United States five-dollar bill

The United States five-dollar bill is a denomination of United States currency. The current $5 bill features the 16th U. S. President, Abraham Lincoln's portrait on the front and the Lincoln Memorial on the back. All $5 bills issued today are Federal Reserve Notes; the $5 bill is sometimes nicknamed a "fin". The term has German/Yiddish roots and is remotely related to the English "five", but it is far less common today than it was in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; the Bureau of Engraving and Printing says the average life of a $5 bill in circulation is 5.5 years before it is replaced due to wear. 6% of all paper currency produced by the U. S. Treasury's Bureau of Engraving and Printing in 2009 were $5 bills; the redesigned $5 bill was unveiled on September 20, 2007, was issued on March 13, 2008 during a ceremony at President Lincoln's Cottage. New and enhanced security features make it easier to check the new $5 bill and more difficult for potential counterfeiters to reproduce; the redesigned $5 bill has: Watermarks: There are now two watermarks.

A large numeral "5" watermark is located in a blank space to the right of the portrait, replacing the watermark portrait of President Lincoln found on previous bills. A second watermark — a new column of three smaller "5"s — has been added and is positioned to the left of the portrait. Security thread: The embedded security thread runs vertically and is now located to the right of the portrait; the letters "USA" followed by the number "5" in an alternating pattern are visible along the thread from both sides of the bill. The thread glows blue. Microprinting: The redesigned $5 bill features microprinting, the engraving of tiny text, on the front of the bill in three areas: the words "FIVE DOLLARS" can be found repeated inside the left and right borders of the bill. On the back of the bill the words "USA FIVE" appear along one edge of the large purple "5"; because they are so small, these microprinted words are hard to replicate. Red and Blue Threads: Some small red and blue threads are embedded into the paper to reveal if a higher denomination counterfeit bill has been printed on the bleached paper of a genuine lower denomination bill.

Infrared Ink: The back of the five-dollar bill features sections of the bill that are blanked out when viewed in the infrared spectrum. This is consistent with other high-value US bills, which all feature patterns of infrared-visible stripes unique to the given denomination. Bills of other world currencies, such as the Euro feature unique patterns visible only when viewed in this spectrum. Anti-Photocopy Circle Pattern: Small yellow "05"s are printed to the left of the portrait on the front of the bill and to the right of the Lincoln Memorial vignette on the back; the zeros in the "05"s form a "EURion constellation" to prevent photocopying of the bill. Photocopy machines refuse to make a copy; some machines make a record of the illegal photocopy attempt, which a repair technician may report to law enforcement. The five dollar bill lacks the optically variable ink of higher denomination US bills; the new $5 bills use the same -- but enhanced -- portraits and historical images. The most noticeable difference is the light-purple coloring of the center of the bill, which blends into gray near the edges.

Similar to the redesigned $10, $20, $50, $100 bills, the new $5 bill features an American symbol of freedom printed in the background: The Great Seal of the United States, featuring an eagle and shield, is printed in purple to the right of the portrait and an arc of purple stars surround both it and the portrait. When the Lincoln Memorial was constructed the names of 48 states were engraved on it; the picture of the Lincoln Memorial on the $5 bill only contains the names of 26 states. These are the 26 states that can be seen on the front side of the Lincoln memorial, what is pictured on the $5 bill. On the back of the bill, a larger, purple numeral "5" appears in the lower right corner to help those with visual impairments to distinguish the denomination; this large "5" includes the words "USA FIVE" in tiny white letters. The oval borders around President Lincoln's portrait on the front, the Lincoln Memorial vignette on the back have been removed. Both engravings have been enhanced. On April 20, 2016, Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew announced that the $5, $10, $20 would all undergo redesign prior to 2020.

The changes would add new features to combat counterfeiting and make them easier for blind citizens to distinguish. Lew said that while Lincoln would remain on the obverse, the reverse would be redesigned to depict various historical events that had occurred at the Lincoln Memorial. Among the planned designs are images from the Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have the 1939 concert by opera singer Marian Anderson. 1861: The first $5 bill was issued as a Demand Note with a small portrait of Alexander Hamilton on the right and an allegorical statue representing freedom on the left side of the obverse. 1862: The first $5 United States Note was issued with a face design similar to the previous Demand Note and a revised reverse. 1869: A new $5 United States Note was issued with a small portrait of Andrew Jackson on the left and a vignette of a pioneer family in the middle. 1870: National Gold Bank Notes were issued for payment in gold coin by participating banks. The obverse featured vignettes of Christopher Columbus sighting land and Columbus with an Indian Princess.

Explorers of the New Century

Explorers of the New Century is the fifth novel by Booker shortlisted author Magnus Mills, published in 2005. Two expeditions set out to be the first to reach "the Agreed Furthest Point", by two different routes; as they encounter rigorous conditions and difficulties along the way, things begin to unravel. In quintessential Magnus Mills fashion, nothing is as it first seems, there are lessons to be learned — as well as surprises to anticipate... The Complete Review's assessment was "nice twist, nice approach", all reviews "very mixed reactions." David Grylls of the Sunday Times said, "As the book travels from the fatuous to the alarming, a fabular structure begins to emerge, hinting that themes of empire and exploitation and segregation, are being explored. Although the book remains teasingly vague, a political subtext surfaces, but while the novel undoubtedly harbours darker elements, its most successful mode is deadpan humour." The Complete Review

Aldo de Nigris

Jesús Aldo de Nigris Guajardo is a Mexican retired footballer and current assistant manager of Monterrey. Having scored over 80 goals in Liga MX, he is the top Monterrey-born scorer in Mexican football history, he is the younger brother of the late Antonio de Nigris. He started his career at the youth divisions of the biggest rival of CF Monterrey. Tigres debuted him on Liga MX. Aldo played some irregular seasons with Tigres and Necaxa until he arrived to Monterrey. In the first game after his brother's death he dedicated his only goal to him in an Apertura 2009 playoff game against América on 21 November 2009 in the second minute of the second half, he scored two goals against Toluca in the semi-final. He scored in the final against Cruz Azul, giving Monterrey the lead, dedicating the winning championship to his late brother. A year Aldo would win his second league title with Monterrey, this time against Santos Laguna. On 27 April 2011, Monterrey won the CONCACAF Champions League, where they defeated MLS club Real Salt Lake in the final.

De Nigris was their top goal scorer, with four, tied with teammate Humberto Suazo On 1 July 2013 Aldo signed with C. D. Guadalajara for 5 million dollars until June 30, 2016, he made his debut with the club on 18 August 2013 in a home match against Puebla F. C.. On 10 June 2015 Aldo returned to Rayados, yet the exact amount of the transaction is not known. He was called up to the Mexico national football team for the friendly matches against Bolivia on 24 February 2010 and New Zealand on 3 March 2010. Mexico defeated Bolivia 5-0, he started in his first game for Mexico against New Zealand, in which he played the first forty-five minutes, until being taken off at half-time. Mexico would win 2-0. Aldo would be left out of Javier Aguirre's 23-man squad for the 2010 FIFA World Cup due to an ankle injury, in which he took 12 weeks to recover. On 29 March 2011 he scored his first international goal in a friendly match against Venezuela. De Nigris was named in the 23-man squad to participate in the CONCACAF Gold Cup.

On 5 June he scored the second goal in the 5-0 over El Salvador after coming on as a substitute in the second-half. On 9 June de Nigris again scored after coming off the bench in a 5-0 win over Cuba. Three days he would score again coming on in the second half in the quarter-final match against Guatemala. After Mexico and Honduras held each other to a 0-0 draw in the semi-final match, de Nigris opened the score in the first half of extra-time, heading in a corner kick. Mexico would win the match 2-0. UANLInterLiga: 2005, 2006. MonterreyPrimera División de México: Apertura 2009, Apertura 2010 InterLiga: 2010 CONCACAF Champions League: 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13 MexicoCONCACAF Gold Cup: 2011 Scores and results list Mexico's goal tally first. Aldo is the youngest of three brothers, his oldest brother, Alfonso "Poncho" de Nigris, is an television host. His other brother, the late Antonio "Tano" de Nigris, was a footballer. On 15 November 2009, Antonio died from a heart attack at the age of 31 in Greece while playing for AE Larissa.

He is sponsored by Nike. Aldo de Nigris – Liga MX stats at Aldo de Nigris at