United States Deputy Secretary of State

The Deputy Secretary of State of the United States is the principal deputy to the Secretary of State. If the Secretary of State resigns or dies, the Deputy Secretary of State becomes Acting Secretary of State until the President nominates and the Senate confirms a replacement; the position was created in 1972. Prior to July 13, 1972, the Under Secretary of State had been the second ranking officer of the Department of State; the position is held by Stephen Biegun. The State Department is the only federal Cabinet-level agency with two co-equal Deputy Secretaries; this Deputy Secretary of State office is the "first assistant" for the purposes of the Vacancies Reform Act, but both Deputy Secretaries have full delegated authority to act for the Secretary, if not otherwise prohibited by law. Official website

Dong (administrative division)

A dong or neighborhood is a submunicipal level administrative unit of a city and of those cities which are not divided into wards throughout Korea. The unit is translated as neighborhood and has been used in both administrative divisions of North Korea and South Korea. A dong is the smallest level of urban-area division to have its own staff in South Korea. There are two types of dong: administrative neighborhood. For land property and address, legal-status neighborhood is used. Unlike what the name indicates, they are not defined by any written law. Instead, most of names are came from customary law. Administrative neighborhood, however, is defined by local governments to make an office. Community centers provide some administrative services such as residential/birth registration or death notification, to relief service pressure of local government. Electoral districts are based on administrative neighborhood. In usual cases, an administrative neighborhood is set by population of the area to match demands for the civil services.

Because legal-status neighborhood uses historical name developed area can be grouped as a single legal-status neighborhood. In such places, it can be divided into several administrative neighborhoods. Sillim-dong is a typical example for this case. For the same reason, there are some inverse cases, i.e. a single administrative neighborhood holding multiple legal-status neighborhoods. Such cases contain undeveloped suburban area, or declining area; the primary division of a dong is the tong, but divisions at this level and below are used in daily life. Cases using tong contain military services; some dong are subdivided into ga, which are not a separate level of government but only exist for use in addresses. Many major thoroughfares in Seoul and other cities are subdivided into ga. Administrative divisions of North Korea Administrative divisions of South Korea Hunter, Helen-Louise. Kim Il-sŏng's North Korea, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0275962962 Nelson, Laura C. Measured excess: status and consumer nationalism in South Korea, Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-11616-0 Yusuf, Shahid.

Facets of globalization: international and local dimensions of development World Bank Publications, pp. 226–227 ISBN 0-8213-4742-X No, Chŏng-hyŏn Public administration and the Korean transformation: concepts and value conflicts, Kumarian Press, ISBN 1-56549-022-3

Egidio Perfetti

Egidio Perfetti is a Norwegian racing driver. He is a director in the family business Perfetti Van Melle, an Italian global manufacturer of confectionery and gum, dating back to the 1940s. Today it is the third largest group in the world in its sector after Mondelez International and Mars Inc. Mentos is one of the Perfetti Van Melle brands, promoted on Perfetti's racing cars. A cosmopolitan, Perfetti was born in Switzerland to Norwegian mother. After a long spell in Asia, Perfetti now resides in Amsterdam, where the family business head office is located, his nationality carries a Norwegian passport. Perfetti started his career in 2010 driving in the Porsche Sports Cup Suisse. During 2012-2015 he was driving in Porsche Carrera Cup Asia, he appeared in Porsche Carrera Cup France and Porsche Mobil 1 Supercup during 2015. For 2016 he was racing a Porsche in the Michelin GT3 Le Mans Cup and appearing in the Porsche Mobil 1 Supercup, he was continuing in the Porsche Mobil 1 Supercup in 2017, while seen in Porsche Carrera Cup Germany and Porsche Carrera Cup France.

For the 2018-19 FIA WEC'super season' Perfetti is driving a Porsche 911 RSR in the GTE Am Drivers FIA Endurance Trophy class. In 2018 he has driven in the Porsche GT3 Challenge USA and Porsche Mobil 1 Supercup. Egidio Perfetti career summary at