United States District Court for the District of Vermont

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United States District Court for the District of Vermont
(D. Vt.)
Vermont Locator Map 2.PNG
More locations
Appeals toSecond Circuit
EstablishedMarch 2, 1791
Chief JudgeGeoffrey W. Crawford
Officers of the court
U.S. AttorneyChristina E. Nolan

The United States District Court for the District of Vermont (in case citations, D. Vt.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction is the federal district of Vermont. The court has locations in Brattleboro, Burlington, and Rutland. The Court was created under the Judiciary Act of 1791 under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Circuit Court. Under the Midnight Judges Act, the Circuits were reorganised and this Court was assigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit where it has remained since. Originally created with one Judgeship, in 1966 a second Judgeship was added.

Appeals from the District of Vermont are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of Vermont represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current U.S Attorney is Christina E. Nolan.

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
20 Chief Judge Geoffrey W. Crawford Rutland 1954 2014–present 2017–present Obama
19 District Judge Christina Reiss Burlington 1962 2009–present 2010–2017 Obama
17 Senior Judge John Garvan Murtha Brattleboro 1941 1995–2009 1995–2002 2009–present Clinton
18 Senior Judge William K. Sessions III Burlington 1947 1995–2014 2002–2010 2014–present Clinton

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 Nathaniel Chipman VT 1752–1843 1791–1793 Washington resignation
2 Samuel Hitchcock VT 1755–1813 1793–1801 Washington appointment to 2d Cir.
3 Elijah Paine VT 1757–1842 1801–1842 J. Adams resignation
4 Samuel Prentiss VT 1782–1857 1842–1857 Tyler death
5 David Allen Smalley VT 1809–1877 1857–1877 Pierce death
6 Hoyt Henry Wheeler VT 1833–1906 1877–1906 Hayes retirement
7 James Loren Martin VT 1846–1915 1906–1915 T. Roosevelt death
8 Harland Bradley Howe VT 1873–1946 1915–1940 1940–1945 Wilson retirement
9 James Patrick Leamy VT 1892–1949 1940–1949 F. Roosevelt death
10 Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. VT 1901–1969 1949–1969 1966–1969 Truman death
11 Bernard Joseph Leddy VT 1910–1972 1966–1972 1969–1972 L. Johnson death
12 James L. Oakes VT 1924–2007 1970–1971 Nixon appointment to 2d Cir.
13 James Stuart Holden VT 1914–1996 1971–1984 1972–1983 1984–1996 Nixon death
14 Albert Wheeler Coffrin VT 1919–1993 1972–1989 1983–1988 1989–1993 Nixon death
15 Franklin S. Billings, Jr. VT 1922–2014 1984–1994 1988–1991 1994–2014 Reagan death
16 Fred I. Parker VT 1938–2003 1990–1994 1991–1994 G.H.W. Bush appointment to 2d Cir.

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

List of U.S. Attorneys since 1791[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "The Political Graveyard: U.S. District Attorneys in Vermont". politicalgraveyard.com.
  2. ^ Davis, Mark (2017-06-07). "Will Vermont's Federal Prosecutors Get Tougher on Drug Crimes?". sevendaysvt.com.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°28′51″N 73°12′51″W / 44.480727°N 73.214117°W / 44.480727; -73.214117