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United Press International

United Press International is an international news agency whose newswires, news film, audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines and television stations for most of the 20th century. At its peak, it had more than 6,000 media subscribers. Since the first of several sales and staff cutbacks in 1982, the 1999 sale of its broadcast client list to its rival, the Associated Press, UPI has concentrated on smaller information-market niches. Formally named United Press Associations for incorporation and legal purposes, but publicly known and identified as United Press or UP, the news agency was created by the 1907 uniting of three smaller news syndicates by the Midwest newspaper publisher E. W. Scripps, it was headed by Hugh Baillie from 1935 to 1955. At the time of his retirement, UP had 2,900 clients in the United States, 1,500 abroad. In 1958, it became United Press International after absorbing the International News Service in May; as either UP or UPI, the agency was among the largest newswire services in the world, competing domestically for about 90 years with the Associated Press and internationally with AP, Reuters and Agence France-Presse.

At its peak, UPI had more than 2,000 full-time employees. With the rising popularity of television news, the business of UPI began to decline as the circulation of afternoon newspapers, its chief client category, began to fall, its decline accelerated after the 1982 sale of UPI by the Scripps company. The E. W. Scripps Company controlled United Press until its absorption of William Randolph Hearst's smaller competing agency, INS, in 1958 to form UPI. With the Hearst Corporation as a minority partner, UPI continued under Scripps management until 1982. Since its sale in 1982, UPI has changed ownership several times and was twice in Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization. With each change in ownership came deeper service and staff cutbacks and changes of focus and a corresponding shrinkage of its traditional media customer base. Since the 1999 sale of its broadcast client list to its one-time major rival, the AP, UPI has concentrated on smaller information market niches, it no longer services media organizations in a major way.

In 2000, UPI was purchased by News World Communications, an international news media company founded in 1976 by Unification Church leader Sun Myung Moon. It now maintains a news website and photo service and electronically publishes several information product packages. Based on aggregation from other sources on the Web and gathered by a small editorial staff and stringers, UPI's daily content consists of a newsbrief summary service called "NewsTrack," which includes general, sports, science and entertainment reports, "Quirks in the News." It sells a premium service, which has deeper coverage and analysis of emerging threats, the security industry, energy resources. UPI's content is presented in text and photo formats, in English and Arabic. UPI's main office is in the Miami metropolitan area and it maintains office locations in five other countries and uses freelance journalists in other major cities. Beginning with the Cleveland Press, publisher E. W. Scripps created the first chain of newspapers in the United States.

Because the recently reorganized Associated Press refused to sell its services to several of his papers, most of them evening dailies in competition with existing AP franchise holders, in 1907 Scripps merged three smaller syndicates under his ownership or control, the Publishers Press Association, the Scripps-McRae Press Association, the Scripps News Association, to form United Press Associations, with headquarters in New York City. Scripps had been a subscriber to an earlier news agency named United Press, that existed in the late 1800s in cooperation with management of the original New York-based AP and in existential competition with two Chicago-based organizations using the AP name. Drawing lessons from the battles between the earlier United Press and the various AP's, Scripps required that there be no restrictions on who could buy news from his news service, he made the new UP service available to anyone, including his competitors. Scripps hoped to make a profit from selling that news to papers owned by others.

At that time and until World War II, most newspapers relied on news agencies for stories outside their immediate geographic areas. Despite strong newspaper industry opposition, UP started to sell news to the new and competitive radio medium in 1935, years before competitor AP, controlled by the newspaper industry, did likewise. Scripps' United Press was considered "a scrappy alternative" news source to the AP. UP reporters were called "Unipressers" and were noted for their fiercely aggressive and competitive streak. Another hallmark of the company's culture was little formal training of reporters, they were weaned on UP's famous and well-documented slogan of "Get it first, but FIRST, get it RIGHT." Despite controversy, UP became a common training ground for generations of journalists. Walter Cronkite, who started with United Press in Kansas City, gained fame for his coverage of World War II in Europe and turned down Edward R. Murrow's first offer of a CBS job to stay with UP, but who went on to anchor the CBS Evening News, once said, "I felt every Unipresser got up in the morning saying,'This is the day I'm going to beat

Dan Carnevale

Daniel Joseph Carnevale was an American professional baseball shortstop, second baseman, manager and scout. Born in Buffalo, New York, Carnevale threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 2 inches tall and weighed 175 pounds. Carnevale played professional basketball for one season in the National Basketball League for the Buffalo Bisons. A cousin of former Major League Baseball infielder Sibby Sisti, Carnevale was a three-sport star at Buffalo's St. Joseph's High School and attended Canisius College, he attained the rank of master sergeant. Carnevale spent his entire managing career in minor league baseball. A shortstop, he signed with his hometown Buffalo Bisons and hit.354 with 11 home runs and 11 triples in his first professional season, 1937, spent with the Class C Perth-Cornwall Bisons, a Buffalo farm team in the Canadian–American League. Although he had two trials with Buffalo, Carnevale batted only.220 in 185 games with the International League Bisons and played much of his active career in the middle rungs of the minors.

Overall, Carnevale batted.284 with 80 home runs. In 1947 and 1948, as the playing manager of Class D farm clubs of the Philadelphia Phillies, he batted.380 and.373 in successive seasons. Carnevale began as a manager in 1947, he joined the Phillies' organization in 1948, he promptly led the Carbondale Pioneers to a league championship — his first of four titles in a row. He next managed the Bradford Blue Wings in 1949, the Terre Haute Phillies in 1950 and the Wilmington Blue Rocks in 1951, leading each of them to a league championship. In 1952, he was at the helm of the Schenectady Blue Jays, led them to the playoffs, though they lost in the first round, he switched to the Detroit Tigers' system and managed the Jamestown Falcons in 1953, winning a league championship — his fifth title in six years, the final one of his managing career. He lost in the first round. In 1955, he managed his hometown Bisons, he continued his playing career through 1953. After becoming a minor league executive and Major League scout, Carnevale had three other managing assignments as an in-season replacement, with the 1962 Binghamton Triplets, taking over from Granny Hamner, the 1963 Portland Beavers, replacing Les Peden, the 1972 Beavers, taking the helm from Clay Bryant.

Overall, Carnevale spent 12 seasons managing in the minors. He led teams to the playoffs seven consecutive times and turned five of those playoff appearances into league championship victories, his only campaign in an MLB uniform came when he was a coach for the 1970 Kansas City Royals, where he served on the staff of Charlie Metro, who had worked with Carnevale in the Detroit organization. But Carnevale was a longtime scout for four Major League teams — the Royals, Kansas City/Oakland Athletics, Baltimore Orioles and the Indians — and spent 63 years in professional baseball before his 2001 retirement; as a former player and general manager of the Triple-A Bisons of the International League, he is a member of the Buffalo Baseball Hall of Fame and the Greater Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame. Dan Carnevale died in North Tonawanda, New York, at age 87 after a brief illness on December 29, 2005

Le Jeu des 1000 euros

Le Jeu des 1 000 euros is a French radio game show broadcast by France Inter before 1 PM UTC+1. Created in 1958 by Henri Kubnick with the name 100 000 francs par jour, it was renamed two more times before taking its present name. In order, it has been moderated by Henri Kubnick, Albert Raisner, Maurice Gardett, Roger Lanzac, Pierre Le Rouzic, Lucien Jeunesse for 30 years from 1965 to 1995, Louis Bozon from September 1995 to June 2008, by Nicolas Stoufflet; the show travels throughout the year to many French towns once a week. The show has travelled to the United States, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Réunion, the Clemenceau Airport, on the ocean liner Massalia, in a submarine; the show is recorded broadcast a few days in several stages. Contestants draw six questions in three colors, to answer: three blue questions, two white questions, one red question; the questions are developed by the audience. For each question, the contestants are allowed to provide multiple answers for up to 30 seconds. Questions that are not answered are rephrased, but only one answer is permitted within 15 seconds.

At this stage, there are three possibilities: If the contestants respond to four questions or less, the game ends and they keep their winnings. If they fail to answer the contestants keep their winnings. If they answer they are forced to try the Banco; when the show was moderated by Roger Lanzac and the Pinder circus, the "draft" question would be replaced with a sports feat, led by a strongman. After that, racing a bicycle for a given distance was used. Since 2008 with the arrival of Nicolas Stoufflet, the "draft" question has been replaced sometimes with a sound clip. At this moment, the recorded audience traditionally yells "ban-co, ban-co!" to encourage the contestant, after which the contestant makes their attempt. For each question, response time is sounded by an assistant playing a glockenspiel, a small metallophone, with four hammers; this instrument, with its unique sound, has become an emblem of the show. Yann Pailleret, for 18 years, has assumed this role, his predecessor, François Lependu, retired after 25 years in this role.

The Banco is a question is classed into a specific category. The contestants are only allowed one response to the question but they are allowed a minute to respond, they can consult their team. If the response is correct, the prize has been 500 euros since September 2009. Before the euro replaced the franc in 2001, the Banco prize was 1,000 francs, the derivation of the name of the original show; the banco prize was 400 euros between 2001 and June 2009. If the response is incorrect, the contestants lose all their winnings and leave with a portable radio. Contestants that respond to the Banco question can try the Super Banco question; the recorded audience encourages the contestants by chanting "su-per, su-per!" The play of Super Banco is the same as with Banco, but the question is raffled from among the toughest questions from the audience. If the response is correct, the contestants receive 1,000 euros. Before the passage of the euro, the Super Banco prize was 3,000 francs, 5,000 francs. In the case of failure, the contestants leave with a portable radio.

For the blue and red questions, the prizes are the same for the contestant team, or in the case of an incorrect response, the audience member that provides the question. The prizes are 15 euros per blue question, 30 euros per white question, 45 euros per red question. For the "draft" question, the Banco question, the Super Banco question, the audience member that developed the question earns only 45 euros if the contestants respond incorrectly. Le Jeu des 1 000 euros, the name of the original show, is the oldest quiz show in the French radio broadcasting world, still aired; the first show was recorded on April 19, 1958 in a drawn marquee in the marketplace of Blanc and was broadcast two days on France Inter. Installed each day in a different town under the Pinder circus tent, the game consisted of, from its start, a series of cultural questions posed to a team of two contestants, who could win a final prize of 100,000 francs. Named 100 000 francs par jour, the name changed to 1 000 francs par jour, after the passage of the new franc.

After that, the name became Le Jeu des mille franc. The contestant team is composed of a reinforcement. In the original game, the questions were posed to the captain. If the answers were not responded to, the questions were posed to the reinforcement. Today, this differentiation does not exist and the moderator addresses both contestants of a team. At the start, it was Henri Kubnick. But, because the audience started sending questions, it was decided that the questions would be prepared by them; the questions are divided by difficulty indicated by color: in order of increasing difficulty, blue and red. After Henri Kubnick, the show went through a series of moderators: Maurice Gardett, Albert Raisner, Roger Lanzac, Pierre Le Rouzic, Lucien Jeunesse, who retired with the longest run as moderator of the show. Moderators would always leave the show with the following saying: "À demain, si vous le voulez bi