focus on simplifying and improving access to administrative company registration services. It strives to improve women's participation in entrepreneurial activities. Based on its experience in post-crisis and human security programmes and projects, UNIDO responds to complex emergencies through activities that contribute to socio-economic as well as environmental and energy security both at national and local level. UNIDO supports programmes towards investment and technology promotion, SME development, trade capacity building, entrepreneurship development. UNIDO provides advisory services to improve the business and policy environment for the private sector, assisting with the creation of productive capacities, its programmes support investment and technology opportunities to help enterprises SMEs, improve productivity and innovation, achieve systemic competitive advantages. Building on a robust global network aimed at fostering investment and other partnership opportunities, UNIDO seeks to enable SMEs to capitalize on their unique dynamism and flexibility by strengthening synergies among enterprises and with support institutions In the context of trade capacity-building programmes, UNIDO strengthens international trade norms and standards by assisting developing countries and transition economies in upgrading production and processing systems to enhance the quality of local products, in particular through the adoption of improved technologies, help them conform to the standards required by international markets.

UNIDO builds capacities in both public and private institutions to formulate trade policies and strategies based on economic and statistical analysis, as well as benchmarking competitive performance at sectoral and product levels and supporting the establishment of trade-related databases such as inventories of technical barriers to trade, which are designed to expand exports from the industrial sector. UNIDO supports countries in their environmental management efforts, including the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements and the provision of sustainable energy, it helps create new green industries, establishing national road maps

Grand chancellor (China)

The grand chancellor translated as counselor-in-chief, chief councillor, chief minister, imperial chancellor, lieutenant chancellor and prime minister, was the highest-ranking executive official in the imperial Chinese government. The term was known by many different names throughout Chinese history, the exact extent of the powers associated with the position fluctuated even during a particular dynasty. In the Spring and Autumn period, Guan Zhong was the first chancellor in China, who became chancellor under the state of Qi in 685 BC. In Qin, during the Warring States period, the chancellor was established as "the head of all civil service officials." There were sometimes two chancellors, differentiated as being "of the left" and "of the right". After emperor Qin Shi Huang ended the Warring States period by establishing the Qin dynasty, the chancellor, together with the imperial secretary, the grand commandant, were the most important officials in the imperial government referred as the Three Lords.

In 1 BC, during the reign of Emperor Ai, the title was changed to da si tu. In the Eastern Han dynasty, the chancellor post was replaced by the Three Excellencies: Grand Commandant, Minister over the Masses and Minister of Works. In 190, Dong Zhuo claimed the title "Chancellor of State" under the powerless Emperor Xian of Han, placing himself above the Three Excellencies. After Dong Zhuo's death in 192, the post was vacant until Cao Cao restored the position as "imperial chancellor" and abolished the Three Excellencies in 208. From until March 15, 220, the power of chancellor was greater than that of the emperor; this happened when a dynasty became weak some decades before the fall of a dynasty. During the Sui dynasty, the executive officials of the three highest departments of the empire were called "chancellors" together. In the Tang dynasty, the government was divided into three departments: the Department of State Affairs, the Secretariat, the Chancellery; the head of each department was referred to as the chancellor.

In the Song dynasty, the post of chancellor was known as the "Tongpingzhangshi", in accordance with late-Tang terminology, while the vice-chancellor was known as the jijunsi. Some years the post of chancellor was changed to "prime minister" and the post of vice-chancellor was changed to "second minister". In the late Southern Song dynasty, the system changed back to the Tang naming conventions. During the Mongol-founded Yuan dynasty, the chancellor was not the head of the Secretariat, but the Crown Prince was. After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, the post became the head of the Zhongshu Sheng again; the post was abolished after the execution of Hu Weiyong, accused of treason. Still, appointments of the people who held the highest post in the government were called "appointment of prime minister" until 1644. Jiang Ziya Duke of Zhou Duke Huan of Zheng Duke Zhuang of Zheng Guan Zhong of Qi state Bao Shuya of Qi state Yan Ying of Qi state Fan Li of Qi State and Yue state Wu Zixu of Wu state Bo Pi of Wu state Cheng Dechen of Chu state Sunshu Ao of Chu state Wu Qi of Chu state Lord Chunshen of Chu state Lord Mengchang of Qi state Tian Dan of Qi state Li Kui of Wei state Hui Shi of Wei State Lin Xiangru of Zhao state Su Qin of Yan state Yue Yi of Yan state Baili Xi of Qin state Shang Yang of Qin State Zhang Yi of Qin State Fan Ju Lü Buwei Lord Changping Kui Zhuang Wang Guan Li Si Feng Quji Zhao Gao Xiao He.

Branislav Tomić

Branislav Tomić is a Serbian football midfielder who plays for FK Inđija. As a member of youth school, Tomić signed a scholarship contract with Borac Čačak on 24 August 2012. For the 2014–15, he was loaned to Polet Ljubić. In summer 2015, he was on trial with Zeta, but he returned in Borac Čačak and was licensed for the first team, he made his SuperLiga debut in 8th fixture of the 2015–16 season, against Jagodina under coach Nenad Lalatović. After he made 5 league and 1 cup appearance until the end of first-half season, he was loaned to Polet Ljubić for the second half of season on dual registration, he was played the last fixture match of the season, against Voždovac. Tomić started the 2016–17 season with his home club, but after he did not make any official appearances, he terminated the contract and left the contract. In summer 2016, Tomić signed a three-year contract, he made his debut for new club in a cup match against Žarkovo. He made a league debut for new club in 10 fixture of the 2016–17 season against Partizan.

As of 1 January 2017 Branislav Tomić stats at utakmica.rs Branislav Tomić at FootballDatabase.eu Branislav Tomić at Soccerbase