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University City, Philadelphia

University City is the easternmost portion of West Philadelphia, encompassing several Philadelphia universities. It is situated directly across the Schuylkill River from Center City; the University of Pennsylvania was instrumental in coining the name "University City" as part of a 1950s urban-renewal and gentrification effort. Today, Drexel University and the University of the Sciences call University City home; the eastern side of University City is home to the Penn and Drexel campuses, several medical institutions, independent centers of scientific research, 30th Street Station, Cira Centre, Cira Centre South. The western side contains Victorian and early 20th-century housing stock and is residential; the University City neighborhood consists of 25,783 females. The area population has grown 2.6% from 2000 to 2014 and 0.7% from 2010 to 2014. There are 11,555 blue collar workers; the area is ethnically and economically diverse, although the compositions of its 12 census tracts vary widely. Before the European colonization of the Americas, Philadelphia was home to the Lenape people, whose land, known as Lenapehoking, covered much of the Atlantic coast from western Connecticut to Delaware.

In 1677, William Warner purchased 1,500 acres from the local Indian tribe and named it Blockley after his native parish in England. Blockley Township had a poor reputation in the 19th century. "It was an ideal hideout for shadowy characters and evil-doers who crossed the river in skiffs after a thieving or smuggling job south of the city. As late as 1850 it was considered hazardous to be abroad alone in this area." The Blockley Almshouse known as Philadelphia General Hospital, was there. Though Blockley was founded five years before Philadelphia, people soon referred to it as "West Philadelphia". Parts of Blockley were carved out to form the District of West Philadelphia. In 1735, Andrew Hamilton, a "Philadelphia Lawyer", purchased 300 acres in Blockley Township; the area came to be known as Hamilton Village and The Woodlands, a sprawling botanical garden and mansion, was built there. The gardens is now the Woodlands Cemetery, while much of the rest of Hamilton Village is covered by the 40th Street retail corridor.

A small section on the northern side of this area was once known as Greenville. Situated near Lancaster Ave. Powelton Ave. and Market St. Greenville served as a waypoint for travelers and cattle drivers, many taverns and inns were established; the area expanded in all directions with many German immigrants and offered much more than simple taverns. By the mid-20th century, the Greenville area had changed again, to a neighborhood, colloquially referred to as the Black Bottom, signifying the neighborhood's racial and economic status. Much of this neighborhood was destroyed as part of a gentrification plan in the 1960s; the arrival of electrified streetcars in the 1890s kick-started development to the west of 43rd Street, bridges and a tunnel in the first decade of the 20th century allowed people to commute into Center City. This led to rapid development within the borders of University City and far beyond, it was around this time that the "local" neighborhood names like Spruce Hill and Cedar Park were established.

In the mid-1950s, two realtors and Penn graduates coined the name "University City" in an attempt to attract Penn faculty back to the neighborhoods near Penn. The boundaries were defined as extending from the "Schuylkill River to 52nd Street, from Haverford Avenue to the Media-line railroad tracks south of Kingsessing Avenue — though over the years many have viewed it as a smaller domain"; this has led to some community tension. University City's boundaries, as defined by the non-profit University City District organization and the City of Philadelphia, are the Schuylkill River to the east. Within these boundaries are the local neighborhoods of Cedar Park, Garden Court, Spruce Hill, Squirrel Hill, Powelton Village, Walnut Hill, Woodland Terrace; the boundaries encompass several historic districts, including the West Philadelphia Streetcar Suburb Historic District, the ZIP codes 19104, 19139, 19143. University City has a history of strained town and gown relations with the University of Pennsylvania, the city's largest private employer and the second-largest private employer in Pennsylvania.

During the 1960s, Penn led a series of gentrification and redevelopment programs that have changed the character of the area. Some locals call this "Penntrification", suggesting that the efforts benefit only those with a relationship to Penn. Some, including local anarchists, believe. Since Penn's massive investment in community relations over the last 25 years it is now considered a model by institutions worldwide, on how a university can better relate to its surrounding residents and contribute to quality of life and economic development.. Opened in 2001, the Penn Alexander is neighborhood public elementary school which Penn helped to build and subsidizes, it is open to students inside a "catchment" defined by the School District of Philadelphia and Philadelphia City Council. The Penn Mortgage program is a grant made by Penn to any of its staff towards the purchase of a home in West Philadelphia or to be used for the improvement of any staff tha

Stephanie Alexander

Stephanie Ann Alexander is an Australian cook and food writer. After studying to become a librarian and travelling the world at the age of 21, Alexander's first restaurant, Jamaica House, opened in 1964. In 1976, her next venture was Stephanie's Restaurant, located in the Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy before moving to the middle-class suburb of Hawthorn in 1980. Stephanie's Restaurant closed in 1997 after operating for 21 years, she went on to publish several cookbooks, including her alphabetical guide to ingredients and cooking, The Cook's Companion. In 2001 Stephanie piloted the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program at Collingwood College in Melbourne; the program grew out of Alexander's belief that children learn about food early in life through example and positive experiences, which continues to influence their food choices through life. In February 2004 the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Foundation was established; this not-for-profit organisation is dedicated to supporting schools introducing pleasurable food education, teaching students to grow, harvest and share fresh, delicious food.

As of December 2018, the Foundation is now working with more than 1800 schools and early years centres teaching pleasurable food education, this number is growing. The Foundation engages with schools, governments and passionate individual donors to secure ongoing funding. On 26 January 1994, Alexander was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia in recognition of services to the hospitality and the tourist industry and to the encouragement of apprentices. On 1 January 2001, she was awarded the Centenary Medal for outstanding service to the food and wine industry in Victoria. On 26 January 2014, she was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia for distinguished service to education through the design and establishment of schools-based learning programs promoting improved food and eating choices for children, as an author. Alexander's parents were Winston, a former public servant who ran a caravan park on the Mornington Peninsula, Mary née Burchett, she is the niece of the journalist Wilfred Burchett.

Alexander has divorced twice. Her first husband, Rupert Montague, known as Monty, was a Jamaican. In Melbourne they opened The Jamaica House restaurant three weeks after the birth of their daughter Lisa, her second husband was a barrister, with whom she had another daughter, Holly. Menu for Food Lovers Stephanie's Feasts & Stories Stephanie's Australia Stephanie's Seasons Recipes My Mother Gave Me Stephanie's Journal A Shared Table Cooking & Travelling in South-West France Stephanie's Menus for Food Lovers Tuscan Cookbook The Cook's Companion Kitchen Garden Cooking with Kids The Kitchen Garden Companion A Cook's Life The Cook's Table Kitchen Garden Companion: Growing Kitchen Garden Companion: Cooking The Cook's Apprentice Stephanie Alexander's website Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden National Program


The Slängpolska is a Swedish folk dance and sometimes the description of certain folk music tunes. The dances bearing the name slängpolska can be divided into two major types; the first type is for two or four people, is one of the sixteenth-note versions of the polska. The dances of this type have in common that they are danced on the spot, either during parts of the dance or during the entire dance. Focus is on different holds and on the divisions between them, these divisions could be responsible for the name slängpolska. A typical slängpolska of this type could consist of two basic set positions: one in which the couple is spinning around one another while holding crossed hands outstretched with centrifugal force, the other in which the couple is spinning around one another in a closer position while holding the partner's shoulders and arms; the division between the two parts of the dance is made by e.g. both dancers spinning out from their hold and spinning once on their own with a clap of hands, followed by a returning to the hold.

A common dance step consists of four steps distributed in the following way over three beats: one long, two short, one long. Beat 1, 2 and 3 have equal stress and length, reflected in the corresponding music. A free variant of this slängpolska type, consisting of walking through the room with different holds and turning on the spot with different holds and the same walking steps, could just as well be danced to 24 or 44 time music, as do the related Norwegian dances gangar and bonde, but in Sweden it is most danced to 34 time music; the second type of slängpolska is more related to other polskas than to the above slängpolska type, in that the couples move counterclockwise around the periphery of the room, choose to do so with or without rotation clockwise around an internal axis, one full rotation for each measure. The music and dances in this category share a high tempo, giving a "tossing" feeling, reflected in the rotation part of the dance in the form of a jump or a lift as part of the step recurring in every measure until the couple decides to dance without rotation for a while.

The name has been used from midwest Sweden to the north of Sweden, there is a large diversity in music and dance character, since the name refers to the tempo. Both in midwest and north Sweden there are examples of dances which can both be danced as a slower "polska" and as a faster "slängpolska" with retention of the basic steps

Koishikawa arsenal

The Koishikawa Arsenal, formally Imperial Japanese Army Tokyo Arsenal was an arsenal in the Koishikawa area of Tokyo, on the grounds of today's Tokyo Dome City and the Koishikawa Kōrakuen Garden. It was located on the ground of the former residence of the Prince of Mito; the arsenal was inaugurated in 1871, soon after the Meiji restoration. One of its main early productions was the Murata rifle, the first locally produced Japanese rifle; as of 1893, it was producing 200,000 cartridges daily. The arsenal was active between the two World Wars, as the Arisaka was produced there; the arsenal produced airplanes after World War I for the Japanese army, for the Imperial Russian Army, which placed an order for 10 airplanes before 1916. Discipline and organization at the arsenal are thought to have been strict, leading to the development of labor disputes in which the Koishikawa arsenal took a leading role in Japan. After the First World War, the Imperial Japanese Army Institute of Science was established within the Koishikawa arsenal.

In 1937, the Number Nine Research Laboratory was established as a breakaway unit from this station. The arsenal suffered considerable destruction during the Great Kantō earthquake on 1 September 1923. Complete reconstruction was deemed too expensive, so that the arsenal was transferred to Kokura in Kyūshū in October 1935, after 66 years of operation. Firearms of Japan

Roger Khan

Shaheed "Roger" Khan is a Guyanese criminal, active in drugs trafficking, money laundering and arms smuggling. He trafficked cocaine from Colombia into the United States and used construction and forestry businesses to launder money. Khan was considered to be Guyana's most powerful drug lord. In US embassy cables published by WikiLeaks Khan's control over Guyana is compared with Pablo Escobar's erstwhile control over Colombia. Khan is the head of the notorious and lethal "Phantom Squad" which Caribbean Guyana Institute for Democracy has described as a murderous killing machine and which the US Federal Courts have said has killed over 200 people during the 2002–2006 crimewave in Guyana. There have been repeated claims. In 2006, after police issued an arrest warrant for him, Khan had publicly said in an advertisement that he was fighting criminals on behalf of the government. Khan used to surround himself with a coterie of former police tactical squad members for security. According to cables published by Wikileaks Khan used to pay his low-level security personnel USD 1,600 per month—at least eight times what they earned with the police force.

In 1993 Khan was arrested in Burlington, Vermont for receiving and possessing firearms while being a convicted felon (he was on probation for theft committed in 1992 in Montgomery County, United States. He would be tried for possession of illegal firearms and ammunition but fled to Guyana when he was on bail; this is the reason why judge Dora Irizarry denied Khan bail in January 2007 when he was being sentenced for his crimes. On 15 June 2006 Khan was arrested in Paramaribo with three of his bodyguards in a sting operation that Surinamese police said netted more than 200 kilograms of cocaine – the biggest cocaine haul in Suriname of that year. Instead of being deported to Guyana minister of Justice of Suriname Chan Santokhi ordered that Khan would be flown to Trinidad; this decision received a lot of protest from president Dési Bouterse's party, which formed the biggest opposition party in the parliament of Suriname. Upon the arrival at the airport of Trinidad Khan was handed over to immigration authorities who handed him over to US officials.

Less than 24 hours after being expelled from Suriname, Khan was arraigned at the Brooklyn Federal Court in New York City on 30 June 2006 on a charge of “conspiring to import cocaine” and was ordered to be detained at the Metropolitan Detention Centre in Brooklyn. In October 2009 Khan was sentenced in a courtroom in Brooklyn, New York to 40 years imprisonment for trafficking large amounts of cocaine in the United States of America, witness tampering and illegal firearm possession. According to US embassy cables Khan had ties with the FARC. Khan exchanged the arms he smuggled into Guyana from Suriname, French Guiana, France with the FARC for cocaine. According to the cables there are strong indications that Khan was involved in a huge shipment of weapons to FARC in Colombia in December 2005. In the cables there are reports that Khan and Bouterse, the current president of Suriname, have met each other several times 2006 in Nickerie at the home of Bouterse's party member Rashied Doekhi to discuss cocaine trafficking and plot to murder Suriname's minister of Justice Chan Santokhi and Suriname's attorney general Subhaas Punwasi.

According to the cables Khan raised his nephew Zachariah Khan as his own son and started him at an early age committing murders, selling guns and drugs- making him a close associate to the Phantom death squad. In 2016 Zachariah was arrested in Miami, Florida along with his wife for possession of illegal firearms and ammunition, along with a large quantity of cocaine found at the residence, it was established that his wife, Nafeeza Khan was released after questioning in Miami Florida and returned to Guyana. In June, 2016 Nafeeza was said to be administering both Khans' assets and terminated the "phantom death squad", or what was left of it. However, it was never verified that she was involved in any drug related instances said, New York Cables Edition. Khan's lawyer in his case was Robert Simels. Simels is former lawyer of convicted drug trafficker Kenneth McGriff and American mobster Henry Hill, who received international fame because of the 1990 American crime movie Goodfellas which portrays his rise and fall.

On 4 December 2009, Khan's lawyer was sentenced to 14 years in prison for, after consulting with Khan in jail, instructing a hit-man to kill the star witness in Khan's case. However, the hit-man turned out to be a government informant who secretly recorded the conversations with Simels. Simels and Khan were convicted of possessing illegal eavesdropping equipment, seized in a raid on Simels' East Side offices

Alive with the Glory of Love

"Alive with the Glory of Love" is the first single from Say Anything's second album... Is a Real Boy. "Alive with the Glory of Love" was released to radio on June 20, 2006. The song was a hit for the band, charting at number twenty-eight on the Alternative Songs chart; the song, described as an "intense and oddly uplifting rocker about a relationship torn by the Holocaust," by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, is semi-biographical in nature, telling the story of songwriter and vocalist Max Bemis's grandparents, both of whom were Holocaust survivors. The song documents the love between two individuals as they live their lives in the ghetto, in hiding, in the work camp. In an interview, Bemis said: "I thought about what it would be like to be in love and be separated from the person you love, because these times are just as dire in a way. Anything can happen, in a war and terrorist attacks and cynicism and all these actors who oppose love."Naming the song as one of the 100 greatest emo songs of all time, music writer Ian Cohen described the song as "a wildly ambitious and irresponsibly horny piece of musical theater" that "visualized how the primal, procreative urge can still thrive when dead bodies are piling up by the thousands in front of you."

The music video goes between shots of the band playing in front of a tree and a preteen boy, sleeping in what we are to believe is a camp. During the night the boy wakes up dressed, equipped with a flashlight sneaks out of his bunk. At the same time, a girl in another bunk awakes and steals off into the night. Running out of the camp he descends a flight of stairs while his female companion sneaks out of her cabin. Numerous official looking guards enter both former cabins doing a bed check, upon finding the empty beds, the lead guard in the female cabin blows a whistle waking up the entire camp, suggesting that this is something other than an ordinary summer camp. All the lights are turned on throughout the camp including large spotlights on towers illuminating the scene while the guards spread out with flashlights. Both continue to run through the woods separated from each other while the guards follow until they reach a large chain link and barbed wire fence. Upon reaching the fence and realizing their situation, they kiss while lights from the other side of the fence illuminate the scene.

Escaping through a gap they come upon the band playing to a small crowd. As the guards continue to search now accompanied by German Shepherds both the boy and girl blend in with the rest of the crowd; as the band continues to play they crowd surf and when the guards arrive they find a closed gate with no trace of either the children or the band. The music video has a lot of Holocaust imagery in it, including the bed checks and the camp setting, reminiscent of the work camps that were dotted throughout Europe during the Second World War; the video along with the lyrics suggest the deeper meaning of this song, based on lead singer Max Bemis's grandparents' survival of the holocaust. The female guard. Promo single"Alive with the Glory of Love" – 4:03 "Alive with the Glory of Love" – 4:15Red Ink Records release"Alive with the Glory of Love" – 4:15 "Slumming it with Johnny" – 3:40 The video for "Alive with the Glory of Love" makes a three-second appearance on a television set on the movie Bridge to Terabithia.

The song was featured on the Scrubs season 6 finale episode, "My Point of No Return", was featured in the season 7 premiere, "My Own Worst Enemy". The single features on a recent Kerrang CD entitled "Kerrang! Under The Influence: The Songs That Inspired My Chemical Romance" as a tribute to Say Anything and to their songs. "Alive with the Glory of Love" is featured in the professional snowboarder Marco Smolla's section on the DVD Prediculous