The University of Missouri is a public research university in Columbia, Missouri. It is Missouri's largest university and the flagship of the four campus University of Missouri System. Founded in 1839, it was the first public university west of the Mississippi River, it is a member of the Association of American Universities as well as a land-grant and space-grant institution. Enrolling 30,046 students in 2019, it offers over 300 degree programs in thirteen major academic divisions, its well-known Missouri School of Journalism was founded by Walter Williams in 1908 as the world's first journalism school. The University of Missouri Research Reactor Center is the world's most powerful university research reactor and is the United States sole source of isotopes used in nuclear medicine; the university operates University of Missouri Health Care, running a number of hospitals and clinics in Mid-Missouri. Its NCAA Division I athletic teams are known as the Missouri Tigers, compete in the Southeastern Conference.
The American tradition of homecoming is claimed to have originated at Missouri. The campus is home to the State Historical Society of Missouri, the Museum of Art and Archaeology, its historic center, Francis Quadrangle, is a National Historic District. Jesse Hall and the Missouri Theatre are large performance venues and utilized by the University of Missouri School of Music. In 1839, the Missouri Legislature passed the Geyer Act to establish funds for a state university, it would be the first public university west of the Mississippi River. To secure the university, the citizens of Columbia and Boone County pledged $117,921 in cash and land to beat out five other central Missouri counties for the location of the state university; the land on which the university was constructed was just south of Columbia's downtown and owned by James S. Rollins, he was called the "Father of the University." As the first public university in the Louisiana Purchase, the school was shaped by Thomas Jefferson's ideas about public education.
In 1862 the American Civil War forced the university to close for much of the year. Residents of Columbia formed a Union "home guard" militia that became known as the "Fighting Tigers of Columbia", they were given the name for their readiness to protect the university. In 1890, the university's newly formed football team took the name the "Tigers" after the Civil War militia. In 1870 the institution was granted land-grant college status under the Morrill Act of 1862; the act led to the founding of the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy as an offshoot of the main campus in Columbia. It developed as the present-day Missouri University of Technology. In 1888 the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station opened; this grew to encompass ten centers and research farms around Missouri. By 1890 the university encompassed a normal college, engineering college and science college, school of agriculture and mechanical arts. School of medicine, school of law. On January 9, 1892, Academic Hall, the institution's central administrative building, burned in a fire that gutted the building, leaving little more standing than six stone Ionic columns.
Under the administration of Missouri Governor David R. Francis, the university was rebuilt, with additions that shaped the modern institution. After the fire, some state residents tried to have the university moved further west to Sedalia; the columns were retained as a symbol of the historic campus. Today they are surrounded by the oldest part of campus. At the quad's southern end is Academic Hall's replacement, Jesse Hall, named for Richard Jesse. Built in 1895, Jesse Hall holds Jesse Auditorium; the buildings surrounding the quad were constructed of red brick, leading to this area becoming known as Red Campus. The area was tied together in planned landscaping and walks in 1910 by George Kessler in a City Beautiful design of the grounds. Jesse Hall is scheduled for a $9.8 mil. makeover to include a fire sprinkler system, work on its elevators, a new heating and cooling system as part of a $92 mil. total renovation package the Board of Curators approved in June 2013. This upgrade is expected to be completed in March 2015.
To the east of the quadrangle buildings constructed of white limestone in 1913 and 1914 to accommodate the new academic programs became known as the White Campus. In 1908 the world's first journalism school opened at MU, it became notable for its "Missouri Method" of experience-based instruction. It established an award for "Distinguished Journalism". In April 1923, a black janitor was accused of the rape of the daughter of a University of Missouri professor. James T. Scott was abducted from the Boone County jail by a mob of townsfolk and students, was lynched to death from a bridge near the campus before his trial took place. In the winter of 1935, four graduates of Lincoln University—a traditionally black school about 30 miles away in Jefferson City—were denied admission to MU's graduate school. One of the students, Lloyd L. Gaines, brought his case to the United States Supreme Court. On December 12, 1938, in a landmark 6–2 decision, the court ordered the State of Missouri to admit Gaines to MU's law school or provide a facility of equal stature.
Gaines disappeared in Chicago on March 1939, under suspicious circumstances. The university granted Gaines a posthumous honorary law degree in May 2006. Undergraduate divisions were integrated by court order in 1950, when the university was compelled to admit African
Nogometni klub Neretva Metković referred to as NK Neretva or Neretva, is a Croatian football club based in the town of Metković, in the region of Dubrovnik-Neretva County. The club's first name was NK Narona, it was renamed to Neretva in 1994. Neretva reached the Croatian first league in the 1994–95 season; the club supporters are called Blue White Killers. NK Neretva plays their home matches at the stadium Igralište iza Vage, which has capacity of 3.000. In 2013 comes to uniting youth facility – NK Neretva and ONK Metković, they dissolved in 2017 for financial reasons. However, in July that same year, a new club was formed under the same name. Neretva contest the "El Clasico" with NK Neretvanac Opuzen; as of 2017, Neretva field a women's team in the top flight of ŽNK Neretva. They finished 5th in the 2. HNL in 2016
Abebech Gobena is an Ethiopian humanitarian, the founder and manager of AGOHELMA, one of the oldest orphanages in Ethiopia. She is called the Mother Teresa of Africa. Gobena was born in a small rural village called Shebel in 1938, her father was killed during the second Ethio-Italian war, so she was raised by her grandparents until the age of nine. At the age of 10, she was married without her consent. There, she managed to get basic education and worked as a quality controller at a coffee and grain company, she went to Gishen Mariam, Wollo Province, for pilgrimage in 1973. At the time, the area was stricken by famine. In a feeding center, Gobena saw a child next to her dead mother, she distributed the only thing she had to other victims, a loaf of bread and five liters of holy water, brought the child along with another orphan to her home in Addis Ababa. In one year, she brought 21 children to her home. Today, AGOHELMA, the association she founded, provides various services in addition to the orphanage itself, including formal and non-formal education, HIV/AIDS prevention activities, habitat improvement and infrastructure development, empowerment of women, among others.
Additionally, it provides institutional care for 150 orphans. Since its establishment, over 12,000 needy children have been supported by the association with over 1.5 million people having benefited either directly or indirectly from the association in different regions of the country. List of Ethiopians