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United States Navy Memorial

The United States Navy Memorial, on Pennsylvania Avenue NW between 7th Street Northwest and 9th Street Northwest in Washington, D. C. honors those who have served or are serving in the Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, the Merchant Marine. The National Park Service, through its National Mall and Memorial Parks administrative unit, provides technical and maintenance assistance to the foundation; the memorial is adjacent to the Archives station of the Washington Metro and the National Archives building. Associated with the memorial is the Naval Heritage Center; the Heritage Center is open 362 days a year, closing only on Thanksgiving, Christmas Day, New Year's Day. The Heritage Center offers unique space available for rent; the event/meeting space includes the gallery deck with full view of the memorial exhibition area and can hold up to 400 guests for standing receptions. The President's Room is ideal for board meetings or smaller receptions holding up to 50 seated guests and The Burke Theater that offers state of the art projection system and seats up to 242.

For U. S. sea services, The United States Navy Memorial is the triumph of a centuries-old dream. In the early days of U. S. independence, architect Pierre L'Enfant envisioned a memorial in the nation's capital "to celebrate the first rise of the Navy and consecrate its progress and achievements." But it was only in the twentieth century. Pennsylvania Avenue, "America's Main Street," the boulevard that links the U. S. Capitol and White House, the scene of many parades and national memories, was chosen to be the location. After President John F. Kennedy—himself a Navy war hero—inspired the redevelopment of Pennsylvania Avenue, another Navy war hero, Admiral Arleigh Burke, proclaimed in 1977 that "we have talked long enough about a navy memorial and it's time we did something about it."In the spring of 1977, Burke—World War II war hero and former three-term Chief of Naval Operations—started to recruit a group to form the private, non-profit U. S. Navy Memorial Foundation; the following year, the foundation, led by Rear Admiral William Thompson, USN, started to work on the five steps necessary in the building of a memorial in Washington: enabling legislation, site selection, fund raising, construction and maintenance.

Congress authorized the memorial in 1980, with the stipulation that funding come from private contributions. In March 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed Public Law 96-199, which authorized the memorial as a part of a larger Department of the Interior bill. Although a number of sites in Washington, DC, were possible, the foundation teamed up with the Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation to use Market Square as the site for the memorial; the foundation and the corporation selected William Conklin and James Rossant of New York as architects. By December 1985, the foundation had raised enough funds to warrant a go-ahead approval from the Secretary of the Interior, construction got underway the following month. By August 1987, Stanley Bleifeld completed work on The Lone Sailor statue as construction of the memorial neared completion at the site; the memorial was dedicated on October 13, 1987. From late 1987 to mid-1990, two buildings were constructed on the memorial's northern perimeter; the eastern of the two buildings was selected for the memorial's visitors center.

The building's shell was sufficiently completed by September 1989 to allow construction to begin for the interior of the Visitors Center. The visitors center opened in June 1991 and was formally dedicated on October 12, 1991. During the summer of 2006, the water in the fountains of the Navy Memorial was colored blue due to the presence of chemicals added to the water to fight algae growth. According to a spokesperson for the memorial, the algae has been difficult to remove, that they "figured it was better to have blue water than to have an algae-encrusted memorial." The blue water was gone by the end of the summer. The United States Navy Memorial is home to the Memorial Plaza, which features Stanly Bleifield's famous statue, The Lone Sailor; the Lone Sailor—a tribute to all personnel of the sea services—overlooks the Granite Sea, a map depicting the world's oceans, using an azimuthal projection centered on Washington, DC. Surrounding the Granite Sea are two fountain pools, honoring the personnel of the American Navy and the other navies of the world.

The southern hemisphere of the Granite Sea is surrounded by 26 bronze high reliefs commemorating events and communities of the various sea services. Adjacent to the Memorial Plaza is the United States Navy Memorial Visitor Center, which features the Arleigh & Roberta Burke Theater, several rotating exhibits about the sea services, several Navy Log kiosks, for easy registration on the Navy Log; the United States Navy Memorial Visitor Center features daily screenings of the films At Sea and A Day in the Life of the Blue Angels. The Media Resource Center provides a library of printed and video historical documents on the Navy; the Navy Log room has touch-screen kiosks to register and search for Sea Service members and veterans. From June 2018 through June 2020, the United States Navy Memorial Visitor Center is featuring two exhibits: The American Sailor: Agile and Talented, Zumwalt: The Current that Brought the Navy to the Shores of the 20th Century; the American Sailor tells the story of the birth of the United States Navy, explores how individuals have defended the country at sea and provided U.

S. military services wherever

George Linnaeus Banks

George Linnaeus Banks, husband of author Isabella Banks, was a British journalist, poet, amateur actor and Methodist. George was born in Birmingham, the son of a seedsman familiar with the plant nomenclature of Linnaeus. After a brief experience in a variety of trades, in his late teens George Banks became a contributor to various newspapers, subsequently a playwright, being the author of plays and lyrics. Between 1848 and 1864 he edited in succession a variety of newspapers, including the Birmingham Mercury and the Daily Express of Dublin. George Banks' plays included The Slave King, written for the black actor Ira Aldridge, The Swiss Father; some of his more popular lines were used by platform and pulpit orators, notably his lyrical What I Live For: "I live for those who love me, for those who know me true. For the cause that lacks assistance, for the wrong that needs resistance, for the future in the distance, the good that I can do." George Banks died of cancer and pneumonia in Dalston, close to London, is buried nearby at Abney Park Cemetery, Stoke Newington, with his wife, the author Isabella Banks.

Works by or about George Linnaeus Banks in libraries Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Banks, George Linnaeus". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press

Zenair Zipper

The Zenair Zipper is a Canadian ultralight high-wing, single seat aircraft, designed by Chris Heintz and produced by Zenair. The Zipper is a innovative design that emphasizes portability over speed or carrying capacity; the Zipper was designed in the early 1980s by established Canadian aircraft designer Chris Heintz and put into production by his company Zenair, of Midland, Ontario. Heintz's motivation for the Zipper was the ultralight aviation boom, occurring in Canada at that time and the introduction of new aviation regulations by Transport Canada permitting the operation of ultralights; the Zipper incorporates all aimed at making the aircraft more portable. This focus was due to the nature of operations in the early days of the ultralight popularity. Aircraft were not flown great distances to fly-ins or other sites, but were transported by trailer or on car top to be flown locally at remote locations; the Zipper has a quick-folding wing, built around spar. There are no wing ribs and the trailing edge of the wing is established by a cable which tensions the sailcloth wing covering.

The wing is folded by releasing the anti-drag cables next to the nosewheel and folding the wings back along the tailboom, still supported by their struts. The wing is designed to -3 g; the Zipper features conventional three-axis controls, unusual in ultralights designed at this time. The all-metal, one piece, all-flying rudder and the elevator are removable for transport; the tailboom is square in cross section. The standard powerplants provided with the Zipper kits were the JPX PUL 425 engine of 26 hp and the Rotax 277 of 28 hp. Fuel capacity is 6 US gal; the twin-engined Zipper II used a similar engine configuration to its competitor, the Ultraflight Lazair, placing both engines close together to minimize engine-out requirements. Zenith Aircraft Company President Sebastien Heintz, son of the designer Chris Heintz, learned to fly in a Zenair Zipper. In December 2008 there were four Zippers still registered in Canada. Consisting of two Zippers, one Zipper-RX and one Zipper II Zipper Powerplant is one JPX PUL 425 or 212 Zipper-RX Powerplant is one Rotax 277 engine of 28 hp Zipper II Powerplants are two JPX PUL 212.

There were 12 built. Data from Ultralight Aircraft Shopper's Guide 8th EditionGeneral characteristics Crew: One Length: Wingspan: 28 ft Height: Wing area: 140 sq ft Empty weight: 180 lb Useful load: 240 lb Loaded weight: 420 lb Max. Takeoff weight: 420 lb Powerplant: 1 × JPX PUL 425 fixed pitch, 26 hp Propellers: one propeller, 1 per enginePerformance Maximum speed: 50 mph Cruise speed: 40 mph Stall speed: 20 mph Range: 100 mi Rate of climb: 700 ft/min Wing loading: 3.0 lb/sq ft Power/mass: 19.1 lb/hp Aircraft of comparable role and era AmEagle American Eaglet Avid Champion Beaujon Enduro Beaujon Mach.07 Birdman TL-1 Chotia Gypsy Chotia Weedhopper Eipper Quicksilver Kolb Flyer Milholland Legal Eagle Mitchell U-2 Superwing Pterodactyl Ascender Ultraflight Lazair Wings of Freedom Flitplane Photo of twin-engined Zipper II Photo of twin-engined Zipper II in flight Photo of single engined Zipper Detail photo of Zipper tail boom and controls Documentary about the Zenair Zipper from 1984